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Asian Games
Asian Games logo.svg
Asian Games logo

Motto Ever Onward
First Event 1951 Asian Games in New Delhi, India
Occur every every four years
Last Event 2006 Asian Games in Doha, Qatar
Purpose Multi sport event for nations on the Asian continent
Website Olympic Council of Asia

The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) under the supervision of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Medals are awarded in each event, with gold for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition which started in 1951.

Competitors are entered by a National Olympic Committee (NOC) to represent their country of citizenship. National anthems and flags accompany the medal ceremonies, and tables showing the number of medals won by each country are widely used. In general only recognised nations are represented, but a few non-sovereign countries are allowed to take part. The special case of Republic of China (Taiwan) was handled by having it compete as Chinese Taipei, due to the political status of Taiwan.

The first Asian games were held at New Delhi in 1951, which again hosted it in 1982.

The 15th Asian Games were held in Doha, Qatar from December 1 to December 15, 2006. The 16th Asian Games will be held in Guangzhou, China from November 12, 2010 to November 27, 2010.

The 2010 Asian Para Games will debut shortly after the conclusion of the 16th Asian Games, using the same facilities and venue made disability-accessible. The inaugural Asian Para Games, the parallel event for athletes with physical disabilities, is a multi-sport event held every four years after every Asian Games.



Far Eastern Championship Games

The Asian Games owes its origins to small Asian multi-sport competitions. The Far Eastern Championship Games were created to show unity and cooperation among three nations: Empire of Japan, the Philippine Islands and the Republic of China. The first games were held in Manila in 1913. Other Asian nations participated after it was organized. It was discontinued in 1938 after Japan invaded China.

Formation of the Asian Games

After World War II, a number of Asian countries became independent. Many of the new independent Asian countries wanted to use a new type of competition where Asian dominance should not be shown by violence and should be strengthened by mutual understanding. In August 1948, during the 14th Olympic Games in London, Indian IOC representative Guru Dutt Sondhi proposed to sports leaders of the Asian teams the idea of having discussions about holding the Asian Games. They agreed to form the Asian Athletic Federation. A preparatory committee was set up to draft the charter for the Asian amateur athletic federation. In February, 1949, the Asian athletic federation was formally formed and used the name Asian Games Federation. It was decided to hold the first Asian Games in 1951 in New Delhi, the capital of India in which Maharajadhiraj Yadavindra Singh, Maharaja of Patiala played an important role. . They added that the Asian Games would be regularly held once every four years.

Reorganization of the Federation

In 1962, the Federation had a disagreement over the inclusion of Republic of China and Israel. Asian Games host Indonesia opposed the participation of Republic of China (due to the existence of People's Republic of China) and Israel. In 1970, South Korea dropped its plan to host the games due to security threats from North Korea, forcing previous host Thailand to administer the games in Bangkok using the funds of South Korea. In 1973, the Federation had another disagreement after U.S. and other countries formally recognized the People's Republic of China and Arab nations' opposition to Israel. In 1977, Pakistan dropped its plan to host the games due to conflicts with Bangladesh and India. Thailand offered to help and the games were held in Bangkok.

Host countries of the games through 2014. Red spot denotes the city of the Games.

The Asian NOCs decided to revise the constitution of the Asian Games Federation. A new association, named Olympic Council of Asia, was created in November 1981. India was already scheduled to host the 1982 Games and OCA decided not to drop the old AGF timetable. OCA formally supervised the games starting from the 1986 Asian Games in South Korea.

In the succeeding games, Taiwan (Republic of China) was readmitted but OCA decided to follow the standards of the IOC for Taiwan to use the name Chinese Taipei. The OCA also agreed to permanently exclude Israel as its member and requested that the country join European competitions.


In the 1994 Asian Games, despite opposition from other nations, OCA admitted the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan.

In 2006 Australia was refused entry by OCA President Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahd Al-Sabah, suggesting that Australia's move from Oceania to Asia would be unfair to the smaller Oceania states.

New Cycle

In 2009 OCA changed the year from the Asian Games to one year ahead of the Olympic Games. After Incheon Asian Games in 2014, the next games will be in 2019.

List of Asian Games

The number of gold medal per delegation is indicated in brackets.

Year Games Host 1st place 2nd place 3rd place
India New Delhi Flag of Japan.svg Japan (24) Flag of India.svg India (15) State Flag of Iran (1925).svg Iran (8)
Philippines Manila Flag of Japan.svg Japan (38) Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines (14) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (8)
Japan Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg Japan (67) Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines (9) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (8)
Indonesia Jakarta Flag of Japan.svg Japan (73) Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia (21) Flag of India.svg India (10)
Thailand Bangkok Flag of Japan.svg Japan (78) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (12) Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand (11)
Thailand Bangkok Flag of Japan.svg Japan (74) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (18) Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand (9)
Iran Tehran Flag of Japan.svg Japan (75) Lionflag.svg Iran (36) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (32)
Thailand Bangkok Flag of Japan.svg Japan (70) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (51) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (18)
India New Delhi Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (61) Flag of Japan.svg Japan (57) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (28)
South Korea Seoul Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (94) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (93) Flag of Japan.svg Japan (58)
People's Republic of China Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (183) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (54) Flag of Japan.svg Japan (38)
Japan Hiroshima Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (125) Flag of Japan.svg Japan (64) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (63)
Thailand Bangkok Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (129) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (65) Flag of Japan.svg Japan (52)
South Korea Busan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (150) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (96) Flag of Japan.svg Japan (44)
Qatar Doha Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (165) Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea (58) Flag of Japan.svg Japan (50)
People's Republic of China Guangzhou
South Korea Incheon

1 Originally to be hosted by South Korea
2 Originally to be hosted by Pakistan


See also


External links

Simple English

The Asian Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Asia.

List of Asian Games

List of Winter Asian Games

  1. 1986 Winter Asian Games, Sapporo, Japan
  2. 1990 Winter Asian Games, Sapporo, Japan
  3. 1996 Winter Asian Games, Harbin, People's Republic of China (originally hosted by North Korea)
  4. 1999 Winter Asian Games, Gangwon, South Korea
  5. 2003 Winter Asian Games, Aomori, Japan
  6. 2007 Winter Asian Games, Changchun, People's Republic of China
  7. 2011 Winter Asian Games, Almaty, Kazakhstan

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