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Article Seven of the United States Constitution: Wikis

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Article Seven of the United States Constitution describes how many state ratifications were necessary for the Constitution to take effect.

Text

The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.

Background

In 1788, when New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify, Virginia, New York, North Carolina and Rhode Island remained. Virginia and New York were the most populous and wealthiest states, respectively. The Congress of the Confederation chose March 4, 1789 as the day "for commencing proceedings under the Constitution." Virginia and New York ratified the Constitution before that time, while North Carolina and Rhode Island ratified after the Bill of Rights was submitted to the states for ratification.

The Constitution was ratified by the states in the following order:

  Date State Votes  % Approval
Yea Nay
1 December 7, 1787 Delaware 30 0 100%
2 December 12, 1787 Pennsylvania 46 23 67%
3 December 18, 1787 New Jersey 38 0 100%
4 January 2, 1788 Georgia 26 0 100%
5 January 9, 1788 Connecticut 128 40 76%
6 February 6, 1788 Massachusetts 187 168 53%
7 April 28, 1788 Maryland 63 11 85%
8 May 23, 1788 South Carolina 149 73 67%
9 June 21, 1788 New Hampshire 57 47 55%
10 June 25, 1788 Virginia 89 79 53%
11 July 26, 1788 New York 30 27 53%
12 November 21, 1789 North Carolina 194 77 72%
13 May 29, 1790 Rhode Island 34 32 52%

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