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Artemisia princeps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Artemisia
Species: A. princeps
Binomial name
Artemisia princeps
Pampan
Synonyms

Artemisia indica Willd.
var. maximowiczii (Nakai) H.Hara

Artemisia princeps, or Japanese mugwort, is a perennial, very vigorous plant that grows to 1.2 meters. This species spreads rapidly by means of underground stolons and can become invasive. It bears small, buff colored flowers from July to November which are hermaphrodite, and pollinated by wind.[1] The leaves are feather shaped, scalloped and light green, with white dense fuzz on the underside.

Contents

Nomenclature and taxonomy

List of the cultivars

Medicinal uses

A. princeps is one of the varieties of mugwort used as moxa in Moxibustion[2], a traditional medical practice of China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Tibet, and Mongolia.

Etymology

In China it is known as huang hua ai.[3] In Japan it is called yomogi (ヨモギ ?) and the leaves are sometimes blanched and added to soups or rice.[4] Its leaves, along with those of Gnaphalium affine are a fundamental ingredient in kusa mochi (literally weed rice cake), a Japanese confectionery, to which it imparts its fresh, springlike fragrance and vivid green coloring.[5]

In Korea, it is called ssuk (쑥) or tarae ssuk (타래쑥)[3] which is deeply related to Dangun Sinhwa (단군신화), legend of Gojoseon, the first Korean kingdom, It is also widely used in Korean cuisine as well as a medicine.[6] It is used for making tteok (rice cake)[7], jeon (Korean style pancake), ssuk kimchi, (쑥김치), ssukguk (쑥국, soup made with ssuk) and so forth.

Related species

There are other species in the genus Artemisia called mugwort:

References

  1. ^ "Artemisia princeps - Pampan.". Plants For A Future Database. http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Artemisia+princeps. Retrieved 2008-01-18.  
  2. ^ Ryuzo, Oda (2000). "The Advantages and Disadvantages of Artemisia princeps and A. montana.". Japanese Journal of History of Pharmacy 35 (1): 55–62. http://sciencelinks.jp/j-east/article/200019/000020001900A0666092.php. Retrieved 2008-01-18.  
  3. ^ a b Takeatsu Kimura; Paul P. H. But, Ji-Xian Guo, Chung Ki Sung (1996). International Collation of Traditional and Folk Medicine: Northeast Asia. World Scientific. pp. 159p. ISBN 981022589X. http://books.google.com/books?id=ApGfXFYxzRoC&pg=PA166&lpg=PA166&dq=Artemisia+princeps+ssuk&source=web&ots=WibLpDR8Oj&sig=i6cKPMOcSZxi5LJDxSYFhTgr2DA&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=11&ct=result.  
  4. ^ Hosking, Richard (January 1997). A Dictionary of Japanese Food. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 175. ISBN 978-0804820424. http://books.google.com/books?id=NN-U5BJJhUMC&pg=PA175&lpg=PA175&dq=kusa+mochi+princeps&source=web&ots=kQn99Gb20I&sig=quLfJII0GGz-LImQc6Dx-ZDQXc4.  
  5. ^ Takahashi, Masumi; Natsuko Hosokawa, Keiko Mori. "Yomogi (Mugwort)". Japan Through Young Eyes. http://www.shejapan.com/jtyeholder/jtye/living/wagashi/wagashi3.html. Retrieved 2008-01-18.  
  6. ^ "쑥【Ssuk】" (in Korean). National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology of South Korea. http://koweed.niast.go.kr/total_weed/board_view.asp?gotopage=44&idx=&list_code=&sname=&scont=&skin_pagesize=&s_sort=&s_life1=&s_life2=&s_life3=&s_sectioncode=&s_habitat=&s_origin1=&s_origin2=&s_origin3=&s_coming=&search=&drawn=&id=190&hit=262.  
  7. ^ Food in Korea : Korean Food Culture

See also


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Asterales
Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus:Anthemideae
Subtribus: Artemisiinae
Genus: Artemisia
Species: Artemisia princeps

Vernacular names

日本語: ヨモギ







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