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Aryan (IPA: /ˈɛɹiən/) is an English language loanword denoting variously
.
  • in historical or dated usage,
    • the Indo-Iranian languages and their speakers, viz.^ Of speakers of languages Indo-Aryan, .

      ^ So the claim by linguists that the genealogy of the Indo-European language family is best explained by an (as yet not firmly dated) invasion scenario should not be dismissed lightly.

      ^ They wreaked havoc on their fellow speakers of language that were Indo-Aryan, .

      the .Iranian and Indo-Aryan peoples, collectively known as the Indo-Iranians
    • the Indo-European languages more generally and their speakers,
  • in contemporary usage,
    • Among the Hindu/Indian nationalists, the Hindu/Indian people (Aryan derives from the Sanskrit word Arya)[1]
    • in colloquial English by Nazi racism, persons corresponding to the "Nordic", "blond-haired, blue-eyed" physical ideal of Nazi Germany[n 1]
    • within US white supremacy, the "white race".
    • The "Aryan race" taken to correspond to the original speakers of Indo-European languages and their present day descendants.^ Of more northern indo-Aryans, .

      ^ The Indo-Aryan rooted Spanish word, .

      ^ There are also, at the present day, Indo-Aryan languages in the Himalaya, north of the Midland.
      • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      [3]
.As an adaptation of the Latin Arianus, referring to Iran, 'Aryan' has "long been in English language use".[4] Its history as a loan word began in the late 1700s, when the word was borrowed from Sanskrit ā́rya- to refer to speaker of North Indian languages.^ It was sometimes used by the speakers of these languages to refer ...

^ History of Indian Literature, English trans., p.

^ Again there is considerable debate around the issue of a specifically Aryan people (as distinct from several 'tribes' of people), whatever the case the Indian languages based on Sanskrit are Indo-European (there are still Dravidian languages spoken in the south of India).
  • India: Aryan Patriarchy and Dravidian Matriarchy, Ray Harris 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.integralworld.net [Source type: Original source]

[4]. .When it was determined that Iranian languages — both living and ancient — used a similar term in much the same way (but in the Iranian context as a self-identifier of Iranian peoples), it became apparent that the shared meaning had to derive from the ancestor language of the shared past, and so, by the early 1800s, the word 'Aryan' came to refer to the group of languages deriving from that ancestor language, and by extension, the speakers of those languages.^ Shared the same linguistic group Indo-Aryan, .

^ I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language.
  • The Aryan - Dravidian Racial  Divide 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tamilnation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of speakers of languages Indo-Aryan, .

[5]
.Then, in the 1830s, based on the erroneous theory that words like "Aryan" could also be found in European languages, the term "Aryan" came to be used as the term for the Indo-European language group, and by extension, the speakers of those languages.^ The Indo-Aryan rooted Spanish word, .

^ The Indo-Iranian language group is the major eastern branch of the Indo-European languages.

^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

.In the 19th century, "language" was still considered a property of "ethnicity", and thus the speakers of the Indo-European languages came to be the so-called "Aryan race", as contradistinguished from the so-called "Semitic race". By the late 19th century, the notions of an "Aryan race" became closely linked to Nordicism, which posited Northern European racial superiority over all other peoples (including Indians).^ Just as the Celts or other Indo-Aryan speakers to the west, .

^ Other related archivesArianism, Aryan, Aryan race .

^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

.This "master race" ideal engendered both the "Aryanization" programs of Nazi Germany, in which the classification of people as "Aryan" and "non-Aryan" was most emphatically directed towards the exclusion of Jews.^ Can a non-Jew respect such people?
  • Why the Aryan Law? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Aryan - Iranian: Encyclopedia - Aryan race The term Aryan race refers to a model of racial identity that was prevelant in Europe from around the 1880s through to 1945, most notably in Nazi Germany.

^ Aryan race , Aryan race - Origin of the concept , Aryan race - The culture of the Aryans , Aryan race - Imperialist nationalistic and Nazi uses of the term , Aryan race - British Raj , Aryan race - Theosophy , Aryan race - Nazism , Aryan race - Quotations .

[6][n .2] By the end of World War II, the word 'Aryan' had become firmly associated with the racial theories and atrocities committed by the Nazi regime.^ Toward the end of World War II, as Soviet forces advanced from the east, the Bukovina Germans were forced to flee westward.
  • Bukovina-Germans in Lewis County, Washington, Mary Lee Rose (publ 1995) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bukovinasociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Republikaner are not distancing themselves sufficiently from the Nazi regime and are active in "racially biased campaigns" and "xenophobic agitation."
  • "GERMANY FOR GERMANS" 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hrw.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Publish Date: Mar 23, 1995 Tags: World War II Go to Part One.
  • Germans gradually turned screws on occupied country (1945-1949) » The Windmill news articles » goDutch 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godutch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In colloquial modern English it is typically used to signify the Nordic racial ideal promoted by the Nazis. .As the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language states at the beginning of its definition, "Aryan, a word nowadays referring to the blond-haired, blue-eyed physical ideal of Nazi Germany, originally referred to a people who looked vastly different.^ I enjoy talking to people who's native language isn't English.
  • ClanBase Blogs - Germans, Frenchies and the English Language 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC clanbase.ggl.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ English itself is a 'foreign' language to the 'English' people.
  • ClanBase Blogs - Germans, Frenchies and the English Language 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC clanbase.ggl.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair, nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language… to me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

Its history starts with the ancient Indo-Iranians, peoples who inhabited parts of what are now Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India."[2][7]
.In present-day India, the original ethno-linguistic signifier has been mostly lost, the denotation having been semantically replaced by other, secondary, meanings.^ Theodor Benfey (1809-1881), a German linguist, was of the opinion that India is the origin of ancient civilization that spread to Europe along with its language and the religious stories.
  • Hindu Wisdom - aryan_invasion_theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although others had presented the family as being originally Kuhlmann, Hank Jones study showed this was an error and the earliest forms of the name were actually spelled the same way as present day (Kilmer).
  • German Emigration and Immigration | ProGenealogists 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.progenealogists.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vedic references to the ocean were reduced to mean only the Indus river or some other large body of water in northwest India or Afghanistan.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Iran, the original self-identifier lives on in ethnic names like "Alani", "Ir", and in the name of Iran itself.^ Van Loon's explanation that the name Aryan was given to the tribes who lived for centuries among the mountain peaks surrounding the Plateau of Iran, was no longer valid.
  • Aryan the Ignoramus | Indiacc Home 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.indiacc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You will want to identify the name of your ancestor, where he/she lived, when he/she emigrated, and any sources available in the place where he first settled in America.
  • German Emigration and Immigration | ProGenealogists 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.progenealogists.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then try to find the origins of the other names identified as clues in these same sources.
  • German Emigration and Immigration | ProGenealogists 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.progenealogists.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .In present-day academia, the terms "Indo-Iranian" and "Indo-European" have made most uses of the term 'Aryan' obsolete, and 'Aryan' is now mostly limited to its appearance in the term "Indo-Aryan" to represent (speakers of) North Indian languages.^ There are also, at the present day, Indo-Aryan languages in the Himalaya, north of the Midland.
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Indo-Iranian language group is the major eastern branch of the Indo-European languages.

^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

.Notions of an "Aryan race" only survive in the context of fascist nationalism, in which nationhood is defined by ancestry.^ The same is true of the notion of the Aryans as a race; it finds no support in Indian literature or tradition.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Hindu Wisdom - aryan_invasion_theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no reason to believe today that there ever was an Aryan race that spoke Indo-European languages and was possessed with a coherent and well-defined set of Aryan or Indo-European cultural features .
  • Michel Danino - The Indus-Sarasvati Civilization and its Bearing on the Aryan Question 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC micheldanino.voiceofdharma.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is, in short, any of the normal aspirations of people-hood that have defined nations since the beginning of history - but it is only racism so long as the aspirations are those of whites.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

History

Before the 19th century

The meaning of 'Aryan' that entered the English language in the late 1700s was the one associated with the technical term used in comparative philology, which in turn had the same meaning as that evident in the very oldest Old Indic usage, i.e. as a (self-) identifier of "(speakers of) North Indian languages".[4][n 3] This usage was simultaneously influenced by a word that appeared in classical sources (Latin and Greek Ἀριάνης Arianes, e.g. in .Pliny 1.133 and Strabo 15.2.1-8), and recognized to be the same as that which appeared in living Iranian languages, where it was a (self-)identifier of the "(speakers of) Iranian languages". Accordingly, 'Aryan' came to refer to the languages of the Indo-Iranian language group, and by extension, native speakers of those languages.^ Shared the same linguistic group Indo-Aryan, .

^ The Indo-Iranian language group is the major eastern branch of the Indo-European languages.

^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

[9]

19th century

.In the 19th century, linguists still supposed that the age of a language determined its "superiority" (because it was assumed to have genealogical purity).^ The story goes that in the ‘olden’ days of 19th century, in the golden age of Western civilization, there once reigned the Gold Standard.

^ In the 19th century some European academics discovered that the languages of Iran, northern India, Armenia etc.
  • Aryan Outfitters | Mother Jones 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ Sad enough that even in the 21st century the mentality of the middle age is still around...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Then, based on the (now known to be erroneous) assumption that Sanskrit was the oldest Indo-European language, and the (now known to be untenable) position that Irish Éire was etymologically related to "Aryan", in 1837 Adolphe Pictet popularized the idea that the term "Aryan" could also be applied to the entire Indo-European language family as well.^ It is well known that the Iranian languages change s to h.
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

^ Prevalent models now suggest an Indo-European base for that language.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The groundwork for this had been laid in 1808,
when .Friedrich Schlegel, a German scholar who was an important early Indo-Europeanist, came up with a theory that linked the Indo-Iranian words with the German word Ehre, 'honor', and older Germanic names containing the element ario-, such as the Swiss [sic] warrior Ariovistus who was written about by Julius Caesar.^ Dominated by scholars who were German, .

^ To these early missionaries may be added Father John Baptist de Ritter, who was a German, though a member of the Belgian Province.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Germans in the United States 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ German neuropathologist who in 1906 identified the memory-loss ailment named after him.
  • Famous Germans Austrians Swiss | The German Way 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.german-way.com [Source type: General]

.Schlegel theorized that far from being just a designation of the Indo-Iranians, the word *arya- had in fact been what the Indo-Europeans called themselves, meaning [according to Schlegel] something like 'the honorable people.'^ Aryan is what Iranians call themselves.
  • Think Progress » Germans report increased terror threat. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Europeans, now calling themselves Indo-Europeans became the invading Aryas and the natives became the Dravidians.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact that the term has been used by speakers of Indo-European languages as far apart as India and Ireland is surely a strong indication that the dispersed Aryans took this term with them and it began to take on new shades of meaning within their own language groups and ethnicities.

