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Aruns was the son of Tarquinius Superbus, the last king of Rome.

During battle, he saw Lucius Junius Brutus, who had led the overthrow of Tarquinius and founded the Roman Republic, at the head of the Roman army, wearing the royal robes which he considered belonged to his house alone. He and Brutus fought and killed each other.

A character named Aruns also appears in Dante's Inferno (XX.46-48); however, this Aruns was an invented character of the poet Lucan based on these passages in Livy. According to Lucan's Pharsalia, this Aruns was an Etruscan seer who foretold that Julius Caesar would win the Roman Civil War.[1]

Tarquinius family tree


  1. ^ Pharsalia I.584-588
  • Livy i.34.2
  • Livy i.57.6f
  • Livy, Ab Urbe Condita I.46-48, 59
  • Ovid Fast. 2.725ff.
  • Dionys., iii, 46
  • William Smith (ed.) (1870), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Vol. 1 p. 378, #1.
  • The Early History of Rome: Books I-V of The History of Rome from Its Foundations by Livy, Aubrey De Sélincourt, Stephen P. Oakley, p. 72, ISBN 0-14-044809-8
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.


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