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Butterfly weed/im a boner face
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Asclepias
Species: A. tuberosa
Binomial name
Asclepias tuberosa
L.
Common names
Butterfly Weed, Canada Root, Chigger Flower, Chiggerflower, Fluxroot, Indian Paintbrush, Indian Posy, Orange Milkweed, Orange Swallow-wort, Pleurisy Root, Silky Swallow-wort, Tuber Root, Yellow Milkweed, White-root, Windroot

Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) is a species of milkweed native to eastern North America. It is a perennial plant growing to 0.6-2 m (1 -2 feet) tall, with clustered orange or yellow flowers from early summer to early fall. The leaves are spirally arranged, lanceolate, 5-12 cm long and 2-3 cm broad.

This plant favors dry, sand or gravel soil, but has also been reported on stream margins. It requires full sun.

The common name comes from the butterflies that are attracted to the plant by its color and its copious production of nectar. Butterfly weed is also the larval food plant of the Queen and Monarch butterflies. The butterfly weed grows to be 1-3 feet long.

Extracts in herbalism and by Native Americans were used as an expectorant for wet coughs and other pulmonary ailments. Use of the herb is contraindicated in pregnancy, during lactation or with infants due to the small amount of cardiac glycosides.[1]

Contents

Identification

The plant looks similar to the Lanceolate milkweed (Asclepias lanceolata), but is uniquely identified by the larger number of flowers, and the hairy stems that are not milky when broken. It is most commonly found in fields with dry soil.

Propagation

Butterfly weed is easily propagated in water.

Other common names

Canada-root, Chiggerflower, Indian posy, Orange-root, Orange swallowwort, Tuberroot, Whiteroot, Windroot, Yellow or Orange milkweed.

Subspecies indicated

  • Asclepias tuberosa interior, Central United States.
  • Asclepias tuberosa rolfsii (Rolfs Milkweed), Southeast United States.
  • Asclepias tuberosa tuberosa, Eastern United States.

Gallery

References

External links

References


Asclepias tuberosa
File:Asclepias tuberosa in Farmington, CT
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Asclepias
Species: A. tuberosa
Binomial name
Asclepias tuberosa
L.
Common names
Butterfly Weed, Canada Root, Chigger Flower, Chiggerflower, Fluxroot, Indian Paintbrush, Indian Posy, Orange Milkweed, Orange Swallow-wort, Pleurisy Root, Silky Swallow-wort, Tuber Root, Yellow Milkweed, White-root, Windroot

Asclepias tuberosa is a species of milkweed native to eastern North America. It is a perennial plant growing to 0.3-1 m (1 -3 feet) tall, with clustered orange or yellow flowers from early summer to early fall. The leaves are spirally arranged, lanceolate, 5-12 cm long and 2-3 cm broad.

This plant favors dry, sand or gravel soil, but has also been reported on stream margins. It requires full sun.

It is commonly known as Butterfly Weed because of the butterflies that are attracted to the plant by its color and its copious production of nectar. It is also the larval food plant of the Queen and Monarch butterflies.

Extracts in herbalism and by Native Americans were used as an expectorant for wet coughs and other pulmonary ailments. Use of the herb is contraindicated in pregnancy, during lactation or with infants due to the small amount of cardiac glycosides.[1]

Contents

Identification

The plant looks similar to the Lanceolate Milkweed (Asclepias lanceolata), but is uniquely identified by the larger number of flowers, and the hairy stems that are not milky when broken. It is most commonly found in fields with dry soil.

Propagation

Butterfly weed is easily propagated in water.

Subspecies indicated

  • Asclepias tuberosa interior (Central United States)
  • Asclepias tuberosa rolfsii – Rolfs Milkweed (Southeastern United States)
  • Asclepias tuberosa tuberosa (Eastern United States)

Gallery

Footnotes

References

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Asclepias tuberosa

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales
Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Asclepiadoideae
Tribus: Asclepiadeae
Subtribus: Asclepiadinae
Genus: Asclepias
Species: Asclepias tuberosa

Name

Asclepias tuberosa L.

References

  • Species Plantarum 1:217. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

Vernacular names

English: Butterfly weed
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Asclepias tuberosa on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Butterfly weed
File:Asclepias tuberosa in Farmington, CT
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked) Eudicots
(unranked) Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Asclepias
Species: A. tuberosa
Binomial name
Asclepias tuberosa
L.

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) is a species of milkweed plant. It belongs in the subfamily Asclepiadoideae. It is native to North America. It blooms from June to September. The flowers are orange, red-orange, or yellow. This species is found in prairies, meadows, and fields. It likes well-drained soil and sunny or partly shaded places. Butterfly Weed grows from 0.3 to 0.9 meters tall (1-3 feet).[1]

Common names

Butterfly Weed has many common names. Here is a list of them:

  • Canada Root
  • Chigger Flower
  • Chiggerflower
  • Fluxroot
  • Indian Paintbrush
  • Indian Posy
  • Orange Milkweed

  • Orange Swallow-wort
  • Pleurisy Root
  • Silky Swallow-wort
  • Tuber Root
  • Yellow Milkweed
  • White-root
  • Windroot

References

  1. William Cullina (2000). Wildflowers: A Guide to Growing and Propagating Native Flowers of North America. The New England Wildflower Society. ISBN 0-395-96609-4

Other websites

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Look up Asclepias tuberosa in Wikispecies, a directory of species







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