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Attock
Attock is located in Pakistan
Attock
Coordinates: 33°46′N 72°22′E / 33.767°N 72.367°E / 33.767; 72.367
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Punjab
Established 1904
Incorporated 1978
Area
 - City 6,857 km2 (2,647.5 sq mi)
Elevation 266 m (873 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 1,274,935
 Urban 260,724
 Metro 1,014,211
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postal code span 43600
Area code(s) 057
Website http://www.attocknews.com
Akbar's Fort at Attock

Attock (Urdu: اٹک), the headquarters of Attock District, is a city located in the northern border of the Punjab province of Pakistan, and also a border district on the river Indus. Its old name, before 1985, was Campbellpur.

It is just 80 km from Rawalpindi, 100nbsp;km from Peshawar, and 10 km from the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, Kamra.

Contents

History

British rule

The city's foundations were laid in 1908, and it was named Campbellpur after Sir Campbell.

After independence

Although Pakistan had become independent from Britain in 1947, it wasn't until 1978 that the name Attock was adopted for the city.

Attock's first oil well was drilled in Khaur in 1915. It has an oil and gas field, Dakhini, near Jand, which produces one-third of Pakistan's oil.[citation needed]There are mainly Khatter in Paind bahador Khan Like Sardar Khan Mohammad Khan Khatter and His Two Brothers Sardar Karam Khan Khatter And Rab Nawaz Khan Khatter

Geography and climate

Attock is located at 33° 46' 20N Latitude and 72° 22' 6E Longitude. It has an altitude of 348 metres (1145 ft). The average annual rainfall in the district is 783mm (30.83 inches).[1]

Attock District's climate is characterized by very hot summers and very cold winters. The maximum temperature reaches 40°C. The northern part is more humid, with a relatively moderate climate as compared to the southern part.

The river Indus flows on the western and northern sides of the district; the Haro River comes from Haripur and passes through the Attock tehsil on the north of the Kala Chitta Range. The land consists mainly of hills, plateaus, and dissected plains. The area north of the Haro River is a flood plain with fertile soil.

Attock District (Urdu: اٹک ) is located in the northwest of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The district was created in 1904 by the merger of Talagang tehsil from the Jhelum District and the Pindigheb, Fatehjang and Attock tehsils from Rawalpindi District of British Raj. The original name was Campbellpore district after Sir Campbell who founded the city of Campbellpore to the southeast of Attock Town. The name of the district was changed to Attock in 1978.

Attock District is bordered by the Haripur and Swabi districts of North-West Frontier Province to the north, the district of Rawalpindi to the east, the district of Chakwal ot the southeast, the district of Mianwali to the southwest, and North-West Frontier Province districts of Kohat and Nowshera to the west and northwest. The river Indus forms the western boundary of the district

Administration

As well as being the district capital, the city of Attock is also the administrative centre of Attock Tehsil. The city is subdivided into four Union Councils, which are Attock, Fatehjang, Jand and Pindigheb [2].

Village of Thatta

Village of Thatta has been one of the most important villages of the District. It is believed to have been founded by Sher Shah Suri, while some believe that it was founded much earlier, in the time of Alexander's invasion. The Khattar family of this village has played a very important role in the progress of the country and the region. [3] [4]

Prominent personalities of this village include:

  • Sardar Lal Khan, known for his courage and bravery against the Bristish Raj and Sikhs. He fought many wars against them and never accepted their government. He was offered a lot of property, but declined; rather, he lost a lot of his own property as a Freedom Fighter and political activist. Although British colonial rulers did bring some other people against him politically by rewarding them with big jageers, his influence never ended. His sons, Sardar Zakri Khan and Sardar Ghulam Khan, also worked hard in the political movement against British Raj. [5]
  • Major General Javed Afzal, Brig Afzal's father, who served with the British Army.
  • Brig. Afzal, political and social figure, son of Javed Afzal.

Current important personalities include:

  • Sardar Saleem Khan, is a grandson of Sardar Lal Khan and son of Sardar Ghulam Khan, a social worker, political activist, and founder of various charity and philanthropic organizations, is currently Chairman of the Social Development Organization, one of the largest NGOs in the District.[6]
  • Sardar Abdul Rashid Khan, elder brother of Sardar Saleem Khan, has played a very active role in the Judicary. He is a well respected and learned person, who commands respect in the whole region, due to his humble and down to earth behaviour.[7]
  • Cdr Abdul Qayyum Khan is also an important and widely respected personality. He also belongs to Village of Thatta and grandson of Sardar Lal Khan. He has been playing a very active social and political role since after his retirement from Pakistan Navy on completion of his meritorious service.[8]
  • Sardar Manzar Ameer is tehsil Nazim

Notables of Attock District

  • Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, the politician and statesman of Undivided India and Former Prime Minister of Undivided Punjab, of the important Khattar family. Other notables, historically, include
  • Sardar Shaukat Hayat Khan,
  • Pir of Makhad, Uncle of Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gillani.
  • Malik Allah Yar Khan and
  • Sardar Mumtaz Khan.

Current notables include:

  • Sardar Tahir Sadiq Khan (District Nazim Attock)
  • Sh Aftab MNA
  • Sardar Salim Haider, Federal minister of State
  • Sher Afzal khan (president PPP)
  • Malik Hakmeen Khan
  • Sh Ahsan Hayat, advocate
  • CDR (R) Abdul Qayyum Khan, He belongs to Village of Thatta and famous influential family. He has been playing a very active social and political role since after his retirement from Pakistan Navy on completion of his meritorious service.
  • Sardar Abdul Rashid Khan, Advocate. A famous lawyer and social activist of region.
  • Sardar Imtiaz Khan, Advocate, Preseident District Bar Association of Attock


In the educational sector, Attock has two universities. One is COMSATS and the second is University of Education. There are several government and private colleges; the Govt Postgraduate College is one of the oldest institutions in the country with a degree college status dating from 1942. PAF Shaheen College Kamra is also one of best institutions in the Region. There is a famous Cadet College at Hassan Abdal.

Attock has produced lot of notables and hardworking individuals. Many people from Attock are working in Middle Eastern countries, while others are settled in United States of America, United Kingdom, European countries, and Hong Kong.

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics - Attock City
  2. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Attock
  3. ^ Book titled Tareekh e Attock, (History Of Attock)
  4. ^ Annuals of Attock district council
  5. ^ Book titled Tareekh e Attock, (History Of Attock)
  6. ^ Book titled Tareekh e Attock, (History Of Attock)
  7. ^ Book titled Tareekh e Attock, (History Of Attock)
  8. ^ Book titled Tareekh e Attock, (History Of Attock)

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Coordinates: 33°54′26″N 72°18′40″E / 33.90722°N 72.31111°E / 33.90722; 72.31111


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

City of Attock
Coordinates: 33°46′N 72°22′E / 33.767°N 72.367°E / 33.767; 72.367
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Established 1904
Incorporated 1978
Area
 - City 6,857 km2 (2,647.5 sq mi)
Elevation 266 m (873 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 1,274,935
 Urban 260,724
 Metro 1,014,211
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postal code span 43600
Area code(s) 0597
Website http://www.attocknews.com

Attock is a city in Pakistan. It is located in the Punjab province and is the capital of Attock District.


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