Association of Tennis Professionals: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Association of Tennis Professionals

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Association of Tennis Professionals
ATP
ATP World Tour.png
Sport Professional Tennis
Formation date 1972
Location London
Monaco
Ponte Vedra Beach
Sydney
Chairman Adam Helfant
Chief Exec Brad Drewett
Official website
www.atpworldtour.com
Old logo

The Association of Tennis Professionals or ATP was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional tennis players. Since 1990, the association has organized the principal worldwide tennis tour for men, the ATP Tour, which was renamed in January 2009 and is now known as the ATP World Tour. It is an evolution of the tour competitions previously known as World Championship Tennis. The ATP's Executive Offices are in London, England. ATP Americas is based in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, USA; ATP Europe is headquartered in Monaco; and ATP International, which covers Africa, Asia and Australasia, is based in Sydney, Australia.

The counterpart organization in the women's professional game is the Women's Tennis Association.

Contents

History

Started in 1972 by several players, it was first managed by Jack Kramer and Cliff Drysdale.[1] The organisation was integral in creating professional players' rankings which started the following year and continues to this day. From 1974 to 1989, the men's circuit was administered by a sub-committee called the Men's Tennis Council. It was made up of representatives of the International Tennis Federation (ITF), the ATP, and tournament directors from around the world.

The ATP requested and got the Men's International Pro Tennis Council (MIPTC) to introduce a drug testing rule, making tennis the first professional sport to institute a workable and well-designed drug-testing program.

But the tour was still run by the tournament directors. The lack of player representation culminated in a player mutiny in 1988 changing the entire structure of the tour. CEO Hamilton Jordan is credited with the now infamous "Parking Lot Press Conference" resulting in their own ATP Tour.[1][2][3] This re-organisation also ended a lawsuit with Volvo and Donald Dell.[4]

By 1991, the men had their first television package to broadcast 19 tournaments to the world.[1] Coming on-line with their first website in 1995, was quickly followed by a multi-year agreement with Mercedes-Benz.

Lawsuits in 2008, around virtually the same issues, resulted in a restructured tour.[5]

ATP Tour

The ATP Tour comprises Grand Slams, ATP World Tour Masters 1000, ATP World Tour 500 series, ATP World Tour 250 series, ATP Challenger Series, and Futures tournaments. The ATP tour also oversees the World Team Cup, played in Düsseldorf in May, and the ATP Champions Tour for seniors.

Players and doubles teams with most ranking points (collected during the calendar year) play in the season-ending Tennis Masters Cup, which is run jointly with ITF. The week-long introductory level Futures tournaments are ITF events and they count towards ATP Entry Ranking. The four-week ITF Satellite tournaments were discontinued in 2007. Grand Slam tournaments are overseen by the ITF and they count towards the players' ATP rankings. The details of the professional tennis tour are:

Event category Number Total prize money (USD) Winner's ranking points Governing body
Grand Slams 4 See individual articles 2,000 ITF
ATP World Tour Finals 1 4,450,000 1100-1500 ATP & ITF
ATP World Tour Masters 1000 9 2,450,000 to 3,645,000 1000 ATP
ATP World Tour 500 series 11 755,000 to 2,100,000 500 ATP
ATP World Tour 250 series 40 416,000 to 1,024,000 250 ATP
ATP World Team Cup 1 1,750,000 - ATP
ATP Challenger Series 178 35,000 to 150,000 75 to 125 ATP
Futures 534 10,000 and 15,000 17 to 33 ITF

2009 changes

ATP World Tour tournaments in 2009 are classified as ATP World Tour Masters 1000, ATP World Tour 500, and ATP World Tour 250. Broadly speaking the Masters Series tournaments became the new Masters 1000 level and the international series (gold) events became 500 level and 250 level events.

