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Augsburg
The City Hall of Augsburg
The City Hall of Augsburg
Coat of arms of Augsburg
Augsburg is located in Germany
Augsburg
Coordinates 48°22′0″N 10°54′0″E / 48.366667°N 10.9°E / 48.366667; 10.9
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Swabia
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Kurt Gribl
Basic statistics
Area 146.93 km2 (56.73 sq mi)
Elevation 446-561 m
Population 263,477  (1 January 2007)
 - Density 1,793 /km2 (4,644 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate A
Postal codes 86150–86199
Area code 0821
Paritätische Reichsstadt Augsburg
Mixed Imperial City of Augsburg
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Swabia
1276–1803
Capital Augsburg
Government Theocracy
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Bishopric established 4th century
 - Bishopric gained
    Reichsfreiheit
 
ca 888 1276
 - City gained Reichsfreiheit 1276
 - Diet of Augsburg:
    Confessio Augustana
 
1530
 - Joined Schmalkadic
    League
 
1537
 - Peace of Augsburg 1555
 - Occupied by Sweden 1632–1635 1803
 - Mediatised to Bavaria 1803

Augsburg is a city in the south-west of Bavaria in Germany. It is a College town and home of the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben and the Bezirk Schwaben. Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg. It is, as of 2008, the third-largest city in Bavaria with a population exceeding 264,000 citizens. After Trier, Augsburg is Germany's second oldest city.
Augsburg is the only German city with its own legal holiday, the Peace of Augsburg, celebrated on August 8 of every year. This gives Augsburg more legal holidays than any other region or city in Germany.[1]

Contents

History

The city was founded in 15 BC by Drusus and Tiberius as Augusta Vindelicorum, under the orders of their stepfather Emperor Augustus. This garrison camp soon became capital of the Roman province of Raetia.

Early development was due to a 400-year affiliation with the Roman Empire, especially because of its excellent military, economic and geographic position at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach, and with direct access to most important Alpine passes. Thus, Augsburg was the intersection of many important European east-west and north-south connections, which later evolved as major trade routes of the Middle Ages.[2]

Around 120 AD Augsburg became the capital of the Roman province Raetia. Augsburg was sacked by the Huns in the 5th century AD, by Charlemagne in the 8th century, and by Welf of Bavaria in the 11th century, but arose each time to greater prosperity.

Augsburg Confession

Augsburg was decreed an Imperial Free City on March 9, 1276. Augsburg also held its own bishop at this time. With a strategic location as intersection of trade routes to Italy, it became a major trading centre. Augsburg produced large quantities of woven goods, cloth and textiles. Augsburg became the base for the Fugger banking empire, who donated the Fuggerei part of the city devoted to housing for needy citizens in 1516 and remains in use today.

In 1530, the Augsburg Confession was presented to the Holy Roman Emperor at the Diet of Augsburg. Following the Peace of Augsburg in 1555, after which the rights of religious minorities in imperial cities were to be legally protected, a mixed Catholic–Protestant city council presided over a majority Protestant population; see Paritätische Reichsstadt.

Thirty Years' War

Religious peace in the city was largely maintained despite increasing Confessional tensions until the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). In 1629, Ferdinand II issued the Edict of Restitution, which restored the legal situation of 1552 which again curtailed the rights of the Protestant citizens. The inequality of the Edict of Restitution was rescinded when in April 1632, the Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus captured Augsburg without resistance.

In 1634, the Swedish army was routed at nearby Nördlingen. By October 1634, Catholic troops had surrounded Augsburg. The Swedish garrison refused to surrender and a siege ensued through the winter of 1634/35 and thousands died from hunger and disease. The population of the city was reduced from about 70,000 to about 16,000.[3] This ruinous siege, followed by the discovery and available travel to the America and a new route to India via the Cape, resulted in a rapid decline in Augsburg's prosperity.

Nine Years' War

In 1686, Emperor Leopold I, formed the League of Augsburg, termed by the English as the "Grand Alliance" after England joined in 1689: a European coalition, consisting (at various times) of Austria, Bavaria, Brandenburg, England, the Holy Roman Empire, the Palatinate of the Rhine, Portugal, Savoy, Saxony, Spain, Sweden, and the United Provinces. It was formed to defend the Palatinate from France. This organization fought the War of the Grand Alliance against France in the Nine Years War.

