Asif Ali Zardari: Wikis

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Asif Ali Zardari
آصف علی زرداری


Incumbent
Assumed office 
9 September 2008
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Preceded by Muhammad Mian Soomro (Acting)

Co-Chairman of Pakistan Peoples Party
Incumbent
Assumed office 
30 December 2007
Serving with Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
Preceded by Benazir Bhutto

Born 26 July 1955 (1955-07-26) (age 54)
Karachi, Pakistan[1]
Political party Pakistan Peoples Party
Spouse(s) Benazir Bhutto (d. 2007)
Children Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari
Asifa Bhutto Zardari
Residence Islamabad, Pakistan
Religion Muslim - Shia[2][3]

Asif Ali Zardari (Urdu: آصف علی زرداری; Sindhi: آصف علي زرداري; born 26 July 1955) is the 11th and current President of Pakistan and the Co-Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP). Zardari is the widower of Benazir Bhutto, who twice served as Prime Minister of Pakistan. When his wife was assassinated in December 2007, he became the leader of the PPP. It has been claimed that Zardari is among the five richest men in Pakistan with an estimated net worth of US$1.8 billion (2005).[4][5]

Contents

Early life and education

Asif Ali Zardari belongs to a Shia Muslim Sindhi Baloch (Sindhi speaking) family from Sindh.[6][7] He was born in Karachi and is the son of Hakim Ali Zardari, head of one of the Sindhi tribes,[1][8] who chose urban life over rustic surroundings. His mother is from the family of Khan Bahadur Hassan Ali, who was among the founders of the first educational institution in Sindh, "Sindh Madarsa-tul-Islam Karachi".

Zardari received his primary education from Karachi Grammar School and his secondary education from Cadet College, Petaro.[6] Zardari also attended St Patrick's High School, Karachi.[9] While a candidate for parliament, a position for which a 2002 rule requires a college degree, Zardari claimed to have graduated from a college in London called the London School of Economics and Business (LSEB).[10][11] The 2002 rule was overturned by Pakistan's Supreme Court in April 2008.[9]

Early political career

Zardari married Benazir Bhutto on 18 December 1987. In 1988 his wife won the seat of Prime Minister, and Zardari became a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan. He served as investment and environment minister in Bhutto's governments. It was during this time that Zardari's opponents began using the nickname, "Mr 10%", in reference to the charges of corruption against him.[12][13][14]

Bhutto's government lost in the 1990 elections. Zardari soon came under investigation in Switzerland over alleged receipts of kickbacks from two Swiss-based companies.[15] Zardari claimed the charges were political in nature, and in 2008 Switzerland closed the case and released Zardari's frozen assets. The chief prosecutor said he had no evidence to bring Zardari to trial.[16]

When Bhutto returned to office in 1993, Zardari was released from jail and became a government minister. In 1996, after a change of government, Zardari was again arrested. From 1997 to 2004, Zardari was kept in jail on various corruption charges and accusations of murder.[17] Pakistani investigators accused Zardari and his wife Benazir for embezzling as much as US$1.5 billion from government accounts.[18] He was also accused of allegedly plotting the murder of Murtaza Bhutto, the brother of his wife Benazir Bhutto. He was later cleared.[14] Another allegation involved an estate in Surrey which Pakistani press speculated was purchased by Zardari.[19][20] Zardari was similarly accused of purchasing 307 acres of land in Islamabad at "below the prevailing market price" in 1994 through an intermediary. In March 2009, a company owned by Zardari and his son Bilawal purchased the land for Rs 62 million. The Capital Development Authority (CDA) valued adjacent land at Rs 850,000 per kanal (Rs 6.8 million per acre); if the 307 acres of land were valued on a similar rate, it would be valued around Rs 2 billion.[21] Zardari's financial history was one case study in a 1999 US Senate report on various vulnerabilities in banking procedures.[22]

A New York psychiatrist found in March 2007 that Zardari's time in jail left him with memory impairments. Zardari claims to have been tortured.[23] When Zardari stood for the Pakistani presidency in 2008, the Pakistani Ambassador to the United States, Husain Haqqani, said that Zardari had no current mental condition requiring psychiatric help or medication.[24][25]

In October 2007, the president of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf, issued the National Reconciliation Ordinance which granted amnesty to politicians in office from 1986 to 1999.[26]

Co-chairman of the PPP

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Benazir Bhutto was assassinated on 27 December 2007, shortly after returning to Pakistan from exile. On 30 December 2007, Asif Ali Zardari became the co-chairman of the PPP, along with his son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, who is currently studying at Oxford. Bilawal is intended to fully assume the post when he completes his education.