.(This theory has since been called into question.^ The police failures call into question the effectiveness of the current federal approach of delegating all police training to the states.
  • "GERMANY FOR GERMANS" 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hrw.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These questions, letters, calls, and discussions have given me an extraordinary window into the fears, hopes, and beliefs of a wide assortment of Aryans.
  • The Vanishing Aryan Race: In Search of the Aryan Identityfor the Next Century, by Alan M. Clusterbomb, 1997. 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This is interesting since he wrote his book to repudiate so-called "Holocaust deniers" who were called that precisely because they had questioned the numbers of those who had died at Auschwitz.
  • Aryan Nations - Official Site 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC aryan-nations.org [Source type: Original source]

)[2]
.Following this linguistic argument, in the 1850s Arthur de Gobineau supposed that "Aryan" corresponded to the suggested prehistoric Indo-European culture (1853-1855, Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races).^ Will push the Indo-Aryan culture, .

^ Left the cultural imprint of their Indo-Aryan, .

^ So the claim by linguists that the genealogy of the Indo-European language family is best explained by an (as yet not firmly dated) invasion scenario should not be dismissed lightly.

.Further, de Gobineau believed that there were three basic races – white, yellow and black – and that everything else was caused by race miscegenation, which de Gobineau argued was the cause of chaos.^ What is acknowleged is that as blacks moved into northern cities, whites moved out and caused property values to plummet.

^ One evening four of us, (three whites and one black) decided to go to an amusement park.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perception that whites are wealthier than blacks (true on average) causes people to think property values are changing, which makes them actually change.

.The "master race", according to de Gobineau, were the Northern European "Aryans", who had remained "racially pure". Southern Europeans (to include Spaniards and Southern Frenchmen), Eastern Europeans, North Africans, Middle Easterners, Iranians, Central Asians, Indians, he all considered racially mixed, degenerated through the miscegenation, and thus less than ideal.^ Indian Aryans darker than their European cousins and correspondingly less intelligent and less dynamic; .

^ Race Mixing is treason - I myself believe that in the future once a National Socialist government is put into play any sort of interracial "affairs" should be considered treason.

^ A powerful group of Indo-European-speaking people who spread through Iran and Northern India in the first half of the second millennium B.C. Aryan is also the name given to the group of languages descended from the one spoken by this group, the modern representations of which include Farsi, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Marathi, Gujerati, and others...
  • Adherents.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The earliest epigraphically-attested reference to the word ariya occurs in the 6th century BCE Behistun inscription, which describes itself to have been composed "in ariya [language or script]" (¶ 70). As is also the case for all other Old Iranian language usage, the ariya of the inscription does not signify anything but "Iranian".[10]
.By the 1880s a number of linguists and anthropologists argued that the "Aryans" themselves had originated somewhere in northern Europe.^ Dravidian kings historically have called themselves Aryans and trace their descent through Manu (who in the Matsya Purana is regarded as originally a south Indian king).
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Theodor Benfey (1809-1881), a German linguist, was of the opinion that India is the origin of ancient civilization that spread to Europe along with its language and the religious stories.
  • Hindu Wisdom - aryan_invasion_theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was also at one point the Mitanni empire which had an indo-aryan linguistic superstate over parts of the near east, so it is quite possible for the language to spread over Europe.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

A specific region began to crystallize when the linguist Karl Penka (Die Herkunft der Arier. .Neue Beiträge zur historischen Anthropologie der europäischen Völker, 1886) popularized the idea that the "Aryans" had emerged in Scandinavia, and could be identified by the distinctive Nordic characteristics of blond hair and blue eyes.^ All have fierce blue eyes, red hair, huge frames, fit only for a sudden exertion.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Tacitus: Germania 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That's funny, killing German would be a hate crime, when they like hate everyone whos not blonde with blue eyes.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The distinguished biologist Thomas Henry Huxley agreed with him, coining the term "Xanthochroi" to refer to fair-skinned Europeans (as opposed to darker Mediterranean peoples, who Huxley called "Melanochroi").^ For example southern Europeans are darker in skin color than northern Europeans, though they are not a different race because of this.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Vedic people were thought to have been a fair-skinned race like the Europeans owing to the Vedic idea of a war between light and darkness, and the Vedic people being presented as children of light or children of the sun.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Darker skin color is commonly found in peoples living in more southern regions and appears as an adjustment mechanism to hotter climates and greater sunshine.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
Madison Grant's vision of the distribution of "Nordics" (red), "Alpines" (green) and "Mediterraneans" (yellow).
William Z. Ripley's map of the "cephalic index" in Europe, from The Races of Europe (1899).
.This "Nordic race" theory gained traction following the publication of Charles Morris's The Aryan Race (1888), which argued that the "original Aryans" could be identified by their blond hair and other Nordic features, such as dolichocephaly (long skull).^ No other newspaper has done such a publicity job for the Aryan Nations.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair, nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language… to me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His youthful flirtation with German nationalism and this race theory could now cost him dear.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.A similar rationale was followed by Georges Vacher de Lapouge in his book L'Aryen et son rôle social (1899, "The Aryan and his Social Role"), in which the French anthropologist argued that the "dolichocephalic-blond" peoples were natural leaders, destined to rule over more brachiocephalic (short-skulled) peoples.^ The Gauls, according to history, were a people formed of two elements: the leaders or conquerors, blond, tall dolichocephalic, leptroscopes, etc.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Harappan cities), belonged to the aboriginal Dravidians, while the Aryans had mostly brought destruction and reactionary social mores.

^ The following figures show most clearly the different social structure of Jewry in Prussia over against the general population, and reveal clearly Jewry's leading role in public life: .
  • Why the Aryan Law? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

Archetypes of these short-skulled people, according to Vacher de Lapouge, were the Jews.[12] .To this idea of "races", Vacher de Lapouge espoused what he termed selectionism, and which had two aims: first, achieving the annihilation of trade unionists, considered "degenerate"; second, the prevention of labour dissatisfaction through the creation of "types" of man, each "designed" for one specific task.^ And it takes two to tango: in order to assimilate into the world, that is brought to me by the Indian thinker, I myself have to bring in a world, a specific one.
  • Houston Stewart Chamberlain — Aryan World-view 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hschamberlain.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Love and hate are in connection with your country two terms proceeding from one condition of mind.
  • Germany Must Perish! (book) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ARYAN can be divided simply into two parts: in the first part he is battling to win his girl and in the second he is fighting to win the title and be the champ.
  • Aryan movie review : glamsham.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.glamsham.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meanwhile, in India, the British colonial government had followed de Gobineau's arguments along another line, and had fostered the idea of a superior "Aryan race" that co-opted the Indian caste system in favor of imperial interests.^ The system of government in the colonies is also researched in detail.
  • The Center for Volga German Studies at Concordia University 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC cvgs.cu-portland.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Sponsored by the British colonial government, a movement of the middle castes in the southern Tamil region started attacking Brahmin and North-Indian interests and symbols, taking the shape of a political party, the Justice Party (later Dravida Kazhagam ) in 1916.

^ As Arun Shourie has pointed out in his recent book Missionaries in India, European Christian missions were an appendage of the colonial government, with missionaries working hand in glove with the government.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

[13][14] .In its fully developed form, the British-mediated interpretation foresaw a segregation of Aryan and non-Aryan along the lines of caste, with the upper castes being "Aryan" and the lower ones being "non-Aryan". The European developments not only allowed the British to identify themselves as high-caste, but also allowed the Brahmans to view themselves as on-par with the British.^ Than a lower caste Aryan, .

^ All the theory that the Shudras caste was all non-Aryans and they were a multitude is equally illogical and equally irrational.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They turned to the Aryan caste system because it resembled the British class system and the Aryans certainly understood 'class'.
  • India: Aryan Patriarchy and Dravidian Matriarchy, Ray Harris 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.integralworld.net [Source type: Original source]

Further, it provoked the reinterpretation of Indian history in racialist and, in opposition, Indian Nationalist terms,[13][14] and – in following a special interpretation of Max Müller's identification of "Aryan" as a national name – gave rise to the so-called "Out of India" theory, which sought an Indian origin of the Indo-European "Aryans".
.The racialist ideas that were developing independently in India and Europe fused in esoterica.^ It made them feel that the main line of civilization was developed first in the Middle East and then in Europe and that the culture of India was peripheral and secondary to the real development of world culture.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In The Secret Doctrine (1888), Helena Petrovna Blavatsky saw the "Aryans" as the fifth of her seven "Root Races", dating them to about a million years ago, and tracing them to Atlantis.^ About two to seven million years ago, .

^ Over three thousand years ago, a wandering Aryan tribe settled on the banks of the Indus River (in modern-day India) and...
  • Adherents.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But we had heard not long ago about the four Zychlin girls who fled from the ghetto to the "Aryan" side and there, found by the Germans, were shot to death.
  • Rose Greenbaum - Dinerman: Survived as an "Aryan" 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.zchor.org [Source type: Original source]

.She considered "Abraham" to be a corruption of a word meaning "No Brahmin", from whom the Semites – "degenerate in spirituality and perfected in materiality" – had descended, and who were one rung down on the Root Race scale.^ The claim to Semitic roots is not perfect, .

^ They usually define it as the belief that one's own ethnic stock is superior to others, or as the belief that culture and behavior are rooted in race.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Watterman's wife, who is an inventor of no mean repute, and his son, a young newspaper reporter of decided ability, will come to Dallas shortly.

The Jews, according to Blavatsky, were a "tribe descended from the Tchandalas of India, the outcasts".
In Iran, racialist rhetoric became a literary idiom during the 7th century, i.e. in the aftermath of the Islamic conquest, when the Arabs became the primary "Other" – the anaryas – and the antithesis of everything Iranian (i.e. Aryan) and Zoroastrian. .But "the antecedents of [present-day] Iranian ultra-nationalism can be traced back to the writings of late nineteenth-century figures such as Mirza Fath Ali Akhunzadeh and Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani.^ Russian German farmers who concentrated on the Great Plains in the late nineteenth century brought with them agricultural experience in a subhumid environment.
  • The Center for Volga German Studies at Concordia University 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC cvgs.cu-portland.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The article traces the social history of Russian Germans in Lincoln, Nebraska during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
  • The Center for Volga German Studies at Concordia University 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC cvgs.cu-portland.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ German nationalism was the most powerful political movement of nineteenth century Europe.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Demonstrating affinity with Orientalist views of the supremacy of the 'Indo-European peoples' and the mediocrity of the 'Semitic race,' Iranian nationalist discourse idealized pre-Islamic [Achaemenid and Sassanid] empires, whilst negating the 'Islamization' of Persia by Muslim forces."[15] In the 20th century, different aspects of this idealization of a distant past would be instrumentalized by both the Pahlavi monarchy, and by the Islamic republic that followed it; the Pahlavis used it as a foundation for anticlerical monarchism, and the clerics used it to exalt Iranian values vis-á-vis westernization.[16]

20th century

An intertitle from the silent film blockbuster The Birth of a Nation (1915). "Aryan birthright" is here "white birthright", the "defense" of which unites "whites" in the Northern and Southern U.S. against "coloreds". In another film of the same year, The Aryan, William S. Hart's "Aryan" identity is defined in distinction from Mexicans.
.Back in Europe, in a summary of the status-quo, Hermann Hirt (1905, Die Indogermanen - Hirt consistently used Indogermanen, not Arier, to refer to the Indo-Europeans) asserted that there was no longer any question that the plains of northern Germany were the Urheimat (p. 197) of the Indo-European languages, and he connected the "blond type" (p. 192) with the core population of the early, "pure" Indo-Europeans.^ There is no longer any alternative: .
  • Germany Must Perish! (book) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Europe and hypothesized (and then retracted) a theory that the original 'Europeans' were the Aryans, the oldest known Indo-European speakers credited with laying the foundations of some early civilizations (though they were doubtless influenced by their non-Aryan predecessors).
  • Aryan Outfitters | Mother Jones 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ There are 3 CD's with Suse 8.0 but there is no reference to the contents, or the usage of the third CD anywhere in the manuals or the installation procedure.
  • Zee Germans and Zee Penguins: SuSE 8.0 beta 3 Review 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.linuxjournal.com [Source type: General]

.The identification of the Indo-Europeans with the north German Corded Ware culture bolstered this position.^ A Greek invasion of Europe was also postulated for this period, as it marked the period when the Minoan culture declined, which was assumed to be non-Indo-European.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So the Proto-Indo Europeans either spread their language and culture from the Caucasus or the Hindu Kush.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Indo-Europeans of the ancient Middle East thus spoke Indo-Aryan, not Indo-Iranian languages and thereby show a Vedic culture in that region of the world as well.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.First proposed by Gustaf Kossinna in 1902, it gained currency over the following two decades, until Vere Gordon Childe concluded that "the Nordics' superiority in physique fitted them to be the vehicles of a superior language" (1926, The Aryans: a study of Indo-European origins).^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

^ Their languages remain Indo-Aryan, .

