The Full Wiki

Attacks on the London Underground: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of deliberate attacks on the infrastructure, staff or passengers of the London Underground that have caused considerable damage, injury or death.

Contents

1885 Gower Street bombing

In January 1885 a bomb exploded on a Metropolitan Line train at Gower Street (now Euston Square) station.

1897 Aldersgate bombing

A bomb left by an anarchist group on a Metropolitan Railway train exploded at Aldersgate Street station (now Barbican) on 26 April 1897.[1] 60 people were injured, ten seriously, but the only fatality was Harry Pitts (born in 1861 in Devon) who died from his injuries. At the inquest into Pitts' death, the jury found that he had been killed "by a bomb, or some other explosive, maliciously placed in the carriage by some unknown person or persons". A verdict of "wilful murder" was recorded.[2]

1913 Westbourne Park bombing

In February 1913 a bomb - possibly planted by the Suffragettes - was discovered at Westbourne Park station.

IRA attacks

The Provisional Irish Republican Army, is an Irish Republican paramilitary organisation which, until the Belfast Agreement, sought to end Northern Ireland's status within the United Kingdom and bring about a United Ireland through armed force. On a number of occasions the group attacked the London Underground.

Advertisements

1939 attacks

Bombs planted by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) exploded in the left luggage offices at Tottenham Court Road and Leicester Square stations on 3 February 1939.

1973 IRA attacks

On 23 August 1973 a bomb was found in an abandoned bag in Baker Street station ticket hall. The bomb was defused. A week later another bomb was found by a member of staff at the same station and again was defused.

On 26 December 1973 a bomb was detonated in a telephone kiosk in the booking hall at Sloane Square station. Nobody was injured.

1976 IRA attacks

On 13 February a 20 pounds (9.1 kg) bomb was found in a small case at Oxford Circus station and was defused.[3]

On 15 March an IRA bomb exploded on a Metropolitan Line train at West Ham station, on the Hammersmith & City section of the line. The bomber, Vincent Donnelly, possibly took the wrong train and attempted to return to his destination. However, the bomb detonated prior to reaching the City of London area. Donnelly shot Peter Chalk, a Post Office engineer, and shot and killed the train's driver Julius Stephen who attempted to catch the perpetrator. Donnelly then shot himself, but was apprehended by police.[4]

On 16 March an empty train was severely damaged by a bomb at Wood Green station. The train was about to pick up fans from an Arsenal Football match, but the bomb detonated prior to arriving at the station, injuring one passenger standing on the platform. Three men were sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for this attack.[5]

1991 IRA attacks

On 29 August three incendiary devices were found under a train at Hammersmith tube station.

On 23 December two IRA bombs exploded, one on a train at Harrow-on-the-Hill station causing no injuries, and a smaller one on a train at Neasden depot.

1992 IRA attacks

In 1992 the IRA placed incendiary devices on several trains. At Elephant & Castle station and Neasden station devices were found and defused. One device went off at Barking station.

2005 terrorist bomb attacks

2005 London bombings
Trapped underground.jpg

Main articles
Timeline of the 2005 London bombings
7 July 2005 London bombings
21 July 2005 London bombings
Jean Charles de Menezes
Response to the 2005 London bombings

Bombers, 7 July
Mohammad Sidique Khan · Shehzad Tanweer
Germaine Lindsay · Hasib Hussain

Bombers, 21 July
Yasin Hassan Omar · Osman Hussain
Muktar Said Ibrahim · Ramzi Mohammed

Locations
London Underground
Aldgate · Tavistock Square
King's Cross · Liverpool Street · Oval
Russell Square · Shepherd's Bush
Warren Street

Related articles
September 11, 2001 attacks
2001 shoe bomb plot
2002 Bali bombings
2003 Mike's Place bombing
2004 Madrid train bombings
11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings
2006 transatlantic aircraft plot
2007 London car bombs
2007 Glasgow International Airport attack
2008 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing
Saajid Badat · Richard Reid
Attacks on the London Underground


In 2005 a group of Islamic extremists attacked a number of transportation lines in London.

7 July

On 7 July 2005, bombs exploded on Underground trains between Aldgate and Liverpool Street stations, Russell Square and King's Cross St. Pancras stations and Edgware Road and Paddington stations. A double-decker bus at Tavistock Square was also destroyed. The bombs were detonated by four suicide bombers. The explosions killed 52 people and resulted in over 700 injuries.

21 July

Four more attacks, unconnected with those on 7 July, were attempted on 21 July 2005 at Shepherd's Bush, Warren Street and Oval stations, as well as on a bus in Shoreditch. In these incidents, each bomb detonator fired, but did not ignite the main explosive charge. The only injury reported initially was a bystander suffering an asthma attack.

References

  1. ^ "The Explosion on the Metrpolitan Railway". The Times (35189): p. 12. 28 April 1897. http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itw/infomark/729/682/72788215w16/purl=rc1_TTDA_0_CS201515164&dyn=6!xrn_20_0_CS201515164&hst_1?sw_aep=kccl. Retrieved 2009-08-11.  
  2. ^ "The Explosion at Aldersgate-Street Station". The Times (35212): p. 15. 25 May 1897. http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itw/infomark/729/682/72788215w16/purl=rc1_TTDA_0_CS251977913&dyn=15!xrn_24_0_CS251977913&hst_1?sw_aep=kccl. Retrieved 2009-08-11.  
  3. ^ Borrell, Clive; Parker, Robert (14 February 1976). "20 lb bomb defused in rush hour at London Tube station". The Times (59628): p. 1. http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itw/infomark/423/818/69896877w16/purl=rc1_TTDA_0_CS17399374&dyn=3!xrn_1_0_CS17399374&hst_1?sw_aep=kccl. Retrieved 2009-08-18.  
  4. ^ "On This Day: 15 March 1976: Tube driver shot dead". BBC News. 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/15/newsid_2543000/2543605.stm. Retrieved 2007-08-26.  
  5. ^ Croome, Desmond F.; Jackson, Alan J. (1993 (2nd edition)). Rails Through the Clay. Capital Transport Publishing. p. 537. ISBN 185414-151-1.  

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message