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Arthropods
Fossil range: 540–0 Ma
Cambrian – Recent
Extinct and modern arthropods
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Subkingdom: Eumetazoa
Superphylum: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Latreille, 1829
Subphyla and Classes
An arthropod is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and jointed appendages. .Arthropods are members of the Phylum Arthropoda (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint", and ποδός podos "foot", which together mean "jointed feet"), and include the insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and others.^ The common name, Platypus, is Latin derived from the Greek words πλατύς (”platys”, flat, broad) and πους (”pous”, foot), meaning “flat foot”.

Arthropods are characterized by their jointed limbs and cuticles, which are mainly made of α-chitin; the cuticles of crustaceans are also biomineralized with calcium carbonate. The rigid cuticle inhibits growth, so arthropods replace it periodically by molting. The arthropod body plan consists of repeated segments, each with a pair of appendages. .It is so versatile that they have been compared to Swiss Army knives, and it has enabled them to become the most species-rich members of all ecological guilds in most environments.^ But what then would become of these terms, of entity, essence, essential, essentiality, that are derived from it, and of many more that depend on these, applied as most commonly they are?
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They are very small fishes: with the exception of the larger Donaldson's sandburrower, Limnichthys donaldsoni, most species reach onl..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a body politic, for the well ordering of foreign traffic, the most commodious representative is an assembly of all the members; that is to say, such a one as every one that adventureth his money may be present at all the deliberations and resolutions of the body, if they will themselves.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.They have over a million described species, making up more than 80% of all described living species, and are one of only two animal groups that are really successful in dry environments – the other being the amniotes.^ But they have a lot more to fear than this.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Ruining lives more-so than saving them.

^ Santo Onofre The freguesia of Santo Onofre, along with Nossa Senhora do Pópulo, is one of the two parishes which make up the city of Caldas da Rainha, Portugal.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They range in size from microscopic plankton up to forms a few meters long.
Arthropods' primary internal cavity is a hemocoel, which accommodates their internal organs and through which their blood circulates; they have open circulatory systems. Like their exteriors, the internal organs of arthropods are generally built of repeated segments. .Their nervous system is "ladder-like", with paired ventral nerve cords running through all segments and forming paired ganglia in each segment.^ It can take the form of small troughs filled with sand, through which the wheels of the runaway vehicles run, or it can simply be a short siding covered in sand or dirt.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's also much easier to make sure code runs on multiple browsers compared with multiple operating systems like Mac OS X and Windows.."
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Gregory of Nyssa taught: "Man's aim is to make himself like God, and he reaches this end above all through love, knowledge and the practice of the virtues."

Their heads are formed by fusion of varying numbers of segments, and their brains are formed by fusion of the ganglia of these segments and encircle the esophagus. The respiratory and excretory systems of arthropods vary, depending as much on their environment as on the subphylum to which they belong.
.Their vision relies on various combinations of compound eyes and pigment-pit ocelli: in most species the ocelli can only detect the direction from which light is coming, and the compound eyes are the main source of information, but the main eyes of spiders are ocelli that can form images and, in a few cases, can swivel to track prey.^ But, this would not be the case with the return of Elijah who will emerge from his mother’s womb with perfect understanding of the Torah, not only in its written form, but in the spoken form known as the Talmud.

^ ESK & KSAE (1994), in the most updated check list, included a total of 127 syrphid species without providing source references.
  • A Catalog of the Syrphidae (Insecta: Diptera) of Korea* 29 September 2009 17:38 UTC www.kangwon.ac.kr [Source type: Academic]

^ To wit, below are a few of the means by which information was collected by various confidential sources during my time at Dell: .
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

.Arthropods also have a wide range of chemical and mechanical sensors, mostly based on modifications of the many setae (bristles) that project through their cuticles.^ The report issued today by the Roundtable on Religion and Social Welfare Policy lists the many executive actions President George W. Bush has taken to fund a wide range of religion-based social services.

.Arthropods' methods of reproduction and development are diverse; all terrestrial species use internal fertilization, but this is often by indirect transfer of the sperm via an appendage or the ground, rather than by direct injection.^ Fourier believed that all important jobs should be open to women on the basis of skill and aptitude rather than closed on account of gender.

^ If then this kingdom were to come at the resurrection of Christ, why is it said, some of them, rather than all?

^ The master of the servant is master also of all he hath, and may exact the use thereof; that is to say, of his goods, of his labour, of his servants, and of his children, as often as he shall think fit.

Aquatic species use either internal or external fertilization. .Almost all arthropods lay eggs, except for scorpions, who give birth to live young after the eggs have hatched inside the mother.^ It is not populated, except by families who lived there when it was declared a protected area.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The head cook, Ruthy, was a great Jewish mother who put four sons through Art School, they all making a good living as artists.

Arthropod hatchlings vary from miniature adults to grubs and caterpillars that lack jointed limbs and eventually undergo a total metamorphosis to produce the adult form. The level of maternal care for hatchlings varies from zero to the prolonged care provided by scorpions.
.The versatility of the arthropod modular body plan has made it difficult for zoologists and paleontologists to classify them and work out their evolutionary ancestry, which dates back to the Cambrian period.^ The oldest discovered fossil of the modern Platypus dates back to about 100,000 years ago, during the Quaternary period.

.From the late 1950s to late 1970s, it was thought that arthropods were polyphyletic, that is, there was no single arthropod ancestor.^ Therefore of things past there is no deliberation, because manifestly impossible to be changed; nor of things known to be impossible, or thought so; because men know or think such deliberation vain.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Now they are generally regarded as monophyletic.^ It may peradventure be thought, there was never such a time, nor condition of warre as this; and I believe it was never generally so, over all the world: but there are many places, where they live so now.

^ It may peradventure be thought there was never such a time nor condition of war as this; and I believe it was never generally so, over all the world: but there are many places where they live so now.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

Historically, the closest evolutionary relatives of arthropods were considered to be annelid worms, as both groups have segmented bodies. .This hypothesis is by now largely rejected, with annelids and molluscs forming the superphylum Lophotrochozoa.^ Formed as a fishing village, and settled primarily by Italian immigrants, its economy is now more largely based around tourism.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many analyses support a placement of arthropods with cycloneuralians (or their consistent clades) in a superphylum Ecdysozoa. Overall however, the basal relationships of Metazoa are not yet well resolved. Likewise, the relationships between various arthropod groups are still actively debated.
.Although arthropods contribute to human food supply both directly as food and more importantly as pollinators of crops, they also spread some of the most severe diseases and do considerable damage to livestock and crops.^ The consideration of this, has made me think them too severe, both to themselves, and others, that maintain, that the First motions of the mind, (though checked with the fear of God) be Sinnes.

^ Like other flatfish, they have both eyes on the same side of the head, most often on the left side.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But what then would become of these terms, of entity, essence, essential, essentiality, that are derived from it, and of many more that depend on these, applied as most commonly they are?
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Description

Arthropods are invertebrates with segmented bodies and jointed limbs.[1] The limbs form part of an exoskeleton, which is mainly made of α-chitin, a derivative of glucose.[2] .One other group of animals, the tetrapods, has jointed limbs, but tetrapods are vertebrates and therefore have endoskeletons.^ It seems the two are similar and therefore one could be substituted for the other, and have.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[3]

Diversity

.Estimating the total number of living species is extremely difficult because it often depends on a series of assumptions in order to scale up from counts at specific locations to estimates for the whole world.^ In gematria (a form of Jewish numerology ), the number 18 stands for "life," because the Hebrew letters that spell chai , meaning "living," add up to 18.

^ Because of the early divergence from the therian mammals and the low numbers of extant monotreme species, it is a frequent subject of research in evolutionary biology.

^ It is the sole living representative of its family (Ornithorhynchidae) and genus (Ornithorhynchus), though a number of related species have been found in the fossil record.

.A study in 1992 estimated that there were 500,000 species in Costa Rica alone, of which 365,000 were arthropods.^ There are an estimated 10,000 agunot--"chained women"--whose husbands will not grant them divorces.

^ There are a number of places and things named directly or indirectly for her: Argentina*Santa Ana, MisionesCosta Rica*Santa Ana, Costa Rica*Santa Ana Canton, San José ProvinceEcuador*Santa Ana, Ecuador*S..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .Another estimate indicates that arthropods have 1,170,000 described species, and account for over 80% of all known living species.^ For whosoever entereth into another's dominion is subject to all the laws thereof, unless he have a privilege by the amity of the sovereigns, or by special license.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] .They are important members of marine, freshwater, land and air ecosystems, and are one of only two major animal groups that have adapted to life in dry environments; the other is amniotes, whose living members are reptiles, birds and mammals.^ If the sovereign of one Commonwealth subdue a people that have lived under other written laws, and afterwards govern them by the same laws by which they were governed before, yet those laws are the civil laws of the victor, and not of the vanquished Commonwealth.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For of great minds one of the proper works is to help and free others from scorn, and compare themselves only with the most able.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If you really think the guy is so wonderful and his ideas are so important, why not go fight for one of his causes, whatever they happen to be?

[6] .One arthropod sub-group, insects, is the most species-rich member of all ecological guilds (ways of making a living) in land and fresh-water environments.^ It all makes sense, is professionally produced, so download it and listen to it on the way home or on a ride on the Pinarello.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ But to prove it, he alledgeth first, this reason, "Kings and Popes, Clergy and Laity make but one Common−wealth; that is to say, but one Church: And in all Bodies the Members depend one upon another: But things Spirituall depend not of things Temporall: Therefore, Temporall depend on Spirituall.

