Arriva: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Type Public (LSE: ARI)
Founded 1938
Headquarters Sunderland, England
Key people Sir Richard Broadbent, Chairman
David Martin, CEO
Industry Transport
Revenue £3,147.8 million (2009)[1]
Operating income £165.5 million (2009)[1]
Net income £119.2 million (2009)[1]
Employees circa 44,000 (2010)[2]

Arriva plc (LSE: ARI) is a British-based international public transport operator, headquartered in Sunderland, Tyne & Wear. It has bus and/or rail operations in Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and the United Kingdom. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index.

It has become the third largest of the 'big five' bus operators in the UK, after First Group and Stagecoach, and ahead of Go-Ahead and National Express.



An example of an Arriva bus

The company was founded by T.S. Cowie in Sunderland in 1938 as a second hand motorcycle dealer trading as T.Cowie Limited.[3] In 1948 the business was re-launched by Tom Cowie, the founder's son, still selling motorcycles.[4] It moved into motor retailing in the 1960s.[3] In 1972 it formed Cowie Contract Hire which became the largest contract hire business in the United Kingdom.[4] In 1980 it acquired the Grey Green Coach and Bus Company in London.[3] In 1984 it acquired the Hanger Group and, with it, Interleasing, a large vehicle leasing business.[4] Then in 1996 it bought British Bus Group, which had acquired a number of privatised bus companies.[3]

In 1997 it changed its name to Arriva plc.[3] In that year it also bought Unibus in Denmark, its first venture outside the UK.[3] Around the year 2000 it also started to participate in the opportunities created by rail privatisation.[3] In 2003 it sold its motor retailing business[5] and in 2006 it sold its vehicle rental business to Northgate for £129m.[6]



United Kingdom

Bus operations

An example of a bus from The Original Tour fleet.

Arriva's bus network in the UK originates from its acquisition of Grey-Green Buses in 1980 and the British Bus Group in 1996.[3] It has the following operating units:

Rail operations

An Arriva train in North Wales.

Arriva Trains Wales/Trenau Arriva Cymru operates the majority of passenger rail service in Wales and the Welsh Marches. It gained the franchise in 2003 and it is due to run for 15 years, subject to Welsh Assembly Government reviews every five years.[7] Arriva also operates CrossCountry which provides rail services on long distance cross country routes in England and Scotland from 11 November 2007 to April 2016. The concession was previously operated by Virgin CrossCountry.[8]

Arriva Trains Merseyside ran urban rail services on Merseyside from 2000 to 2003 and Arriva Trains Northern ran local rail services in Northern England from 2000 to 2004.

The Netherlands

Bus operations

An Arriva bus in service in the Netherlands
An Arriva train in service in the Netherlands

Arriva moved into the Dutch market in 1998 when it bought Vancom Nederland and Veonn & Hanze.[9] In 2002 it won tenders in Gelderland and in 2003 won further work in the City of Groningen, Province of Groningen and Drenthe. It won further contracts in 2005 in Drenthe and Waterland and later in the Drechtsteden, Alblasserwaard and Vijfheerenlanden (DAV) area.[10] In 2009, Arriva lost the contracts in Drenthe and Groningen but won the 2010 contract of Gelderland and the Achterhoek.

Current and future contracts

Rail operations

Arriva established a joint venture with NS in 1999.[10] It took complete control of this business in 2003.[10] In 2005 it secured a contract to operate trains from Groningen to Leeuwarden, Delfzijl, Roodeschool and Nieuweschans. It also secured a contract to operate trains from Leeuwarden to Harlingen Haven and to Stavoren. Later that year it secured a contract to operate trains from Dordrecht to Gorinchem and on to Geldermalsen (Merwede-Lingelijn).[10] From 2012, Arriva operates the trains in the Achterhoek.

Passes and tickets issued under the National Tariff System are valid on Arriva trains.