^ Of speakers of languages Indo-Aryan, .

.Gordon Childe would later regret having expressed that idea, but the depiction as possessors of a "superior language" became a matter of national pride in learned circles of Germany.^ Germany is the first filter for those who will learn civilized manners and go on to other Western nations.
  • Why the Aryan Law? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ No one ever suggests that National Hispanic University in San Jose (CA) would benefit from the diversity of having non-Hispanics on campus.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Later, I regretted, not having accepted their kind offer to stay.
  • Rose Greenbaum - Dinerman: Survived as an "Aryan" 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.zchor.org [Source type: Original source]

.Against the background of the lost World War I (portrayed to have been lost because Germany had been betrayed from within – miscegenation was at fault, more evidence for which was seen in the "corruption" represented by socialist trade unionists and other "degenerates"), Alfred Rosenberg asserted that there was a "racial threat" to Germany's homogeneous "Aryan-Nordic" (arisch-nordisch) or "Nordic-Atlantean" (nordisch-atlantisch, cf.^ Germany has lost its war.
  • Germany Must Perish! (book) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ German war against the world.
  • Germany Must Perish! (book) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There remains then but one mode of ridding the world forces of Germanism -- and that is to stem the source from which issue those war-lusted souls, by preventing the people of Germany from ever again reproducing their kind.
  • Germany Must Perish! (book) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

Blavatsky above) civilization. .In Rosenberg's view, the "racial threat" was "Jewish-Semitic race" (jüdisch-semitisch Rasse).^ Aryanism has never been dependent on threats from other races like the Semites.
  • The Vanishing Aryan Race: In Search of the Aryan Identityfor the Next Century, by Alan M. Clusterbomb, 1997. 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

.Where Germany's homogeneous people were a "master race" capable of, or with an interest in, creating and maintaining culture, other "races" were merely capable of conversion, or destruction of culture.^ They usually define it as the belief that one's own ethnic stock is superior to others, or as the belief that culture and behavior are rooted in race.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Middle Ages, the Ghetto was the way Jewry could maintain itself in the midst of other peoples and fulfill its Jewish duties, which grew out of its race, origins and laws.
  • Why the Aryan Law? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As a matter of fact it is not inconceivable that after Germany's defeat, the long-suffering peoples of Europe may demand a far less humane revenge than that of mere sterilization.
  • Germany Must Perish! (book) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

.Rosenberg – one of the principal architects of Nazi ideological creed – argued for a new "religion of the blood," based on the supposed innate promptings of the Nordic soul to defend its "noble" character against racial and cultural degeneration.^ Nothing can prove more absolutely and more briefly the late character of Vedic faith than the fact that the faith had already to be defended against the attacks of sceptics.

^ Thus it has been a chief aim of the German to eradicate each and every one of the three principal religions from the earth.
  • Germany Must Perish! (book) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, anyone who denies the Nazi genocide against the Jews can be sentenced to a period of imprisonment of up to five years for incitement to racial hatred."
  • "GERMANY FOR GERMANS" 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hrw.org [Source type: Original source]

.Under Rosenberg, the theories of Arthur de Gobineau, Georges Vacher de Lapouge, Blavatsky, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Madison Grant, and those of Hitler ("the exact opposite of the Aryan is the Jew") all culminated in Nazi Germany's race policies and the "Aryanization" decrees of the 1920s, 1930s, and early 1940s.^ Houston Stewart Chamberlain Aryan World-view .
  • Houston Stewart Chamberlain — Aryan World-view 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hschamberlain.net [Source type: Original source]

^ For all those who fall outside of these special categories, however, there is no legal route to immigrate to Germany.
  • "GERMANY FOR GERMANS" 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hrw.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Russia declares war on Nazi-led Bulgaria, which within hours later asks for truce and declares war on Germany, all in the course of a day.
  • Germans gradually turned screws on occupied country (1931-1944) » The Windmill news articles » goDutch 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godutch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In its "apalling medical model", the annihilation of the "racially inferior" Untermenschen was sanctified as the excision of a diseased organ in an otherwise healthy body.[17]
In academic scholarship, the only surviving use of the word 'Aryan' is that of the term "Indo-Aryan", which indicates "(speakers of) languages descended from Prakrits." Older usage to mean "(speakers of) Indo-Iranian languages" has been superseded by the term "Indo-Iranian", and the 19th century meaning of "(speakers of) Indo-European languages" is no longer used by scholars.
.By the end of World War II, the word "Aryan" had lost its Romantic or idealist connotations and was associated with Nazi racism instead.^ In cases of doubt, information from De Jong's official series on the Netherlands and World War II history was the final authority.
  • Germans gradually turned screws on occupied country (1931-1944) » The Windmill news articles » goDutch 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godutch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the decades since the end of World War II, something of the spirit of the genocidal Kaufman and Hooton plans seems manifest in Germany's population and immigration policies.
  • Germany Must Perish! (book) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Publish Date: Mar 23, 1995 Tags: World War II Go to Part One.
  • Germans gradually turned screws on occupied country (1945-1949) » The Windmill news articles » goDutch 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godutch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By then, the term "Indo-Iranian" and "Indo-European" had made most uses of the term "Aryan" superfluous, and "Aryan" now survives only in the term "Indo-Aryan" to indicate (speakers of) North Indian languages.^ Prevalent models now suggest an Indo-European base for that language.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Again there is considerable debate around the issue of a specifically Aryan people (as distinct from several 'tribes' of people), whatever the case the Indian languages based on Sanskrit are Indo-European (there are still Dravidian languages spoken in the south of India).
  • India: Aryan Patriarchy and Dravidian Matriarchy, Ray Harris 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.integralworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Europe and hypothesized (and then retracted) a theory that the original 'Europeans' were the Aryans, the oldest known Indo-European speakers credited with laying the foundations of some early civilizations (though they were doubtless influenced by their non-Aryan predecessors).
  • Aryan Outfitters | Mother Jones 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

.Indo-Aryan and Aryan may not however be equated; such an equation is not supported by the historical evidence.^ However, the Saraswati river went dry at the end of the Indus Valley culture and before the so-called Aryan invasion or before 1500 BC. In fact, this may have caused the ending of the Indus culture.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other words there is no racial evidence of any such Indo-Aryan invasion of India but only of a continuity of the same group of people who traditionally considered themselves to be Aryans.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In one respect however the mental life of the Indo-Aryan stands unattainably high above ours: so far as that their philosophy was religion and religion philosophy.
  • Houston Stewart Chamberlain — Aryan World-view 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hschamberlain.net [Source type: Original source]

[18]
.The use of the term to designate speakers of all Indo-European languages is now considered an "aberration to be avoided."^ Prevalent models now suggest an Indo-European base for that language.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of speakers of languages Indo-Aryan, .

^ A greater Nostratic family of languages has been proposed that includes Indo-European, Dravidian and Semitic languages and looks for a common ancestor for all three.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .Notions of an elite "Aryan race" only survive in nationalist contexts, to include White nationalism, Indian nationalism and Iranian nationalism.^ Of all the races in America, only whites have been tricked into thinking that a preference for one's own kind is racism.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The Aryan Brotherhood, a white-supremacist prison organization, has strong ties to the Aryan Nations...
  • Adherents.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The Aryan Brotherhood, a white-supremacist prison organization, has strong ties to the Aryan Nations.
  • Adherents.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Echoes of "the 19th century prejudice about 'northern' Aryans who were confronted on Indian soil with black barbarians [...] can still be heard in some modern studies."^ Still invading northern land of the Indian Indo-Aryan, .

^ Who in the 19th century were so proud, .

^ There are still too many external enemies who challenge the very physical survival of the Aryan people in the West and throughout the world.
  • The Vanishing Aryan Race: In Search of the Aryan Identityfor the Next Century, by Alan M. Clusterbomb, 1997. 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

[18] .In a socio-political context, the idea of a white, European Aryan race is still entertained by certain circles, usually representing white supremacists who call for the stemming of migrations of Muslims from Turkey, the Middle East and Africa into Europe.^ They were called Kurgans in Europe’s east, .

^ Continuing on to Europe and even into Africa, .

^ Of all the races in America, only whites have been tricked into thinking that a preference for one's own kind is racism.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language states at the beginning of its definition, "[it] is one of the ironies of history that Aryan, a word nowadays referring to the blond-haired, blue-eyed physical ideal of Nazi Germany, originally referred to a people who looked vastly different. Its history starts with the ancient Indo-Iranians, peoples who inhabited parts of what are now Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India."[2]
  2. ^ Under the 1933 Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service, a non-Aryan was defined as "an individual descended from a non-Aryan (in particular Jewish parents or grandparents)" (Campt 2004, p. 143).
  3. ^ The context being religious, Max Müller understood this to especially mean "the worshipers of the gods of the Brahmans". If this is seen from the point of view of the religious poets of the RigVedic hymns, an 'Aryan' was then a person who held the same religious convictions as the poet himself. This idea can then also be found in Iranian texts.