^ By way of recognition he was the youngest person to be made special correspondent in the Times Group.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] The lightest insects weigh less than 25 micrograms (millionths of a gram),[7] while the heaviest weigh over 70 grams (2.5 oz).[8] .Some living crustaceans are much larger, for example the legs of the Japanese spider crab may span up to 4 metres (13 ft).^ While this may put some people out, it’s said that living people have far more rights and freedoms than do dead people.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately for many employees, speaking up has not helped their situation much, with the exception of cases where employees were members of some sort of labor union.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ For some darn reason they ended up with a candidate that is not FOR JESUS as much as they are.

[7]

Segmentation

Head
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
Segments and tagmata of an arthropod[6]
    = Body
    = Coxa (base)
    = Gill branch
// = Gill
        filaments
    = Leg
        branch
Structure of a biramous appendage[9]
The embryos of all arthropods are segmented, built from a series of repeated modules. The last common ancestor of living arthropods probably consisted of a series of undifferentiated segments, each with a pair of appendages that functioned as limbs. .However all known living and fossil arthropods have grouped segments into tagmata in which segments and their limbs are specialized in various ways;[6] The three-part appearance of many insect bodies and the two-part appearance of spiders is a result of this grouping;[9] in fact there are no external signs of segmentation in mites.^ The incubation period is separated into three parts.

^ They are therefore no Names of Things; but Signes, by which wee make known, that wee conceive the Consequence of one name or Attribute to another: as when we say, "a Man, is, a living Body," wee mean not that the Man is one thing, the Living Body another, and the Is, or Beeing a third: but that the Man, and the Living Body, is the same thing: because the Consequence, "If hee bee a Man, hee is a living Body," is a true Consequence, signified by that word Is.

^ Lastly she tells the reader that poverty is the result of ignorance, and ignorance is the result of poverty and both are the result and cause of large families and that all of this is simply part of the slow march of evolution, meaning it is nature’s way.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[6] Arthropods also have two body elements that are not part of this serially repeated pattern of segments, an acron at the front, ahead of the mouth, and a telson at the rear, behind the anus. The eyes are mounted on the acron.[6]
The original structure of arthropod appendages was probably biramous, with the upper branch acting as a gill while the lower branch was used for walking. In some segments of all known arthropods the appendages have been modified, for example to form gills, mouth-parts, antennae for collecting information,[9] or claws for grasping;[10] arthropods are "like Swiss Army knives, each equipped with a unique set of specialized tools."[6] In many arthropods, appendages have vanished from some regions of the body, and it is particularly common for abdominal appendages to have disappeared or be highly modified.[6]
Four types of arthropods showing the acron and 9 head and/or body segments. Trilobites and chelicerates are shown with 7 head segments, and crustaceans and tracheates with 5 head segments. <a name=.Of these, the first head segment of chelicerates and the second head segment of trachates is lost in development.^ What is the meaning of these words: "The first cause does not necessarily inflow anything into the second, by force of the essential subordination of the second causes, by which it may help it to work?"
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

All four start with an acron at the anterior end bearing compound eyes. .All have nephridia on some or all head segments, some of which are lost in development in chelicerates.^ I was quietly thinking about all this yesterday as I slurped some lamb shank soup and a light bulb went off above my head.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.All - other than chelicerates - have antennae on the first head segment, and crustaceans also have antennae on the second head segment.^ The second argument is from the nature of monarchy, wherein all authority is in one man, and in others by derivation from him.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We are fully familiar with the history of this society which was more important than all the others because of the scope of its activities and its influence.

^ But this is no Body Politique, there being no Common Representative to oblige them to any other Law, than that which is common to all other subjects.

.Only chelicerans have chelicera, on the second head segment and first body segment, and pedipalps, on the third body segment.^ The first is that the Pope is not lord of all the world; the second, that the Pope is not lord of all the Christian world; the third, that the Pope, without his own territory, has not any temporal jurisdiction directly.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Know that thou must keep purified for the space of one moon for the Entrance to the First Step, one moon between the First and Second Step, and again between the Second and Third ans so on in like manner.

^ The first, maketh men invade for Gain; the second, for Safety; and the third, for Reputation.

Crustaceans have mandibles on the third head segment and maxillae on each of the fourth and fifth head segments. .Trilobites and chelicerates bear legs on all remaining head segments, but crustaceans and tracheates have legs on the anterior body segments."^ All that remained of the priest was a pool of slime, like green oil, and the smell of a body lain long in the sun to rot.

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/03/1/1/6/20697912666365215.png" width="330" height="182" />
A
L
L
L
L
L
L
x
C
P
L
L
L
L
Ci
A
A
Mnd
Mx
Mx
L
L
L
L
A
x
Mnd
Mx
Mx
L
L
L
L
    = acron
    = segments included in head
    = body segments
x = lost during development
    = eyes
    = nephridia
O = nephridia lost during development
L = Leg
Ci = Chilarium
Mnd = Mandible
Mx = Maxilla
Four types of arthropods showing the acron and 9 head and/or body segments. Trilobites and chelicerates are shown with 7 head segments, and crustaceans and tracheates with 5 head segments. <a name=.Of these, the first head segment of chelicerates and the second head segment of trachates is lost in development.^ What is the meaning of these words: "The first cause does not necessarily inflow anything into the second, by force of the essential subordination of the second causes, by which it may help it to work?"
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

All four start with an acron at the anterior end bearing compound eyes. .All have nephridia on some or all head segments, some of which are lost in development in chelicerates.^ I was quietly thinking about all this yesterday as I slurped some lamb shank soup and a light bulb went off above my head.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.All - other than chelicerates - have antennae on the first head segment, and crustaceans also have antennae on the second head segment.^ The second argument is from the nature of monarchy, wherein all authority is in one man, and in others by derivation from him.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We are fully familiar with the history of this society which was more important than all the others because of the scope of its activities and its influence.

^ But this is no Body Politique, there being no Common Representative to oblige them to any other Law, than that which is common to all other subjects.

.Only chelicerans have chelicera, on the second head segment and first body segment, and pedipalps, on the third body segment.^ The first is that the Pope is not lord of all the world; the second, that the Pope is not lord of all the Christian world; the third, that the Pope, without his own territory, has not any temporal jurisdiction directly.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Know that thou must keep purified for the space of one moon for the Entrance to the First Step, one moon between the First and Second Step, and again between the Second and Third ans so on in like manner.

^ The first, maketh men invade for Gain; the second, for Safety; and the third, for Reputation.

Crustaceans have mandibles on the third head segment and maxillae on each of the fourth and fifth head segments. .Trilobites and chelicerates bear legs on all remaining head segments, but crustaceans and tracheates have legs on the anterior body segments."^ All that remained of the priest was a pool of slime, like green oil, and the smell of a body lain long in the sun to rot.

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/03/1/1/6/20697912666365215.png" width="330" height="182" />
The most conspicuous specialization of segments is in the head. .The four major groups of arthropods – Chelicerata (includes spiders and scorpions), Crustacea (shrimps, lobsters, crabs, etc.^ The chelicerates include spiders, scorpions, etc.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

), .Tracheata (arthropods that breathe via channels into their bodies; includes insects and myriapods), and the extinct trilobites – have heads formed of various combinations of segments, with appendages that are missing or specialized in different ways.^ He built up his rope and hemp business into a highly profitable commercial enterprise and engaged in various forms of trade and investment.

^ An extract : "Startup teams form in many different ways.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

[6] .In addition some extinct arthropods, such as Marrella, belong to none of these groups, as their heads are formed by their own particular combinations of segments and specialized appendages.^ By all which it appeareth, that though the power both of State and Religion were in the Kings; yet none of them were uncontrolled in the use of it, but such as were gracious for their own naturall abilities, or felicities.

^ Of regular, some are absolute and independent, subject to none but their own representative: such are only Commonwealths, of which I have spoken already in the five last precedent chapters.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Of Regular, some are Absolute, and Independent, subject to none but their own Representative: such are only Common−wealths; Of which I have spoken already in the 5.

[12] .Working out the evolutionary stages by which all these different combinations could have appeared is so difficult that it has long been known as "the Arthropod head problem".[13] In 1960 R.E. Snodgrass even hoped it would not be solved, as trying to work out solutions was so much fun.^ He must be a true genius if you hate him that much after all these years .

^ Nor is there any hope of solving any of these problems if we continue to attack them in the usual way.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ From these different sources of crimes, it appears already that all crimes are not, as the Stoics of old time maintained, of the same alloy.

