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Athīr al-Dīn Mufaḍḍal b. ʿUmar Abharī (d. 663/1264, according to Barhebraeus in 1262) was a Persian philosopher, astronomer and mathematician from the city of Abhar in Persia. His works include

  • Kitāb al-Hidāyah (Guide on Philosophy): a book dealing with a complete cycle of Hikmat, i.e., logic, natural philosophy, and metaphysics.
  • Isāghūjī fi al-Manṭiq (Commentary on Porphyry's Isagoge): a treatise on logic which was still used as a textbook in the modern Islamic world.
  • Five works on astronomy.
  • He also made notable contributions to theoretical geometry.

His works were translated into Hebrew and Latin and his influence is evident in Western treatises of late medieval and Renaissance times.


Brockelmann, C. "al- Abharī , At̲h̲īr al-Dīn Mufaḍḍal b. ʿUmar." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Edited by: P. Bearman , Th. Bianquis , C.E. Bosworth , E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill, 2008. Brill Online. UNIVERSITEITSBIBLIOTHEEK LEIDEN. 20 February 2008

Further reading

  • Calverley, Edwin E. (1933). "Al-Abharī's "Isāghūjī fi l-Manṭiq"". Macdonald.  


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