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5300 series train on the Toei Asakusa Line

The Toei Asakusa Line (都営地下鉄浅草線 Toei Chikatetsu Asakusa-sen ?) is a subway line operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation in Tokyo, Japan. On maps, its color is light coral, and its stations carry the letter A followed by a two-digit number.

The line runs between Nishi Magome Station (A-01) in Ota Ward and Oshiage Station (A-20) in Sumida Ward.

The Asakusa Line was the first subway line in Japan to offer through service with a private railway. Today, it has more through services to other lines than any other subway line in Tokyo. The Keihin Kyuko Electric Railway operates through trains to Misakiguchi Station on the Keikyu Main Line and Haneda Airport Station on the Keikyu Kuko Line. The Keisei Electric Railway operates through trains to Imba Nihon Idai Station on the Keisei Oshiage Line, Narita Airport Station on the Keisei Main Line, and Shibayama Chiyoda Station on the Shibayama Railway Line.

Contents

Route information

Location of Asakusa line (pink) compared with other Tokyo subway lines

Development

5200 series trains were introduced to the line in 1976 and withdrawn in 2006

The Toei Asakusa Line was the first subway line constructed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Its planning name is Line 1: it was later named after the famous Asakusa district of Tokyo. In its original plan form, the line would have actually bypassed Asakusa Station entirely. However, the plan was changed to take advantage of the existing Tobu Railway and Ginza Line connections at Asakusa.

The initial 3.2 km segment between Oshiage and Asakusabashi opened on December 4, 1960. The line then opened in stages from north to south:

  • Asakusabashi to Higashi-Nihonbashi May 1962
  • Higashi-Nihonbashi to Ningyōchō September 1962
  • Ningyōchō to Higashi-Ginza February 1963
  • Higashi-Ginza to Shinbashi December 1963
  • Shinbashi to Daimon October 1964
  • Daimon to Sengakuji June 1968 (Through service with Keikyū begins)
  • Sengakuji to Nishi-Magome November 15, 1968.

From 1998 to 2002, the Asakusa Line was used as part of a rail connection between Tokyo's two major airports, Haneda and Narita. While a few trains still run between the airports (see below), the service has greatly diminished in frequency since 2002.

In 2005, a research group of government, metropolitan and railway company officials proposed that the Asakusa Line be connected to Tokyo Station via a spur to the north of Takaracho Station. This would provide Tokyo Station's first direct connection to the Toei subway network. It would also make it possible to reach Haneda Airport from Tokyo Station in 25 minutes (versus 35 minutes today) and Narita Airport in 40 minutes (versus 57 minutes today).[1] This plan has yet to be finalized or formally adopted.

Trains

Toei Asakusa Line Through Service
Legend
Head station
Shibayama-Chiyoda Shibayama Railway
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
Higashi-Narita Keisei Higashi-Narita Line
Airport Unknown route-map component "tKBHFa" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Narita Airport Keisei Main Line
Junction from left Track turning right
Station on track
Keisei Narita
Head station Straight track
Imba Nihon Idai Hokuso Railway
Track turning left Junction from right
Station on track
Keisei Takasago
Station on track
Aoto Keisei Oshiage Line
Urban tunnel station on track
Oshiage
Urban tunnel station on track
Nihonbashi
Unknown route-map component "uexBHFr" Unknown route-map component "utABZrd"
Tokyo Station Proposed
Urban tunnel station on track
Shinbashi
Urban tunnel station on track
Sengakuji
Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "utABZrf"
Station on track Urban tunnel straight track
Shinagawa
Straight track Urban tunnel station on track
Gotanda
Straight track Unknown route-map component "uKBFe"
Nishi-Magome
Station on track
Keikyu Kamata
Junction to left Transverse track Unknown route-map component "tSTRlg"
Straight track Airport Unknown route-map component "tKBHFe"
Haneda Airport Keikyu Airport Line
Station on track
Yokohama
Station on track
Horinouchi Keikyu Main Line
End station
Misakiguchi Keikyu Kurihama Line

Most trains on the Asakusa Line make regular subway service stops at all subway stations on the line. A variety of rolling stock is in use due to the large number of through service operators on the line. Train models currently in use include:

  • Subway trains: Toei 5300
    • Past trains: 5000, 5200
  • Keisei trains: Keisei 3000 (second model), 3200, 3300, 3400, 3500, 3600, 3700
    • Past trains: 3000 (first model) etc.
  • Keihin Kyuko trains: Keikyu 600, 1000 (second model), 1000 (first model), 1500
  • Hokuso trains: Hokuso Kaihatsu Railway 7250 (borrowed from Keisei), 7300 (a set borrowed from Keisei)
    • Past trains: 7000, 7050, 7150, (Keisei 3400 series also borrowed)
  • Chiba New Town Railway: Toshi Kiban Seibi Kodan 9000, 9100
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Airport Special Rapid Service

Although the Airport Special Rapid Service (エアポート快特 eapoto kaitoku ?) was originally planned as an airport-to-airport connection, almost all scheduled trains now serve only Haneda Airport, terminating at either Keisei Takasago, Keisei Sakura or Shibayama Chiyoda on the Keisei end. These trains pass through certain Asakusa Line stations without stopping, and only stop at special rapid service stations on the Keikyu Line and Keisei Line. The table below indicates the stations where the trains stop; no surcharge or special ticket is necessary to use these trains.

The two airports remain directly connected by a single daily train, which only runs on weekends and holidays. This train makes express stops on the Keisei Line, but makes all station stops on the Asakusa Line. The total travel time from airport to airport is 1 hour and 46 minutes.

The service's main competitor is the Tokyo Monorail, which feeds into the JR East network.

Stations

Station No. Station Name Ward Airport Limited Express
Station Stops
Connections
A-01 Nishi-magome Ota Keikyū Main Line
Keikyū Airport Line
A-02 Magome Ota
A-03 Nakanobu Shinagawa Tōkyū Ōimachi Line
A-04 Togoshi Shinagawa
A-05 Gotanda Shinagawa Yamanote Line, Tokyu Ikegami Line
A-06 Takanawadai Minato
A-07 Sengakuji Minato Keikyū Main Line (Through service)
A-08 Mita Minato Toei Mita Line,
Keihin Tōhoku Line, Yamanote Line (Tamachi Sta.)
A-09 Daimon Minato Toei Ōedo Line, Keihin Tōhoku Line, Yamanote Line, Tokyo Monorail (Hamamatsuchō Sta.)
A-10 Shimbashi Minato Tōkaidō Main Line, Yokosuka Line, Keihin Tohoku Line, Yamanote Line,
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, Shin Kotsu Yurikamome
A-11 Higashi-Ginza Chūō Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line
A-12 Takarachō Chūō
A-13 Nihombashi Chūō Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line
A-14 Ningyōchō Chūō Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line
A-15 Higashi-nihombashi Chūō Sōbu Rapid Line (Bakurocho Station), Toei Shinjuku Line (Bakuroyokoyama Sta.)
A-16 Asakusabashi Taitō Chūō-Sōbu Line
A-17 Kuramae Taitō Toei Oedo Line
A-18 Asakusa Taitō Tobu Isesaki Line, Tokyo Metro Ginza Line
A-19 Honjo-azumabashi Sumida
A-20 Oshiage Sumida Keisei Oshiage Line (Through service)
Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line, Tobu Isesaki Line

Explanation of marks:

  • ●: Train stops at this station
  • |: Train does not stop at this station
  • No mark: Train bypasses station

See also

References


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