References

  1. ^ Hindu nationalism: origins, ideologies and modern myths By Chetan Bhatt page 202
  2. ^ a b c Watkins, Calvert (2000), "Aryan", American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.), New York: Houghton Mifflin, ISBN 0-395-82517-2 .
  3. ^ Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachuetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of "Aryan" in English--Page 66
  4. ^ a b c Simpson, John Andrew; Weiner, Edmund S. C., eds. (1989), "Aryan, Arian", Oxford English Dictionary, I (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, p. 672, ISBN 0-19-861213-3 .
  5. ^ Bailey, Harold Walter (1989), "Arya", Encyclopedia Iranica, 2, New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/unicode/v2f7/v2f7a004.html .
  6. ^ Campt, Tina (2004), Other Germans: Black Germans and the Politics of Race, Gender, and Memory in the Third Reich, University of Michigan Press, p. 143 .
  7. ^ Durant, Will Our Oriental Heritage New York:1954 Simon and Schuster Page 286: “the name Aryan first appears in the [name] Harri, one of the tribes of the Mitanni. In general it was the self-given appellation of the tribes living near or coming from the [southern] shores of the Caspian sea. The term is properly applied today chiefly to the Mitannians, Hittites, Medes, Persians, and Vedic Hindus, i.e., only to the eastern branch of the Indo-European peoples, whose western branch populated Europe.”
  8. ^ Schmitt, Rüdiger (1989), "Aryan", Encyclopedia Iranica, 2, New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/unicode/v2f7/v2f7a010.html .
  9. ^ Siegert, Hans (1941-1942), "Zur Geschichte der Begriffe 'Arier' und 'Arisch'", Wörter und Sachen, New Series 4: 84–99 .
  10. ^ cf. Gershevitch, Ilya (1968), "Old Iranian Literature", Handbuch der Orientalistik, Literatur I, Leiden: Brill, pp. 1–31 , p. 2.
  11. ^ Huxley, Thomas (1890), The Aryan Question and Pre-Historic Man, , Nineteenth Century (XI/1890), http://aleph0.clarku.edu/huxley/CE7/Aryan.html .
  12. ^ Vacher de Lapouge, Georges; Clossen, C., trans. (1899), "Old and New Aspects of the Aryan Question", The American Journal of Sociology 5 (3): 329–346, doi:10.1086/210895 .
  13. ^ a b Thapar, Romila (January 1, 1996), "The Theory of Aryan Race and India: History and Politics", Social Scientist 24 (1/3): 3–29, doi:10.2307/3520116, ISSN 09700293 .
  14. ^ a b Leopold, Joan (1974), "British Applications of the Aryan Theory of Race to India, 1850-1870", The English Historical Review 89 (352): 578–603, doi:10.1093/ehr/LXXXIX.CCCLII.578 .
  15. ^ Adib-Moghaddam, Arshin (2006), "Reflections on Arab and Iranian Ultra-Nationalism", Monthly Review Magazine 11/06, http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/aam201106.html .
  16. ^ Keddie, Nikki R.; Richard, Yann (2006), Modern Iran: Roots and Results of Revolution, Yale University Press, pp. 178f., ISBN 0-300-12105-9 .
  17. ^ Glover, Jonathan (1998), "Eugenics: Some Lessons from the Nazi Experience", in Harris, John; Holm, Soren, The Future of Human Reproduction: Ethics, Choice, and Regulation, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 57–65 .
  18. ^ a b Kuiper, B.F.J. (1991), Aryans in the Rigveda, Leiden Studies in Indo-European, Amsterdam: Rodopi, ISBN 90-5183-307-5 .
  19. ^ Witzel, Michael (2001), "Autochthonous Aryans? The Evidence from Old Indian and Iranian Texts", Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies 7 (3): 1–115 .
  • Ivanov, Vyacheslav V.; Gamkrelidze, Thomas (1990), "The Early History of Indo-European Languages", Scientific American 262 (3): 110116 .
  • Arvidsson, Stefan; Wichmann, Sonia (2006), Aryan Idols: Indo-European Mythology as Ideology and Science, University of Chicago Press .
  • Poliakov, Leon (1996), The Aryan Myth: A History of Racist and Nationalistic Ideas In Europe, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, ISBN 0-7607-0045-6 .

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.ARYAN, a term which has been used in a confusing variety of significations by different philologists.^ Aryan race , Aryan race - Origin of the concept , Aryan race - The culture of the Aryans , Aryan race - Imperialist nationalistic and Nazi uses of the term , Aryan race - British Raj , Aryan race - Theosophy , Aryan race - Nazism , Aryan race - Quotations .

^ The term ‘Aryan race’ was later revived and used for purposes of political propaganda in Nazi Germany.
  • Aryan Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The term 'aryan' has never been used in a racial sense anywhere in the vast compendium of Hindu literature.
  • Hindu Wisdom - aryan_invasion_theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By Max Muller especially it was employed as a convenient short term for the whole body of languages more commonly known as IndoEuropean or Indo-Germanic.^ German Indo-European language spoken by c.
  • Germans Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Germans 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its spread in England and France, and further in America, was greatly promoted by F. Max Muller, a German philologist who became professor of comparative philology in Oxford University.
  • The Great Aryan Myth :: Khyber.ORG 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.khyber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the more unique aspects of the meetings is the inclusion of short refreshers in the German language, each of which focuses on one aspect of pronunciation, such as "how to pronounce the umlauted 'o' ()."
  • Getting to Gem�tlichkeit: German History and Culture in Southeast Louisiana 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.louisianafolklife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the same way Max Muller used Aryas as a general term for the speakers of such languages, as in his book published in 1888, Biographies of Words and the Home of the Aryas. "Aryas are those who speak Aryan languages, whatever their colour, whatever their blood.^ Who speak a language called Quechwa, .

^ Although the Nazis used the word arya in, .

^ (Max Mueller, Biographies of Words and the Home of the Aryas, 1888, pg 120) .
  • HitXP » The Myth of Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hitxp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In calling them Aryas we predicate nothing of them except that the grammar of their language is Aryan" (p.^ "I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair, nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language...to me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar."
  • The aryan invasion myth - fact or fiction? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.gosai.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From their language, also called Aryan, the Indo-European languages of South Asia are descended.
  • Aryan (people) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Aryan: Encyclopedia - Indo-Aryan Indo-Aryan refers to Indo-Aryan languages Indo-Aryans, the various peoples speaking these languages See also: Indo-Iranian, Aryan, Arya.

245). .It is to be observed, therefore, that Max Muller is careful to avoid any ethnological signification.^ The facts therefore are clear: like Lawrence of Arabia in this century, Max Muller, though a scholar was an agent of the British government paid to advance its colonial interests.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Aryas are those who speak Aryan without regard to the question whether Aryan is their hereditary language or not.^ Who speak a language called Quechwa, .

^ I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language.
  • The Aryan - Dravidian Racial  Divide 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tamilnation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair, nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language… to me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

.As he says still more definitely elsewhere in the same work (p.^ It is still the same two party democracy it always was and it is a country that respects the freedom of speech and expression much more than most of Europe.
  • Davids Medienkritik: Germans: U.S. More Dangerous than Iran 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC medienkritik.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.120), "I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language.^ I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair, nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language… to me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who speak a language called Quechwa, .

^ I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair, nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan languageto me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar.
  • HitXP » The Myth of Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hitxp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The same applies to Hindus, Greeks, Romans Germans, Celts and Slaves.^ The Nordics (as we use the term here) were a blonde-haired, blue-eyed people known to the Greeks as "Hyperboreans" and to the Romans as "Germans".
  • The Great Aryan Myth :: Khyber.ORG 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.khyber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of the ancient Greeks and Romans are described as like Germans.

^ The Celts are properly the peoples who were known to the ancient Greeks as Keltoi and to the Romans as Gatti (Gauls).
  • The Great Aryan Myth :: Khyber.ORG 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.khyber.org [Source type: Original source]

When I speak of them I commit myself to no anatomical characteristics. .The blue-eyed and fair-haired Scandinavians may have been conquerors or conquered, they may have adopted the language of their darker lords or their subjects, or vice versa.^ If anyone with blond hair and blue eys comitted a crime, the police were at his house with him face down in the street.
  • Aryan Warriors' defense begins - News - ReviewJournal.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.lvrj.com [Source type: News]

^ The predominent Caucasian type found in the world is not the blond-blue-eyes northern European but the black hair, brown-eyed darker skinned Mediterranean type that we find from southern Europe to north India.
  • The Aryan-Dravidian Controversy 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So what if they're like dead-eyed mini automatons who may one day unquestioningly carry out undreamt of atrocities?
  • Julie Burchill: Thinking the wurst | Life and style | The Guardian 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.I assert nothing beyond their language when I call them Hindus, Greeks, Romans, Germans, Celts and Slaves; and in that sense, and in that sense only, do I say that even the blackest Hindus represent an earlier stage of Aryan speech and thought than the fairest Scandinavians.^ Representing Hindu-Aryan cosmology, .

^ Language than Greek, .

^ No, I think we can safely say that, compared with the most educated and erudite of Germans speaking his own language, even a Brit as vocally challenged as myself or Tony Parsons comes across like Paul Scofield.
  • Julie Burchill: Thinking the wurst | Life and style | The Guardian 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.. To me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar." From the popularity of Max Miller's works on comparative philology this is the use of the word which is most familiar to the general public. .The arguments in support of this use are set forth by him in the latter part of lecture vi.^ Many of V.T. Rajshekar's brochures are transcripts of lectures at Christian institutions, and one wonders if the latter are aware of the more eccentric parts of his work, e.g.

of the Lectures on the Science of Language (first series) and as an appendix to chap. vii. of the final edition (i. pp. 2 9 1 ff.). .The Sanskrit usage of the word is fully illustrated by him from the early Sanskrit writings in the article "Aryan" in the ninth edition of this encyclopaedia.^ Yet we see the Indo-Aryan, as early as the Rigveda, consider nature as something that is closely related to him and as a consequence as something that has moral meaning.
  • Houston Stewart Chamberlain — Aryan World-view 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hschamberlain.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Aryan: Encyclopedia - History of Early Hinduism Please remove this notice after the article has been expanded.

^ Aryan - Iranian: Encyclopedia - Aryan Aryan is an English word derived from the Indo-Aryan Vedic Sanskrit and Iranian Avestan terms ari-, arya-, ārya-, and/or the extended form aryāna-.

.From the earliest occurrences of the word it is clear that it was used as a national name not only in India but also in Bactria and Persia (in Sanskrit drya- and drya-, in Zend airya-, in Old Persian ariya-). That it is in any way connected with a Sanskrit word for earth, ira, as Max Muller asserts, is far from certain.^ The Old Persian ariya- is a cognate as well.

^ It was explained to me that one challenge NATO has is that sometimes different national militaries will agree on an idea but have different names for it, or else will be agreeing on some words but actually mean quite different things.
  • Matthew Yglesias » Germans and Counterinsurgency 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC yglesias.thinkprogress.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As far as ancient India is concerned, one may safely say that the word Arya denoted certain spiritual and humanistic values that defined her civilization.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

As Spiegel remarks (Die arische Periode, p. .105), though it is easy enough to connect the word with a root ar-, there are several roots of that form which have different meanings, and there is no certain criterion whereby to decide to which of them it is related.^ Even though Dravidian languages are based on a different model than Sanskrit there are thirty to seventy per cent Sanskrit words in south Indian languages like Telugu and Tamil, which is much higher percentage than north Indian languages like Hindi.
  • The Aryan-Dravidian Controversy 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though there is now a tendency to treat the Aryan-Dravidian division as a linguistic phenomenon, its roots are decidedly racial and political, as we shall soon discover.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Watterman's wife, who is an inventor of no mean repute, and his son, a young newspaper reporter of decided ability, will come to Dallas shortly.