[14]

Exoskeleton

Seta (bristle)
= Trichogen cell, produces seta
= Gland cell, secretes epicuticle
Structure of arthropod cuticle[15]
Arthropod exoskeletons are made of cuticle, a non-cellular material secreted by the epidermis.[6] .Their cuticles vary in the details of their structure, but generally consist of three main layers: the epicuticle, a thin outer waxy coat that moisture-proofs the other layers and gives them some protection; the exocuticle, which consists of chitin and chemically hardened proteins; and the endocuticle, which consists of chitin and unhardened proteins.^ Generally these projects involve tunneling, caisson excavation, road building, or some other type of underground construction or mining projects.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lastly, when the question is propounded of our belief; because some are moved to believe for one, and others for other reasons, there can be rendered no one general answer for them all.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Desire of knowledge, and arts of peace, inclineth men to obey a common power: for such desire containeth a desire of leisure, and consequently protection from some other power than their own.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

The exocuticle and endocuticle together are known as the procuticle.[16] Each body segment and limb section is encased in hardened cuticle. The joints between body segments and between limb sections are covered by flexible cuticle.[6]
The exoskeletons of most aquatic crustaceans are biomineralized with calcium carbonate extracted from the water. .Some terrestrial crustaceans have developed means of storing the mineral, since on land they cannot rely on a steady supply of dissolved calcium carbonate.^ At this time the commerce of Holland was increasing; a period of development had arrived, particularly for Amsterdam, to which Jews had carried their goods and from which they maintained their relations with foreign lands.

^ This can only mean they sawthe> Jackel face of Anubis who was going to now escort them to the land> of the dead.

[17] Biomineralization generally affects the exocuticle and the outer part of the endocuticle.[16] .Two recent hypotheses about the evolution of biomineralization in arthropods and other groups of animals propose that it provides tougher defensive armor,[18] and that it allows animals to grow larger and stronger by providing more rigid skeletons;[19] and in either case a mineral-organic composite exoskeleton is cheaper to build than an all-organic one of comparable strength.^ If one prophet deceive another, what certainty is there of knowing the will of God by other way than that of reason?
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The second argument is from the nature of monarchy, wherein all authority is in one man, and in others by derivation from him.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Feuds Of Private Families In all Common−wealths, if a private man entertain more servants, than the government of his estate, and lawfull employment he has for them requires, it is Faction, and unlawfull.

[19][20]
The cuticle can have setae (bristles) growing from special cells in the epidermis. Setae are as varied in form and function as appendages. .For example, they are often used as sensors to detect air or water currents, or contact with objects; aquatic arthropods use feather-like setae to increase the surface area of swimming appendages and to filter food particles out of water; aquatic insects, which are air-breathers, use thick felt-like coats of setae to trap air, extending the time they can spend under water; heavy, rigid setae serve as defensive spines.^ Passing flocculated water through a sand filter strains out the floc and the particles trapped within it.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like other flatfish, they have both eyes on the same side of the head, most often on the left side.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example in 1988 they ruled that the convicted murderer had instead only to be 16 at the time of offense in order to receive the death penalty.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[6]
.Although all arthropods use muscles attached to the inside of the exoskeleton to flex their limbs, some still use hydraulic pressure to extend them, a system inherited from their pre-arthropod ancestors;[21] for example, all spiders extend their legs hydraulically and can generate pressures up to eight times their resting level.^ The Platypus and other monotremes were very poorly understood for many years and some of the 19th century myths that grew up around them, for example, that the monotremes were “inferior” or quasi-reptilian, still endure.

^ I believe the problem is the censorship because we are all curious and take curiosity out of the equasion then I grew up in this time and I’m fine .

^ Others are so by institution, or custom of men; and in some times and places are honourable; in others, dishonourable; in others, indifferent: such as are the gestures in salutation, prayer, and thanksgiving, in different times and places, differently used.

[22]

Molting

The exoskeleton cannot stretch and thus restricts growth. .Arthropods therefore replace their exoskeletons by molting, or shedding the old exoskeleton after growing a new one that is not yet hardened.^ The kingdom therefore of God is a real, not a metaphorical kingdom; and so taken, not only in the Old Testament, but the New.

^ The New Testament was not yet published in one body.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I see not therefore any reason to doubt, but that the Old, and New Testament, as we have them now, are the true Registers of those things, which were done and said by the Prophets, and Apostles.

Molting cycles run nearly continuously until an arthropod reaches full size.[23]
In the initial phase of molting, the animal stops feeding and its epidermis releases molting fluid, a mixture of enzymes that digests the endocuticle and thus detaches the old cuticle. This phase begins when the epidermis has secreted a new epicuticle to protect it from the enzymes, and the epidermis secretes the new exocuticle while the old cuticle is detaching. .When this stage is complete, the animal makes its body swell by taking in a large quantity of water or air, and this makes the old cuticle split along predefined weaknesses where the old exocuticle was thinnest.^ The body and the broad, flat tail of the Platypus are covered with dense brown fur that traps a layer of insulating air to keep the animal warm.

^ But Turkey making a film about human rights is like well, a turkey farm taking a stand for animal rights.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ This will take some getting used to, and a large part of Jon's responsibility will be to help us absorb these new responsibilities and make the most of them.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.It commonly takes several minutes for the animal to struggle out of the old cuticle.^ Females are thought likely to become sexually mature in their second year, with breeding confirmed to still take place in animals over nine years old.

^ This is an opportunity to share your insider knowledge with the Filter community and take a chunk out of your 15 minutes of Internet fame.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Oh, there were police and passersby standing around and he struggled and called out for a good 20 minutes.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

.At this point the new one is wrinkled and so soft that the animal cannot support itself and finds it very difficult to move, and the new endocuticle has not yet formed.^ It quickly outgrew its first building and moved into a new one in 1874.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today, it is a one-day event conducted annually at the United States Military Academy West Point, New York.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Zappa is someone I admire greatly, and one important and very relevant point to note here, is that Zappa was a human being who actually existed.

The animal continues to pump itself up to stretch the new cuticle as much as possible, then hardens the new exocuticle and eliminates the excess air or water. By the end of this phase the new endocuticle has formed. Many arthropods then eat the discarded cuticle to reclaim its materials.[23]
.Because arthropods are unprotected and nearly immobilized until the new cuticle has hardened, they are in danger both of being trapped in the old cuticle and of being attacked by predators.^ The first enumeration of all the Bookes, both of the Old, and New Testament, is in the Canons of the Apostles, supposed to be collected by Clement the first (after St. Peter) Bishop of Rome.

^ They then walked approximately 250 miles northwards with their possessions being hauled by ox carts to the site of their new colony and arrived on April 22 , 1855 .

^ They were both called “the King of the Jews.” They also fit being called the Jewish messiah.

.Molting may be responsible for 80 to 90% of all arthropod deaths.^ May he meet his death by July 3, 2008 so Freedom Loving peoples all over the world, may rejoice at his demise.

[23]

Internal organs

    = heart
    = gut
    = brain, nerve cord, ganglia
Basic arthropod body structure[24]
Arthropod bodies are also segmented internally, and the nervous, muscular, circulatory and excretory systems have repeated components.[6] Arthopods come from a lineage of animals that have a coelom, a membrane-lined cavity between the gut and the body wall that accommodates the internal organs. .The strong, segmented limbs of arthropods eliminate the need for one of the coelom's main ancestral functions, as a hydrostatic skeleton, which muscles compress in order to change the animal's shape and thus enable it to move.^ And thus much shall suffice for the nature of punishment and reward; which are, as it were, the nerves and tendons that move the limbs and joints of a Commonwealth.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And thus much shall suffice for the nature of Punishment, and Reward; which are, as it were, the Nerves and Tendons, that move the limbes and joynts of a Common−wealth.

Hence the coelom of the arthropod is reduced to small areas around the reproductive and excretory systems. .Its place is largely taken by a hemocoel, a cavity that runs most of the length of the body and through which blood flows.^ The Word Body, in the most generall acceptation, signifieth that which filleth, or occupyeth some certain room, or imagined place; and dependeth not on the imagination, but is a reall part of that we call the Universe.

^ The word body, in the most general acceptation, signifieth that which filleth or occupieth some certain room or imagined place; and dependeth not on the imagination, but is a real part of that we call the universe.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[25]
Arthropods have open circulatory systems, although most have a few short, open-ended arteries. .In chelicerates and crustaceans, the blood carries oxygen to the tissues, while hexapods use a separate system of tracheae.^ In some areas, sanitary sewers are separate sewer systems specifically for the carrying of domestic and industrial wa..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many crustaceans, but few chelicerates and tracheates, use respiratory pigments to assist oxygen transport. .The most common respiratory pigment in arthropods is copper-based hemocyanin; this is used by many crustaceans and a few centipedes.^ For seeing the Soveraign is charged with the End, which is the common Peace and Defence; he is understood to have Power to use such Means, as he shall think most fit for his discharge.

^ For seeing the sovereign is charged with the end, which is the common peace and defence, he is understood to have power to use such means as he shall think most fit for his discharge.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

A few crustaceans and insects use iron-based hemoglobin, the respiratory pigment used by vertebrates. As with other invertebrates and unlike among vertebrates, the respiratory pigments of those arthropods that have them are generally dissolved in the blood and rarely enclosed in corpuscles.[25]
.The heart is typically a muscular tube that runs just under the back and for most of the length of the hemocoel.^ There is nothing new under the son.” We just witnessed Hillary Clinton and Obama have a contest for the hearts and minds of the folks in Indiana, they first woman to run for President, he the first Black man.