Current and future contracts


Bus operations

In 2005 Arriva bought Sippel which operates buses in Frankfurt, Mainz and Wiesbaden.[11] It went to buy Verkehrsbetriebe Bils in 2006, which operates buses in Münster, Warendorf and Hamm and later in the year it acquired Neißeverkehr which operates buses in the Neiße region.[11]

Rail operations

In 2004 Arriva acquired Prignitzer Eisenbahn GmbH (PEG), which operates several lines in east Germany around Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg, North-Rhine Westphalia and Pomerania.[11]

In 2004 it also bought Regentalbahn AG, sometimes known as the Länderbahn, with its subsidiary Vogtlandbahn, which operates regional rail services in southern Saxony, northern and southern Bavaria and eastern Thuringia, and a long distance service to Berlin.[11]

In April 2007 Arriva acquired an 86% stake in the Osthannoversche Eisenbahnen AG (OHE)[12][13]: a majority shareholder in the Metronom Eisenbahngesellschaft which operates regional train services on the Hamburg to Bremen, Hamburg to Hanover, Hamburg to Cuxhaven and Hanover to Göttingen lines.[11]


Bus operations

Arriva has operated bus lines in southern Sweden/The Skåne Region since 1997 when it acquired Unibus of Denmark.[14]

Arriva also operates in the city of Jönköping and surrounding areas

Arriva operates bus lines in some municipalities of Stockholms län: Sigtuna kommun, Upplands Väsby kommun and Ekerö kommun.[15]

Arriva will be operating in the Halland Region from 2010, partly taking over services from Swebus.[16]

Rail operations

In June 2007 Arriva won a nine-year franchise for the Pågatåg regional rail services in Skåne County, south Sweden.[17]


An Arriva train in Denmark.

Bus operations

In 1997 Arriva entered the Danish bus transport market, acquiring Unibus.[18] In 2004 it went on to buy Wulff which operates buses in Jutland and Copenhagen[18] and in 2007 it acquired Veolia Scandinavia.[18]

Rail operations

In 2003 Arriva was the first private company to win passenger rail franchises, running services in mid and north Jutland on eight-year concessions.[18] They continue to bid for new franchises in the phased privatisation of the national rail network.


Bus operations

In 2002 Arriva acquired SAB Autoservizi and entered the Italian market, operating in the Lombardy, Liguria and Friuli-Venezia Giulia regions of northern Italy.[19]

In 2004 Arriva expanded into the Udine area of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region with the acquisition of 60 per cent of SAF.

In 2005 Arriva began operating SADEM in the Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta regions of northern Italy, near Turin. They run public transport bus services as well as commercial, contract and private hire services.

In 2007 Arriva entered a joint venture with Ferrovie Nord Milano Group (FNM SpA) and completed the acquisition of 49 per cent of Italian bus operator SPT Linea.[19]

In 2008 they took control of SAIA Transporti.[19]


Bus operations

In 1999 Arriva entered the Spanish bus market in Galicia acquiring Mercancia Ideal Gallego and Transportes Finisterre.[9] Their services cover three of the four provinces in the region - La Coruña, Lugo and Ourense - including part of the famous Santiago pilgrimage route. They are now focusing on working with the metropolitan transport authorities to develop their operations in La Coruña and Ferrol.

In 2002 Arriva began bus service operations in Majorca.[20] Their Autocares Mallorca and Bus Nord operations cover the northern and western parts of the island, linking the capital Palma with towns such as Soller, Inca and Alcúdia.

In 2007 Arriva acquired Esfera, an operator in Madrid, providing school contracts and private hire bus services, and Autocares Fray Escoba, another local operator.[20]

In 2008 Arriva bought Empresa de Blas y Cia, another bus operator.[20], which operates routes between Madrid and its southwestern suburbs (Alcorcón, Mostoles, Villaviciosa de Odon...), and between these very suburbs. Buses in these towns are called "Blasas" after the name of the company.


Bus operations

In 2000 Arriva entered the Portuguese bus market, acquiring Ami-Transportes and Abilo da Costa Moreira who were running inter-urban services in the north west of Portugal.[9]

In 2002 Arriva acquired Transportes Sul do Tejo, a scheduled bus and coach operator in the growing commuter region south of Lisbon, an area of some 600 square miles. They also operate schools and works contracts here.[21]

In 2006, Arriva acquired a 21.5 percent share of leading transport company Barraqueiro, with bus and rail operations in and around Lisbon, increasing the stake by 10% in 2008.[21]

The Czech Republic

Bus operations

In December 2006, Arriva entered the Czech Republic bus market with the acquisition of Transcentrum Bus s.r.o, a leading company operating bus services to the north-east of Prague.[22] Based in Mladá Boleslav, they operate in the Central Bohemian Region with additional services in the regions of Liberec and Hradec Králové.

Arriva provide commercial services, contracted services to local authorities, contracted private services and a travel agency. They also have offices in central Prague.

In January 2007, Arriva acquired Bosák Bus s.r.o, which operates to the south west of Prague (Příbram), strengthening their position in the Czech Republic bus market.[22]

In November 2007, Arriva acquierd OSNADO s.r.o., which operates around Trutnov district, near the Krkonoše mountains.