Nor are the other connexions for the word outside this group free from doubt. It is, however, certain that the connexion with Erin (Ireland), which Pictet in his article "Iren and Arier" (Kuhn and Schleicher's Beitrage, i. 1858, pp. 81 ff.) sought to establish, is impossible (Whitley Stokes in Max Miller's Lectures, 1891, i. pp. 2 99 f.), though the word may have the same origin as the .Ario- of names like Ariovistus, which is found in both Celtic and Germanic words (Uhlenbeck, Kurzgefasstes etymologisches Warterbuch der altindischen Sprache, s.v.^ German names were gradually Anglicized, so that few original forms, comparatively speaking, are now found.
  • Folk-Lore of the Pennsylvania Germans: Part I 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the lower part of the State, the Diocese of Monterey, the first German name found in the parish records of San Diego is that of the Rev. J. Christ.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Germans in the United States 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Josef Karlmann Brechenmacher's Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Familienname (Etymological Dictionary of German Surnames), 1957.
  • German Emigration and Immigration | ProGenealogists 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.progenealogists.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

).
.The name of Armenia (Old Persian Armina-), which has often been connected, is of uncertain origin.^ Butler also defiantly declared that the organization was reverting to its original name, Church of Jesus Christ Christian/Aryan Nations ­ a decision whose legality, or seriousness, is uncertain.
  • Aryan Nations -- Extremism in America 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.adl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That's why Hitler was very friend of king of Persia(Reza shah) and in 1939 he asked king Reza-shah to use the old name of Persia which was Iran which means Land of Aryan in Persian.
  • Aryan Nations - Reviews on RateItAll 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.rateitall.com [Source type: General]

.Within Sanskrit itself probably two words have to be distinguished: (1) drya, the origin of Aryan, from which the usual term arya is a derivative; (2) arya, which frequently appears in the Rig Veda as an epithet of deities.^ The term "Aryan" derives from the word arya, used in the Vedas in a sense of "nobility", and as an ethnic term in Iran.

^ Aryan is a term similar in meaning to the Sanskrit word Sri, an epithet of respect.
  • The Aryan-Dravidian Controversy 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Critics suggest that the word Arya as used in the Rig Veda and other texts is better translated as one who was noble in character (or noble in deed) or perhaps hailing from a noble (or royal) background.
  • Essaysin Indian History: The Aryan Invasion - Theories and Counter-Theories,Harappa and Vedic Civilization Indo_European languages Horse Chariot 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.In many passages, however, aryls may equally well be the genitive of ari, which is explained as "active, devoted, pious."^ English only recently became the international language for some reasons that have been well explained, among which: it is composed of many languages and its grammar is the easiest to use for basic communication.
  • ClanBase Blogs - Germans, Frenchies and the English Language 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC clanbase.ggl.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He who has many material things, may be described as rich, but he who knows he has enough, and is at one with the Tao, might have enough of material things, and have self-being as well.
  • Neither Aryan Nor Jew 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC mailstar.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Hindu historians suggest that during Muslim rule thousands of Hindu temples were either destroyed or desecrated, many of them may very well have been dedicated to the goddess.
  • India: Aryan Patriarchy and Dravidian Matriarchy, Ray Harris 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.integralworld.net [Source type: Original source]

.Even in this word probably two originally separate words have to be distinguished, for the further meanings which Grassmann in his dictionary to the Rig Veda attaches to it, viz.^ In addition, it does not mean that the Rig Veda dates from the Harappan era.
  • History of India - Myth of Aryan Invasion - Facets of India : Ancient and Modern 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tri-murti.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the whole of the Rig Veda the word arya occurs no more than four times.
  • Hindu Wisdom - aryan_invasion_theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the big issues here is the mismatch between AIT and actual archeological evidence, and even erroneous deductions from the Rig Veda itself, from which the AIT theory was deduced.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

"greedy" (for treasure and for battle), "godless," "enemy," seem more appropriately to be derived from the same source as the Greek g pt-s, " strife." .The word arya- is not found as a national name in the Rig Veda, but appears in the Vajasaneyi-sainhita, where it is explained by Mahidhara as Vaisya-, a cultivator or a man of the third among the original four classes of the population.^ In the whole of the Rig Veda the word arya occurs no more than four times.
  • Hindu Wisdom - aryan_invasion_theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ German names were gradually Anglicized, so that few original forms, comparatively speaking, are now found.
  • Folk-Lore of the Pennsylvania Germans: Part I 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Butler also defiantly declared that the organization was reverting to its original name, Church of Jesus Christ Christian/Aryan Nations ­ a decision whose legality, or seriousness, is uncertain.
  • Aryan Nations -- Extremism in America 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.adl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

So in the Atharva Veda (iv. 20.4; xix. 62.1) it is contrasted with the Sudra or fourth class (Spiegel, Arische Periode, p. 102). .In the Avesta, airya- is found both as adjective and substantive in the sense of Aryan, but no light is thrown upon the history of the word.^ In Germany the idea of the 'Aryan' race found no more scientific support than in England.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Wilhem Schlegel, no less a German nationalist, or romantic, always used the word 'Arya' to mean honorable and never in a racial sense.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The historians, Hownslar and Smart, in their book, People and Our World – A Study of World History, state that 'the earliest Aryans had no interest in cities or trading.
  • Aryan the Ignoramus | Indiacc Home 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.indiacc.org [Source type: Original source]

Darius describes himself in an inscription as of Aryan stock, Daraya h va h us ariyahci'aah. .In the Avesta the derivative airyana- is also found in the sense of Aryan.^ The term "Aryan" derives from the word arya, used in the Vedas in a sense of "nobility", and as an ethnic term in Iran.

.In both India and Persia a word is found (Skt.
aryaman-; Zend airyaman-)which is apparently of the same origin.^ In their attempt to separate Western European culture from its Judaic heritage, many scholars were convinced that the origin of Western culture was to be found in India rather than in the ancient Near East.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "The problem of Dravidian origin is first how to determine the original area of Dravidian speech in India and secondly how to define both the region and the relative date at which the Dravidian speakers entered the country.
  • The Aryan - Dravidian Racial  Divide 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tamilnation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In both Sanskrit and Zend it means something like "comrade" or "bosom friend," but in Zend is used of the priestly or highest class.^ These five peoples were styled either Arya or Dasyu, which mean something like good or bad, holy or unholy according to their behavior.
  • History of India - Myth of Aryan Invasion - Facets of India : Ancient and Modern 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tri-murti.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Rigveda also uses the word Arya something like thirty six times, but never to mean a race.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Rig Veda also uses the word Arya something like thirty six times, but never to mean a race.
  • Hindu Wisdom - aryan_invasion_theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Sanskrit, besides this use in which it is contrasted with the
Dasa or Dasyu, the enemies, the earlier inhabitants, the word is of ten used for the bridegroom's spokesman, and in both languages is also employed as the name of a divine being.^ When the term Aryan is used as indicating certain languages, the term is being used in a Western or European sense that we should remember is quite apart from its traditional Sanskrit meaning, and implies a racial bias that the Sanskrit term does not have.
  • The Aryan-Dravidian Controversy 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nowhere in the Vedic literature is the word used to denote race or language.
  • The aryan invasion myth - fact or fiction? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.gosai.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also mentioned in the Vedas that the dasyus (enemies of the Aryans) also used ayas to build their cities.
  • The aryan invasion myth - fact or fiction? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.gosai.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the
Rig Veda, Aryaman- as a deity is most frequently coupled.^ It credits the invention of the Tamil language, the oldest Dravidian tongue, to the rishi Agastya, one of the most prominent sages in the Rig Veda.
  • Solid Evidence Debunking Aryan Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.stephen-knapp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • History of India - Myth of Aryan Invasion - Facets of India : Ancient and Modern 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tri-murti.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Saraswati is lauded as the main river (naditama) in the 'Rig Veda' & is the most frequently mentioned in the text.
  • The Myth of Aryan Invasion of India 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, the Vedic homeland most frequently referred to in the Rig-Veda is Saptasindhu, in other words, the Indus and Sarasvati basins, which is exactly where the Harappan civilization flourished.

with Mitra and Varuna (Grassmann,
Warterbuch, s.v.); in Zend, according to Bartholomae (Altiranisches Warterbuch, s.v.), from the earliest literature, the Gathas, there is nothing definite to be learnt regarding Airyaman. .Whatever the origin of arya-, however, it is clear that it is a word with dignified associations, by which the peoples belonging to the Eastern section of the Indo-Europeans were proud to call themselves.^ And that's a root word for the area and peoples of the world now called 'European,’ .

^ Europeans, now calling themselves Indo-Europeans became the invading Aryas and the natives became the Dravidians.
  • Aryan Invasion — History or Politics? By Dr. N.S. Rajaram 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.archaeologyonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ However, it is a misnomer to call all Indo-European languages Aryan.
  • The Aryan-Dravidian Controversy 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is now used uniformly by scholars to indicate the Eastern branch as a whole, a compound,
Indo-Aryan, being employed for that part of the Eastern branch which settled in India to distinguish them from the Iranians (Iran is of the same origin), who remained in Bactria and Persia, while Aryo-Indian is sometimes employed to distinguish the Indian people of this stock from the Dravidian and other stocks which also inhabit parts of the Indian peninsula.^ It distinguishes them from the other Aryans who settled in Persia and elsewhere, just as the name " Aryo-Indian " signifies those inhabitants of India who are Aryans, as distinguished from other Indian races, Dravidians, Mundas and so on.
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was originally used in various Indo-Iranian languages.

^ He also proved that later the people who moved into India indeed were of Aryan stock.
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

.Of the stages in the occupation of the Iranian table-land by the Aryan people nothing is known, the people themselves having apparently no tradition of a time when they did not hold these territories (Spiegel, Arische Periode, p.^ Aryan is what Iranians call themselves.
  • Think Progress » Germans report increased terror threat. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ These people called themselves the Aryan, that is to say the noblemen or the lords.
  • Houston Stewart Chamberlain — Aryan World-view 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hschamberlain.net [Source type: Original source]

^ We also have to consider that the original Aryans in their Urheimat would have been more than likely self-contained and seperated from all other races and so had no need to define themselves as a race or ethnic group until they encountered other races and ethnic groups and this probably did not start to happen until their long and far reaching dispersal began and they started to encounter alien peoples.

319). .Though the Hindus have no tradition of their invasion of India, it is certain that they are not an indigenous people, and, if they are not, it is clear that they could have come in no other direction save from the other side of the Hindu Kush.^ They get thrown over the side for saving loungers.
  • A reason to consider Germans "worst tourists" | Fodorite Lounge Forum | Fodor's Travel Talk Forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fodors.com [Source type: General]

^ When people think of invasion, they think of a large swath of warring people who came down rapidly, riding on horses and cut the natives to pieces (like the conquistadors).
  • Aryan Invasion Theory is REALLY a Myth | Drishtikone 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC drishtikone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As all Hindus were dark compared to the Europeans, it was assumed that the original white Indo-European invadors of India must have been assimilated by the dark indigenous population, though they left their mark more on north India where people have a lighter complexion.
  • The Aryan-Dravidian Controversy 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: Original source]

.At the period of their earliest literature, which may be assigned roughly to about 1000 B.C., they were still settled in the valley of the Indus, and at this time the separation probably had not long taken place, the Eastern portion of the stock having pushed their way along the Kabul valley into the open country of the Indus.^ They comprise the largest ethnic group in America today, at about 15% of the population, and even in Brazil the German-settled areas (e.g., much of the southern state of Santa Catarina) are like Switzerland compared to the rest of the country.

