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Asparagus racemosus: Wikis

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Satavar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Asparagus
Species: A. racemosus
Binomial name
Asparagus racemosus
Willd.[1]
Synonyms

Asparagus racemosus (Satavar, Shatavari, or Shatamull) is a creeper, 1 to 2 meters tall, that is common throughout India and the Himalayas. It prefers to take root in gravelly, rocky soils, high up in piedmont plains (1,300 - 1,400 meters elev.).[2][3] It was botanically described in 1799.[1]

Contents

Leaves, flowers and fruits

Satavar has odd little pine-needle-like leaves that are uniform, and shiny green. In July it has minute, white flowers on short, spiky stems, and in September it fruits blackish-purple, globular berries.[3]

Roots and Ayurveda

It has an adventitious root system with tuberous roots that measure about 1 meter in length, tapering at both ends, and may, for each plant number roughly a hundred.[3]

The roots are used in Ayurvedic medicine, following a regimen of processing and drying, with the name of Shatavari. It is used as an anodyne, aphrodisiac and galactogogue.

Shatavari is considered to be the main Ayurvedic rejuvenating female tonic for overall health and vitality. The reputed adaptogenic effects of Shatavari may be attributed to its concentrations of saponins, known as Shatavarins. In Sanskrit, Shatavari means "she who possesses a hundred husbands."

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Asparagus racemosus information from NPGS/GRIN". Germplasm Resources Information Network. USDA. August 6, 2002. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?5540. Retrieved April 25, 2009.  
  2. ^ Robert Freeman (February 26, 1998.). "LILIACEAE - Famine Foods". Center for New Crops and Plant Products, Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture. Purdue University. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/faminefoods/ff_families/liliaceae.html. Retrieved April 25, 2009.  
  3. ^ a b c "Asparagus racemosa". http://www.herbalcureindia.com/herbs/asparagus-racemosus.htm. Retrieved April 25, 2009.  

External links

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