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Athrwys ap Meurig
King of Ergyng
Reign c. 645 - c. 655
Born c. 618
Died c. 655
Predecessor Gwrgan Fawr
Successor (none of the same title)
Father Meurig ap Tewdrig

Athrwys (sometimes misspelled as Arthwys) was a Prince, possibly a King, from Gwent in Wales, who is generally accepted as having lived in the early 7th century.

Contents

Lineage

Athrwys (spelled Andres or Andrus [for Archaic Welsh *Antres] in the early medieval Latin Life of Saint Cadoc[1]) was the son of Meurig ap Tewdrig, a King of Gwent (and probably Glywysing, now known as Glamorgan) by his wife, Onbrawst, or Onbraus the daughter of Gwrgan Fawr, King of Ergyng (Western Herefordshire).

His family relationships are recorded in a number of Old Welsh pedigrees, as well the Book of Llandaff. From her study of the Llandaff Charters in this manuscript, Prof. Wendy Davies has concluded that Athrwys predeceased his father around 655 and never actually ruled in Gwent.

His son was Morgan ab Athrwys or Morgan Mwynfawr 'Morgan the Benefactor' in the Welsh language. Morgan was King of Morgannwg, or Gwent and Glywysing, land as far west as the River Towy and also encompassing land beyond the River Wye, into the old Kingdom of Ergyng, South Herefordshire.

He was in turn succeeded by his son Ithel.

Arthurian connection

See also: Historical basis for King Arthur: Athrwys ap Meurig

Due to the linguistic similarity of their names, it has been suggested that Arthwys had some connection with King Arthur, or was even the historical basis for the legendary king. However, the identification has been challenged on sound linguistic grounds by most of those who have examined the names.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ Sims-Williams, Patrick, The Emergence of Old Welsh, Cornish and Breton Orthography, 600-800: the evidence of Archaic Old Welsh", Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, V. 38, 1991, p. 52
  2. ^ Bartrum, p. 136 }}

References

  • Bartrum, Peter C (1993). A Welsh Classical Dictionary. Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales. p. 136.  
  • Davies, Wendy. (1979). The Llandaff Charters.
  • Williams, David. (1796). The History of Monmouthshire.
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