Augsburg's peak boom years occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries via the bank and metal businesses of the merchant families Fugger and Welser, who held a local near total monopoly on their respective industries. Augsburg's wealth attracted artists seeking patrons and rapidly became a creative center for famous painters, sculptors and musicians notably birthplace of : the Holbein painter family, the composer Leopold Mozart and the playwright Berthold Brecht. Rococo became so prevalent that it became known as “Augsburg style” throughout Germany.

Industrial Revolution Revival

In 1806, when the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, Augsburg lost its independence to become part of the Kingdom of Bavaria. In 1817 Augsburg became an administrative capital of the Oberdonaukreis, then administrative capital in 1837 for the district Swabia and Neuburg.

During the end of the 18th century, Augsburg's textile industry again rose to prominence followed by the attached machine manufacturing industry.

Military

Augsburg was historically a militarily important city due to strategic locale. During the German re-armament prior to World War Two, the Wehrmacht enlarged Augsburg's one original Kaserne (barracks) to three: Somme Kaserne ((housing Wehrmacht Artillerie-Regiment 27)); Arras Kaserne ((housing Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 27)) and Panzerjäger Kaserne (housing Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 27 (later Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27). Wehrmacht Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27 was later moved to Füssen.

Reichswehr Infanterie Regiment 19 were located in Augsburg and became the base unit for the Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 40, a subset of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27 (ehich later became Wehrmacht Panzerdivision 17). Elements of Wehrmacht II Battalion of Gebirgs-Jäger-Regiment 99 (especially Wehrmacht Panzerjäger Kompanie 14) was composed of parts of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27. Infanterie Regiment 40 remained in Augsburg until the end of the war surrendering to the United States.

The three Kaserne changed hands confusingly between the American and Germans, finally ending in US hands for the duration of the Cold War.

During World War II, one subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located outside Augsburg, supplying approximately 1300 forced labourers to local military-related industry, most especially Messerschmidt.[4][5]

In 1941 Rudolf Hess without Hitler's permission secretly took off from a local airport and flew to Scotland to meet the Duke of Hamilton, and crashed in Eaglesham in an attempt to mediate the end of the European front of World War II and join sides for the upcoming Russian Campaign.

In 1945, the U.S. Army occupied the heavily damaged city. An American military presence in the city started with the 11th Airborne Division, followed by the 24th Infantry Division, US Army Seventh Corps Artillery, and finally the 66th Military Intelligence Brigade, which returned the former Kaserne to German hands in 1998. Originally the Heeresverpflegungshauptamt Südbayern and a Officers' caisson existed on or near the location of Reese-Kaserne, but was demolished by the occupying Americans. The former Wehrmacht Kaserne became the three main US barracks in Augsburg: Reese;, Sheridan and FLAK. US Base FLAK was an anti-aircraft barracks since 1936 and US Base Sheridan "united" the former infantry barracks with a smaller Kaserne for former Luftwaffe communications units.

Politics

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Municipality

From 1266 until 1548, the terms Stadtpfleger (head of town council) and Mayor were used interchangeably, or occasionally, simultaneously. In 1548 the title was finally fixed to Stadtpfleger, whom officiated for several years and then awarded the title for life (though no longer governing), thus resulting confusingly, in records of two or more simultaneous Stadtpfleger.

After the transfer to Bavaria in 1806, Augsburg was ruled by a Magistrate with two mayors, supported by an additional council of "Community Commissioners": the Gemeindebevollmächtige.

As of 1907, the Mayor was entitled Oberbürgermeister, as Augsburg had attained a population of 100,000, as per the Bavarian Gemeindeordnung.

