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Asteria and Phoebe on the Pergamon Altar.

In Greek mythology, Asteria (Greek: αστερια, "star") was a name attributed to five individuals:

Contents

Amazon

Asteria was the sixth Amazon killed by Heracles when he came for Hippolyte's girdle.[citation needed]

Daughter of Coeus

Asteria was the daughter of the titans Coeus and Phoebe and sister of Leto.[1] According to Hesiod, by Perses she had a daughter Hecate.

The Titan goddess of oracles, prophetic dreams, astrology and necromancy, Asteria flung herself into the Aegean Sea in the form of a quail in order to escape the advances of Zeus. She became the island of the same name. Later, the island Asteria was identified with Delos, which was the only piece of earth to give refuge to the fugitive Leto when, pregnant with Zeus's children, she was pursued by vengeful Hera.[2]

According to a lost poem of Eudoxus of Cnidus (c. 355 BCE)[3] by Zeus she became the mother of the Heracles in the form in which Hellenes thought they recognized him (by interpretatio graeca) as he was worshipped among Phoenicians at Tyre.

Heliades

Asteria or Astris was one of the Heliades, daughters of Helios, either by the Oceanid Clymene or the Oceanid Ceto. She married the river god Hydaspes (the modern Jhelum River) and became mother of Deriades, king in India.

Danaid

Asteria was one of the Danaids, daughters of Danaus who, with one exception, murdered their husbands on their weddings nights. She was, briefly, the bride of Chaetus.

Alkyonides

Asteria was one of the Alkyonides. Along with her sisters, she flung herself into the sea and was transformed into a kingfisher.

References

  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony, 404ff.
  2. ^ Theoi Project - Titanis Asteria
  3. ^ Athenaeus (392d) summarizes the lost poetical narrative of Eudoxus, telling how Heracles the son of Zeus by Asteria was killed by Typhon in Libya.

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ASTERIA, or Star-Stone (from Gr. a6Tip, star), a name applied to such ornamental stones as exhibit when cut en cabochon a luminous star. The typical asteria is the starsapphire, generally a bluish-grey corundum, milky or opalescent, with a star of six rays. (See Sapphire.) In red corundum the stellate reflexion is less common, and hence the star-ruby occasionally found with the star-sapphire in Ceylon is among the most valued of "fancy stones." When the radiation is shown by yellow corundum, the stone is called star-topaz. Cymophane, or chatoyant chrysoberyl, may also be asteriated. In all these cases the asterism is due to the reflexion of light from twinlamellae or from fine tubular cavities or thin enclosures definitely arranged in the stone. The astrion of Pliny is believed to have been our moonstone, since it is described as a colourless stone from India having within it the appearance of a star shining with the light of the moon. All star-stones were formerly regarded with much superstition.


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