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The Audiencia Nacional de España ("National Court of Spain"), is a high court in Spain. It has its seat in Madrid, with jurisdiction over all of Spain, unlike most of the courts which have a territorial bailiwick.

The Audiencia is composed of its President, the Presidents of the Chambers, and the magistrates that the law specifies for each one of its courts and divisions.

The Audiencia includes the following courts:

  • Penal Chamber, which is occupied with crimes such as terrorism, organized crime, genocide, etc.
  • Appeals Chamber, which addresses differences between the law and the decisions of the Penal Chamber
  • Litigation-Administrative Chamber
  • Social Chamber

It is reserved for cases that have national or international importance and certain grave crimes like terrorism. Its decisions can be overturned by the Supreme Court of Spain.

Baltasar Garzón is a well known prosecuting judge in the penal court.

See also


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