It contracts in ripples that run from rear to front, pushing blood forwards. Elastic ligaments, or small muscles, connect the heart to the body wall and expand sections that are not being squeezed by the heart muscle. .Along the heart run a series of paired ostia, non-return valves that allow blood to enter the heart but prevent it from leaving before it reaches the front.^ For as it is hard to say that the devil was entered into Judas, before he had any such hostile design; so it is impertinent to say he was first Christ's enemy in his heart, and that the devil entered into him afterwards.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[25]
Arthropods have a wide variety of respiratory systems. .Small species often do not have any, since their high ratio of surface area to volume enables simple diffusion through the body surface to supply enough oxygen.^ The main body of the lake stretches for about 6 miles north of the dam, but the water remains deep enough for small boat navigatio..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Crustacea usually have gills that are modified appendages. Many arachnids have book lungs. .Tracheae, systems of branching tunnels that run from the openings in the body walls, deliver oxygen directly to individual cells in many insects, myriapods and arachnids.^ Sanos Sanos is an open source minimalistic 32-bit x86 operating system kernel for network server appliances running on standard PC hardware.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]
.Living arthropods have paired main nerve cords running along their bodies below the gut, and in each segment the cords form a pair of ganglia from which sensory and motor nerves run to other parts of the segment.^ Which Object worketh on the Eyes, Eares, and other parts of mans body; and by diversity of working, produceth diversity of Apparences.

^ Not only had numerous Jews lived in this region for centuries (coming from Palestine and Parthia), but there were Turks, other races and even residual Israelites from the ten tribes whose main body had migrated through this region on the way to Europe.

^ Which object worketh on the eyes, ears, and other parts of man's body, and by diversity of working produceth diversity of appearances.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although the pairs of ganglia in each segment often appear physically fused, they are connected by commissures (relatively large bundles of nerves), which give arthropod nervous systems a characteristic "ladder-like" appearance.^ None of my children like watching pornography (males or females)and they only swear when it appears necessary.

^ SAN file systems are like network attached storage (NAS) protocols (like SMB and NFS) in that they allow multiple computers to access the same f..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But what should we have thought of them if there had appeared in their rods nothing like a serpent, and in the water enchanted nothing like blood, nor like anything else but water, but that they had faced down the king, that they were serpents that looked like rods, and that it was blood that seemed water?
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

The brain is in the head, encircling and mainly above the esophagus. .It consists of the fused ganglia of the acron and one or two of the foremost segments that form the head – a total of three pairs of ganglia in most arthropods, but only two in chelicerates, which do not have antennae or the ganglion connected to them.^ Santa Barbara School Districts The Santa Barbara School Districts (one district, two systems; SBSD) consists of the following: ..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For of great minds one of the proper works is to help and free others from scorn, and compare themselves only with the most able.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I looked at one such set of sermons two or three weeks ago before some discussions we were having at the Defense Policy Board.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

The ganglia of other head segments are often close to the brain and function as part of it. In insects these other head ganglia combine into a pair of subesophageal ganglia, under and behind the esophagus. .Spiders take this process a step further, as all the segmental ganglia are incorporated into the subesophageal ganglia, which occupy most of the space in the cephalothorax (front "super-segment").^ I’ll also talk about how input from users has really influenced us, and how that all feeds into our process.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Sankey diagram Sankey diagrams summarise all the energy transfers taking place in a process.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For if the sense of the assembly can be taken notice of, before the debate be ended, they should neither ask nor take any further counsel; for sense of the assembly is the resolution of the debate and end of all deliberation.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[27]
.There are two different types of arthropod excretory systems.^ Worship Commanded And Free And of Arbitrary Worship, there bee two differences: For sometimes it is a Commanded, sometimes Voluntary Worship: Commanded, when it is such as hee requireth, who is Worshipped: Free, when it is such as the Worshipper thinks fit.

^ And of arbitrary worship, there be two differences: for sometimes it is commanded, sometimes voluntary worship: commanded, when it is such as he requireth who is worshipped: free, when it is such as the worshipper thinks fit.

^ There are differences, but also striking similarities in what befell the two campaigns.

In aquatic arthropods, the end-product of biochemical reactions that metabolise nitrogen is ammonia, which is so toxic that it needs to be diluted as much as possible with water. The ammonia is then eliminated via any permeable membrane, mainly through the gills. .All crustaceans use this system, and its high consumption of water may be responsible for the relative lack of success of crustaceans as land animals.^ Use Of Names Positive And this is all the variety of Names Positive; which are put to mark somewhat which is in Nature, or may be feigned by the mind of man, as Bodies that are, or may be conceived to be; or of bodies, the Properties that are, or may be feigned to be; or Words and Speech.

^ The master of the servant is master also of all he hath, and may exact the use thereof; that is to say, of his goods, of his labour, of his servants, and of his children, as often as he shall think fit.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From whence we may collect that the propriety which a subject hath in his lands consisteth in a right to exclude all other subjects from the use of them; and not to exclude their sovereign, be it an assembly or a monarch.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[28] .Various groups of terrestrial arthropods have independently developed a different system: the end-product of nitrogen metabolism is uric acid, which can be excreted as dry material; Malpighian tubules filter the uric acid and other nitrogenous waste out of the blood in the hemocoel, and dump these materials into the hindgut, from which they are expelled as feces.^ In the restored Church these are not Angels who fell out ofgrace, but, rose from the dead in Matthew 27:53, they the awakened ones from their tombs who went into the city of Jerusalem.

^ Their listings are available on their site, and they also syndicate listings out to Simply Hired , Indeed and other job posting aggregators.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ But this whole Dispute, whether Christ left the Jurisdiction to the Pope onely, or to other Bishops also, if considered out of these places where the Pope has the Civill Soveraignty, is a contention De Lana Caprina: For none of them (where they are not Soveraigns) has any Jurisdiction at all.

[28] .Most aquatic arthropods and some terrestrial ones also have organs called nephridia ("little kidneys"), which extract other wastes for excretion as urine.^ What was the reason, when they all beleeved the Scripture, that they did not all beleeve alike; but that some approved, others disapproved the Interpretation of St. Paul that cited them; and every one Interpreted them to himself?

^ And when the Endeavour is fromward something, it is generally called AVERSION. These words Appetite, and Aversion we have from the Latines; and they both of them signifie the motions, one of approaching, the other of retiring.

^ Of the passions that most frequently are the causes of crime, one is vainglory, or a foolish overrating of their own worth; as if difference of worth were an effect of their wit, or riches, or blood, or some other natural quality, not depending on the will of those that have the sovereign authority.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[28]

Senses

.The stiff cuticles of arthropods would block out information about the outside world, except that they are penetrated by many sensors or connections from sensors to the nervous system.^ What then shall we say to St. John, who bids us "not to believe every spirit, but to try the spirits whether they are of God, because many false prophets are gone out into the world?"

^ Yes, search engines have exposed a set of information that was available previously, but would have been cumbersome to practically seek out.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ But what then would become of these terms, of entity, essence, essential, essentiality, that are derived from it, and of many more that depend on these, applied as most commonly they are?
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

In fact, arthropods have modified their cuticles into elaborate arrays of sensors. Various touch sensors, mostly setae, respond to different levels of force, from strong contact to very weak air currents. .Chemical sensors provide equivalents of taste and smell, often by means of setae.^ It is used to provide even heating for another container, most often during a chemical reaction.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pressure sensors often take the form of membranes that function as eardrums, but are connected directly to nerves rather than to auditory ossicles.^ Del.icio.us links have no value to me on my mobile and photos take forever to load (and i'd rather access them through Flickr directly).
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Sandboarding is a recreational activity similar to snowboarding that takes place on sand dunes rather than snow-covered hills.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The antennae of most hexapods include sensor packages that monitor humidity, moisture and temperature.[29]
Head of a wasp with three ocelli (centre), and compound eyes at the left and right
.Most arthropods have sophisticated visual systems that include one or more usually both of compound eyes and pigment-cup ocelli ("little eyes").^ Like other flatfish, they have both eyes on the same side of the head, most often on the left side.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of my most painful investment experiences was with a team where the two founders cared more about meeting the numbers than anything else, including honesty.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Other cities in Europe are starting to eye the system for possible adoption, but we sort of doubt the U.S. is going to jump to be an early adopter on this one."
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.In most cases ocelli are only capable of detecting the direction from which light is coming, using the shadow cast by the walls of the cup.^ Plato was into apprehending the light itself, outside of the cave, not just the shadows on the wall : read: should-be enthusiast.

However the main eyes of spiders are pigment-cup ocelli that are capable of forming images,[29] and those of jumping spiders can rotate to track prey.[30]
Compound eyes consist of fifteen to several thousand independent ommatidia, columns that are usually hexagonal in cross section. Each ommatidium is an independent sensor, with its own light-sensitive cells and often with its own lens and cornea.[29] Compound eyes have a wide field of view, and can detect fast movement and, in some cases, the polarization of light.[31] .On the other hand the relatively large size of ommatidia makes the images rather coarse, and compound eyes are shorter-sighted than those of birds and mammals – although this is not a severe disadvantage, as objects and events within 20 centimetres (7.9 in) are most important to most arthropods.^ Other than these major Korean syrphid references, there also have been a large number of faunistic survey reports scattered mostly in local journals and reports.
  • A Catalog of the Syrphidae (Insecta: Diptera) of Korea* 29 September 2009 17:38 UTC www.kangwon.ac.kr [Source type: Academic]

^ Like other flatfish, they have both eyes on the same side of the head, most often on the left side.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The image of the hands above are making a sign that many Rabbis and Cohens place on their graves.