After the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, Zardari reaffirmed his lack of interest in the prime ministership.[27][28] Chairman Zardari and Mian Nawaz Sharif, leader of the PML-N, along with some smaller political parties, joined forces in an electoral coalition that won a heavy majority in the elections and unseated Musharraf's ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Q (PML-Q). After the election, he called for a government of national unity, and divided cabinet portfolios among coalition partners on proportionate basis.[29] Asif Ali Zardari and former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said on 21 February 2008 that their parties would work together in the national parliament after scoring big wins in the election.[30]

On 5 March 2008, Zardari was cleared of five corruption charges as part of a court ruling which "abolished the cases against all public office holders" under the National Reconciliation Ordinance.[26] He had another trial on the remaining charges on 14 April 2008, when he was cleared under the same NRO.[31][32]

On 19 April 2008, Zardari announced in a press conference in London that he and his sister, Faryal Talpur, would participate in the by-elections taking place on 3 June and that, if necessary, he would contest to become the country's next Prime Minister, even though his party voted by a 2/3 majority[33] to announce that Yousaf Raza Gillani would be the PM for a five year term.

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Presidential candidacy

Zardari, in alliance with Nawaz Sharif, was preparing to impeach president Pervez Musharraf, and a charge-sheet and draft of impeachment had already been prepared, when Musharraf, in accordance with his advisors, resigned from the presidency on 18 August 2008. Chairman Zardari was confirmed by the Central Executive Committee of the PPP as well as endorsed by the rival ethnic party MQM as candidate for the post of President of Pakistan.[34] There was nevertheless strong disagreement among the current coalition partners, and Nawaz Sharif's PML-N party was threatening to leave the coalition as a result.[35] According to the Constitution, elections must be held within 30 days of the previous president stepping down. The electoral college is composed of the Senate, the National Assembly, and the four provincial assemblies.

Pakistan's Election Commission on 22 August announced that a presidential election would be held on 6 September, and the nomination papers could be filed from 26 August.[35][36]

The New York Times reported that Zalmay Khalilzad, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, had been unofficially advising Asif Ali Zardari.[37] Khalilzad, an Afghan native, had been rumored to be flirting with the possibility of returning home to challenge President Hamid Karzai when his first term expired in 2009.

President of Pakistan

Zardari was elected president of Pakistan, as Chief election commissioner Qazi Mohammad Farooq announced that "Asif Ali Zardari secured 281 votes out of the 426 valid votes polled in the parliament," In Sindh, Zardari had 62 of the 65 electoral votes while his two main opponents got zero votes; in North West Frontier Province Zardari got 56 votes against 5 by Siddiqui and one by Hussain; in Balochistan, 59 votes while Siddiqui and Hussain got 2 each. However, Zardari did not win the majority in the nation's biggest province, Punjab, where the PML-N's Siddiqui got a clear majority.[38] BBC reported that Zardari "won 481 votes, far more than the 352 votes that would have guaranteed him victory."[39] New York Times said that Zardari would be sworn in "as soon as Saturday night or as late as Monday or Tuesday, diplomats and officials said."[40]

Zardari was challenged by Justice (Retired) Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui, a former judge nominated by Nawaz Sharif's PML-N, and Mushahid Hussain Sayed, who was nominated by the PML-Q, which backed Musharraf. According to the Constitution of 1973 presently in vogue (but declared for major amendments by Zardari) the President of Pakistan, who must be a Muslim, is elected by an electoral college composed of members of the two houses of parliament - the 342 seat lower house National Assembly and the 100 member upper house Senate, as well as members of the four provincial assemblies - Sindh, Punjab, North West Frontier and Balochistan. The assemblies have total of 1170 seats, but the number of electoral college votes is 702 since provincial assembly votes are counted on a proportional basis. The new president, who obtains the largest number of votes, will serve for five years as Pakistan's 11th president since 1956, when the country became an Islamic Republic, excluding acting presidents and CMLAs during times of military rule.[41][42] Voting was in progress at the Parliament House, while the Senate members finished casting their votes.[43]

Zardari was sworn in by Chief Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar in a ceremony at the presidential palace on September 9, 2008.[44] He addressed the parliament for the first time on September 20, 2008, but the event was overshadowed by the suicide bomb blast which destroyed the Marriott Hotel, Islamabad. Although Asif Ali Zardari was elected constitutionally, he was administered the oath of office by Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar who took oath as Chief Justice of Pakistan under the Provisional Constitutional Order.[45] Earlier, a supreme court ruling by a 7-member bench of the SC had overturned the PCO. The ruling by the 7-member bench stated:[46] "Appointment of the chief justice or judges of the Supreme Court or chief justices of the high courts under the new PCO would be unlawful and without jurisdiction."[47]

Shafqat Mahmood, a former associate of Ms Bhutto, has said: "Mr Zardari has an image problem, because of a lingering reputation of corruption, despite not having been convicted of any wrongdoing. He will need to change this image.”[48]

Constitutional reform

In 2009, President Zardari told the Central Executive Committee (CEC) of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) that he wished to repeal the Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan Article 58 2(b) of the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan to limit the powers of the President of Pakistan that had been expanded by previous administrations.[49] Zardari ceded several of his most important powers, including the chairmanship of the agency that oversees Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, to Prime Minister Gillani.

