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City of Arvada, Colorado
—  City  —
Nickname(s): Celery Capital of the World
Home of the lowest ZIP Codes in Colorado
Location in Jefferson County and the State of Colorado
Coordinates: 39°49′12″N 105°6′40″W / 39.82°N 105.11111°W / 39.82; -105.11111
Country  United States
State  State of Colorado
Counties[1] Jefferson County
Adams County
Settled 1859[2]
Platted 1870-12-01[2]
Incorporated 1904-08-24[2][3]
Named for Hiram Arvada Haskin
Government
 - Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
 - Mayor Bob Frie[4]
 - City Manager Craig Kocian[5]
Area
 - Total 32.9 sq mi (85.1 km2)
 - Land 32.7 sq mi (84.6 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 5,344 ft (1,662 m)
Population (2008)
 - Total 107,36
 Density 3,255/sq mi (1,257/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 80001-80007 and 80403[6]
Area code(s) Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-03455
GNIS feature ID 0204709
Highways I-70, I-76, SH 72, SH 93, SH 95, SH 121
Website City of Arvada
Site of the first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain region.
Seventh most populous Colorado city.

The City of Arvada (pronounced /ɑrˈvædə/) is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson and Adams counties in the Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area of the U.S. State of Colorado. Olde Town Arvada is located 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Arvada was 107,361 on July 1, 2008.[7] Arvada is the seventh most populous city in the state of Colorado and the 235th most populous city in the United States.

Contents

History

The first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain region occurred on June 22, 1850, when Lewis Ralston, a Georgia prospector headed for the California gold fields, dipped his sluice pan into a small stream near its mouth at Clear Creek.[2] Ralston found about 1/4 ounce (6 g) of gold then worth about five dollars. Ralston's companions named the stream Ralston's Creek in his honor, but they all left the next morning, drawn by the lure of the California gold fields.

During the Pike's Peak Gold Rush in 1858, Ralston brought another group of prospectors back to the site of his first discovery. The placer gold in the area soon played out, but hard rock deposits of gold were found in the mountains to the west. Some of the miners abandoned their search for gold and returned to farm the rich bottom land along Ralston Creek and Clear Creek. They found an eager market for their crops among other gold seekers. The Territory of Colorado was formed on February 28, 1861, and the farms in the valley expanded to feed the growing population of the region.

In 1870, the Colorado Central Railroad laid tracks through the area on its route from Golden to link up with the Kansas Pacific Railroad and the Denver Pacific Railroad at Jersey Junction, 3 miles (5 km) north of Denver. On December 1, 1870, Benjamin F. Wadsworth and Louis A. Reno platted the Ralston Point townsite along the railroad. To avoid confusion with other communities along Ralston Creek, Ralston Point was soon renamed Arvada in honor of Hiram Arvada Haskin. Benjamin Wadsworth became the first postmaster of Arvada. Colorado was granted statehood on August 1, 1876, and the Town of Arvada was formally incorporated on August 14, 1904. A vibrant agricultural community, Arvada claimed the title "Celery Capital of the World."

Arvada grew rapidly during the latter half of the 20th century as a suburb of nearby Denver, the state capital. Arvada became a Statutory City on October 31, 1951, and a Home Rule Municipality on July 23, 1963. By the end of the millennium, the population of Arvada exceeded 100,000.

Missionary shooting

On December 9, 2007, Matthew J. Murray walked into the Youth With a Mission Center in Arvada and, after he was refused his request to stay overnight, opened fire and killed two people, injuring two more. A memorial was held the following Wednesday, December 12, in which Youth With a Mission leaders forgave Murray's family for what happened.[8]

Government

The City of Arvada is a Home Rule Municipality with a council-manager form of government. The Arvada City Council has seven members: a mayor and two councilmembers elected at large, and four councilmembers elected from council districts.

Arvada City Council[4]
Office Incumbent
Mayor Bob Frie
Councilmember At-large Don Allard
Councilmember At-large Marc Williams
Councilmember, District One Rachel Zenzinger
Councilmember, District Two Mark McGoff
Councilmember, District Three Shelley Cook
Councilmember, District Four and Mayor Pro Tem Bob Dyer

The City Council selects the city manager. The Arvada City Manager is Craig Kocian.[5]

Geography

Arvada is located at 39°49′12″N 105°6′40″W / 39.82°N 105.11111°W / 39.82; -105.11111 (39.819962, -105.110975)[9].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.8 square miles (85.1 km²).84.6 km²; (32.7 sq mi) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.58%) is water.

Transportation

Arvada is the western terminus of Interstate 76, which begins at the intersection of Interstate 70 and State Highway 121. Other state highways in Arvada include State Highway 72, State Highway 93, and State Highway 95. Major highways near Arvada include Interstate 25, Interstate 270, U.S. Highway 36, and U.S. Highway 287.

The Amtrak California Zephyr passes through the City of Arvada westbound each morning and eastbound each evening. This route through the scenic heart of the Rocky Mountains is one of the most popular rail routes in the United States. Full Amtrak passenger and parcel service is available at the nearby Denver Union Station.

The Denver Regional Transportation District (RTD) currently serves Arvada with seven local bus routes (31, 51, 52, 72, 76, 80, and 100), four express bus routes (55X, 58X, 72X, and 80X), and one regional bus route (GS). RTD plans to provide Arvada with a commuter rail Gold Line along the old Colorado Central Railroad route (now operated by the Union Pacific Railroad) by 2015.

Arvada is served by Denver International Airport and nearby Rocky Mountain Metropolitan Airport.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 840
1920 915 8.9%
1930 1,276 39.5%
1940 1,482 16.1%
1950 2,359 59.2%
1960 19,342 719.9%
1970 49,844 157.7%
1980 84,578 69.7%
1990 89,235 5.5%
2000 102,153 14.5%

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 102,153 people, 39,019 households, and 27,742 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,128.1 people per square mile (1,207.6/km²). There were 39,733 housing units at an average density of 1,216.7/sq mi (469.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.04% White, 0.66% African American, 0.65% Native American, 2.17% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 3.08% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.82% of the population.

There were 39,019 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $55,541, and the median income for a family was $63,273. Males had a median income of $42,126 versus $30,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,679. About 3.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or older.

Economy

Arvada is largely a commuter town to Denver and Boulder. The primary retail corridors are along Wadsworth Boulevard, 52nd Ave and Ralston Road.

Sister cities

Arvada has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. http://www.dola.state.co.us/dlg/local_governments/municipalities.html. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Arvada History" (HTTP). City of Arvada, Colorado. http://arvada.org/community/history.php. Retrieved 2007-08-20. 
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/muninc.html. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  4. ^ a b "City Council Members" (HTTP). City of Arvada, Colorado. http://arvada.org/government/index.php?pid=1282. Retrieved 2007-11-15. 
  5. ^ a b "City Manager's Office". City of Arvada, Colorado. http://arvada.org/government/index.php?pid=1014. Retrieved 2007-11-15. 
  6. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. August 18, 2007. http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/citytown.jsp. Retrieved August 18, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Colorado" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2008-04-08.csv. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  8. ^ "Gunman Kills 2 at Missionary Center Near Denver". The New York Times. 2007-12-09. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/09/us/09cnd-shoot.html?hp. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links









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