[29] Several arthropods have color vision, and that of some insects has been studied in detail; for example, the ommatidia of bees contain receptors for both green and ultra-violet.[29]
Most arthropods lack balance and acceleration sensors, and rely on their eyes to tell them which way is up. .The self-righting behavior of cockroaches is triggered when pressure sensors on the underside of the feet report no pressure.^ The bikes themselves have sensors that report back on any issues with brakes, lights, tire pressure and gears, so the bike can be removed from circulation and stations can send out mechanics.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.However many malacostracan crustaceans have statocysts, which provide the same sort of information as the balance and motion sensors of the vertebrate inner ear.^ Google Earth is also pointing out (and often offering detailed information on) US military installations (including nuclear installations) and providing the sharpest images of the same.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[29]
.The proprioceptors of arthropods, sensors that report the force exerted by muscles and the degree of bending in the body and joints, are well understood.^ Neverthelesse the truth of that report was neither confirmed, as well grounded; nor refuted, as ill grounded on those words; but left as a saying not understood.

^ Nevertheless the truth of that report was neither confirmed, as well grounded; nor refuted, as ill grounded on those words; but left as a saying not understood.

.However, little is known about what other internal sensors Arthropods may have.^ Little was known about these giant creatures, and many myths and legends were fostered regarding its origins and habit..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thirdly, to make known to others our wills and purposes that we may have the mutual help of one another.

^ We’re all about facilitating sharing however you want, whereas the other sites are more about uploading your photos to a place where you can easily print them.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

[29]

Reproduction and development

Compsobuthus werneri female with young (white)
A few arthropods, such as barnacles, are hermaphroditic, that is, each can have the organs of both sexes. .However, individuals of most species remain of one sex all their lives.^ "The Just shall live by Faith;" not every one, but the Just; therefore Faith and Justice (that is, the Will To Be Just, or Repentance) are all that is Necessary to life eternall.

^ Having had the privilege to meet Frank Zappa (twice) while I was in college, I have to say he was one of the most intelligent people that ever lived.

^ Thirdly, St. Paul saith, "The just shall live by faith";[403] not every one, but the just; therefore faith and justice (that is, the will to be just, or repentance) are all that is necessary to life eternal.

[32] .A few species of insects and crustaceans can reproduce by parthenogenesis, for example, without mating, especially if conditions favor a "population explosion". However most arthropods rely on sexual reproduction, and parthenogenetic species often revert to sexual reproduction when conditions become less favorable.^ Its current and historical abundance, however, is less well known and it has probably declined in numbers, although still being considered as common over most of its current range.

^ Most often, however, startup teams are formed by people who either currently work together (at the company they’re planning to leave) or who have worked together in the past.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

[33] .Aquatic arthropods may breed by external fertilization, as for example frogs also do, or by internal fertilization, where the ova remain in the female's body and the sperm must somehow be inserted.^ And therefore the Representative of such a Body must be an Assembly, where every member of the Body may be present at the consultations, if he will.

^ And therefore the representative of such a body must be an assembly, where every member of the body may be present at the consultations, if he will.

.All known terrestrial arthropods use internal fertilization, as unprotected sperm and ova would not survive long in these environments.^ As we all know, tyrants existed long before the days of Moses and had it not been for Moses, tyrants would tyrannize and no one would have any moral authority to contend with it.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Sure all Orthocrats may talk progress all day long, but these are only words – their deeds are something quite dissimilar.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ To mention all the places of the Old Testament where the name of angel is found would be too long.

In a few cases the sperm transfer is direct from the male's penis to the female's oviduct, but it is more often indirect. Some crustaceans and spiders use modified appendages to transfer the sperm to the female. .On the other hand, many male terrestrial arthropods produce spermatophores, waterproof packets of sperm, which the females take into their bodies.^ Then can he hope to have power over the demons that plague the mind and body pulling at the hair and grasping the hands, and screaming the vile Names into the airs of the Night.

^ For Air and many other things are Bodies, though not Flesh and Bone, or any other grosse body, to bee discerned by the eye.

^ Of appetites and aversions, some are born with men; as appetite of food, appetite of excretion, and exoneration (which may also and more properly be called aversions, from somewhat they feel in their bodies), and some other appetites, not many.

.A few such species rely on females to find spermatophores that have already been deposited on the ground, but in most cases males only deposit spermatophores when complex courtship rituals look likely to be successful.^ Certainly the studio would not be expert in the proper handling of horses and as such would only be ordinarily ignorant in this case.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ It represents generative power, and as such it is a> card of opposites, both male and female elements combining to forma> balanced whole.

^ PubSub on the decaying value of attribution and links :) "In most cases, multiple InLinks from a blog will indicate that the blogger is repeatedly finding interesting postings.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

[32]
The nauplius larva of a prawn
.Most arthropods lay eggs,[32] but scorpions are viviparous: they produce live young after the eggs have hatched inside the mother, and are noted for prolonged maternal care.^ The newly hatched young are vulnerable, blind, and hairless, and are fed by the mother’s milk.

^ The bizarre appearance of this egg-laying, duck-billed mammal baffled European naturalists when they first encountered it, with some considering it an elaborate fraud.

^ The name Mut means mother, she was the great mother goddess.A> symbol of maternal protection, it was thought that the vulture> sheltered her young with her outspread wings.

[34] Newly-born arthropods have diverse forms, and insects alone cover the range of extremes. .Some hatch as apparently miniature adults (direct development), and in some cases, such as silverfish, the hatchlings do not feed and may be helpless until after their first molt.^ Those who may oppose such a policy might argue that by expediting this process we may allow some in who carry bogus papers, etc.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ To choose him, may in some cases bee unjust; but to depose him, when he is chosen, is in no case Just.

^ Yet in some cases contradictory voyces equall in number, may determine a question; as in condemning, or absolving, equality of votes, even in that they condemne not, do absolve; but not on the contrary condemne, in that they absolve not.

.Many insects hatch as grubs or caterpillars, which do not have segmented limbs or hardened cuticles, and metamorphose into adult forms by entering an inactive phase in which the larval tissues are broken down and re-used to build the adult body.^ For the proper use of the word Infused, in speaking of the graces of God, is an abuse of it; for those graces are Vertues, not Bodies to be carryed hither and thither, and to be powred into men, as into barrels.

^ And "the spirit entered into me, and me, and set me on my feet,"[58] that is, "I recovered my vital strength"; not that any ghost or incorporeal substance entered into and possessed his body.

^ He said: "They’re technologies, how you use them and where you use them is important when it comes to building companies."
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

[35] Dragonfly larvae have the typical cuticles and jointed limbs of arthropods but are flightless water-breathers with extendable jaws.[36] Crustaceans commonly hatch as tiny nauplius larvae that have only three segments and pairs of appendages.[32]

Evolution

Last common ancestor

.The last common ancestor of all arthropods is reconstructed as a modular organism with each module covered by its own sclerite (armor plate) and bearing a pair of biramous limbs.^ And therefore where there is no Own, that is, no Propriety, there is no Injustice; and where there is no coerceive Power erected, that is, where there is no Common−wealth, there is no Propriety; all men having Right to all things: Therefore where there is no Common−wealth, there nothing is Unjust.

[37] Whether the ancestral limb was uniramous or biramous is far from a settled debate, though. This Ur-arthropod had a ventral mouth, pre-oral antennae and dorsal eyes at the front of the body. It was a non-discriminatory sediment feeder, processing whatever sediment came its way for food.[37]

Fossil record

Marrella, one of the puzzling arthropods from the Burgess Shale
It has been proposed that the Ediacaran animals Parvancorina and Spriggina, from around 555 Mya, were arthropods.[38][39][40] .Small arthropods with bivalve-like shells have been found in Early Cambrian fossil beds dating 541 to 539 million years ago in China.^ Geologically it is one of the oidest, since volcanic rocks of about 4 millions years old have been found.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sanyanlichan Sanyanlichan is the name given to the earliest known modern frog, found in the fossil beds of Sihetun, in the western part of Liaoning province, China.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two months ago, melamine was found to have been deliberately and illegally added in China to pet food products intended for U.S. consumers.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[41][42] .The earliest Cambrian trilobite fossils are about 530 million years old, but the class was already quite diverse and worldwide, suggesting that they had been around for quite some time.^ They lived here for quite some time in piece and quiet.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's been on the wane for quite some time now.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ And though this law may be drawn by consequence from some of those that are there already mentioned, yet the times require to have it inculcated and remembered.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[43] .Re-examination in the 1970s of the Burgess Shale fossils from about 505 million years ago identified many arthropods, some of which could not be assigned to any of the well-known groups, and thus intensified the debate about the Cambrian explosion.^ Sanctacaris Sanctacaris is a Middle Cambrian arthropod from the Burgess shale of British Columbia.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some groups of arthropods have numerous examples of biogeographically unique Klamath/Siskiyou taxa, others much fewer, and other major groups none at all.
  • Soil Arthropod Monitoring 2 February 2010 13:40 UTC www.ent.orst.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I just got back from a wonderful evening at Humperdink’s with many, many fine bloggers (as well as some other wonderful folks who enjoy reading them.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[44][45][46] A fossil of Marrella from the Burgess Shale has provided the earliest clear evidence of molting.[47]
.The earliest fossil crustaceans date from about 513 million years ago in the Cambrian,[48] and fossil shrimp from about 500 million years ago apparently formed a tight-knit procession across the seabed.^ Geologically it is one of the oidest, since volcanic rocks of about 4 millions years old have been found.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apparently the Constitution is living and breathing and uttering different words than it did when the Framers penned the thing 226 years ago.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The oldest discovered fossil of the modern Platypus dates back to about 100,000 years ago, during the Quaternary period.