Relationships with world leaders

Zardari (right) with president Barack Obama (center) and president Hamid Karzai (left) during a US-Afghan-Pakistan Trilateral meeting

Zardari picked China for first state visit after being elected in September 2008. He went to the United States to attend the U.N. General Assembly on 25 September 2008 and 25 September 2009 respectively, and gave his trademark speech with a framed picture of his assassinated wife, the late Benazir Bhutto nearby to remind the world that he's her husband.[50][51] Chinese President Hu Jintao has pledged to work with Zardari to build a stronger political and economic partnership between the two countries.[52]

On September 24, 2008 while in the United States, Zardari met the U.S Republican Party's Vice Presidential candidate, Sarah Palin. His tongue-in-cheek comments to Palin, while shaking hands, that "I might hug you", created controversy and was the cause for a (non-violent) 'fatwa' against him because his "praise of a non-Muslim lady wearing a short skirt" was un-Islamic.[53]

Zardari met with U.S. President Barack Obama and Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai at the White House in May 2009 to discuss security issues in the region.[54]

Upon the re-election of Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Asif Ali Zardari phoned Dr. Singh and offered his congratulations and an offer to work with the Indian government to address challenges in the region.[55]

In October 2009, he met with Pope Benedict XVI in order to discuss the situation of Pakistani Christians in context of blasphemy law.[56]

