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     Atlantic Branch
Overview
Type Commuter rail
System Long Island Rail Road
Status Operational
Locale Western Long Island, New York, USA
Termini Atlantic Terminal
Valley Stream
Stations 8 passenger, 1 employee-only
Services      Atlantic Branch
(City Terminal Zone)

     Far Rockaway Branch

     Long Beach Branch
Operation
Opened 1836 (west of Jamaica)
1867 (east of Jamaica)
Owner Long Island Rail Road
Operator(s) Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Technical
Track gauge 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification Third rail

The Atlantic Branch is an electrified rail line owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. It runs from Downtown Brooklyn to Valley Stream. The two-track line is partly underground and partly elevated.

The section between Atlantic Terminal and Nostrand Avenue is underground. From there, the line remains elevated above Atlantic Avenue in the road's median to Ralph Avenue, where it descends underground once again.

At East New York, the line rises onto street level, and descends once more to Jamaica. Between East New York and Jamaica, there are remains of a closed station at Woodhaven Junction.

In Jamaica, the line heads to the street level, and passes through the Morris Park Facility, which includes an employee station and engine shops for the diesel engines that provide service deeper into the Island.

It heads southeast from Jamaica, ending at Valley Interlocking in Valley Stream.

The Atlantic Terminal saw completion in 2010 of $93 million in renovations, including a new entry pavilion.[1]

Contents

History

The current Atlantic Branch is the successor to two separate lines: the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad (opened 1836) along Atlantic Avenue from Flatbush Avenue to Jamaica, and the South Side Railroad of Long Island (opened 1867) from Jamaica to Valley Stream.

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Atlantic Terminal to Jamaica

The Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad opened the line from South Ferry to what is now 151st Street in Jamaica on April 18, 1836.

Initially, the line turned halfway between Classon and Franklin Avenues, running halfway between Herkimer Street and Schuyler Street (now Atlantic Avenue) along the line of the present Herkimer Place. It turned slightly to the southeast near Howard Avenue, crossing the centerline of Schuyler Street about one-third of the way between Hopkinson Avenue (Thomas Boyland Street) and Paca Avenue (Rockaway Avenue). It crossed into the town of New Lots just beyond Stone Avenue (Mother Gaston Boulevard).[2]

Jamaica to Valley Stream

The portion east of Jamaica was opened by the South Side Railroad of Long Island on October 28, 1867, as part of its initial line from Jamaica to Babylon. With the consolidation of the South Side into the Long Island Rail Road system in 1876, all passenger trains were rerouted to use the LIRR main line from Berlin Junction (west of Jamaica) to Rockaway Junction and the LIRR's Rockaway Branch to Springfield Junction, where it crossed the South Side. This change took effect Sunday, June 25, 1876, and resulted in the closure of the South Side's Berlin, Beaver Street (Jamaica), Locust Avenue, and Springfield stations.[3][4] This formed the current configuration, where the Montauk Branch follows this route, mostly ex-South Side, and the Atlantic Branch (then the Old Southern Road) uses the old South Side to Springfield Junction.

The line was soon reopened due to a lawsuit, but closed again by Austin Corbin as of January 6, 1881.[5]

Effective May 17, 1906, when an electrified third track opened alongside the Montauk Division from Springfield Junction to Valley Stream, the Old Southern Road and this new track became part of the Atlantic Division.[6]

Station listing

Only former stations that existed after the ca. 1905 improvement and electrification are listed in this table.

Station Station
link
Connections/notes
Atlantic Terminal Handicapped/disabled access [1] Subway: 2 3 4 5 at Atlantic Avenue,
D M N R at Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street,
B Q at Atlantic Avenue
Bus (New York City Transit Authority):B37, B41, B45, B63, B65, B67
Nostrand Avenue [2] Subway: A C at Nostrand Avenue
Bus (New York City Transit Authority): B25, B44, B65
East New York [3] Subway: L at Atlantic Avenue,
A C at Broadway Junction,
J Z at Broadway Junction
Bus (New York City Transit Authority): B12, B20, B25, B83, Q24, Q56
Warwick Street closed 1939
Autumn Avenue closed 1939
Union Course closed 1939
Woodhaven closed 1939
Woodhaven Junction closed 1977
Clarenceville closed 1939
Morris Park closed 1939
Boland's Landing N/A Employee only station
Dunton closed 1939
Jamaica Handicapped/disabled access [4] Subway: E J Z at Sutphin Boulevard/Archer Avenue
Bus (New York City Transit Authority and MTA Bus): Q6, Q8, Q9, Q20A/B, Q24, Q25 Q30, Q31, Q34, Q40, Q41, Q43, Q44, Q60, Q65
Airtrain JFK
South Street closed 1922
Cedar Manor closed 1959
Locust Manor [5] Bus (New York City Transit Authority): Q3 (to JFK Airport), Q85
Higbie Avenue closed 1960
Laurelton [6] Bus (New York City Transit Authority): Q85
Rosedale [7] Bus (New York City Transit Authority): Q5; Q85
Valley Stream Handicapped/disabled access [8] Bus (Long Island Bus): N1, N2, N3