[49] Crustacean fossils are common from the Ordovician period onwards.[50] .They have remained almost entirely aquatic, possibly because they never developed excretory systems that conserve water.^ Whether this is because it is a foreign ideology or because they believe it to be archaic is never made entirely clear.

^ Prominent Christian leaders, including Robertson and Falwell, opposed McCain in 2000, partly because they didn't feel he was conservative enough on their issues.

^ They have developed self-censorship and would never purchase pornography.

[28]
.Arthropods provide the earliest identifiable fossils of land animals, from about 419 million years ago in the Late Silurian, and terrestrial tracks from about 450 million years ago appear to have been made by arthropods.^ Geologically it is one of the oidest, since volcanic rocks of about 4 millions years old have been found.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Disclosure : I have made a small angel investment in Feedster a year ago.'
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ The oldest discovered fossil of the modern Platypus dates back to about 100,000 years ago, during the Quaternary period.

[51] .Arthropods were well pre-adapted to colonize land, because their existing jointed exoskeletons provided protection against desiccation, support against gravity and a means of locomotion that was not dependent on water.^ The current building was built on the foundations of pre-existing church of Sant'Andrea de AquarizariisAquarizariis: "of the water carriers" on whom Rome depended after the aqueducts were broken.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52] .Around the same time the aquatic, scorpion-like eurypterids became the largest ever arthropods, some as long as 2.5 metres (8.2 ft).^ Rape, incest pedophilia, murder and terrorism have been around long before Zappa’s (and Christ’s) time and the perpetrators are almost always conservative extremist religious fanatics.

^ The Sopranos , Tony Soprano changed waste management and made murder real, mundane and Godfather like at same time.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ The legislating and controlling of doctrine of course has been something the Left has longed to do for quite some time but simply lacked a horse to get them there – until now.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[53]
.The oldest known arachnid is the trigonotarbid Palaeotarbus jerami, from about 420 million years ago in the Silurian period.^ Geologically it is one of the oidest, since volcanic rocks of about 4 millions years old have been found.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oldest discovered fossil of the modern Platypus dates back to about 100,000 years ago, during the Quaternary period.

^ Its average unimpaired runoff is about 1.8 million acre feet per year.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54] .Attercopus fimbriunguis, from 386 million years ago in the Devonian period, bears the earliest known silk-producing spigots, but its lack of spinnerets means it was not one of the true spiders,[55] which first appear in the Late Carboniferous over 299 million years ago.^ Geologically it is one of the oidest, since volcanic rocks of about 4 millions years old have been found.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The train of regulated thoughts is of two kinds: one, when of an effect imagined we seek the causes or means that produce it; and this is common to man and beast.

^ Even if one agrees nationalism began in that time period, Huntington shouldn't have ignored that other little-known revolution in the Americas waged a few short years earlier.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[56] .The Jurassic and Cretaceous periods provide a large number of fossil spiders, including representatives of many modern families.^ A large portal that provides blogs to its users shared that the most popular blog categories included Diary, Soccer, Work, & Diet.
  • ben barren - rss'ing down under: August 2005 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC benbarren.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ And if the Representative consist of many men, the voyce of the greater number, must be considered as the voyce of them all.

^ It is the sole living representative of its family (Ornithorhynchidae) and genus (Ornithorhynchus), though a number of related species have been found in the fossil record.

[57] .Fossils of aquatic scorpions with gills appear in the Silurian and Devonian periods, and the earliest fossil of an air-breathing scorpion with book lungs dates from the Early Carboniferous period.^ The oldest discovered fossil of the modern Platypus dates back to about 100,000 years ago, during the Quaternary period.

[58]
.The oldest definitive insect fossil is the Devonian Rhyniognatha hirsti, dated at 396 to 407 million years ago, but its mandibles are of a type found only in winged insects, which suggests that the earliest insects appeared in the Silurian period.^ Geologically it is one of the oidest, since volcanic rocks of about 4 millions years old have been found.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oldest discovered fossil of the modern Platypus dates back to about 100,000 years ago, during the Quaternary period.

^ Monotrematum sudamericanum, another fossil relative of the Platypus has been found in Argentina, indicating that monotremes were present in the supercontinent of Gondwana when the continents of South America and Australia were joined via Antarctica (up to about 167 million years ago).

[59] .The Mazon Creek lagerstätten from the Late Carboniferous, about 300 million years ago, include about 200 species, some gigantic by modern standards, and indicate that insects had occupied their main modern ecological niches as herbivores, detritivores and insectivores.^ Which localities still maintain viable populations of about 300 different pollinating native bee species in the lower elevation oak savanna and prairie communities?
  • Soil Arthropod Monitoring 2 February 2010 13:40 UTC www.ent.orst.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geologically it is one of the oidest, since volcanic rocks of about 4 millions years old have been found.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oldest discovered fossil of the modern Platypus dates back to about 100,000 years ago, during the Quaternary period.

.Social termites and ants first appear in the Early Cretaceous, and advanced social bees have been found in Late Cretaceous rocks but did not become abundant until the Mid Cenozoic.^ It appears circular from the outside, but inside, on the first floor, the tower becomes octagonal.

^ Events that happen which appear at first to be coincidence, but are later found to be causally related are termed as "incoincident".

^ How did Jewish feminists manage not to "take a first step" until the end of 1988--and then not mention women?

[60]

Evolutionary family tree

The velvet worm (Onychophora) is closely related to Arthropods[61]
.From the late 1950s to the late 1970s, Sidnie Manton and others argued that arthropods are polyphyletic, in other words, they do not share a common ancestor that was itself an arthropod.^ Person Naturall, And Artificiall When they are considered as his owne, then is he called a Naturall Person: And when they are considered as representing the words and actions of an other, then is he a Feigned or Artificiall person.

^ And when the Endeavour is fromward something, it is generally called AVERSION. These words Appetite, and Aversion we have from the Latines; and they both of them signifie the motions, one of approaching, the other of retiring.

^ Certainly they shared a common Scythian trait when riled, and that was a vile temper!

.Instead, they proposed that three separate groups of "arthropods" evolved separately from common worm-like ancestors: the chelicerates, including spiders and scorpions; the crustaceans; and the uniramia, consisting of onychophorans, myriapods and hexapods.^ The chelicerates include spiders, scorpions, etc.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The molar teeth were initially thought to be tribosphenic which would have supported a variation of Gregory’s theory, but later research has suggested while they have three cusps they evolved under a separate process.

^ They even proposed a flag, consisting of stars in a circle, that is identical to the flag used by the European Union today.

These arguments usually bypassed trilobites, as the evolutionary relationships of this class were unclear. .Proponents of polyphyly argued the following: that the similarities between these groups are the results of convergent evolution, as natural consequences of having rigid, segmented exoskeletons; that the three groups use different chemical means of hardening the cuticle; that there were significant differences in the construction of their compound eyes; that it is hard to see how such different configurations of segments and appendages in the head could have evolved from the same ancestor; and that crustaceans have biramous limbs with separate gill and leg branches, while the other two groups have uniramous limbs in which the single branch serves as a leg.^ It seems the two are similar and therefore one could be substituted for the other, and have.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ There are differences, but also striking similarities in what befell the two campaigns.

^ We see women with the same eyes.

[62]






armored lobopods,
including Hallucigenia and Microdictyon



anomalocarid-like taxa,
including modern tardigrades as
well as extinct animals like
Kerygmachela and Opabinia





arthropods,
including living groups and
extinct forms such as trilobites






Simplified summary of Budd's "broad-scale" cladogram (1996)[61]
.Further analysis and discoveries in the 1990s reversed this view, and led to acceptance that arthropods are monophyletic, in other words they do share a common ancestor that was itself an arthropod.^ And when the Endeavour is fromward something, it is generally called AVERSION. These words Appetite, and Aversion we have from the Latines; and they both of them signifie the motions, one of approaching, the other of retiring.

^ Certainly they shared a common Scythian trait when riled, and that was a vile temper!

^ Another is when many use the same words to signify, by their connexion and order one to another, what they conceive or think of each matter; and also what they desire, fear, or have any other passion for.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[63][64] .For example Graham Budd's analyses of Kerygmachela in 1993 and of Opabinia in 1996 convinced him that these animals were similar to onychophorans and to various Early Cambrian "lobopods", and he presented an "evolutionary family tree" that showed these as "aunts" and "cousins" of all arthropods.^ He must be a true genius if you hate him that much after all these years .

^ When the Grand Master is a member of the Royal Family he has powers to appoint a Pro Grand Master to act for him on those occasions when he is unable to be present and to be his principal adviser.

^ Well, it looks like it is the Rougemont family tree these alien beings have glommed on to and attacked.

[61][65] .These changes made the scope of the term "arthropod" unclear, and Claus Nielsen proposed that the wider group should be labelled "Panarthropoda" ("all the arthropods") while the animals with jointed limbs and hardened cuticles should be called "Euarthropoda" ("true arthropods").^ A rival organization called Tat Khalsa (the 'True Khalsa') Singh Sabha, was organized by a rival group at Lahore in 1879 (also called Lahore S..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These folks think this is what Jesus was all about, he so good at it, he made it all the way to the top, he no longer the mere Son of God, but God Almighty Himself - the CEO of all!

