Asia Cooperation Dialogue: Wikis


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Membership and expansion of the Asia Cooperation Dialogue. Note that the Republic of China (Taiwan) is recognised or acknowledged by the member states as part of the People's Republic of China (PRC), but de facto does not have any representation.

The Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) is a body created in 2002 to promote Asian cooperation at a continental level, helping to integrate the previously separate regional organizations of political or economical cooperation such as ASEAN, SAARC or the Gulf Cooperation Council. A few individuals see it as a precursor to an "Asian Union".


Origins and History

"The idea of an Asia Cooperation Dialogue - ACD - was initiated by Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra of Thailand and was first raised during the First International Conference of Asian Political Parties held in Manila between 17-20 September 2000 by Dr. Surakiart Sathirathai, then Deputy Leader of the now defunct Thai Rak Thai Party, on behalf of his Party Leader, Dr. Thaksin Shinawatra, who suggested that Asia as a continent should have its own forum to discuss Asia-wide cooperation. Afterwards, the idea of the ACD was formally put forward during the 34th ASEAN Foreign Ministers' Meeting in Hanoi between 23-24 July 2001 and at the ASEAN Foreign Ministers' Retreat in Phuket between 20-21 February 2002. Both Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and Foreign Minister Surakiart Sathirathai raised the idea of the ACD with various heads of state and government and foreign ministers and made various statements and speeches, receiving broad support and helpful comments and suggestions."

Ministerial Meetings


Future ACD Ministerial Meeting

  • 9th ACD Ministerial Meeting: 2010 in Iran.
  • 10th ACD Ministerial Meeting: 2011 in Kuwait.
  • 11th ACD Ministerial Meeting: 2012 in Tajikistan.
  • 12th ACD Ministerial Meeting: 2013 in Saudi Arabia.
  • 13th ACD Ministerial Meeting: 2014 in Pakistan.[2]

Member States

The member states of the Asia Cooperation Dialogue

The ACD currently brings together 31 states from Asia.

The 18 founding member-states were the following (which included all ten members of ASEAN)

Flag & Common name
Official name
Area (km²)
Coat of arms of Bahrain.svg
 Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000000718306.000000718,306 &0000000000000665.000000665 Manama
Coat of arms of Bangladesh.svg
 Bangladesh People's Republic of Bangladesh 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000153546901.000000153,546,901 &0000000000144000.000000144,000 Dhaka
Coat of arms of Brunei.svg
 Brunei State of Brunei, Abode of Peace 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000000381371.000000381,371 &0000000000005770.0000005,770 Bandar Seri Begawan
Royal Arms of Cambodia.svg
 Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000013388910.00000013,388,910 &0000000000181035.000000181,035 Phnom Penh
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
 China People's Republic of China 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000001322044605.0000001,322,044,605 &0000000009584492.0000009,584,492 Beijing
Emblem of India.svg
 India Republic of India 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000001147995226.0000001,147,995,226 &0000000003287240.0000003,287,240 New Delhi
Coat of arms of Indonesia.svg
 Indonesia Republic of Indonesia 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000237512355.000000237,512,355 &0000000001419588.0000001,419,588 Jakarta
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
 Japan Japan 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000127288628.000000127,288,628 &0000000000377835.000000377,835 Tokyo
Coat of arms of South Korea.svg
 South Korea Republic of Korea 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000049232844.00000049,232,844 &0000000000098480.00000098,480 Seoul
Coat of arms of Laos.svg
 Laos Lao People's Democratic Republic 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000006677534.0000006,677,534 &0000000000236800.000000236,800 Vientiane
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
 Malaysia Malaysia 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000027780000.00000027,780,000 &0000000000329847.000000329,847 Kuala Lumpur
Coat of arms of Myanmar.svg
 Myanmar Union of Myanmar 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000047758224.00000047,758,224 &0000000000678500.000000678,500 Naypyidaw
Coat of arms of Pakistan.svg
 Pakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000167762049.000000167,762,049 &0000000000803940.000000803,940 Islamabad
Coat of Arms of the Philippines.svg
 Philippines Republic of the Philippines 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000092681453.00000092,681,453 &0000000000300000.000000300,000 Manila
Coat of arms of Qatar.svg
 Qatar State of Qatar 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000000928635.000000928,635 &0000000000011437.00000011,437 Doha
 Singapore Republic of Singapore 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000004608167.0000004,608,167 &0000000000000704.000000704 Singapore
Thai Garuda emblem.svg
 Thailand Kingdom of Thailand 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000065493298.00000065,493,298 &0000000000514000.000000514,000 Bangkok
Coat of arms of Vietnam.svg
 Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam 02002-06-18 18 June 2002 &0000000086116559.00000086,116,559 &0000000000331690.000000331,690 Hanoi
Coat of arms of Kazakhstan.svg
 Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan 02003-06-21 21 June 2003 &0000000015666533.00000015,666,533 &0000000002724927.0000002,724,927 Astana
Coat of Arms of Kuwait-2.svg
 Kuwait State of Kuwait 02003-06-21 21 June 2003 &0000000002596561.0000002,596,561 &0000000000017820.00000017,820 Kuwait City
Coat of arms of Oman.svg
 Oman Sultanate of Oman 02003-06-21 21 June 2003 &0000000003311640.0000003,311,640 &0000000000212460.000000212,460 Muscat
Coat of arms of Sri Lanka.svg
 Sri Lanka Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka 02003-06-21 21 June 2003 &0000000021128773.00000021,128,773 &0000000000065610.00000065,610 Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte
Coat of arms of Iran.svg
 Iran Islamic Republic of Iran 02004-06-21 21 June 2004 &0000000065875223.00000065,875,223 &0000000001648195.0000001,648,195 Tehran
Coat of Arms of Mongolia.svg
 Mongolia Mongolia 02004-06-21 21 June 2004 &0000000002996082.0000002,996,082 &0000000001565000.0000001,565,000 Ulan Bator
Coats of arms of the United Arab Emirates.svg
 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 02004-06-21 21 June 2004 &0000000004621399.0000004,621,399 &0000000000082880.00000082,880 Abu Dhabi
Bhutan emblem.svg
 Bhutan Kingdom of Bhutan 02004-09-27 27 September 2004[t 1] &0000000000682321.000000682,321 &0000000000047000.00000047,000 Thimphu
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
 Russia Russian Federation 02005-04-04 4 April 2005 &0000000141900000.000000141,900,000 &0000000013115200.00000013,115,200 Moscow
Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia.svg
 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 02005-04-04 4 April 2005 &0000000023513330.00000023,513,330 &0000000001960582.0000001,960,582 Riyadh
Coat of arms of Tajikistan.svg
 Tajikistan Republic of Tajikistan 02006-06-05 5 June 2006 &0000000007211884.0000007,211,884 &0000000000143100.000000143,100 Dushanbe
Coat of Arms of Uzbekistan.svg
 Uzbekistan Republic of Uzbekistan 02006-06-05 5 June 2006 &0000000028268441.00000028,268,441 &0000000000447400.000000447,400 Tashkent
National emblem of Kyrgyzstan.svg
 Kyrgyzstan[3] Kyrgyz Republic 02008-10-16 16 October 2008 &0000000005356869.0000005,356,869 &0000000000198500.000000198,500 Bishkek