Town Council

Election results of the Town Council since 1972 in percent
Year CSU SPD FDP Grüne ödp DKP/PDS REP NPD other
1972 44,9 46,5 2,3 0,7 0,9 4,7
1978 46,8 44,5 2,7 0,4 0,6 4,9
1984 32,9 44,9 1,3 4,2 0,2 0,7 15,8
1990 43,1 28,4 2,5 10,8 10,0 5,2
1996 44,1 29,4 1,7 10,5 2,8 11,5
2002 43,5 36,4 3,5 8,7 1,8 1,2 4,9
2008 40,1 30,1 2,7 10,3 1,5 3,5 11,8
Seats 20081 25 19 1 6 22 73

1 Local elections on March 2, 2008     22008: Die Linke     3 Pro Augsburg: 6, Freie Wähler: 1

Members of the Bundestag

Augsburg is located in the Wahlkreis 253 Augsburg-Stadt constituency, which includes Königsbrunn and the District of Augsburg (Landkreis Augsburg).

Christian Ruck of the CSU was directly elected to the Bundestag with 49.2% of the vote in the 16th German Bundestag.

Indirectly elected to the Bundestag to adhere to the Landesliste were Miriam Gruß for the FDP, Heinz Paula for the SPD and Claudia Roth for Bündnis 90/Die Grünen.

Main sights

The Goldene Saal (Golden Hall)
Fünfgratturm tower.
Ring of Mercy on the Dom (Cathedral) St. Maria.

Incorporations

Year Municipality Area
July 1, 1910 Meringerau 9.5 km²
January 1, 1911 Pfersee 3.5 km²
January 1, 1911 Oberhausen 8.6 km²
January 1, 1913 Lechhausen 27.9 km²
January 1, 1913 Hochzoll 4.4 km²
April 1, 1916 Kriegshaber 59 km²
July 1, 1972 Göggingen
July 1, 1972 Haunstetten
July 1, 1972 Inningen

Historical population development

Year Population
1635 16,432
1645 19,960
1806 26,200
1830 29,019
December 1, 1871 ¹ 51,220
December 1, 1890 ¹ 75,629
December 1, 1900 ¹ 89,109
December 1, 1910 ¹ 102,487
June 16, 1925 ¹ 165,522
June 16, 1933 ¹ 176,575
May 17, 1939 ¹ 185,369
September 13, 1950 ¹ 185,183
June 6, 1961 ¹ 208,659
May 27, 1970 ¹ 211,566
June 30, 1975 252,000
June 30, 1980 246,600
June 30, 1985 244,200
May 27, 1987 ¹ 242,819
June 30, 1997 257,300
December 31, 2002 259,231
December 31, 2003 259,217
December 31, 2004 260,407
December 31, 2005 263,804
December 31, 2006 269,449

¹ Census result

Partner cities

Information on the partner cities can also be found at www.augsburg.de

Transport

Roads

The main road link is autobahn A 8 between Munich and Stuttgart.

Public transport

Public transport is very well catered for. It is controlled by the Augsburger Verkehrsverbund (Augsburg transport union, AVV) extended over central Swabia. There are seven rail Regionalbahn lines, four tram lines, 27 city bus lines and six night bus lines, as well as, several taxi companies.

The tram network is now 35.5 km-long after the opening of new lines to the university in 1996, the northern city boundary in 2001 and to the Klinikum Augsburg (Augsburg hospital) in 2002. Two more tram lines are under construction, planned to be completed in 2011.

Rail services

The front of the station

Augsburg has seven stations. The Hauptbahnhof (main station) built from 1843 to 1846 is Germany’s oldest main station in a large city still providing services in the original building. It is currently being modernized and an underground tram station is built underneath it. Hauptbahnhof is on the Ulm–München line and is connected by ICE and IC services to Munich, Berlin, Dortmund, Frankfurt, Hamburg and Stuttgart. As of December 2007, the French TGV connected Augsburg with a direct High Speed Connection to Paris. In addition EC and night train services connect to Amsterdam, Paris and Vienna and connections will be substantially improved by the creation of the planned Magistrale for Europe.

The AVV operates seven Regionalbahn lines from the main station to:

Starting in 2008, the regional services are planned to be altered to S-Bahn frequencies and developed long term as integrated into the Augsburg S-Bahn.

Air transport

Until 2005 Augsburg was served by nearby Augsburg Airport (AGB). In that year all air passenger transport has been relocated to Munich Airport. Since then the Airport only serves for General aviation and business aviation.