^ The Department of Animal Dis-Services should also fire anyone involved in the decision to label this an accident.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[66]
.A contrary view was presented in 2003, when Jan Bergström and Xian-Guang Hou argued that, if arthropods were a "sister-group" to any of the anomalocarids, they must have lost and then re-evolved features that were well-developed in the anomalocarids.^ They must either do as the Jews did after their return from captivity, in re-edifying the Temple, build with one hand and hold the sword in the other, or else they must hire others to fight for them.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They must either do as the Jewes did after their return from captivity, in re−edifying the Temple, build with one hand, and hold the Sword in the other; or else they must hire others to fight for them.

^ Those Jesus freaks, well they’re friendly but, the stuff they believe has got their minds all shut” .

The earliest known arthropods ate mud in order to extract food particles from it, and possessed variable numbers of segments with unspecialized appendages that functioned as both gills and legs. .Anomalocarids were, by the standards of the time, huge and sophisticated predators with specialized mouths and grasping appendages, fixed numbers of segments some of which were specialized, tail fins, and gills that were very different from those of arthropods.^ Judging by the flashes during the cellcam recording, we can look forward those in the very least popping up on Drudge at some point as well.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ He suffered from reumathics and was partly paralyzed at times, and she was left in charge of the government at those occations and remained very influential.

^ Since there are a goodly number of people who would opt in to this, particularly college students and those on fixed incomes, the advertisers would have their ready market.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

.This reasoning implies that Parapeytoia, which has legs and a backward-pointing mouth like that of the earliest arthropods, is a more credible closest relative of arthropods than is Anomalocaris.^ You just seem to be some twerp who more than likely gets off with Larry Craig in the bog.

^ That’s likely, much more than any other reason, why MSM was so much more aggressive in its advocacy for Barack Obama than even they were for John Kerry – by 20% or more over 2004, based on opinion polls on the perception of liberal bias.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, it had more births than bigger cities like Barcelona in 2004 .The most imp..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[67] .In 2006, they suggested that arthropods were more closely related to lobopods and tardigrades than to anomalocarids.^ But they have a lot more to fear than this.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Russian secret services today are nothing more than the proud heirs of their KGB legacy, but they no longer work as mere caretakers of the asylum.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ For men contend with the living, not with the dead; to these ascribing more than due, that they may obscure the glory of the other.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Leviathan 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[68]
.Higher up the "family tree", the Annelida have traditionally been considered the closest relatives of the Panarthropoda, since both groups have segmented bodies, and the combination of these groups was labelled Articulata.^ These words about digging up a human body and burning it is worse than anything Frank Zappa ever uttered.

^ Well, it looks like it is the Rougemont family tree these alien beings have glommed on to and attacked.

^ I know> this offends some of the subscribers, but, the truth is the truth,> and one must consider the assumption these topics have alreadymade.> I think this group can do something truly wonderful with ourwebpage.> As a visual artists, I am able to summon up my own graphics.

.There had been competing proposals that arthropods were closely related to other groups such as nematodes, priapulids and tardigrades, but these remained minority views because it was difficult to specify in detail the relationships between these groups.^ For who can believe, that he that doth ordinarily such actions, as proceed from any of these rootes, believeth there is any such Invisible Power to be feared, as he affrighteth other men withall, for lesser faults?

^ Such groups are also happy to find such chaotic cover to do other business undetected.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ These were Lawes, at first, by the vertue of the Soveraign Power residing in the people; and such of them as by the Emperours were not abrogated, remained Lawes by the Authority Imperiall.

.In the 1990s, molecular phylogenetics analyses that compared sequences of RNA and DNA produced a coherent scheme showing arthropods as members of a superphylum labelled Ecdysozoa ("animals that molt"), which contained nematodes, priapulids and tardigrades but excluded annelids.^ He is a currently a member of the Working Dog production company which produced The Panel television show and the movie, The Castle.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This was backed up by studies of the anatomy and development of these animals, which showed that many of the features that supported the Articulata hypothesis showed significant differences between annelids and the earliest Panarthropods in their details, and some were hardly present all in arthropods.^ Just like slime mold that comes in many different flavors but is chiefly slime mold, so these orthocrats are just different versions of the same animal.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ You were young the day you took these cliffs; some of you were hardly more than boys, with the deepest joys of life before you.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ It is completely amazing what some so-called IT professionals consider a good job - because the thing is, so many of these vulnerabilities could be so easily prevented.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

This hypothesis groups annelids with molluscs and brachiopods in another superphylum, Lophotrochozoa.
.If the Ecdysozoa hypothesis is correct, then segmentation of arthropods and annelids either has evolved convergently or has been inherited from a much older ancestor, and has been subsequently lost in several other lineages, such as the non-arthropod members of the Ecdysozoa.^ Above is a photo of me in the tomb of my lost Prussian ancestors who descend from Teutonic Knights, who made serfs of the Frisians and other Baltic people.

^ There are Christians in the dominions of several princes and states, but every one of them is subject to that Commonwealth whereof he is himself a member, and consequently cannot be subject to the commands of any other person.

[71][69]

Classification of arthropods

Phylogenetic relationships of the major extant arthropod groups, derived from mitochondrial DNA sequences.[72] Highlighted taxa are parts of the subphylum Crustacea.
Euarthropods are typically classified into five subphyla, of which one is extinct:[73]
.
  1. Trilobites are a group of formerly numerous marine animals that disappeared in the Permian-Triassic extinction event, though they were in decline prior to this killing blow, having been reduced to one order in the Late Devonian extinction.
  2. Chelicerates include spiders, mites, scorpions and related organisms.^ The chelicerates include spiders, scorpions, etc.
    • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Another is when many use the same words to signify, by their connexion and order one to another, what they conceive or think of each matter; and also what they desire, fear, or have any other passion for.
    • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
    • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Another is, when many use the same words, to signifie (by their connexion and order,) one to another, what they conceive, or think of each matter; and also what they desire, feare, or have any other passion for.

    They are characterised by the presence of chelicerae, appendages just above / in front of the mouth. .Chelicerae appear in scorpions as tiny claws that they use in feeding, but those of spiders have developed as fangs that inject venom.
  3. Myriapods comprise millipedes and centipedes and their relatives and have many body segments, each bearing one or two pairs of legs.^ When one is being betrayed by a parent, they leave their body, some never to return.

    ^ The conduits and ways by which it is conveyed to the public use are of two sorts: one, that conveyeth it to the public coffers; the other, that issueth the same out again for public payments.

    ^ Another is when many use the same words to signify, by their connexion and order one to another, what they conceive or think of each matter; and also what they desire, fear, or have any other passion for.

    .They are sometimes grouped with the hexapods.
  4. Hexapods comprise insects and three small orders of insect-like animals with six thoracic legs.^ Caton Island and Sanak Island are the largest islands in the group which comprises of small islets which are all clustered around Sanak Island.
    • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They are small plankton like creatures that roam the sands of Arrakis and presumably consume the spice melange.
    • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .They are sometimes grouped with the myriapods, in a group called Uniramia, though genetic evidence tends to support a closer relationship between hexapods and crustaceans.
  5. Crustaceans are primarily aquatic (a notable exception being woodlice) and are characterised by having biramous appendages.^ I will now be taking a even closer look at the relationship between the Sephardic Jews and the House of Orange.

    ^ By which it is manifest that though they were called by the Holy Ghost, their calling was declared unto them, and their mission authorized by the particular church of Antioch.
    • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
    • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Where extraordinary Understanding, though but in making Garments, as being the Gift of God, is called the Spirit of God.

    They include lobsters, crabs, barnacles, crayfish, shrimp and many others.
.Aside from these major groups, there are also a number of fossil forms, mostly from the Early Cambrian, which are difficult to place, either from lack of obvious affinity to any of the main groups or from clear affinity to several of them.^ After several days on the internet I was not able to locate a genealogy that tied these Chambruns with the Pineton Chambruns, but strongly suspect there is a connection.

^ In summe, in what matter soever there is place for Addition and Substraction, there also is place for Reason; and where these have no place, there Reason has nothing at all to do.

^ The variety of bodies is almost infinite: for they are not only distinguished by the several affairs for which they are constituted, wherein there is an unspeakable diversity; but also by the times, places, and numbers, subject to many limitations.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.Marrella was the first one to be recognized as significantly different from the well-known groups.^ He is a well-known fan of H.P. Lovecraft, whose work he first encountered in a World War I..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Known for its liberal arts program, William & Mary also offers a law school (the first in the United States), as well as several other graduate programs.

^ As a result of the success of this first meeting, it would become an annual affair known as the Bilderberg Group .

[12]
The phylogeny of the major extant arthropod groups has been an area of considerable interest and dispute. .The validity of many of the arthropod groups suggested by earlier authors is being questioned by recent studies; these include Mandibulata, Uniramia and Atelocerata.^ While there certainly is a time for humane euthanization of animals, I certainly question the judgment and manner in which these shootings are being carried out here.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ One recent suggestion was that it was applied to a group of ’Watchers’ (Seers - Derkesthai: Dragons) who had occupied a settlement near "lake Van", in Urartu - Armenia.

^ The Christian church rejected me, my minister evicted me from Bible study because I was asking too many good questions.

.The most recent studies tend to suggest a paraphyletic Crustacea with different hexapod groups nested within it.^ One recent suggestion was that it was applied to a group of ’Watchers’ (Seers - Derkesthai: Dragons) who had occupied a settlement near "lake Van", in Urartu - Armenia.

