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View of the Entrance to the Arsenal, by Canaletto, 1732.
Cannons and mortars of Napoleon's Army exhibited along the wall of the Kremlin Arsenal.

An arsenal is an establishment for the construction, repair, storage and issue of weapons and ammunition. The word arsenal appears in various forms in Romance languages (from which it has been adopted into the Germanic languages), i.e. Italian arsenale, Spanish arsenal etc.; Italian also has arzana and darsena, and Spanish a longer form atarazanal. The word is of Arabic origin, being a corruption of dar as-sina'ah, "house of manufacturing" or "manufacture". Alternative derivations, such as arx navalis, "naval citadel", arx senatus (i.e. of Venice, etc.), have been discounted. For Early Modern Europe, the Arsenal was the Venetian Arsenal.

A first-class arsenal, which can furnish the material and equipment of a large army, embraces a gun factory, carriage factory, laboratory and small-arms ammunition factory, small-arms factory, harness, saddlery and tent factories, and a powder factory; in addition it must possess great store-houses. In a second-class arsenal the factories would be replaced by workshops. The situation of an arsenal should be governed by strategic considerations. If of the first class, it should be situated at the base of operations and supply, secure from attack, not too near a frontier, and placed so as to draw in readily the resources of the country. The importance of a large arsenal is such that its defences would be on the scale of those of a large fortress.

The usual subdivision of branches in a great arsenal is into storekeeping, construction and administration. Under storekeeping we should have the following departments and stores: Departments of issue and receipt, pattern room, armoury department, ordnance or park, harness, saddlery and accoutrements, camp equipment, tools and instruments, engineer store, timber yard, breaking-up store, unserviceable store. Under construction: Gun factory, carriage factory, laboratory, small-arms factory, harness and tent factory, powder factory, etc. In a second- class arsenal there would be workshops instead of these factories. Administration: Under the head of administration would be classed as the chief director of the arsenal, officials military and civil, non-commissioned officers and military artificers, civilian foremen, workmen and laborers, with the clerks and writers necessary for the office work of the establishments.

In the manufacturing branches are required skill, and efficient and economical work, both executive and administrative; in the storekeeping part, good arrangement, great care, thorough knowledge of all warlike stores, both in their active and passive state, and scrupulous exactness in the custody, issue and receipt of stores. Frederick Taylor introduced command and control techniques to arsenals.

References

See also


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ARSENAL, an establishment for the construction, repair, receipt, storage and issue of warlike stores; details as to materiel will be found under Ammunition, Ordnance, &c. The word "arsenal" appears in various forms in Romanic languages (from which it has been adopted into Teutonic), i.e. Italian arzanale, Spanish arsenal, &c.; Italian also has arzana and darsena, and Spanish a longer form atarazanal. The word is of Arabic origin, being a corruption of daras-sina`ah, house of trade or manufacture, dar, house, al, the, and sina`ah, trade, manufacture, sana`a, to make. Such guesses as arx navalis, naval citadel, arx senatus (i.e. of Venice, &c.), are now entirely rejected.

A first-class arsenal, which can renew the materiel and equipment of a large army, embraces a gun factory, carriage factory, laboratory and small-arms ammunition factory, small-arms factory, harness, saddlery and tent factories, and a powder factory; in addition it must possess great store-houses. In a second-class arsenal the factories would be replaced by workshops. The situation of an arsenal should be governed by strategical considerations. If of the first class, it should be situated at the base of operations and supply, secure from attack, not too near a frontier, and placed so as to draw in readily the resources of the country. The importance of a large arsenal is such that its defences would be on the scale of those of a large fortress. The usual subdivision of branches in a great arsenal is into A, Storekeeping; B, Construction; C, Administration. Under A we should have the following departments and stores: - Departments of issue and receipt, pattern room, armoury department, ordnance or park, harness, saddlery and accoutrements, camp equipment, tools and instruments, engineer store, magazines, raw material store, timber yard, breaking-up store, unserviceable store. Under B - Gun factory, carriage factory, laboratory, small-arms factory, harness and tent factory, powder factory, &c. In a secondclass arsenal there would be workshops instead of these factories. C - Under the head of administration would be classed the chief director of the arsenal, officials military and civil, non-commissioned officers and military artificers, civilian foremen, workmen and labourers, with the clerks and writers necessary for the office work of the establishments. In the manufacturing branches are required skill, and efficient and economical work, both executive and administrative; in the storekeeping part, good arrangement, great care, thorough knowledge of all warlike stores, both in their active and passive state, and scrupulous exactness in the custody, issue and receipt of stores. For fuller details the reader is referred to papers by Sir E. Collen, R.A., in vol. viii., and Lieut. C. E. Grover, R.E., in vol. vi. Proceedings of R. Artillery Institution. In England the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich, manufactures and stores the requirements of the army and navy (see Woolwich).


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Simple English

The English Wiktionary has a dictionary definition (meanings of a word) for:

An 'arsenal' is a place where guns and ammunition are made, repaired or stored.

Some arsenals include:

  • The Kiev Arsenal factory in Kiev, Ukraine, which gave its name to the Kiev Arsenal mutiny of 1918 (also known as the January Rebellion).
  • The Arsenal in the Moscow Kremlin.
  • L'Arsenal, now a quarter in Paris.
  • The Rock Island Arsenal, Rock Island, Illinois, United States.
  • The Warsaw Arsenal
  • The Woolwich Arsenal, London, UK.
  • The Venetian Arsenal, Venice, Italy.
  • Arsenal, Arkansas
  • Arsenal de l'Aéronautique, French military aircraft manufacturer

Several places, landmarks and buildings have been named after arsenals:

Arsenal is used in the name of several football clubs:

In arts, music and culture, Arsenal can refer to:

  • Arsenal, a Ukrainian film from 1928.
  • The Arsenal Stadium Mystery a British murder mystery film from 1939.
  • Your Arsenal, a 1992 album by Morrissey.
  • Arsenal of Megadeth, a compilation album by Megadeth.
  • In comic books, Arsenal is an alias of Roy Harper, the original Speedy (sidekick to Green Arrow).
  • The "Arsenal of Democracy" is a famous fireside chat by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940.
  • "The Arsenal of Freedom", an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation.
  • Arsenal (band) is the name of a Belgian music band.
  • Arsenal (Chicago band), another band.

There are also several man-made objects with Arsenal in their name:

  • The Arsenal, an automobile manufactured in the late 1890s.
  • The Arsenal VG-33, a WW2 French fighter aircraft.
  • Kiev-Arsenal (photo camera) a Soviet brand of camera manufactured by the Arsenal Factory in Kiev, Ukraine.
  • Arsenal Shipka, a Bulgarian submachinegun.
  • Arsenal Gear, a fictional weapon in the video game Metal Gear Solid 2

Railway stations with Arsenal in their name include:

Companies with Arsenal in its name include:

  • Arsenal Real Estate Funds, LLC








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