References

  1. ^ a b South Asia Profile: Asif Ali Zardari. 6 September 2008. BBC News. Accessed 2009-03-02.
  2. ^ The Martyrdom of Benazir Bhutto
  3. ^ Vali Nasr The Shia Revival: How Conflicts Within Islam Will Shape the Future (W. W. Norton, 2006), pp. 88-90 ISBN 0-3933-2968-2
  4. ^ http://www.daily.pk/president-asif-ali-zardari-2nd-most-richest-man-of-pakistan-6666/
  5. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1998/01/09/world/house-graft-tracing-bhutto-millions-special-report-bhutto-clan-leaves-trail.html
  6. ^ a b President Asif Ali Zardari. gov.pk. Accessed 2009-06-06.
  7. ^ "For the Night of 30 December 2007". AFCEA International. http://nightwatch.afcea.org/NightWatch_20071230.htm. Retrieved 23 November 2009. 
  8. ^ http://jang.com.pk/thenews/feb2008-weekly/nos-17-02-2008/instep/mainissue.htm
  9. ^ a b Peter Wonacott (September 5, 2008). Zardari Set to Assume Pakistan's Presidency. Wall Street Journal. Accessed 2009-12-22.
  10. ^ "Zardari education background a mystery". http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2008/03/21/Zardari_education_background_a_mystery/UPI-93891206120117/. 
  11. ^ "Zardari a London graduate: PPP". http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008\03\12\story_12-3-2008_pg7_17. 
  12. ^ Wilkinson, Isambard (21 Jul 2009). "Pakistan president Asif Zardari bans jokes ridiculing him". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/5878525/Pakistan-president-Asif-Zardari-bans-jokes-ridiculing-him.html. Retrieved 2009-07-22. 
  13. ^ Isambard Wilkinson (September 4, 2008). Profile: Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistan's probable next president, is living the dream. The Telegraph. Accessed 2009-06-06.
  14. ^ a b Profile: Pakistan: leaders. (May 7, 2009). BBC. Accessed 2009-06-06.
  15. ^ Fasih Ahmed and Ron Moreau (August 20, 2008). Zardari on the Hot Seat. Newsweek. Accessed 2009-06-06.
  16. ^ "Swiss close case against Zardari; $60 mln unfrozen". August 26, 2008. http://www.reuters.com/article/marketsNews/idUSLQ17107020080826. Retrieved June 13, 2009. 
  17. ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/02/2008525184051439106.html
  18. ^ http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/z/asif_ali_zardari/index.html
  19. ^ Alastair Lawson (December 10, 1999). 'Surrey Palace' saga for Benazir. BBC. Accessed 2009-06-06.
  20. ^ "House of graft: tracing the Bhutto millions". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/01/09/world/house-graft-tracing-bhutto-millions-special-report-bhutto-clan-leaves-trail.html. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  21. ^ Ansar Abbasi (November 3, 2009). Zardari and Bilawal buy 300 acres of land in Islamabad
  22. ^ Minority staff report for permanent subcommittee on investigations hearing on private banking and money laundering: a case study of opportunities and vulnerabilities (November 9, 1999) senate.gov. Accessed 2009-06-06.
  23. ^ Pakistan presidential candidate Asif Ali Zardari 'suffering from severe mental problems' (August 26, 2008). Telegraph. Accessed 2009-02-10.
  24. ^ Andrew Buncombe and Omar Waraich (August 26, 2008). Questions raised over Zardari mental health. The Independent. Accessed 2009-02-20.
  25. ^ Haqqani says Zardari has no current mental condition (September 2, 2008). The Nation. Accessed 2009-02-20.
  26. ^ a b Mudassir Raja (March 6, 2008). Asif Ali Zardari cleared in five corruption cases. dawn.com. Accessed 2009-06-06.
  27. ^ Asif Ali Zardari does not desire Prime Minister office Top News
  28. ^ Channelnewsasia.com
  29. ^ "Bhutto's widower calls for unity". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/02/20/pakistan/index.html. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  30. ^ "Pakistan leaders agree on coalition", CNN.com, 21 February 2008.
  31. ^ Asif emerges as 'Mr Clean' after acquittal in last case
  32. ^ "Zardari plea to end NRO cases adjourned until 16th". Daily Times, Pakistan. 30 August 2008. http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C08%5C30%5Cstory_30-8-2008_pg7_35. 
  33. ^ http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoId=90269&videoChannel=1&refresh=true
  34. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7575958.stm
  35. ^ a b radionetherlands.nl, Pakistan to choose president on 6 September
  36. ^ Asif Ali Zardari was elected President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 6 September 2008 after receiving 66% votes. timesofindia.indiatimes.com, Pakistan presidential poll on September 6
  37. ^ U.N. Envoy's Ties to Pakistani Are Questioned
  38. ^ afp.google.com, Zardari wins Pakistan presidential election: officials
  39. ^ news.bbc.co.uk, Bhutto's widower wins presidency
  40. ^ "Bhutto’s Widower Wins Pakistani Presidency". The New York Times (New York, NY: The New York Times Company). 2008-09-06. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/07/world/asia/07zardari.html?hp. Retrieved 2008-09-10. 
  41. ^ timesofindia.indiatimes.com, Zardari front-runner
  42. ^ afp.google.com, Bhutto's widower set to become Pakistan president
  43. ^ thenews.com.pk, Presidential election polling completed in Senate, underway in assemblies
  44. ^ Jane Perlez, "Bhutto's widower takes office in Pakistan", International Herald Tribune, 9 September 2008.
  45. ^ http://www.dawn.com/2007/11/04/top3.htm
  46. ^ http://www.dawn.com/2007/11/04/top2.htm
  47. ^ http://www.thenews.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=17208
  48. ^ Zahid Hussain (September 6, 2008). "From jail to high office: the strange journey of Asif Ali Zardari". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article4687053.ece. Retrieved 2008-09-15. 
  49. ^ Ghuman, Zulfiqar (2009-07-07). "Zardari for repeal of 17th Amend, 58(2b)". http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2009%5C07%5C07%5Cstory_7-7-2009_pg1_5. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  50. ^ http://www.presstv.ir/detail.aspx?id=70583&sectionid=351020401
  51. ^ http://news.rediff.com/report/2009/sep/26/i-am-following-benazirs-path-says-zardari.htm
  52. ^ "Zardari, Hu Jintao discuss bilateral relations". February 24, 2009. http://www.geo.tv/2-24-2009/35859.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  53. ^ Saltonstall, David (2008-10-02). "Pakistan president Asif Ali Zardari". Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/2008/10/02/2008-10-02_pakistan_president_asif_ali_zardari_subj.html. Retrieved 2008-10-07. 
  54. ^ "Obama, Karzai, Zardari Meet". May 14, 2009. http://www.voanews.com/uspolicy/2009-05-14-voa4.cfm. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  55. ^ Deng Shasha (May 22, 2009). "Pakistani leaders vow to work with new Indian gov't". http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-05/22/content_11420690.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  56. ^ Interfaith harmony

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Muhammad Mian Soomro
Acting
President of Pakistan
2008 – present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Benazir Bhutto
Co-chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party
2007 – present
With Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
Incumbent

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Asif Ali Zardari (Urdu, Sindhi, Balochi: آصف علی زرداری) (born 1955-07-26) is the 11th and current President of Pakistan. Zardari, who is co-chairman of the PPP and serves the party with his son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, assumed office on September 9, 2008. He is also the widower of assasinated Pakistani politician, Benazir Bhutto.

Sourced

  • Journalists are bigger terrorists than terrorists themselves.
    • Zardari's frustration on Pakistani media during an address to businessmen from NWFP, Islamabad 2009-01-20.

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