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Atlantic, Iowa
—  City  —
Motto: Coca-Cola Capital of Iowa
Location of Atlantic, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°24′5″N 95°0′39″W / 41.40139°N 95.01083°W / 41.40139; -95.01083Coordinates: 41°24′5″N 95°0′39″W / 41.40139°N 95.01083°W / 41.40139; -95.01083
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Cass
Area
 - Total 8.2 sq mi (21.2 km2)
 - Land 8.1 sq mi (21.1 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,211 ft (369 m)
Population (2000) 7,257
 - Total 7,257
 Density 890.4/sq mi (343.8/km2)
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Zip Code 50022
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-03520
GNIS feature ID 0454275
Website http://www.atlanticiowa.com

Atlantic is a city in Cass County, Iowa, United States, along the East Nishnabotna River. The population was 7,257 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Atlantic is located at 41°24′5″N 95°0′39″W / 41.40139°N 95.01083°W / 41.40139; -95.01083 (41.401404, -95.010867).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.2 square miles (21.2 km²), of which, 8.1 square miles (21.1 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.37%) is water.

Demographics

Atlantic Historical Population
Year Pop.  %±
1870 1,200
1880 3,662 205.2%
1890 4,351 18.8%
1900 5,046 16.0%
1910 4,560 −9.6%
1920 5,329 16.9%
1930 5,585 4.8%
1940 5,802 3.9%
1950 6,480 11.7%
1960 6,890 6.3%
1970 7,306 6.0%
1980 7,789 6.6%
1990 7,432 −4.6%
2000 7,257 −2.4%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. 

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 7,257 people, 3,126 households, and 1,969 families residing in the city. The population density was 890.4 people per square mile (343.8/km²). There were 3,354 housing units at an average density of 411.5/sq mi (158.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.65% White, 0.25% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 3,126 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,370, and the median income for a family was $41,168. Males had a median income of $30,691 versus $20,271 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,832. About 6.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

Atlantic, Iowa is one of the smallest communities in Iowa to have a daily newspaper - The Atlantic News Telegraph. E.P. Chase of the newspaper was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing in 1934.

Atlantic is also home to three radio stations.

96.5 KSOM which features country music, Paul Harvey, Farm Reports, Local News, Iowa State Sports and Nascar.

KSWI 95.7 which features classic rock and Atlantic high school sports.

KJAN 1220AM which features an adult contemporary format.

Atlantic is also home to the China Hut, one of the only Chinese restaurants in the region.

History

Atlantic, Iowa Rock Island Depot
Gingery Log cabin, Atlantic, Iowa

Atlantic was founded in October 1868 by Franklin H. Whitney, B.F. Allen, John P. Cook, and others. While historians cannot agree how Atlantic got its name, local legend tells that the founding fathers estimated that the town was about halfway between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, so it led them to flip a coin and, clearly, Atlantic won. The nearby Rock Island Railroad was important in deciding the actual location of the town, and to this day, the old depot sits at the north end of Chestnut Street. Today, the old depot serves as the offices of the Chamber of Commerce.[3]

“A Link With the Past (Quote from the plaque in front of the cabin.)


This 14 by 18 foot log cabin was built by John Gingery in 1863 in what was called Five Mile Grove located two miles northeast of Atlantic. John left Stark County where he had been raised and has become a school teacher. He was twenty-six years old and arrived just as Cass County was being organized. He was hired by Cass County to do their clerical work in organizing the county.
John Gingery married Mary Hyatt of Audubon County, Iowa on April 28, 1866. Ten children were born to them and all were born in this log house except the tenth and youngest child. This cabin may also have been used as the first school house in Pymosa Township until 1868 when a separate school building was erected.
The cabin was on the Gripple farm northeast of Atlantic when the Atlantic Rotary Club became interested in preserving and restoring it as the club's Bi-Centennal project in 1976. The Rotarians and Boy Scout troop 60 dismantled the cabin and numbered each log for rebuilding purposes. The Atlantic Soroptomists furnished the cabin much as it was originally furnished. It was the hope of the Atlantic Rotary Club that this cabin would typify the early history in Cass County and in the State of Iowa.”[4]


Another story told about Atlantic is the way main street was located. Someone asked Whitney where it should be placed. He marked the center at current day 6th and Chestnut and then plowed two furrows a 100 feet (30 m) apart all the way up to the railroad, just north of Second Street.[3]

References

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b *Naming of Atlantic"
  4. ^ Quote from the plaque in front of the cabin.

External links

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Simple English

Atlantic, Iowa
—  City  —
Motto: Coca-Cola Capital of Iowa
Coordinates: 41°24′5″N 95°0′39″W / 41.40139°N 95.01083°W / 41.40139; -95.01083Coordinates: 41°24′5″N 95°0′39″W / 41.40139°N 95.01083°W / 41.40139; -95.01083
Country
State  Iowa
County Cass
Area
 - Total 8.2 sq mi (21.2 km2)
 - Land 8.1 sq mi (21.1 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,211 ft (369 m)
Population (2000) 7,257
 - Total 7,257
 Density 890.4/sq mi (343.8/km2)
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Zip Code 50022
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-03520
GNIS feature ID 0454275
Website http://www.atlanticiowa.com

Atlantic is a city of Iowa in the United States.


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