Economy

Statue of Archangel Michael in Augsburg

Augsburg is a vibrant industrial city. Many global market leaders namely MAN, EADS or KUKA produce high technology products like printing systems, large diesel engines, industrial robots or components for the Airbus A380 and the Ariane carrier rocket. After Munich, Augsburg is considered the high-tech centre for Information and Communication in Bavaria and takes advantage of its lower operating costs, yet close proximity to Munich and potential customers.

Major Companies

Education

Augsburg is home to the following universities and colleges:

Media

The local newspaper is the Augsburger Allgemeine first published in 1807. Besides, there are several local radio stations.

Notable citizens

Holbein's house

Miscellaneous

Perlachtower with City Hall

The patron saints of Augsburg are Saint Ulrich and Saint Afra. Saint Afra was killed (either beheaded or burned at the stake, accounts differ) by the Romans at Augsburg in 304. An earlier patroness was Zisa, referenced in the 11th century, feast day September 28), possibly an early Germanic goddess and originally the consort of Tyr.

A key family tourist attraction is the large annual children's party and festivities of 29 September (Michaelmas or St. Michael's Day) held at the Turamichele, where (Archangel Michael) appears in a window on the west side of the city tower (Perlachturm) and fights with the devil.

Augsburg's Lech River White Water Canoeing hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics events and are now open to the public.

Augsburg holds year-long German Mozart Festival concerts and hosts the International Leopold Mozart Violin Competition.

Sports

The city is home to a DEL (first-division) ice hockey team, the Augsburger Panther. The original club, AEV, was formed in 1878, the oldest German ice sport club and regularly draws around 4000 spectators, quite reasonable for German ice hockey. Home games are played at the Curt Frenzel Stadion: not truly an indoor rink as the sides are open, though a new stadium is in the process of planning.

For the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, a Lech River dam protective diversionary canal for river ice was converted into the world's first artificial whitewater slalom course: the Eiskanal and remains a world-class venue for whitewater competition and served as prototype for two dozen similar foreign courses.

The FC Augsburg is a 2nd Bundesliga football team based in Augsburg and plays in the Impuls Arena. The new stadium (opened in July 2009) also hosts games of the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.

Local City Nicknames

While commonly coined Fuggerstadt (Fuggers' city) due to the Fuggers residing there, within Swabia it's also often referred to as Datschiburg: which originated sometime in the 19th century refers to Augsburgs favorite sweet: the Datschi made from fruit, preferably prunes, and thin cake dough..[7] The Datschiburger Kickers charity football team (founded in 1965) reflects this in its choice of team name. [8][9]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ http://www2.augsburg.de/
  2. ^ http://www2.augsburg.de/index.php?id=12356
  3. ^ "Epidemics and pandemics: their impacts on human history". J. N. Hays (2005). p.98. ISBN 1851096582
  4. ^ Wolfgang Sofsky, William Templer, The Order of Terror: The Concentration Camp: Princeton University Press: 1999, ISBN 0691006857: 352 pages: pp 183
  5. ^ Edward Victor. Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps. http://www.edwardvictor.com/Holocaust/List%20of%20camps.htm
  6. ^ http://www.uni-augsburg.de
  7. ^ Augsburger Stadtlexikon - Datschiburg (German) accessed: 18 November 2008
  8. ^ Datschiburger Kickers website accessed: 18 November 2008
  9. ^ Augsburger Stadtlexikon - Datschiburger Kickers (German) accessed: 18 November 2008

References

  • Die Chroniken der schwäbischen Städte, Augsburg, (Leipzig, 1865–1896).
  • Werner, Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg, (Augsburg, 1900).
  • Lewis, "The Roman Antiquities of Augsburg and Ratisbon", in volume xlviii, Archæological Journal, (London, 1891).

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Augsburg [1] is a lovely city of about 300,000 people in the German Bundesland (Federal State) of Bavaria (German: Bayern).

Rathaus (City Hall); Oldest secular Renaissance building north of the Alps
Rathaus (City Hall); Oldest secular Renaissance building north of the Alps

Get in

Augsburg is most easily reached via bus or private transfer from Munich Airport (German: München Flughafen).