^ Central Asian plateau into the valleys of the Indus and the Ganges and who remained pure by obeying strict caste laws for a long period to keep themselves from mingling with strange races.
  • Houston Stewart Chamberlain — Aryan World-view 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hschamberlain.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They moved into the country of the Celtic Boii and probably expanded into Bavaria, where they seem to be the Baiuoarii, or Boiarii, ancestors of the Bavarians.
  • Germans Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Germans 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

According to Professor E. W. Hopkins (India Old and New, 1901, p. 31) the Rig Veda was composed in the district about Umballa. He argues that the people must have been then to the west of the great rivers, otherwise the dawn could not be addressed as one who "in shining light, before the wind arises, comes gleaming over the waters, making good paths." The vocabulary is still largely the same; whole sentences can be transliterated from one language to the other merely by making regular phonetic changes and without the variation of a single word (for examples see Bartholomae, Handbuch der altiranischen Dialekte, 1883, p. v.; Williams Jackson, Avesta Grammar, 1892, pp. xxxi. f.; Grundriss der iranischen Philologie, 1895, i. p. It is noteworthy that it is those who remain behind whose language has undergone most change.
.By four well-marked characteristics the Aryan group is easily distinguishable from the other Indo-European languages.^ The Indo-Iranian language group is the major eastern branch of the Indo-European languages.

^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

^ Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 .
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(1) By the confusion of original e and o, both long and short, with the original long and short a sound; (2) the short schwa-sound a is represented here, and in this group only, by i (pita, " father," as compared with 1raT;jp, &c.^ Comparisons to Other Distributions It's only fair to compare SuSE to other distributions, both to help people identify strengths and weaknesses and also to size up what may be right for them.
  • Zee Germans and Zee Penguins: SuSE 8.0 beta 3 Review 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.linuxjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ Sanskrit knew only long e and o, but already in the Secondary Prakrits we find a corresponding short pair, e and o, of which the use is considerably extended in the tertiary stage.
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is, in short, any of the normal aspirations of people-hood that have defined nations since the beginning of history - but it is only racism so long as the aspirations are those of whites.
  • Aryan Nations Parade -- Coeur d'Alene, Idaho -- July 10, 1999 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.murrayco.com [Source type: Original source]

); (3
) original s after i, u and some consonants becomes s; (4) the genitive plural of stems ending in a vowel has a suffix-nam borrowed by analogy from the stems ending in -n (Skt. .ksvanam, " of horses"; Zend aspanam; Old Persian aspanam). The distinctions between Sanskrit and Iranian are also clear.^ Along with Old Persian, Avestan is one of the two oldest Iranian languages of which we have evidence.

.(1) The Aryan voiced aspirates gh, dh, bh, which survive in Sanskrit, are confused in Iranian with original g, d, b, and further changes take place in the language of the later parts of the Avesta; (2) the Aryan breathed aspirates kh, Hz, ph, except in combination with certain consonants, become spirants in Iranian; (3) Aryan s becomes h initially before vowels in Iranian and also in certain cases medially, Iranian in these respects resembling Greek (cf.^ It is well known that the Iranian languages change s to h.
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iranian languages are part of the Indo-Iranian Language group which includes the Indo-Aryan languages such as Sanskrit.

^ It is a linguistic rule that languages in which the genitive precedes the governing noun prefer suffixes to prefixes and vice versa; 3 and, as the genius of the Indo-Aryan languages does require the genitive to be prefixed, these help-words take the form of suffixes.
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Skt. sapid; Zend hapta; Gr. .Eirra, "seven"); (4) in Zend there are many vowel changes which it does not share with Old Persian.^ Look in the Old Testament, there's a story of how God separated all people into many races and tongues and drove them apart.
  • Aryan Outfitters | Mother Jones 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

Some of these arise from the umlaut or epenthesis which is so prevalent, and which we have already seen in airya- as compared with the Skt. .arya. In other respects the languages are remarkably alike, the only striking difference being in the numeral "one" - Skt.^ Only certain people in certain castes who identify themselves strongly with the Aryans and pride themselves on being Aryan rather than Indian, and thereby stress their difference from (and assume superiority to) other Indians, have a problem.
  • 1.4. A CASE STUDY IN AIT POLEMIC 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC voi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One king being civilian, and the other king a warrior, .

^ And does not everyone see that the different abilities of different men constitute a high ladder, so that what is obvious for one man, is hidden for others?
  • Houston Stewart Chamberlain — Aryan World-view 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hschamberlain.net [Source type: Original source]

.eka-; Zend aeva-; Old Persian aiva-, where the Iranian group has the same stem as that seen in the Greek ot(F)o-s, "alone."^ How do you explain the fact there is so much commonality between sanskrit , persian (iranian) and greek ?
  • KarmaDude » Blog Archive » Aryan Invasion Theory 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.karmadude.com [Source type: Original source]

.For the subdivisions of the two groups see the articles on Persia: Language, and Indo-Aryan Languages.^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

^ Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 .
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of speakers of languages Indo-Aryan, .

.Dr Grierson has shown in his monograph on "The Pisaca Languages of North-Western India" (Royal Asiatic Society, 1906) that there is good reason for regarding various dialects of the north-western frontier (Kafiristan, Chitral, Gilgit, Dardistan) as a separate group descended from Aryan but independent of either Sanskrit or Iranian.^ The north-, western languages change it to h as in Persian.
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iranian languages are part of the Indo-Iranian Language group which includes the Indo-Aryan languages such as Sanskrit.

^ For the general question of the Pisaca languages, the reader may consult G. A. Grierson's The Pisaca Languages of North-Western India (London, 1906).
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The history of the separation of the Aryan from the other Indo-European languages is not yet clear (see INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES).^ German Indo-European language spoken by c.
  • Germans Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Germans 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 .
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other related archivesArya, Aryan, Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryans, Indo-Iranian .

.Various attempts have been made, with little success, to identify fragments of unknown languages in cuneiform inscriptions with members of this group.^ 'The Order' drew its members from the National Alliance, Aryan Nations, and various Klan splinter groups throughout the country.
  • The Aryan Republican Army, Elohim City, and the OKC Bombing 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These individuals are comprised of members of various militia groups throughout the United States."
  • The Aryan Republican Army, Elohim City, and the OKC Bombing 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IDA's mission is to identify, compile, catalogue, and publicize the resources so that groups in Germany can avail themselves of these materials in order to educate their members on these topics.
  • "GERMANY FOR GERMANS" 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hrw.org [Source type: Original source]

.The investigation has entered a new and more favourable stage as the result of the discoveries made by German excavators at Boghaz Keui (said to be identical with Herodotus' Pteria in Cappadocia), where treaties between the king of the Hittites and the king of Mitanni, in the beginning of the 14th century B.C., seem almost certainly to contain the names of the gods Mitra, Varuna and Indra, which belong to the early Aryan mythology (H. Winckler, Mitteilungen der deutschen Orientgesellschaft, No.^ The Hittites and Mittani signed a treaty with the name of the Vedic Gods - Indra, Mitra, Varuna and Nasatyas - around 1400 BC. The Hittites have a treatise on chariot racing written in almost pure Sanskrit.
  • History of India - Myth of Aryan Invasion - Facets of India : Ancient and Modern 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tri-murti.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The chairman Professor F. E. Corley agreed that much more investigation was necessary and quoted the warning that an Aryan (or Dravidian) head was as meaningless as a brachycephalic dictionary.
  • The Aryan - Dravidian Racial  Divide 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tamilnation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For more than 30 years, Butler invited fellow racists to his property, staged Aryan World Congresses, enlisted supporters nationwide.
  • Once home to Aryan Nations, northern Idaho makes progress - Travel - LATimes.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC travel.latimes.com [Source type: News]

35; E. Meyer, Sitzungsberichte der Berliner Akademie, 1908, pp. .14 ff.; Zeitschrift fiir vergleichende Sprachforschung, 42, 1908, pp.^ On certain Suffixes in the Modern Indo-Aryan Vernaculars " in the Zeitschrift ftiir vergleichende Sprachforschung (1903), p.
  • Indo-Aryan Languages - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

24 ff.). Still further light is to be expected when the vast collections of the German expedition to Turfan (Turkestan) have been sifted. .Up to 1909 only a preliminary account had been given of Tocharish, a hitherto unknown Indo-European language, which is reported to be in some respects more akin to the Western groups than to Aryan.^ The Indo-Iranian language group is the major eastern branch of the Indo-European languages.

^ Spoke languages that are Indo-Aryan, .

^ Of speakers of languages Indo-Aryan, .

.But further investigation is still required (see E. Sieg and W. Siegling, "Tocharisch, die Sprache der Indoskythen," in Sitzungsberichteder Berl.^ If they prove unfavourable, there is no further consultation that day about the matter; if they sanction it, the confirmation of augury is still required.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Tacitus: Germania 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "Still ruht der see," H. Pfeil; Colo Quartette.

Akad.
(July 1908, pp. 915 ff.). (P. G1.)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

English

Etymology

.From Sanskrit आर्य (ā́rya), North-Indian/Iranian), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *arya-, the original Indo-Iranian autonym.^ Aryan [Sanskrit, = noble], term formerly used to designate the Indo-European race or language family or its Indo-Iranian subgroup.

^ The Matsya Purana moreover makes Manu, the progenitor of all the Aryas, originally a south Indian king, Satyavrata.
  • The Aryan-Dravidian Controversy 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The term Aryan ("noble", "spiritual") originates with the Indo-Iranian self-designation arya, attested in the ancient texts of Hinduism.
  • The Aryan race: the origin of the Myth 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

.Borrowed into English in the 19th century, at first as a term for the Indo-Iranian languages, and later partly extended to the Indo-European languages and peoples following a theory by Friedrich Schlegel that connected the Indo-Iranian words arya / ā́rya with German Ehre (honor) and some older Germanic names, thus assuming that it was the original Indo-European autonym meaning "the honorable people". The original meaning of the Indo-Iranian autonym and its possible Indo-European origin/cognates are disputed (see Wikipedia article for further details).^ Type of: Indo-Iranian , Indo-Iranian language .
  • Indo-Aryan, Indo-Aryans- WordWeb dictionary definition 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.wordwebonline.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Most of the collection is in English, but some German language materials are included.
  • CSU Libraries: Germans From Russia Collection 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC lib.colostate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The word Aryan has an etymological origin in the word Arya from Sanskrit, meaning noble.
  • Aryan Invasion Theroy and Politics: The Case of David Duke 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC koenraadelst.bharatvani.org [Source type: Original source]

.Same Proto-Indo-Iranian root is the ultimate source of the country name Iran.^ Duplication of contents are allowed, only by naming the source & link to IPC All rights are protected & reserved by Iran Politics Club © 2000 IPC .
  • Iran Politics Club: Shiva Aryan, Persian Beach Bunny – Iranian Sexy Model 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: General]