The remaining clade of Myriapoda and Chelicerata is referred to as Paradoxopoda or Myriochelata.[72][74] .However these results are derived from analyzing only living arthropods, and including extinct ones such as trilobites sometimes causes a swing back to the "traditional" view, placing trilobites as the sister-group of the Tracheata (hexapods plus myriapods), and chelicerates as least closely related to the other groups.^ Thirdly, For The Words Of Reason And Equity There are also places of the Scripture, where, by the Word of God, is signified such Words as are consonant to reason, and equity, though spoken sometimes neither by prophet, nor by a holy man.

^ Whence comes it, that in Christendome there has been, almost from the time of the Apostles, such justling of one another out of their places, both by forraign, and Civill war?

^ But here we must take notice that by a name is not always understood, as in grammar, one only word, but sometimes by circumlocution many words together.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[75]
.Since the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature recognises no priority above the rank of family, many of the higher-level groups can be referred to by a variety of different names.^ Sanhe The name Sanhe can refer to: Sanhe (city) (三河) - county-level city in Hebei province of the People's Republic of China.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Frenchman seldome hears our Saviour called by the name of Parole, but by the name of Verbe often; yet Verbe and Parole differ no more, but that one is Latin, the other French.

^ Frenchman seldom hears our Saviour called by the name of Parole, but by the name of Verbe often; yet Verbe and Parole differ no more but that one is Latin, the other French.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[76]

Interaction with humans

.Crustaceans such as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimps and prawns have long been part of human cuisine, and are now farmed on a large commercial scale.^ Some are now concerned that such contamination may have found its way into the human food supply.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[77] Insects and their grubs are at least as nutritious as meat, and are eaten both raw and cooked in many non-European cultures.[78] Cooked tarantulas are considered a delicacy in Cambodia,[79] and by the Piaroa Indians of southern Venezuela, after the highly irritant hairs – the spider's main defense system – are removed.[80] .However, the greatest contribution of arthropods to human food supply is by pollination: a 2008 study examined the 100 crops that FAO lists as grown for food, and estimated pollination's economic value as €153 billion, or 9.5% of the value of world agricultural production used for human food in 2005.[81] Besides pollinating, bees produce honey, which is the basis of a rapidly-growing industry and international trade.^ Sanitarium Health Food Company The Sanitarium Health Food Company is a food company in Australia and New Zealand that produces a large range of breakfast cereals as well as a range of vegetarian products.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today a variety of crops are grown besides olives.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some are now concerned that such contamination may have found its way into the human food supply.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[82]
.The red dye cochineal, produced from a Central American species of insect, was economically important to the Aztecs and Mayans,[83] and while the region was under Spanish control, becoming Mexico's second most-lucrative export;[84] and it is now regaining some of the ground it lost to synthetic competitors.^ Daniel, and Revelation.Second, the adulation of John Hagee, as one who is becoming the most important leader of contemporary Christian Zionism, if not idolatry, comes awfully close to it.

^ Santa River Río Santa is a river in the South American Andes cordillera in the Ancash Region of northwest central Peru.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Santiago Cortés Santiago Cortés is a dance music producer who has a had some success in dance and domestic charts across parts of Central Europe.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[85] The blood of horseshoe crabs contains a clotting agent Limulus Amebocyte Lysate which is now used to test that antibiotics and kidney machines are free of dangerous bacteria, and to detect spinal meningitis and some cancers.[86] .Forensic entomology uses evidence provided by arthropods to establish the time and sometimes the place of death of a human, and in somes cases the cause.^ Sometimes a man seeks what he hath lost; and from that place, and time, wherein he misses it, his mind runs back, from place to place, and time to time, to find where and when he had it; that is to say, to find some certain and limited time and place in which to begin a method of seeking.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To salve this, it is said, that by Second, and Everlasting Death, is meant a Second, and Everlasting Life, but in Torments; a Figure never used, but in this very Case.

^ Others are so by institution, or custom of men; and in some times and places are honourable; in others, dishonourable; in others, indifferent: such as are the gestures in salutation, prayer, and thanksgiving, in different times and places, differently used.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

[87]
.The relative simplicity of the arthropods' body plan, allowing them to move on a variety of surfaces both on land and in water, have made them useful as models for robotics.^ So the geometrician, from the construction of figures, findeth out many properties thereof; and from the properties, new ways of their construction, by reasoning; to the end to be able to measure land and water; and for infinite other uses.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So the Geometrician, from the Construction of Figures, findeth out many Properties thereof; and from the Properties, new Ways of their Construction, by Reasoning; to the end to be able to measure Land and Water; and for infinite other uses.

The redundancy provided by segments allows arthropods and biomimetic robots to move normally even with damaged or lost appendages.[88][89]
Disease[90] Insect Cases per year Deaths per year
Malaria Anopheles mosquito 267 M 1 to 2 M
Yellow fever Aedes mosquito 4,432 1,177
Filariasis Culex mosquito 250 M unknown
.Although arthropods are the most numerous phylum on Earth, and thousands of arthropod species are venomous, they inflict relatively few serious bites and stings on humans.^ They are very small fishes: with the exception of the larger Donaldson's sandburrower, Limnichthys donaldsoni, most species reach onl..
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^ And whereas the favourites of monarchs are few, and they have none else to advance but their own kindred; the favourites of an assembly are many, and the kindred much more numerous than of any monarch.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sandfly Sandfly biting a human's little finger Sand fly or sandfly is a colloquial name for any species or genus of flying, biting, blood-sucking Dipteran that is encountered in sandy areas.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Far more serious are the effects on humans of diseases carried by blood-sucking insects.^ Sandfly Sandfly biting a human's little finger Sand fly or sandfly is a colloquial name for any species or genus of flying, biting, blood-sucking Dipteran that is encountered in sandy areas.
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other blood-sucking insects infect livestock with diseases that kill many animals and greatly reduce the usefulness of others.^ NATURE (the art whereby God hath made and governs the world) is by the art of man, as in many other things, so in this also imitated, that it can make an artificial animal.
  • Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • LEVIATHAN 9 January 2010 12:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ THE INTRODUCTION Nature (the art whereby God hath made and governes the world) is by the art of man, as in many other things, so in this also imitated, that it can make an Artificial Animal.

[90]

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External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Arthropods article)

From Wikiquote

Diaprepes abbreviatus, the citrus root weevil (class Insecta, order Coleoptera)
.This page is for quotes about arthropods, (animals of the phylum Arthropoda), both in general and about specific taxa.^ Students spend 18 months learning about animals and husbandry issues through both clas..
  • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sourced

  • To a good approximation, all species are insects.
  • Happy the Cicadas live, since they all have voiceless wives.
    • Xenarchus (Grecian poet)[2]
  • The spider's touch, how exquisitely fine!
    Feels at each thread, and lives along the line.
  • An inordinate fondness for beetles
    • The (possibly apocryphal) response J. B. S. Haldane gave when asked what could be inferred about the mind of the Creator from the works of Creation. [3]

Unsourced

.
  • Nothing more than a little shrimp-like animal, standing on its head in a limestone house and kicking food into its mouth
  • Don't accept the chauvinistic tradition that labels our era the age of mammals.^ Hindutva proponents stand for more than t..
    • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It contains a little more than 35 million people.
    • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In fact, it had more births than bigger cities like Barcelona in 2004 .The most imp..
    • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This is the age of arthropods. They outnumber us by any criterion – by species, by individuals, by prospects for evolutionary continuation.
  • If we live out our span of life on earth without ever knowing a crab intimately we have missed having a jolly friendship. Life is a little incomplete if we can look back and recall these small people only as supplying the course after soup and with the Chablis. - William Beebe, Nonsuch: Land of Water, 1932
  • What the caterpillar calls the end of the world, the Master calls a butterfly.
  • There is nothing in a caterpillar that tells you it's going to be a butterfly. .
  • A fly, Sir, may sting a stately horse and make him wince; but one is but an insect, and the other is a horse still.^ In the United States, sand fly may refer to those horse flies also known as "greenheads" (family Tabanidae), o..
    • Encyclopedia entries starting with SAN - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 12 October 2009 13:013 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • God in His wisdom made the fly. And then forgot to tell us why.
  • I never could have thought of it, to have a little bug all lit and made to go on wings.
    • Elizabeth Madox Roberts, "Firefly"
  • The butterfly counts not months but moments, and has time enough.
    • Rabindranath Tagore "Stray Birds"'

References

  1. Quoted in Dawkins, R. (1989) The Selfish Gene p. 251
  2. Quoted in Darwin, C. (1876) Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex
  3. Hutchinson, G. Evelyn (1959). "Homage to Santa Rosalia or Why Are There So Many Kinds of Animals?". The American Naturalist 93 (870): pp. 145–159.

Simple English

Arthropoda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Classes

Arthropods (phylum Arthropoda) are a group of invertebrates, which means they do not have backbones (vertebrae). Insects, spiders, crabs, shrimp, millipedes, and centipedes are all arthropods.

Arthropods are also a source of food for many animals, including humans. All arthropods have jointed feet, a segmented body, and an exoskeleton, a shell outside of the body.

Arthropods are made up of 4 groups of living animals and one group of extinct animals. The 4 groups are insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and myriapods. The trilobites are extinct, and they are the second most famous type of fossils, after the dinosaurs.

Images

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Look up Arthropoda in Wikispecies, a directory of species


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 02, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Insect, which are similar to those in the above article.








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