  1. ^ One more membership request was finally confirmed at the ACD Breakfast Meeting of 27 September 2004

Main Objectives

"The main objectives of the ACD are as follows:

  1. To promote interdependence among Asian countries in all areas of cooperation by identifying Asia's common strengths and opportunities which will help reduce poverty and improve the quality of life for Asian people whilst developing a knowledge-based society within Asia and enhancing community and people empowerment;
  2. To expand the trade and financial market within Asia and increase the bargaining power of Asian countries in lieu of competition and, in turn, enhance Asia's economic competitiveness in the global market;
  3. To serve as the missing link in Asian cooperation by building upon Asia's potentials and strengths through supplementing and complementing existing cooperative frameworks so as to become a viable partner for other regions;
  4. To ultimately transform the Asian continent into an Asian Community, capable of interacting with the rest of the world on a more equal footing and contributing more positively towards mutual peace and prosperity."

Sri Lanka’s Role in ACD

Sri Lanka became a member of the ACD in 2003. Sri Lanka as a member of the ACD Coordinating Group, which includes Iran (future Chair), Kazakhstan (past Chair) and Thailand (Coordinator), hopes to take advantage of the diverse grouping within the ACD, particularly in the sphere of commercial and economic connectivity and cooperation.

Sri Lanka as the Co-Prime Mover for SME sector in the ACD successfully hosted the Asia SME Summit 2009 under the theme “SME Policy Development” from 6 – 8 August 2009 in Colombo.

At the 6th ACD Ministerial Meeting held in Seoul, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka offered to host this prestigious grouping. Accordingly, at the 7th ACD Ministerial Meeting held in Astana, Kazakhstan, the member countries decided to hand over the Chair to Sri Lanka to host the 8th Ministerial Meeting.

In this connection, the Government of Sri Lanka is making all arrangements to host the 8th ACD Ministerial Meeting Colombo on 15 October 2009 at the BMICH. The theme of this year’s Meeting “Spirit of Asia: Global economic recovery and development prospects”. His Excellency President Mahinda Rajapaksa will inaugurate the Sessions.

Preparations have been made to hold the Coordinating Group Consultations (past, present & future chair and the coordinator) on 12 October 2009 and Prime and Co-Prime Mover consultations on 14 October 2009.

Launching website for the 8th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting

Sri Lanka’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has launched a website for the forthcoming 8th Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) Ministerial Meeting to be held in Colombo on 14 and 15 October 2009 at the BMICH. The theme of this year's meeting is 'Spirit of Asia: Global Economic Recovery and Development Prospects'.

The website which was designed by a team of Information Technology Officers of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs contains all the relevant information connected to the ACD along with the necessary application forms.

The website can be accessed on:

Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapaksa is expected to l inaugurate the Ministerial Meeting scheduled for the morning of 15 October 2009.

Rohitha Bogollagama, Minister of Foreign Affairs will be chairing the Ministerial Meeting. All 31 member countries of the ACD are due to attend the 8th Ministerial Meeting in Colombo.

Other Asian countries

The remaining non-member Asian countries and regions have not expressed any interest in joining the ACD:

* : Taiwan has not been able to join the ACD due to strong opposition from China which claims the island as its part of its territory. See Legal status of Taiwan and Political status of Taiwan for details.

See also


External links

Articles, Editorials, and Reports


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