The Full Wiki

Arved Crüger: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arved Crüger
25 June 1911(1911-06-25) – 22 March 1942 (aged 30)
Arved Crüger.jpg
Arved Crüger
Place of birth Pillau, Eastern Prussia
Place of death near Malta
Allegiance  Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1931–1942
Rank Major
Commands held 5./Kampfgeschwader 30
Schnellkampfgeschwader 210
Kampfgeschwader 77
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Relations Carola Höhn (wife)

Arved Crüger (26 June 1911 – 22 March 1942) was a Luftwaffe wing commander during World War II and Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipient. He married the German movie actress Carola Höhn in 1941. He was appointed Geschwaderkommodore (Wing Commander) of Kampfgeschwader 77 (KG 77—77th Bomber Wing) in 1942. Crüger was posted as missing in action on 22 March 1942.


Military career

Gustav-Arved Crüger was born on 25 June 1911 in Pillau, district of Samland in East Prussia. He joined the military service as a Fahnenjunker (Officer Cadet) in the 2nd Infantry Regiment (Infanterie-Regiment 2) on 1 April 1931. He the attended the infantry school in Dresden from 1 October 1932 until 1 June 1933. With graduation he was promoted to Fähnrich and transferred to the 6th Communications-Department (Nachrichtenabteilung 6). He then attended the Artillery School in Jüterbog before transferring to the Luftwaffe in 1934.[1]

Hauptmann Arved Crüger received the Knight's Cross to the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 19 June 1940 in recognition of his leadership as Staffelkapitän of the 5th Staffel (Squadron) of Kampfgeschwader 30 (KG 30—30th Bomber Wing) during the anti-shipping campaign against the British Home Fleet and during the Battle of France.[1]

Crüger married the German actress Carola Höhn in April 1941. The marriage produced a posthumous son, Arved-Michael, who was born in June 1942.[2]

After his wedding vacation Crüger took command as Geschwaderkommodore of the Schnellkampfgeschwader 210 on 30 September 1941 at the Eastern front. He then became Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 77 on 13 March 1942. Fighting in the Mediterranean theater of operations Crüger went missing in action on 22 March 1942. Flying the Junkers Ju 88 A-4 3Z+AA (Werknummer 8627—factory number) he failed to return from a combat mission against the British forces on Malta.[2]



Reference in the Wehrmachtbericht

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Sunday, 30 March 1941 Kampfflugzeuge unter Führung des Majors Krüger griffen in den Nachmittagsstunden des 29. März im Seegebiet westlich Kreta einen starken englischen Flottenverband erfolgreich an. Sie erzielten trotz heftiger Flak- und Jagdabwehr auf einem Flugzeugträger drei Bombenvolltreffer. Bei den Luftkämpfen während des Angriffs schossen Kampfflugzeuge ein britisches Jagdflugzeug vom Muster Hurricane ab. Alle eigenen Flugzeuge kehrten zu ihren Stützpunkten zurück.[5] Bombers under the command of Major Krüger attacked a strong British naval task force in the sea area west of Crete in the afternoon hours of 29 March. They scored three direct bomb hits on an aircraft carrier despite the heavy anti aircraft fire and fighter cover. One British aircraft of the type Hurricane was shot down by the bombers during the aerial battles. All of our aircraft returned to their bases.


  1. ^ According to Scherzer as Staffelkapitän of the 3./Kampfgeschwader 30.[4]


  1. ^ a b Schumann 2007, p. 46.
  2. ^ a b Schumann 2007, p. 47.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 155.
  4. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 263.
  5. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 1, p. 459.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Ritterkreuzträger 1939 - 1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Schumann, Ralf (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 des LG 1 (in German). Zweibrücken, Germany: VDM Heinz Nickel. ISBN 978-3-86619-013-9.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Major Walter Storp
Commander of Schnellkampfgeschwader 210
30 September 1941 – 4 January 1942
Succeeded by
redesignated Stab/Zerstörergeschwader 1
Preceded by
created from Stab/Schnellkampfgeschwader 210
Commander of Zerstörergeschwader 1
4 January 1942 – 2 March 1942
Succeeded by
Major Ulrich Diesing
Preceded by
Oberstleutnant Johann Raithel
Commander of Kampfgeschwader 77
13 March 1942 – 22 March 1942
Succeeded by
Major Wilhelm Stremmler


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address