  • Private Transport

A private transfer service (like Supershuttle in the U.S.) is also a good alternative. Costs are about €25 per person per way. The main advantage is they pick you up at the time you want and drop you off in the augsburg area where you want. Examples: http://www.bavaria-schoenegger.de/

  • Train

If you arrive in Munich at the airport then you will need to take the S-Bahn S1 or S8 to the Hauptbahnhof (main train station), an almost 45 minute ride, before you can catch a train bound for Augsburg. At least once per hour a Regional Bahn train leaves from Munich's Hauptbahnhof (Main Train Station) towards Augsburg. The ride last about forty-five to fifty minutes. Plan at least two hours in total from Munich Airport to Augsburg (as you can see taking a bus or private transfer will be much faster). The best bet is to purchase a Bayern-Ticket (Bavaria Ticket) from one of the ticket machines located in the train station. A Bayern-Ticket allows one (along with up to four other friends) to travel within Bavaria using all regional trains (no InterCity Express) and city transportations (for example, trams, buses, etc.) from the time of purchase until 3AM the following day. The Bayern-Ticket costs €28 when purchased from the ticket machines and €30 when bought from the counter.

Get around

Augsburg has a small but efficient transportation system with four main streetcar (German: Straßenbahn) lines and several buslines which cover the whole urban and suburban areas. These lines run Monday through Sunday from around 5AM until 11:30 p.m. On Saturday and Sunday evenings a "Night Bus" runs from 12PM-3AM making limited stops along all Augsburg stations.

If you purchase a Bayern-Ticket (Bavaria Ticket) then you will be covered during your stay in Augsburg and will not be required to purchase additional tickets for using the Augsburg transportation system. However, if you did not purchase a Bayern-Ticket then you must purchase a ticket (1 Euro) and stamp it each time you enter a streetcar or bus. Riding without a ticket (German: schwarzfahren, "black driving") will get you a €40 fee and a visit with the police.

The Bayern Ticket is only valid after 9AM to the airport from Augsburg Hbf if you are traveling to the Airport. Also, if traveling from Munich Airport to Augsburg, it may be possible to use a Bayern-Ticket Nacht (Bavaria-Night-Ticket ) which is valid Monday to Thursday from 6 p.m. until 6 a.m. the next day, Monday and Friday from 6 p.m. until 7 a.m if you book online for 20 EUR, at the ticket machine or at the Reisezentrum it is 22 EUR.

Eat

If its local flavor and cheap liters you are hunting, Bine's is the best bet. Take the #3 tram toward inniger stasse and get off at the schertlin strasse stop. take a left and its about a block up on the left. you can also take the #41 bus from konigsplatz to the prinz-karl stop. Bine's is great and the people who own and operate it are friendly to Americans.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

AUGSBURG, a city and episcopal see of Germany, in the kingdom of Bavaria, chief town of the district of Swabia. Pop. (1885) 65,905; (igoo) 89,109; (1905) 93,882. It lies on a high plateau, 1500 ft. above the sea, between the rivers Wertach and Lech, which unite below the city, 39 m. W.N.W. from Munich, with which, as with Regensburg, Ingolstadt and Ulm, it is connected by main lines of railway. It consists of an upper and a lower town, the old Jakob suburb and various modern suburbs. Its fortifications were dismantled in 1703 and have since been converted into public promenades. Maximilian Street is remarkable for its breadth and architectural beauty. One of its most interesting edifices is the Fugger Haus, of which the entire front is painted in fresco. Among the public buildings of Augsburg most worthy of notice is the town-hall in Renaissance style, one of the finest in Germany, built by Elias Holl in 1616-1620. One of its rooms, called the "Golden Hall," from the profusion of its gilding, is 113 ft. long, 59 broad and 53 high. The palace of the bishops, where the memorable Confession of Faith was presented to Charles V., is now used for government offices. Among the seventeen Roman Catholic churches and chapels, the cathedral, a basilica with two Romanesque towers, dates in its oldest portions from the 10th century. The church of St Ulrich and St Afra, built 1474-1500, is a Late Gothic edifice, with a nave of magnificent proportions and a tower 300 ft. high. The church stands on the spot where the first Christians of the district suffered martyrdom, and where a chapel was erected in the 6th century over the grave of St Afra. There are also a Protestant church, St Anne's, a school of arts, a polytechnic institution, a picture gallery in the former monastery of St Catherine, a museum, observatory, botanical gardens, an exchange, gymnasium, deafmute institution, orphan asylum, several remarkable fountains dating from the 16th century, &c. Augsburg is particularly well provided with special and technical schools. The newer buildings, all in the modern west quarter of the city, include law courts, a theatre, and a municipal library with 200,000 volumes. The "Fuggerei," built in 1519 by the brothers Fugger, is a miniature town, with six streets or alleys, three gates and a church, and consists of a hundred and six small houses let to indigent Roman Catholic citizens at a nominal rent. The manufactures of Augsburg are of great importance. It is the chief seat of the textile industry in south Germany, and its cloth, cotton goods and linen manufactories employ about 10,000 hands. It is also noted for its bleach and dye works, its engine works, foundries, paper factories, and production of silk goods, watches, jewelry, mathematical instruments, leather, chemicals, &c. Augsburg is also the centre of the acetylene gas industry of Germany. Copperengraving, for which it was formerly noted, is no longer carried on; but printing, lithography and publishing have acquired a considerable development, one of the best-known Continental newspapers being the Allgemeine Zeitung or Augsburg Gazette. On the opposite side of the river, which is here crossed by a bridge, lies the township of Lechhausen.

