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Athboy
Baile Átha Buí
Location
Location of Athboy
centerMap highlighting Athboy
Irish grid reference
N800567
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County: County Meath
Elevation: 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Town:
 - Environs:

  6,447
  5,447

Athboy (Irish: Baile Átha Buí, meaning "The Yellow Ford"), is a small agricultural town in County Meath in Ireland. It is located on the junction of the N51 and R154 roads. The town is located on the Yellow Ford River, in wooded country near the County Westmeath border.

Contents

History

Athboy, history pocket park
History written in stone
  • In medieval times it was a walled stronghold of the Pale. Owen Roe O'Neill took it in 1643, and six years later Oliver Cromwell camped his army on the Hill of Ward nearby. Also known as Tlachtga, the Hill of Ward was the location for the pagan feast of Samhain, the precursor of modern day Halloween.
  • The tower of St James, Church of Ireland is a remnant of a 14th century Carmelite priory. Behind the church are the remains of the town walls. The church boasts an interesting medieval table top.[6]
  • In 1694, the town's 'lands and commons' and several other denominations of land were erected into a manor and granted to Thomas Bligh, MP for Athboy, who had earlier purchased almost 12 km² (3000 acres) in the area of Athboy. His son, John, was created "Earl of Darnley" in 1725 and the Blighs (Earls of Darnley) were landlords of all but six of the 27 townlands in the parish of Athboy throughout the 18th and 19th centuries.

Transport

Athboy railway station opened on 26 February 1864, but was closed to passenger traffic on 27 January 1947 and finally closed on 1 September 1954.[7]

References

  1. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  2. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  3. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  4. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". in Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  5. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November), "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850", The Economic History Review Volume 37 (Issue 4): 473–488, doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x, http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120035880/abstract 
  6. ^ Meath Heritage information brochure
  7. ^ "Athboy station". Railscot - Irish Railways. http://www.railscot.co.uk/Ireland/Irish_railways.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  • Noel E French, A short history of Rathmore and Athboy (1995). Beryl F E Moore, 'Tombs in Athboy Graveyard', Irish Ancestor, vol 13 (1981), pp. 123–24.

External links

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