Full list, including all former stations

Miles from Flatbush Name Location Opened Closed
South Ferry
Henry Street
Clinton Street
0.0[7] Flatbush Avenue July 2, 1877 present
Vanderbilt Avenue August 13, 1877[8]
Washington Avenue by late 1878[9]
Grand Avenue August 13, 1877[8] by late 1878[9]
1.22[10] Bedford
also called Franklin Avenue
east of Franklin Avenue by mid-1842[11]
1.57[10] Nostrand Avenue August 13, 1877[8] present
Brooklyn Avenue August 13, 1877[8]
Kingston Avenue
Albany Avenue August 13, 1877[8]
2.27[10] Troy Avenue August 13, 1877[8]
by mid-1890[12]
by late 1878[9]
Schenectady Avenue by late 1878[9]
2.56[10] Utica Avenue August 13, 1877[8]
by mid-1890[12]
by late 1878[9]
Rochester Avenue August 13, 1877[8]
Ralph Avenue August 13, 1877[8]
Saratoga Avenue
Hopkinson Avenue August 13, 1877[8] by late 1878[9]
Rockaway Avenue by late 1878[9]
Stone Avenue August 13, 1877[8] by late 1878[9]
3.97[10] East New York
earlier Manhattan Beach Railroad Crossing
by late 1878[9] present
4.10[10] Howard House
earlier East New York
Alabama Avenue by early 1843[13]
Pennsylvania Avenue
Wyckoff Avenue Wyona Street by late 1878[14]
Bradford Avenue mid-1899[10][15]
Van Siclen Avenue by late 1878[16]
4.8[7] or 4.9[17] Warwick Street August 29, 1905 November 1, 1939
5.02[10] Linwood Street
earlier Van Wicklens
by late 1878[9]
5.32[10] Norwood Avenue by mid-1890[12] November 5, 1915[18]
Cypress Avenue Crescent Street by mid-1853[19]
Cypress Hills west of Autumn Avenue by early 1849[20]
5.8[7] Autumn Avenue
earlier Railroad Avenue
April 28, 1905 November 1, 1939[21]
Adamsville west of Eldert Lane June 1872[22][23] November 1, 1876[24]
City Line
Unionville west of 80th Street
6.3[7] Union Course east of 80th Street by late 1842[25] November 1, 1939[26]
6.69[10] Woodhaven
earlier Woodville
east of 87th Street by mid-1848[27] November 1, 1939[28]
Trotting Course Lane 94th Street
7.19[10] Woodhaven Junction west of 100th Street by mid-1890[12] 1977
Chester Park 104th Street
7.79[10] Clarenceville 111th Street by late 1874[23] November 1, 1939[29]
Lefferts Avenue west of 119th Street by 1867 June 1870[30]
8.07[10] Morris Park west of 120th Street by mid-1890[12] November 1, 1939[31]
Morris Grove west of 124th Street
Boland's Landing 126th Street 1889
Berlin west of 130th Street
Berlin Junction ??
8.86[10] Dunton
originally Van Wyck Avenue, then Berlin
Van Wyck Avenue June 1869 November 1, 1939
9.6[7] Beaver Street
also called Jamaica--Beaver Street
east of Jamaica Station October 28, 1867 1913
South Street South Road November 15, 1917 June 1922
10.8[7] Cedar Manor
earlier Power Place
1906 1959
11.7[7] Locust Manor
earlier Locust Avenue
June 1869 Present
12.6[7] Higbie Avenue
earlier Springfield
140th Avenue[32] 1908 1960
Springfield Springfield Boulevard October 28, 1867 1906
13.1[7] Laurelton
earlier Central Avenue
224th Street April 1907 Present
13.8[7] Rosedale
earlier Foster's Meadow
Present
15.7[7] Valley Stream June 1869 Present

See also

References

  1. ^ Governor Tours Atlantic Avenue Terminal Improvement Project: $200 Million Project Underway at Terminal Complex in Brooklyn, press release dated July 11, 2002
  2. ^ Joseph Hutchins Colton, Map of the city of Brooklyn, 1849, NYPL Digital Image ID: 434722
  3. ^ Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part One: South Side R.R. of L.I., © 1961
  4. ^ "Railroad Changes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 2. June 27, 1876. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1876/06/27&Page=2&skin=BE. 
  5. ^ "Without Railroad Accommodation". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. February 22, 1881. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1881/02/22&Page=4&skin=BE. 
  6. ^ Employee timetable, May 17, 1906
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Employee timetable, May 17, 1906
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Steam Motors". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. August 12, 1877. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1877/08/12&Page=4&skin=BE. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Employee timetable, November 4, 1878
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Employee timetable, June 28, 1899
  11. ^ "Long Island Railroad". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 2. May 13, 1842. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1842/05/13&Page=2&skin=BE. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Employee timetable, June 24, 1890
  13. ^ "Long Island Railroad Co". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 3. March 4, 1843. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1843/03/04&Page=3&skin=BE. 
  14. ^ "Instructive". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. November 22, 1878. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1878/11/22&Page=4&skin=BE. 
  15. ^ Employee timetable, September 17, 1899
  16. ^ "Shocking". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. November 14, 1878. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1878/11/14&Page=4&skin=BE. 
  17. ^ Employee timetable, September 20, 1905
  18. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  19. ^ "Travel". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. June 16, 1853. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1853/06/16&Page=4&skin=BE. 
  20. ^ "The New Cemetery of the Cypress Hills". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 2. April 9, 1849. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1849/04/09&Page=2&skin=BE. 
  21. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  22. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  23. ^ a b Timetable, November 8, 1874
  24. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  25. ^ "Races, Union Course--Long Island Railroad". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 3. October 3, 1842. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1842/10/03&Page=3&skin=BE. 
  26. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  27. ^ Timetable, May 1, 1848
  28. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  29. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  30. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  31. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History
  32. ^ Street Name Changes in Queens, New York (SteveMorse.org)

External links


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