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Auburn, Maine
—  City  —

Seal
Motto: Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum  (Latin)
"No Step's Backward"
Location of Auburn, Maine
Coordinates: 44°5′21″N 70°14′29″W / 44.08917°N 70.24139°W / 44.08917; -70.24139Coordinates: 44°5′21″N 70°14′29″W / 44.08917°N 70.24139°W / 44.08917; -70.24139
Country United States
State Maine
County Androscoggin
Government
 - Mayor Richard Gleason
Area
 - Total 65.8 sq mi (170.4 km2)
 - Land 59.8 sq mi (154.8 km2)
 - Water 6.0 sq mi (15.6 km2)
Elevation 190 ft (58 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 23,690 (city proper)
 Density 1,046.9/sq mi (404.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 04210-04212
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-02060
GNIS feature ID 0561347
Website www.auburnmaine.org

Auburn is a city in and the county seat of Androscoggin County, Maine, United States.[1] It is one of two principal cities of and included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan New England City and Town Area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area (which is part of the Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, Maine Combined Statistical Area). Auburn is across the Androscoggin River from Lewiston. The population was 23,690 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Main Street in c. 1912

The area was originally part of the Pejepscot Purchase, land bought in 1714 by a consortium from Boston and Portsmouth following the Treaty of Portsmouth, which brought peace between the Abenaki Indians and English settlements. But in 1736, the Massachusetts General Court granted a large section of the land to veterans of the 1690 Battle of Quebec. Conflicting claims led to prolonged litigation. Consequently, settlement was delayed until after the French and Indian Wars.

It was first settled in 1786 as part of Minot, which was incorporated in 1802. Auburn would be set off and incorporated on February 24, 1842. The name was apparently inspired by Auburn, a place featured in the 1770 poem The Deserted Village by Oliver Goldsmith. Originally part of Cumberland County, the town became county seat of Androscoggin County at its creation in 1854. By annexing land from towns around it, including part of Poland in 1852, Minot in 1873 and all of Danville (first called Pejepscot) in 1867, Auburn grew geographically into one of Maine's largest municipalities. Incorporated a city in 1868, Auburn in 1917 would be the first city in the state to adopt a council-manager form of government.

Farms supplied grain and produce. But with construction of the bridge to Lewiston in 1823, and especially after arrival of the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad from Portland in January 1848, the community developed into a mill town. Mills were built to operate by water power from falls on the Androscoggin and Little Androscoggin rivers. In 1835, the factory system of shoe manufacture originated at Auburn. Other firms manufactured cotton and woolen textiles, carriages, iron goods, bricks and furniture. The city's population in 1860 was only about 4,000 but by 1890 it was about 12,000, when its shoe factories attracted many French Canadian immigrants, many of whom arrived by train from Quebec. Steady population growth continued to about 1960 when the population was about 24,500. Auburn and Lewiston, Maine (directly across the Androscoggin River) are known as the Twin Cities.

In Auburn, shoe manufacturing became the dominant industry by the late 1800s. The CIty Seal, depicting a spindle with different types of shoes at each outside point was designed when Auburn was positioning itself as the shoe manufacturing center of Maine in the mid 1800s. In 1917 one Factory in Auburn was producing 75 percent of the world's supply of white canvas shoes. However, after WWII the shoe industry began to decline, and between 1957 and 1961 the largest manufacturers had closed their factories.

Notable residents

Androscoggin County Buildings c. 1912

Geography

Auburn is located at 44°5′21″N 70°14′29″W / 44.08917°N 70.24139°W / 44.08917; -70.24139 (44.089173, -70.241437)[2]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.8 square miles (170.4 km²), of which, 59.8 square miles (154.8 km²) of it is land and 6.0 square miles (15.6 km²) of it (9.13%) is water. Auburn is drained by the Little Androscoggin River and Androscoggin River.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 2,840
1860 4,022 41.6%
1870 6,169 53.4%
1880 9,555 54.9%
1890 11,250 17.7%
1900 12,951 15.1%
1910 15,064 16.3%
1920 16,985 12.8%
1930 18,571 9.3%
1940 19,817 6.7%
1950 23,134 16.7%
1960 24,449 5.7%
1970 24,151 −1.2%
1980 23,128 −4.2%
1990 24,039 3.9%
2000 23,203 −3.5%
Est. 2006 23,156 −0.2%
sources:[3][4]
Lake Grove from Lake Auburn in 1911

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 23,203 people, 9,764 households, and 5,907 families residing in the city. The population density was 388.1 people per square mile (149.9/km²). There were 10,608 housing units at an average density of 177.4/sq mi (68.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.04% White, 0.59% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 9,764 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a six households in the city was $35,652, and the median income for a family was $44,012. Males had a median income of $32,088 versus $22,349 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,942. About 9.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Government

Corner of Court and Main streets in c. 1908

Auburn is in the Maine's 2nd US Congressional District, Maine Senate District 15, and Maine House of Representatives Districts 68, 69, and 70.