^ Further, the Aryans saw themselves as superiors to the people they conquered as evidenced in the Indo-European root word of their name, "ar", meaning "noble" or "superior".
  • Aryan Migrations: 1500-1200 BC 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.thenagain.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iran , Persia's name in the twentieth century, comes from the same root, as does that of Ireland , of all places.
  • Aryan invasion theory@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
Aryan
Plural
Aryans
Aryan (plural Aryans)
.
  1. (theosophy, Germanic mysticism, nazism) A member of an (alleged) master race comprised of non-Jewish Caucasians, especially those of Nordic or Germanic descent.^ In Nazism and neo-Nazism, a non-Jewish Caucasian, especially one of Nordic type, supposed to be part of a master race.
    • Aryan - Dictionary definition and pronunciation - Yahoo! Education 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC education.yahoo.com [Source type: Reference]
    • Aryan Definition | Definition of Aryan at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]
    • ARYAN 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC kpearson.faculty.tcnj.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Germanic mysticism, nazism ) A member of an (alleged) master race comprised of non-Jewish Caucasians, especially those of Nordic or Germanic descent.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Note: Aryan Race and Neo-Nazi groups are not included in the Christian Identity members chart, as they are German supremists.
    • Christian Identity, British Israelism, Aryan Race movements 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.cryaloud.com [Source type: Original source]

    • 1925–26, Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, translation from German to English by James Murphy, 1939
      This short sketch of the changes that take place among those races that are only the depositories of a culture also furnishes a picture of the development and the activity and the disappearance of those who are the true founders of culture on this earth, namely the Aryans themselves.
      .
  2. (neo-Nazi or white supremacist ideology, informal) A person of Caucasian ethnicity; a white non-Jew.^ In Nazism and neo-Nazism, a non-Jewish Caucasian, especially one of Nordic type, supposed to be part of a master race.
    • Aryan - Dictionary definition and pronunciation - Yahoo! Education 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC education.yahoo.com [Source type: Reference]
    • Aryan Definition | Definition of Aryan at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]
    • ARYAN 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC kpearson.faculty.tcnj.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nazi ideal: in Nazi ideology, a white person of non-Semitic descent regarded as racially superior .
    • Aryan definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Used in Nazi ideology to mean "member of a Caucasian Gentile race of Nordic type."
    • Online Etymology Dictionary 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.etymonline.com [Source type: Reference]

    • 2001, Robert J. Sternberg, James C. Kaufman, The Evolution of Intelligence, Page 300
      One transmission advantage may have been that espousing Aryan-supremacist and overtly Nazi ideology could have been a roundabout way of announcing, […]
    • 2002, David R. Goldfield, Still Fighting the Civil War: The American South and Southern History, page 263
      The point is not that southern Republicans are edging toward Aryan-supremacist views but that the rhetoric of their campaigns and some of their political […]
      .
  3. (chiefly US, informal, euphemism) A Caucasian racist, often one who is an Aryan in the first sense.^ Indeed, Aryan the, carrying ones a knowledge (veda) inspired by the gods with the wise ones (rishi) which transcribes it in antiquated Sanskrit, make it divide with the first inhabitants indusiens.
    • Article - Aryan India 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.memo.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Saga deals with the lives of the ancient Indo-Europeans about twenty thousand years ago, who proudly called themselves the Aryans - the Noble Ones.
    • Saga of the Aryans Home Page 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC saga.zoroastrianism.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Kops did everything to ensure that the Aryans had a successful parade and one of their means was to arrest anyone who looked like an agitator or troublemaker.
    • Anti-Racist Action (ARA), Moscow ID, Aryan Nations Counter-Demonstration 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.designbytes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • 2004, John Lawton, Bluffing Mr. Churchill
      Cal tried to think of words that would convey Wolfgang Stahl to the ears and hands of a woman who’d never seen him and never, until now, had to imagine him.
      […]
      ‘Why not . . . why not think of your chap as a type? Tell me what type you’d sort of put him into.’
      ‘Sort of?’
      ‘You know . . . roughly.’
      ‘He’s an Aryan.’
      ‘Ah, one of those, eh? Odd when you think about it. I mean. How did they arrive at blue-eyed blonds as a racial type? Hitler’s short and dark and looks like Charlie Chaplin. Goebbels is short and ugly and looks like a rat. And as for Goering – well is that what Billy Bunter grew up to be?’
      .
  4. (obsolete) An Indo-Iranian.
  5. (obsolete) An Indo-European, a Proto-Indo-European.^ An Indo-European, a Proto-Indo-European.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hide copyright information ) Copyright Aryan , [Sanskrit,=noble], term formerly used to designate the Indo-European race or language family or its Indo-Iranian subgroup.
    • Aryan – FREE Aryan information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Aryan research 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The Indo-ryan languages constitute the largest sub-group of the Indo-Iranian (ryan) group of Indo-European languages.
    • Richard Strand's Nurist�n Site: Indo-Aryan-Speaking Peoples of the Hindu Kush 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC users.sedona.net [Source type: Reference]

    • 1905, Rossiter Johnson, LL.D., chief editor, The Great Events by Famous Historians, volume IV
      We have seen that when the Goths first entered Roman territory they were driven on by a vast migration of the Asiatic Huns. These wild and hideous tribes then […] appeared upon the Rhine, and in enormous numbers penetrated Gaul. No people had yet understood them, none had even checked their career. The white races seemed helpless against this "yellow peril", this "Scourge of God", as Attila was called. Goths and Romans and all the varied tribes which were ranging in perturbed whirl through unhappy Gaul laid aside their lesser enmities and met in common cause against this terrible invader. The battle of Châlons, 451, was the most tremendous struggle in which Turanian was ever matched against .Aryan, the one huge bid of the stagnant, unprogressive races, for earth’s mastery.^ The battle of Chí¢lons, 451, was the most tremendous struggle in which Turanian was ever matched against , the one huge bid of the stagnant, unprogressive races, for earth"s mastery.
      • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ This is not the only reference to the hollow earth in the Puranas, but it is the one which indicates the origin of the Aryans ( Caucasian race ) on the surface of the Earth.
      • Aryan_Invasion 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.holloworbs.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ When Aryans are free from the influences of multiculturalism and maladaptive egalitarianism, we prosper like no other race on earth.
      • The Vanishing Aryan Race: In Search of the Aryan Identityfor the Next Century, by Alan M. Clusterbomb, 1997. 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

      .
  6. (ethnography, obsolete) A subdivision of the Caucasian race, which comprised the Aryans, the Semites, and the Hamites, or the accompanying linguistic subdivision.^ A subdivision of the Caucasian race, which comprised the Aryans, the Semites, and the Hamites, or the accompanying linguistic subdivision.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ To me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar."

    ^ Germanic mysticism, nazism ) A member of an (alleged) master race comprised of non-Jewish Caucasians, especially those of Nordic or Germanic descent.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • 1892, Charles Morris, The Aryan Race: Its Origins and Its Achievements
      [The] Caucasian race includes two sub-races, — the Xantho-chroic and Melanochroic of Huxley. The seat of this race is Europe, northern Africa, and southwestern Asia, its linguistic division being into .Aryans, Semites, and Hamites.^ A subdivision of the Caucasian race, which comprised the Aryans, the Semites, and the Hamites, or the accompanying linguistic subdivision.
      • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The seat of this race is Europe, northern Africa, and southwestern Asia, its linguistic division being into Aryans , Semites, and Hamites.
      • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The name Caucasian is generally applied to the first three divisions, " Aryans , Semites, and Hamites.
      • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • 1900, Frank Moore Colby, Outlines of General History
      The surest principle of classification is based on language, but the results must be tested by a study of the physical characteristics of the various races. According to this method of classification, the races of the world may be divided as follows: Aryan, Semitic, Hamitic, Turanian, Negroid. The name Caucasian is generally applied to the first three divisions, — .Aryans, Semites, and Hamites.^ A subdivision of the Caucasian race, which comprised the Aryans, the Semites, and the Hamites, or the accompanying linguistic subdivision.
      • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The seat of this race is Europe, northern Africa, and southwestern Asia, its linguistic division being into Aryans , Semites, and Hamites.
      • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The name Caucasian is generally applied to the first three divisions, " Aryans , Semites, and Hamites.
      • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Aryan. — .This includes the ancient Hindus […] the Persians, Greeks, Italians, Celts, Teutons, and Slavs.^ Aryan Nations 2 Pre war definition of Aryan (Indo-European) includes: Teutons, Celts, Latins, Greeks, Slavs, Albanians, Illirians, Baltics , Armenians, Kurds, Iranians and Indians (Even Toc-aryans, the islamic blue-eyed people of NW China.
      • Aryan Nations - Reviews on RateItAll 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.rateitall.com [Source type: General]

      ^ This includes the ancient Hindus " the Persians, Greeks, Italians, Celts, Teutons, and Slavs.
      • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The Celts are properly the peoples who were known to the ancient Greeks as Keltoi and to the Romans as Gatti (Gauls).
      • The Great Aryan Myth :: Khyber.ORG 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.khyber.org [Source type: Original source]

Translations

Usage notes

.
  • In popular conception, the Aryan racial type is marked by having blond hair and blue eyes.^ The type is brunet of hair, with brown eyes.
    • The Great Aryan Myth :: Khyber.ORG 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.khyber.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Blonde hair and blue eyes.
    • What does the Nazi term Aryan mean? - Yahoo! Answers 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Pagan,Long Blonde Hair, Blue eyes.

    .These are not criteria of any of the technical racial definitions.
  • Using the technical meanings of the term ‘Aryan’ (Indo-Iranian, Indo-European, Proto-Indo-European, or a subdivision of the Caucasian race) could be misleading and dangerous, as the Nazi and neo-Nazi ideological usages, with their connotations, are the only widely understood meanings of the term in modern English.
  • Neo-Nazi users generally do not intend the term to be pejorative, however, it can be taken as such outside of the neo-Nazi community, because of the term’s heavy use by and association with the Nazis; the implication is that non-Aryans are inferior.^ It was used to describe the earliest Indo-Europeans.
    • What does the Nazi term Aryan mean? - Yahoo! Answers 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ What does the Nazi term Aryan mean?
    • What does the Nazi term Aryan mean? - Yahoo! Answers 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Iranian means Aryan.
    • Think Progress » Germans report increased terror threat. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .The word is highly-charged, because this thinking is widely considered to have lead to the Holocaust.
  • Due to the fact that the racial senses of the term are, outside of academic contexts and historical or ethnographic discussions, used primarily by racists of Caucasian ethnicity, the term is sometimes used by non-Nazi speakers as a euphemism for ‘White racist’ (see the talk page for an example scenario).
  • Today, the term ‘Aryan’ is used primarily by neo-Nazis and white supremacists, or in discussing the ideology and racial theories of Nazism, a mid-twentieth-century racist political movement that considered Aryans (in the first sense) to be the master race, neo-Nazism, and other white supremacist movements and organizations.^ Nazi or white supremacist ideology ) Pertaining to the Caucasian ethnicity.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ First aryan race?
    • WikiAnswers - What is the Aryan race 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Although the Nazis used the word arya in, .