The Masters 1000 includes tournaments at Indian Wells, Miami, Monte Carlo, Rome, Madrid, Toronto/Montreal, Cincinnati, Shanghai and Paris. The end-of-year event, the Tour Finals, moved to London. Hamburg has been displaced by the new clay court event at Madrid, which is a new combined men's and women's tournament. From 2011, Rome and Cincinnati will also be combined tournaments. Severe sanctions will be placed on top players skipping the Masters 1000 series events, unless medical proof is presented.[6] Plans to eliminate Monte Carlo and Hamburg as Masters Series events led to controversy and protests from players as well as organisers. Hamburg and Monte Carlo filed lawsuits against the ATP,[7] and as a concession it was decided that Monte Carlo remains a Masters 1000 level event, with more prize money and 1000 ranking points, but it would no longer be a compulsory tournament for top-ranked players. Monte Carlo later dropped its suit. Hamburg was "reserved" to become a 500 level event in the summer.[8] Hamburg did not accept this concession, but later lost its suit.[9].

The 500 level includes tournaments at Rotterdam, Dubai, Acapulco, Memphis, Barcelona, Hamburg, Washington, Beijing, Tokyo, Basel and Valencia.

The ATP & ITF have declared that 2009 Davis Cup World Group and World Group Playoffs award a total of up to 500 points. Players accumulate points over the 4 rounds and the playoffs and these are counted as one of a player's four best results from the 500 level events. An additional 125 points are given to a player who wins all 8 live rubbers and wins the Davis Cup. [10]

Otherwise, the domain name of their website was changed to "www.atpworldtour.com".[11]

Rankings

ATP publishes weekly rankings of professional players, ATP Entry Ranking, a 52-week rolling ranking and until 2009, the ATP Race, a year to date ranking. The Entry Ranking is used for determining qualification for entry and seeding in all tournaments for both singles and doubles. Within the Entry Ranking period consisting of the past 52 weeks, points are accumulated, with the exception of those for the Tennis Masters Cup, whose points are dropped following the last ATP event of the year. The player with the most points by season's end is the World Number 1 of the year. At the start of the 2009 season, all accumulated ranking points have been doubled to bring them in line with the new tournament ranking system.

ATP Race was an annual race from season start to season end but was discontinued beginning in 2009[12]. Every player would start collecting points from the beginning of the season. At the end of the season, the ATP Race determined which players and teams (first eight for singles and first four for doubles) can compete in the Tennis Masters Cup, now called the World Tour Finals.

Advertisements

Current Rankings

as of March 08, 2010 [13]
# Player Points Prev Move
1  Roger Federer (SUI) 11350 1 =
2  Novak Djokovic (SRB) 8310 2 =
3  Rafael Nadal (ESP) 7440 3 =
4  Andy Murray (GBR) 7255 4 =
5  Juan Martín del Potro (ARG) 6275 5 =
6  Nikolay Davydenko (RUS) 5290 6 =
7  Robin Söderling (SWE) 3905 7 =
8  Andy Roddick (USA) 3720 8 =
9  Marin Čilić (CRO) 2970 9 =
10  Fernando González (CHI) 2890 10 =
11  Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (FRA) 2870 11 =
12  Fernando Verdasco (ESP) 2860 12 =
13  Mikhail Youzhny (RUS) 2235 13 =
14  Juan Carlos Ferrero (ESP) 2220 14 =
15  Gaël Monfils (FRA) 2130 15 =
16  David Ferrer (ESP) 2125 16 =
17  Radek Štěpánek (CZE) 1985 17 =
18  Tommy Haas (GER) 1830 18 =
19  Stanislas Wawrinka (SUI) 1765 19 =
20  John Isner (USA) 1720 20 =

Staff

Adam Helfant is the current Executive Chairman and President of ATP with Mark Young as the CEO of Americas. Laurent Delanney is the CEO of Europe while Brad Drewett heads as CEO of the International group.

The 7-member ATP Board of Directors includes Adam Helfant along with tournament representatives, Gavin Forbes, Mark Webster and Graham Pearce. It also includes three player representatives with two-year terms, Giorgio di Palermo as the European representative, David Edges as the International representative and Justin Gimelstob as the Americas representative. The player representatives are elected by the ATP Player Council.

The 10-member ATP Player Council delivers advisory decisions to the Board of Directors, which has the power to accept or reject the Council's suggestions. The Council consists of four players who are ranked within top 50 in singles (Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal, Novak Djokovic and Fernando Gonzalez)[14], two players who are ranked between 51 and 100 in singles (Peter Luczak and Michael Berrer), two top 100 players in doubles (Yves Allegro and Eric Butorac) and two at-large members (David Martin and Ashley Fisher).

See also

References

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message