The Full Wiki

Ashley Montagu: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ashley Montagu

Ashley Montagu
Born June 28, 1905
London
Died 26 November 1999
Princeton, New Jersey
Nationality England
Fields anthropology

Montague Francis Ashley Montagu (born Israel Ehrenberg on June 28, 1905, London, Great Britain - died November 26, 1999, Princeton, New Jersey), was a British-American anthropologist and humanist who popularized issues such as race and gender and their relation to politics and development. He was the rapporteur, in 1950, of the UNESCO statement The Race Question. As a young man he changed his name to "Montague Francis Ashley-Montagu" and went by "Ashley Montagu" after moving to the United States.

Contents

Biography

According to a 1995 interview by Leonard Lieberman, Andrew Lyons and Hariet Lyons in Current Anthropology, Montagu grew up in the London's East End. Like many other children, he was often subjected to antisemitic assaults when he ventured from his own Jewish neighborhood. He developed an interest in anatomy very early and as a boy was befriended by Arthur Keith. In 1922, at the age of 17, he entered University College London, where he received a diploma in psychology after studying with Karl Pearson and C.E. Spearman and taking anthropology courses with Grafton Elliot Smith and Charles Gabriel Seligman. He also studied at the London School of Economics, where he became one of the first students of Bronisław Malinowski. He pursued postgraduate work at Columbia University, where he produced a dissertation in 1936 entitled Coming into being among the Australian Aborigines: A study of the procreative beliefs of the native tribes of Australia which was directed by Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict. He taught anatomy at various school in the United States before becoming a professor of anthropology at Rutgers from 1949 to 1955.

In the 1950s Montagu produced a series of works questioning the validity of race as a biological concept, including the UNESCO Statement on Race and his very well-known Man’s Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race. He was particularly opposed to the work of Carleton S. Coon. In 1952, together with William Vogt, he gave the first Alfred Korzybski Memorial Lecture, inaugurating the series.

He retired from his academic career in 1955 and moved to Princeton, New Jersey to pursue his popular writing and public appearances. He became a well-known guest on Johnny Carson's Tonight Show. He directed his numerous published studies on the significant relationship of mother and infant to the general public. The humanizing effects of touch informed the studies of isolation-reared monkeys and adult pathological violence that is the subject of his Time-Life documentary "Rock A Bye Baby" (1970).

Later in life, Montagu actively opposed genital modification and mutilation of children. In 1994, James Prescott, Ph.D., wrote and named in honor of Dr. Montagu, who was one of its original signers, the Ashley Montagu Resolution to End the Genital Mutilation of Children Worldwide: A Petition to the World Court, The Hague.

In 1995, the American Humanist Association named him the Humanist of the Year.

Montagu, who became a naturalized American citizen in 1940, taught and lectured at Harvard, Princeton University, Rutgers University, the University of California, and New York University.[1] He wrote over 60 books.

Partial bibliography

  • Life Before Birth
  • Touching: The Human Significance of The Skin 1971
  • On Being Human
  • The Direction of Human Development: Biological and Social Bases
  • Culture and human development
  • The Nature of Human Aggression
  • The Natural Superiority of Women
  • Growing Young
  • Race and IQ
  • Living and Loving
  • The Anatomy of Swearing
  • The Human Connection
  • The Peace of The World
  • Man’s Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race (1942)
  • Human Evolution
  • The Elephant Man
  • Anthropology and Human Nature
  • The Elephant Man: A Study in Human Dignity. (1942)
  • The Cultured Man
  • Man: His first Million Years
  • Human Heredity

Montagu wrote the Foreword and Bibliography of the 1955 edition (reprinted 2005) of Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution by Petr Kropotkin, and in 1956, he edited Toynbee and History: Critical Essays and Reviews (1956 Cloth ed.). Boston: Extending Horizons Books, Porter Sargent Publishers. ISBN 0-87558-026-2.  , a critique of Arnold J. Toynbee's seminal A Study of History.

He is co-author with Floyd Matson of The Human Connection and The Dehumanization of Man. He is the writer and director of the film One World or None, described as one of the best documentaries ever made.

Quotations

  • "Science has proof without any certainty. Creationists have certainty without any proof".
  • "The natural superiority of women is a biological fact, and a socially acknowledged reality".
  • "The idea is to die young as late as possible".
  • "... circumcision, an archaic ritual mutilation that has no justification whatever and no place in a civilized society" — in Mutilated Humanity
  • "The family unit is the institution for the systematic production of mental illness" - said to Johnny Carson during a book-promoting appearance of the latest edition of his book The Natural Superiority of Women.
  • "The Eskimos live among ice all their lives but have no single word for ice." - from Man: His first Million Years, this quote begins the penultimate chapter of Trout Fishing in America by Richard Brautigan
  • "The world is so full of wonderful things we should all, if we were taught how to appreciate it, be far richer than kings". Ashley Montagu. Growing Young (Granby, MA: Bergin & Garvey, 1989), p. 120.

Footage of Ashley Montagu

Footage of Ashley Montagu talking with Charlton Heston about his character in the movie appears as a bonus in the special DVD edition of The Omega Man. Archive footage of him, among others (including Carl Sagan), is also featured in The X-Files episode Gethsemane.

See also

External links

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.montagu.org/Ashley.htm
Advertisements

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Ashley Montagu (June 28, 1905, London, England - November 26, 1999, Princeton, New Jersey), was a British anthropologist and humanist who wrote about issues such as race and gender and their relation to politics and development.

Sourced

  • [C]ircumcision, an archaic ritual mutilation that has no justification whatever and no place in a civilized society.
  • The family unit is the institution for the systematic production of mental illness.
    • interview on "The Tonight Show With Johnny Carson" promoting the latest edition of his book The Natural Superiority of Women (orig. 1952)
  • The Eskimos live among ice all their lives but have no single word for ice.
    • Man: His first Million Years, this quote begins the penultimate chapter of Trout Fishing in America by Richard Brautigan
  • The world is so full of wonderful things we should all, if we were taught how to appreciate it, be far richer than kings
    • Ashley Montagu. Growing Young (Granby, MA: Bergin & Garvey, 1989), p. 120.

Unsourced

  • Science has proof without any certainty. Creationists have certainty without any proof.
  • The natural superiority of women is a biological fact, and a socially acknowledged reality.
  • The idea is to die young as late as possible.
  • The majority of people believe in incredible things that are absolutely false. The majority of people daily act in a manner prejudicial to their general well-being.
  • Absolute truth belongs only to one class of humans ... the class of absolute fools.
    • quoted by James Davidson Hunter in Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America (1991)

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message