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Swamp Milkweed
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Asclepias
Species: A. incarnata
Binomial name
Asclepias incarnata
L.

Asclepias incarnata, with common names such as: Swamp Milkweed, Rose Milkweed, Swamp Silkweed, and White Indian Hemp, is a herbaceous, perennial plant species native to North America.[1] It is found growing in damp to wet soils and also is cultivated as a garden plant for its attractive flowers, which are visited by butterflies and other pollinators due to its copious production of nectar. Like most other milkweeds, it has sap containing toxic chemicals,[2] a characteristic that repels insects and herbivorous animals.

Contents

Description

Swamp milkweed is an upright, 100- to 150-centimeter (39- to 59-inches) tall plant, growing from thick, fleshy, white roots. Typically, its stems are branched and the clump forming plants emerge in late spring after most other plants have begun growth for the year. The oppositely arranged leaves are 7 to 15 centimeters (2.75 to 6 inches) long and are narrow and lance-shaped, with the ends tapering to a sharp point.

The plants bloom in early to mid-summer, producing small, fragrant, pink to mauve (sometimes white) colored flowers in rounded umbels. The flower color may vary from darker shades of purple to soft, pinkish purple and a white flowering form exists as well. The flowers have five reflexed petals and an elevated central crown. After blooming, green seed pods, approximately 12 centimeters (4.5 inches) long, are produced that when ripe, split open. They then release light to dark brown, flat seeds that are attached to silver-white silky-hairs ideal for catching the wind. This natural mechanism for seed dispersal is similar to that used by other milkweed plants.[3]

Habitat and uses

Swamp milkweed prefers moisture retentive to damp soils in full sun to partial shade and typically, is found growing wild near the edges of ponds, lakes, streams, and low areas—or along ditches.[4] It is one of the best attractors of the Monarch Butterfly, which feeds on the flowers and lays her eggs on the plants. The emerging caterpillars feed on the leaves.

The plants have specialized roots for living in heavy wet soils. The scented, thick, white roots are adapted to live in environments low in oxygen. Blooming occurs in mid to late summer and after blooming; long, relatively thin, rounded, pods are produced that grow uprightly. The pods split open in late summer to late fall, releasing seeds that are attached to silky hairs, which act as parachutes that carry the seeds on the currents of the wind.

This species is cultivated frequently and a number of cultivars are available. They are used especially in gardens designed to attract butterflies. The nectar of the plant attracts many other species of butterflies and insects as well. The plants are also sold as freshly cut flowers, mostly for their long-lasting flower display, but sometimes, for the distinctive seed pods.

References

  1. ^ "Plants Profile for Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed)". NRCS. USDA.. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=asin. Retrieved March 30, 2009. 
  2. ^ Foster, Steven; Caras, Roger A. (1994). A field guide to venomous animals and poisonous plants, North America, north of Mexico. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 122. ISBN 9780395936085. 
  3. ^ "Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)". Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. USGS. August 3, 2006. http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/plants/floramw/species/asclinca.htm. Retrieved March 30, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Asclepias incarnata". Kemper Center for Home Gardening. Missouri Botanical Garden.. http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/Plant.asp?code=G410. Retrieved March 30, 2009. 

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Asclepias incarnata

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales
Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Asclepiadoideae
Tribus: Asclepiadeae
Subtribus: Asclepiadinae
Genus: Asclepias
Species: Asclepias incarnata
Subspecies: A. i. subsp. incarnata - A. i. subsp. pulchra

Name

Asclepias incarnata L., Sp. pl. 1:215. 1753.

References

  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]
  • USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006 (http://plants.usda.gov).Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

Vernacular names

English: swamp milkweed
Русский: Ваточник мясо-красный
Svenska: Rosensidenört
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Asclepias incarnata on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Swamp Milkweed
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked) Eudicots
(unranked) Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Asclepias
Species: A. incarnata
Binomial name
Asclepias incarnata
L.

Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) is a species of milkweed plant. It is also known as Rose Milkweed, Pink Milkweed, Swamp Silkweed, and White Indian Hemp. It belongs in the subfamily Asclepiadoideae. It is native to North America. It blooms from June to August. The flowers are pink. Swamp Milkweed is found in wet meadows, prairies, swamps, and marshes. It likes moist soil and sunny or partly shaded places. It grows to a height of 0.3 to 1.5 meters (1-5 feet).[1]

References

  1. William Cullina (2000). Wildflowers: A Guide to Growing and Propagating Native Flowers of North America. The New England Wildflower Society. ISBN 0-395-96609-4

Other websites

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Look up Asclepias incarnata in Wikispecies, a directory of species


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