Augsburg (the Augusta Vindelicorum of the Romans) derives its name from the Roman emperor Augustus, who, on the conquest of Rhaetia by Drusus, established here a Roman colony about 14 B.C. In the 5th century it was sacked by the Huns, and afterwards came under the power of the Frankish kings. It was almost entirely destroyed in the war of Charlemagne against Tassilo III., duke of Bavaria; and after the dissolution and division of that empire, it fell into the hands of the dukes of Swabia. After this it rose rapidly into importance as a manufacturing and commercial town, becoming, after Nuremberg, the centre of the trade between Italy and the north of Europe; its merchant princes, the Fuggers and Welsers, rivalled the Medici of Florence; but the alterations produced in the currents of trade by the discoveries of the 15th and 16th centuries occasioned a great decline. In 1276 it was raised to the rank of a free imperial city, which it retained, with many changes in its internal constitution, till 1806, when it was annexed to the kingdom of Bavaria. Meanwhile, it was the scene of numerous events of historical importance. It was besieged and taken by Gustavus Adolphus in 1632, and in 1635 it surrendered to the imperial forces; in 1703 it was bombarded by the electoral prince of Bavaria, and forced to pay a contribution of 400,000 dollars; and in the war of 1803 it suffered severely. Of its conventions the most memorable are those which gave birth to the Augsburg confession (1530) and to the Augsburg alliance (1686).

See Wagenseil, Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg (Augs., 1820-1822); Werner, Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg (1899); Roth, Augsburg's Reformationsgeschichte (1902).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Augsburg

Wikipedia de

German

Proper noun

Augsburg

  1. Augsburg (city in southern Germany)

Simple English

Augsburg
The Town Hall of Augsburg

Augsburg
Coordinates 48°22′0″N 10°54′0″E / 48.366667°N 10.9°E / 48.366667; 10.9
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Swabia
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Kurt Gribl
Basic statistics
Area 146.93 km2 (56.73 sq mi)
Elevation 446-561 m
Population 263,477  (1 January 2007)
 - Density 1,793 /km2 (4,644 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate A
Postal codes 86150 – 86199
Area code 0821
Paritätische Reichsstadt Augsburg
Mixed Imperial City of Augsburg

City-state

1276 – 1803

Capital Augsburg
Government Theocracy
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Bishopric established 4th century
 - Bishopric gained
    Reichsfreiheit
 
ca 888
 - City gained Reichsfreiheit 1276
 - Diet of Augsburg:
    Confessio Augustana
 
1530
 - Joined Schmalkadic
    League
 
1537
 - Peace of Augsburg 1555
 - Occupied by Sweden 163235
 - Mediatised to Bavaria 1803

Augsburg is a city in the South of Germany, in the state of Bavaria. It has about 260,000 inhabitants and a university. It was founded in the Roman age. In the time of Renaissance (after the Middle Ages) a family of bankers, the Fuggers became very rich and powerful in Augsburg.

In 1555, a peace agreement called The Peace of Augsburg, between Catholics and Protestants was signed in Augsburg.

frr:Augsbörj


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