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City of Augusta
—  City  —
Downtown Augusta

City seal and logo
The Garden City , AUG
We Feel Good![1]
Location in Richmond County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°28′12″N 81°58′30″W / 33.47°N 81.975°W / 33.47; -81.975
Country United States
State Georgia
County Richmond County
Established 1736[2]
City-county consolidation 1996[2]
 - Mayor Deke Copenhaver
 - Mayor pro tem Alvin Mason
 - Administrator Frederick L. Russell
 - City 306.5 sq mi (793 km2)
 - Land 302.1 sq mi (782 km2)
 - Water 4.3 sq mi (11.3 km2)
Elevation [3] 136 ft (45 m)
Population (2008 est.)
 - City 190,782
 Density 648/sq mi (250/km2)
 Metro 534,218
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 706, 762[4][5]

Augusta (also known as Augusta-Richmond County) is a consolidated city in the U.S. state of Georgia. The City of Augusta and Richmond County governments merged operations in 1996; as of 2008, the Augusta-Richmond county estimated population was 194,149,[6] not counting the unconsolidated cities of Hephzibah and Blythe.

Augusta is the principal city of the Augusta-Richmond County Metropolitan Statistical Area, which as of 2008 had an estimated population of 534,218. Augusta is thus the second largest city in Georgia and the second-largest metro area in the state after Atlanta, as well as the 113th largest city in the U.S.[7] Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Masters golf tournament each spring, and for being the hometown of funk singer James Brown.



Augusta was first used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of Augusta's location on the fall line. In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops on a journey up the Savannah River. He gave them an order to build at the head of the navigable part of the river. The job fell into the hands of Noble Jones, who created the settlement to provide a first line of defense against the Spanish and the French. Oglethorpe then named the town Augusta, in honor of Augusta, Princess of Wales, daughter-in-law of King George II of Great Britain and mother of King George III of Great Britain. Augusta was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795 (alternating for a period with Savannah, the first).


The Augusta skyline, as seen from the I-520 US-1 overpass in North Augusta, South Carolina

Augusta is located on the Georgia/South Carolina border, about 150 miles (241 kilometers) east of Atlanta. The city is located at 33°28′12″N 81°58′30″W / 33.47°N 81.975°W / 33.47; -81.975 (33.470, -81.975)[8].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Augusta-Richmond County balance has a total area of 306.5 square miles (793.8 km²). 302.1 square miles (782.5 km²) of it is land and 4.3 square miles (11.3 km²) of it (1.42%) is water.

Savannah River and the Augusta Canal, with River Watch Parkway and residential areas in foreground

Augusta is also located about halfway up the Savannah River on the fall line, providing a number of small falls on the Savannah River. The city itself marks the end of a navigable waterway for the river. The Clarks Hill Dam is also built on the fall line near Augusta, forming Lake Strom Thurmond, also known as Clarks Hill Lake. Further downstream, near the border of Columbia County, is the Stevens Creek Dam, which generates hydroelectric power, and still further, the Augusta Diversion Dam which marks the beginning of the Augusta Canal and channels Savannah River waters into the canal.[9]



According to Köppen classification, Augusta has a humid subtropical climate. The city experiences mild winters and a humid summer. The average high temperature for the summer months is 90.6 °F (32.6 °C). Summer daytime temperatures can soar to 100 or above. The average low temperature is 67.8 °F (19.9 °C). The average high temperature for the winter months is 58.9 °F (14.9 °C); the average low temperature is 34.4 °F (1.3 °C).

Climate data for Augusta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
Average high °F (°C) 56
Average low °F (°C) 33
Record low °F (°C) -1
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.50
Source: The Weather Channel[10] 2008-07-29


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1800 2,215
1810 2,476 11.8%
1840 6,403
1850 9,448 47.6%
1860 12,493 32.2%
1870 15,389 23.2%
1880 21,891 42.3%
1890 33,300 52.1%
1900 39,441 18.4%
1910 41,040 4.1%
1920 52,548 28.0%
1930 60,342 14.8%
1940 65,919 9.2%
1950 71,508 8.5%
1960 70,626 −1.2%
1970 59,864 −15.2%
1980 47,532 −20.6%
1990 44,639 −6.1%
2000 195,182 337.2%
Est. 2008 194,149 −0.5%
Population 1800-2000.[11]

In the official 2000 census, Augusta-Richmond County had 195,182 people and 73,920 households[12]. The population density was 616.6 people per square mile (249.4/km²)(2000)[13]. There were 80,481 housing units at an average density of 266.4/sq mi (102.8/km²). The racial makeup of the balance was 50.37% Black or African American, 44.91% White, 0.27% Native American, 1.52% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.79% of the population.

There were 72,307 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 20.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the balance the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.

The median income for a household in the balance was $37,231, and the median income for a family was $45,372. Males had a median income of $32,008 versus $23,988 for females. The per capita income for the balance was $19,558. About 13.2% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.