Rail operations

Although Arriva operates on its own no Czech trains, some of the Vogtlandbahn's services, both regional near the borders and long-distance Alex 1, operate on the Czech territory. Although the trains use mostly Arriva's rolling stock and locomotives, on the Czech area they are staffed by the train crews of a Czech railway company.

Besides that, Arriva tries to become more present on the Czech railway market, by taking place in every competition for rail service operation, so far unsuccessfully.


Rail operations

Two Arriva trains operating in Poland.

Arriva formed a joint venture with PCC Rail, called Arriva PCC Sp. z o.o. (means Ltd. in Polish), in December 2006.[23] In December 2007 Poland became the 10th country in which Arriva operates transport services. The company won a tender to serve passenger rail traffic on some non-electrified lines in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, thus effectively breaking the monopoly of the Polskie Koleje Państwowe.[17]


Bus operations

Arriva acquires 80 per cent of Interbus Invest, the holding company of Eurobus Invest, Hungary's largest private bus operator which operates bus services in Hungary and Slovakia.


Green Line airport branded coach in Finchley Road, London
The interurban livery, which is now the standard livery for UK buses outside London

In the main, for bus and rail operations, Arriva uses a uniform corporate livery. The livery features an aquamarine base colour with a Cotswold Stone coloured semicircle on the upper front section, outlined by a white stripe. A thin yellow stripe runs around the base of the vehicle, and the same yellow is used for any lettering on the vehicle, although some vehicles have lettering in the same light green as their logo.

Various route branding schemes see the liberal application of basic colours and wording to some routes, usually through the application of vinyl stickers.

Initially to comply with Transport for London's contract requirements, Arriva London adapted its livery by using red as the base colour, with extra red at the front to form "horns" instead of a full circle. Latterly, London vehicles have been painted all-over red, with almost no trace of the Arriva corporate livery.

Exceptions to standard livery include:

In late 2009, a decision was finally made in the United Kingdom to make the previously "interurban" livery the standard livery for buses there, after a long period of confusion, with both repaints and new deliveries going into both liveries. A repaint programme has now started for all buses in the fleet. Continental European buses continue to carry the previous colour scheme.

Senior management

role salary bonus total
Sir Richard Broadbent Non-executive chairman
David R. Martin[24] Chief executive officer £480,000 £375,360 £855,360
Steve P. Lonsdale[25] Group finance director £312,000 £239,300 £551,300

David Martin has been the chief executive officer of Arriva since 19 April 2006.

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ a b c Preliminary Results 2009
  2. ^ Arriva Home Page
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Arriva History
  4. ^ a b c Sir Tom Cowie
  5. ^ EU move prompts Arriva to sell car dealerships
  6. ^ Arriva sells van unit
  7. ^ Train firm to get £1.6bn BBC News, 2003
  8. ^ Virgin loses Cross Country rail BBC News, 2007
  9. ^ a b c Arriva Timeline
  10. ^ a b c d Arriva Netherlands
  11. ^ a b c d e Arriva Germany
  12. ^ The remaining 14% is held by Verkehrsbetriebe Bachstein GmbH, a regional transport company in Celle
  13. ^ Arriva PLC: Acquisition Released :17/01/2007
  14. ^ Arriva Sweden
  15. ^ Plan för SLs upphandling av buss- och spårtrafik 2009-2012
  16. ^ Arriva vinner trafik i Halland
  17. ^ a b Rolf Andersson (October 2007). "Skåne springboard as Arriva expands". Railway Gazette International. 
  18. ^ a b c d Arriva Denmark
  19. ^ a b c Arriva Italy
  20. ^ a b c Arriva Spain
  21. ^ a b Arriva Portugal
  22. ^ a b Arriva Czech Republic
  23. ^ "Freightliner prepares to compete in Poland". Railway Gazette International. March 2007. 
  24. ^ "David R. Martin: Executive Profile & Biography". BusinessWeek. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  25. ^ "Steve P. Lonsdale: Executive Profile & Biography". BusinessWeek. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 

External links

Major Public Transport Companies in the United Kingdom
Arriva Group - ComfortDelGro Group - FirstGroup
Go-Ahead Group - National Express Group
Stagecoach Group - Transdev Group
Translink (Northern Ireland) - Veolia Transport
See also:
Transport for London - Passenger Transport Executive
Strathclyde Partnership for Transport


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