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Arthur Strong Wightman
Born March 30, 1922(1922-03-30)
Rochester, New York
Residence U.S.
Nationality US
Fields Physicist
Institutions Princeton
Alma mater Princeton
Doctoral advisor John Archibald Wheeler
Doctoral students Eduard Prugovecki
Barry Simon
Alan Sokal
Stephen Fulling
Jerrold Marsden
Known for Quantum field theory
Wightman axioms
Notable awards Henri Poincaré Prize (1997)

Arthur Strong Wightman (March 30, 1922 in Rochester, New York) is an American mathematical physicist. He is one of the founders of the axiomatic approach to quantum field theory, and originated the set of Wightman axioms.

Advised by John Wheeler, his 1949 Princeton doctoral dissertation was entitled The Moderation and Absorption of Negative Pions in Hydrogen. His graduate students include Arthur Jaffe, Jerrold Marsden, and Alan Sokal. His work is summarized in the classic concise monograph PCT, Spin and statistics and all that written with R F Ray Streater. Its title is a pun on that of the historical satire 1066 and All That by Sellar and Yeatman. The PCT refers to the combined symmetry of a quantum field theory under P Parity , C charge and T time. Spin and statistics refers to the fact that in quantum field theory it can be proved that spin 1/2 particles obey Fermi-Dirac statistics whereas integer spin 0 , 1, 2 particles obey Bose-Einstein statistics.

Wightman was awarded the Henri Poincaré Prize of the International Association of Mathematical Physics in 1997. He is currently a professor emeritus at Princeton.

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