    .The term is therefore strongly associated with such ideologies, to the point that it is sometimes euphemistically used to refer to or describe them.^ There are many variations of this tattoo; what is common is the diamond tilt, which causes AC members to refer to their group as "The Diamond," and to use phraseology such as "Diamond Forever, Forever Diamond."
    • aryan circle - Know Gangs Forum 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.knowgangs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Swedish Model in practice The term “Swedish Model” is used to describe the fact that the Swedish society is based on a high degree of public financing.
    • Germans - The Local 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thelocal.se [Source type: News]

    ^ The term "Nordic" was used in both Europe and America to describe fair-skinned, blond individuals who were generally idealized as warriors, leaders and ascendant stock.
    • Aryan or American? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.nationalist.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Because of this, and because the term carries a strong emotional charge, the technical senses are perhaps best avoided outside of academic contexts where they are certain to be understood, and the racial senses connected with Nazism are perhaps best avoided altogether.

Adjective

Aryan (not comparable)
.
Positive
Aryan
  1. Pertaining, in racial theories, to the (alleged) Aryan master race.^ Pertaining, in racial theory, theories, to the (alleged) Aryan master race.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Political and Nationalist groups in Germany and France exploited this racial phenomenon to propagate the supremacy of an assumed Aryan race of white people.
    • The aryan invasion myth - fact or fiction? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.gosai.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Aryan invasion theory - Origin of the theory Aryan invasion theory - Racial aspects of the theory Aryan invasion theory - Role in Imperialism and Nazism Aryan invasion theory - Later developments Aryan invasion theory - Political and religious issues Aryan invasion theory - Modern Theory Aryan invasion theory - Literature .

    • 1925–26, Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, translation from German to English by James Murphy, 1939
      Look at the ravages from which our people are suffering daily as a result of being contaminated with Jewish blood. Bear in mind the fact that this poisonous contamination can be eliminated from the national body only after centuries, or perhaps never. Think further of how the process of racial decomposition is debasing and in some cases even destroying the fundamental .Aryan qualities of our German people, so that our cultural creativeness as a nation is gradually becoming impotent and we are running the danger, at least in our great cities, of falling to the level where Southern Italy is to-day.^ Gradually, an intermixing with the German people developed, particularly in its cultural elite.
      • Why the Aryan Law? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

      ^ This becomes the issue with the majority of German people.
      • Afro-Germans and the Problem of Cultural Location 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.africawithin.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ The failure to do that was the great mistake of the German people.
      • Why the Aryan Law? 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

      .
  2. (neo-Nazi or white supremacist ideology, informal) Pertaining to the Caucasian ethnicity.^ Nazi or white supremacist ideology ) Pertaining to the Caucasian ethnicity.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Nazi or white supremacist ideology ) A person of Caucasian ethnicity; a white non-Jew.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the late 20th and early 21st centuries many white supremacist groups adopted the name Aryan as a label for their ideology.
    • Aryan (people) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

    • 2003, Kathleen M. Blee, Inside Organized Racism: Women in the Hate Movement, page 172
      Neo-Nazis use Nordic religions to fashion a more noble Aryan past and a modern Pan-Aryan community. .Symbols from and references to ancient spirituality pepper neo-Nazi literature.^ They used the Swastika, which, as a "wheel of Mithra (Sun/Fire)" used to be the arm of the Iranians since ancient times, as a Nazi symbol, to have an alibi to invade Russia.
      • WikiAnswers - What is the Aryan race 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

      ^ The socialist swastika resembles a rune from the ancient Germanic alphabet that corresponds to the letter "S" used as a stylized "S" in other Nazi symbolism.
      • Aryan Nations - Official Site 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC aryan-nations.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ They studied the symbols of the ancient Norse runes and took visionary joumeys to meet with members of an ancient spiritual brotherhood.
      • Aryan Christ 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.dhushara.com [Source type: Original source]

  3. (US, informal, euphemism) Pertaining to Caucasian racists or their organisations, theories, etc. .
    • 2006, Margaret Kleffner Nydell, Understanding Arabs: A Guide for Modern Times, Intercultural Press, 1931930252, page 106
    • Imagine our outrage if the foreign press depicted Aryan groups as representing mainstream Christianity.
  4. Of or pertaining to Indo-Iranian peoples, cultures, and languages.^ Margaret Kleffner Nydell, Margaret Kleffner Nydell, Understanding Arabs: A Guide for Modern Times , Intercultural Press, http://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Booksources&isbn=1931930252 , ISBN 1931930252, page 106 Imagine our outrage if the foreign press depicted groups as representing mainstream Christianity.
    • Definition of Aryan 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.allwords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Indo-Iranian language group is the major eastern branch of the Indo-European languages.

    ^ Of or pertaining to the people called Aryans; Indo-European; Indo-Germanic; as, the Aryan stock, the Aryan languages.
    • Aryan@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • 1872-79: John Beames, A Comparative Grammar of the Modern Aryan Languages of India: to wit, Hindi, Panjabi, Sindhi, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya and Bangall
      [W]ith all due deference to the opinions of scholars, it may be urged that much of this elaborate development arose in an age when the speech of the people had wandered very far away from the classical type. Even if it were not so, even if there ever were a time when the Aryan peasant used poly-syllabic desideratives, and was familiar with multiform aorists, it is clear that he began to satisfy himself with a simpler system at a very distant epoch, for the range of forms in Pali and the other Prakrits is far narrower than in classical Sanskrit.
      .
  5. (dated) Of or pertaining to Indo-European peoples, cultures and languages.^ Such people were obviously speakers of Indo-European languages and were part of the same culture.
    • History of India - Myth of Aryan Invasion - Facets of India : Ancient and Modern 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.tri-murti.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ German Indo-European language spoken by c.
    • Germans Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Germans 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Why don't you spend less time trashing an entire country, its culture and its people and learn their language!!
    • Germans!!!!? - Yahoo! Answers 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

    • 1905, Rossiter Johnson, LL.D., chief editor, The Great Events by Famous Historians, volume IV
      Who were these Teutons? Rome knew them only vaguely as wild tribes dwelling in the gloom of the great forest wilderness. In reality they were but the vanguard of vast races of human beings who through ages had been slowly populating all Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Beyond the Teutons were other Aryans, the Slavs. .Beyond these were vague non-Aryan races like the Huns.^ I concur that Aryan Nations is only Aryans of Anglo-Saxon, Germanic, Nordic, Basque, Lombard, Celtic and Slavic origin, the White non-Jew race worldwide.
      • AD: White Supremacist Group Offers Friendship & Support To Terror Groups - Jeremy Reynalds - Mar 9, 05 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.americandaily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The Jew is like a destroying virus that attacks our racial body to destroy our Aryan culture and the purity of our Race.
      • Aryan Nations 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.uiowa.edu [Source type: Original source]
      • Aryan Nation 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC www.therefinersfire.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ When Aryans are free from the influences of multiculturalism and maladaptive egalitarianism, we prosper like no other race on earth.
      • The Vanishing Aryan Race: In Search of the Aryan Identityfor the Next Century, by Alan M. Clusterbomb, 1997. 10 February 2010 11:38 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

      […]

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

External links

Anagrams


Simple English

File:Swastika
The swastika has recently come to be mostly associated with Nazism; before, the swastika symbol used to mean "good luck". This Iranian necklace was dug up from Gilan, Iran, first millennium BC, National Museum of Iran. The original Indo-Iranian meaning of good luck, good fortune or well being is linked to it.

Aryan is the name that an ancient people of Europe, Iran (Greater Iran) and India called themselves. Descendants of the Aryans include speakers of Sanskrit and Avestan which are related to the Indo-European languages. About three thousand and five hundred years ago, both Iranians and Indians used the name Aryan to mean their shared ancestors, as well as "nobles."

The Avestan name Airiianəm vaēǰō "Aryan expanse", is a reference in the Zoroastrian Avesta (Vendidad, Fargard 1) to the Aryans’ mother country and one of Ahura Mazda's "sixteen perfect lands".[1] Other Avestan names are airyō.šayana, the “Aryan people”, and airyā daiŋˊhāvā “the Aryan lands”.[2] These names were known to old Greek writers as Ariana.[3] Also the Sanskrit name Āryāvarta "abode of the Aryans", was a region in north of today's India.[4] The Middle Persian name of the Sassanian Empire, an empire that ruled Persia from the 3rd century to the 7th century, was Eran-shar meaning the Aryan Empire. [5] Today, the name Iran is simply the Persian word for Aryan.

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Aryan equated with Indo-European

In the late 18th century, Europeans began using the term Aryan to refer to the original prehistoric Proto-Indo-Europeans and their descendents up to the present day (i.e., the Indo-European peoples--those Caucasians who are speakers of the Indo-European languages). This was the most common definition of Aryan in the 19th century and early 20th century. This was the definition used by H.G. Wells in his best-selling 1920 book The Outline of History. [6][7]Many young people consider this definition obsolete and politically incorrect but it is still used by some older people, such as in a 1989 article in Scientific American by Colin Renfrew advocating the Anatolian hypothesis in which he uses the word 'Aryan' in its traditional meaning as a synonym for 'Indo-European'. [8]

Nazism

In the late 19th century, some Europeans began to use the name Aryan for only the Nordic peoples of Europe (one branch of the Indo-European peoples), as a "pure," "noble" and "superior" race they claimed were descended from the original Aryans.

The theory that the Aryans first came from Europe became especially accepted in Germany. It was widely believed that the "Vedic Aryans" were the same people as the Goths, Vandals and other ancient Germanic peoples who brought the Western Roman Empire to an end. This idea was often mixed with anti-Semitic ideas. The Master Race theory became a main idea for Nazis. After the Nazis took power in Germany in 1933, these ideas led to horrible persecutions of the Jews which culminated in the Holocaust.

Modern view

The idea of racism that the Nazi theory means has been totally put aside by modern scientists, some of whom also disagree with the idea that the original Aryans ever lived in Europe. Most other scientists do maintain that the original Proto-Indo-Europeans did live about 5,000 years ago in the area in Europe east of Ukraine and north of the Caucasus Mountains and that the original Aryans (the Indo-Iranians or eastern branch of the Indo-European peoples) did migrate east to Iran and India from there, and the original ancestors of the modern European peoples (the western or European branch of the Indo-European peoples) did migrate west from there. This is called the Kurgan hypothesis.

Related pages

References

  1. Encyclopedia Iranica, ĒRĀN-WĒZ
  2. Encyclopedia Iranica, AVESTAN GEOGRAPHY.
  3. Encyclopedia Iranica, ARIA (2. Ariane)
  4. Dictionary of Greek and Roman geography, William Smith, 1870, pp. 210, Aria'na
  5. Wiesehofer, Joseph Ancient Persia New York:1996 I.B. Taurus
  6. Wells, H.G. The Outline of History New York:1920 Doubleday & Co. Chapter 19 The Aryan Speaking Peoples in Pre-Historic Times Pages 271-285
  7. H.G. Wells describes in his 1922 book A Short History of the World (a condensed version of The Outline of History) the origin of the Proto-Aryans, a term which was then used as a synonym for Proto-Indo Europeans:
  8. Renfrew, Colin. (1989). The Origins of Indo-European Languages. /Scientific American/, 261(4), 82-90.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 23, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Aryan, which are similar to those in the above article.








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