Auburn is divided up into five wards. The city's governing body is a City Council, consisting of a Mayor and 7 councilmembers (one from each of the five wards, and two elected at large). The Mayor is elected at large.

Auburn's current Mayor is Richard Gleason.[2]

Sites of interest

  • Androscoggin Historical Society & Museum -- artifacts of local history, Civil War memorabilia, farming tools and a bird collection
  • Auburn Fire Department Museum—a collection of antique fire equipment from the city
  • Hamster Point—Majestic river side gardens
  • Knight House Museum (1796) -- the oldest frame house downtown, with a pre-1835 handwork shoe shop
  • Festival Plaza, completed in 2002—public park and performance space along the Androscoggin River. Two public water sculptures designed by artist Ross Miller operate seasonally - the Falls Fountain, that references the Androscoggin River and Native American legends of being able to hide behind the falls; and the Shoe Fountain, a series of cast bronze shoes recalling the early shoe manufacturing history of the area. A map of the Androscoggin River is cast into the plaza with colored concrete.
  • Good Shepherd Food Bank distributes food to agencies across the state from its main warehouse in Auburn

National historic places in Auburn

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ [1], accessed December, 2007.
  4. ^ Auburn city, Maine - Population Finder - American FactFinder
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Auburn (Maine) article)

From Wikitravel

Auburn is a town in Maine.

  • Maine Turnpike (Interstate 95), Exit 80.
  • Vermont Transit, [1].
  • Portland International Jetport, in Portland.
  • Auburn-Lewiston Municipal Airport (LEW), 80 Airport Drive, 207-786-0631, [2].
  • Lost Valley, 200 Lost Valley Road, Phone: +1 207 784-1561, E-mail: info@lostvalleyski.com, [3].
  • Great Falls Ballon Festival, Festival Park, [4]. Annual hot air balloon festival; one of the largest tourist draws to the area. Normally the 3rd weekend in August. Events take place in Auburn and the neighboring city of Lewiston as well.  edit
  • The Great American Grill, 14 Great Falls Plaza at the Hilton, Tel: +1-207-784-4433 [5]
Great American Grill
Great American Grill
  • The Black Watch Restaurant and Pub, 82 Court Street, Phone: +1 207 777-7443. Closed Su. Steak and seafood in anup-scale setting.
  • Great FallsGrill, 2 Great Falls Plaza next to the Post Office, 207-784-7217. Closed Su,M. Seafood and steak.
  • Mac’s Grill, 1052 Minot Avenue, 207-783-6885. Angus beef and more.
  • The Munroe Inn, 123 Pleasant Street, 207-782-4984. Fine dining in a bed and breakfast setting.
  • Rolandeau’s Restaurant, 775 Washington Street, 207-784-2110. Closed Su. Fine dining.
  • Margaritas Mexican Restaurant & Watering Hole, 180 Center St, 207-782-6036, [6]. 4 PM - Various. Great Mexican food; dinner until 10PM on weeknights, 11PM on weekends, lounge open until 1AM. Now opening for lunch at 11:30AM Friday through Sunday.   edit
  • Gritty McDuff’s, 68 Main Street, 207-376-2739. A Maine brew pub overlooking the Androscoggin River.
Hilton Garden Inn
Hilton Garden Inn
  • Hilton Garden Inn Auburn Riverwatch, 14 Great Falls Plaza, Tel: +1-207-784-4433 (Fax: +1-207-777-7328), [7]
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

AUBURN, a city and the county-seat of Androscoggin county, Maine, U.S.A., on the Androscoggin river, opposite Lewiston (with which it practically forms an industrial unit), in the S.W. part of the state. Pop. (1890) 11,250; (1900) 12,951, of whom 2076 were foreign-born; (1906, estimate) 13,971. It is served by the Grand Trunk and the Maine Central railways. The river furnishes abundant water-power, and the city ranked fourth in the state as a manufacturing centre in 1905. Boots and shoes are the principal products; in 1905 seven-tenths of the city's wage-earners were engaged in their manufacture, and Auburn's output ($4,263,162 = 66.5% of the total factory product of the city) was one-third of that of the whole state. Other manufactures are butter, bread and other bakery products, cotton goods, furniture and leather. The municipality owns and operates its waterworks. Auburn was first settled in 1786, and was incorporated in 1842, but the present charter dates only from 1869.


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