In recent years, Augusta has become a center of medicine, biotechnology, and military. The Medical College of Georgia, the state's only public health sciences graduate university, employs over 7,000 people. Along with University Hospital, the Medical District of Augusta employs over 25,000 people and has an economic impact of over $1.8 billion. [14]

Along with the Medical College of Georgia, the city's three largest employers include the Savannah River Site (a Department of Energy nuclear facility) and the U.S. Army Signal Center at Fort Gordon.

Companies that have facilities, headquarters or distribution centers in Augusta include Electrolux (US headquarters), CareSouth, T-Mobile, Solo Cup Company, Automatic Data Processing, International Paper, NutraSweet, Teleperformance, E-Z-GO, Elanco, Club Car (Worldwide Headquarters), John Deere, Procter & Gamble,Kellogg's, Delta Air Lines baggage call center [15], and upstart clothing company Whitewear founded by Augusta native Stacy B. White.



Augusta is currently home to the Augusta Greenjackets minor league baseball club. The team began play in 1988 as the Augusta Pirates, affiliated with the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Greenjackets were later affiliated with the Boston Red Sox and currently are with the San Francisco Giants.

The city's ECHL hockey team, the Augusta Lynx, disbanded in December 2008.

The Southern Professional Hockey League will expand to Augusta starting in the 2010-2011 season. The name, the result of a "Name the Team" contest, was announced on March 13th, 2010. [16]

Club Sport League Venue
Augusta GreenJackets Baseball South Atlantic League Lake Olmstead Stadium
Augusta River Hawks Ice Hockey Southern Professional Hockey League James Brown Arena


Tiger Woods at the practice rounds for the 2006 Masters Tournament

The city’s famous golf course, the Augusta National Golf Club, hosts the first major golf tournament of each year, The Masters. This tournament is one of the most prestigious in the sport and is part of the Professional Golfers' Association’s Grand Slam. The best professional and amateur golfers in the world come to Augusta during the first full week of April every year. The grounds of Augusta National are known as the most pristine in all of golf. The course was ranked in 2009 as the best golf course in the world. The city is also a hotbed[citation needed] for disc golf. The Augusta Top Gun Series is a series of tournaments sanctioned by the Professional Disc Golf Association. These tournaments are held at various venues in Augusta, including Pendleton King Park and Lake Olmstead. Also, Augusta hosted the 2006 Professional Disc Golf World Championships. Along with Pendleton King and Lake Olmstead, 2 courses in N. Augusta, SC were used for the tournament. 299 disc golfers from around the world attended the event with Ken Climo winning the tournament and his 12th world championship.

Augusta is also the host of the World's Richest Drag Boat Race held on the Savannah River (Augusta Southern Nationals). The race is part of the IHBA Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing Series and is sanctioned by the International Hot Boat Association (held on July 18-20). The event benefits the Augusta Chapter of the Georgia Special Olympics. Over one hundred racing teams from twenty-five states will compete for $140,000 in purse and prizes as they try to beat the record of 252.94 MPH in the ‘World’s Richest Drag Boat Race”!

Also, the 2009 Science Olympiad National tournament will be held at Augusta State University, May 15-16

Parks and recreation

Lower level of Riverwalk Augusta
  • Riverwalk Augusta — riverfront park along and on top of city's levee
  • Augusta Common — green space linking Broad St. to Reynolds St., with statue of James Oglethorpe
  • Augusta Canal — historic canal with bike/pedestrian path
  • Aqueduct Park[17] — lagoon converted into park and swimming site by volunteers
  • Phinizy Swamp Nature Park — wetlands park with pedestrian/bike paths and boardwalks
  • Diamond Lakes Regional Park — park in south Richmond County


In 1995, the citizens of Augusta and unincorporated Richmond County voted to consolidate their city and county governments. Citizens of Hephzibah, Georgia and Blythe, Georgia, also located in Richmond County, decided to maintain separate governments. Augusta and Richmond County's consolidation took effect January 1, 1996, with the city and county merging operations. The consolidated government consists of a mayor and 10 commissioners. Eight commissioners represent specific districts, while the other two represent super districts that represents half of the county's population respectively.[18]

After a history of political division, politics in Augusta-Richmond County have become progressively more issue-oriented. [19][20]


Allgood Hall at Augusta State University, with belltower in foreground.

Colleges and universities

K-12 schools

Richmond County Board of Education central office

Public K-12 schools in Augusta are managed by the Richmond County School System. The system has 8 high schools, 10 middle schools, 36 elementary schools, 4 magnet schools, and 3 other-format schools.

Private schools in Augusta include Aquinas High School, Episcopal Day School, St. Mary on the Hill School, Curtis Baptist School, Gracewood Baptist First Academy, Alleluia Community School, New Life Christian Academy, and Westminster Schools of Augusta. Augusta Christian School and Augusta Preparatory Day School serve Augusta, but are located in neighboring Martinez, Georgia.



Flyover ramp under construction at I-20/ I-520 interchange.

Augusta is linked to Atlanta, Georgia to the west and Columbia, South Carolina to the east by Interstate 20. Interstate 520 (Bobby Jones Expressway) runs from I-20 Exit 196 through Augusta's western and southern suburban areas, eventually crossing the Savannah River to South Carolina where it becomes the Palmetto Parkway. The current South Carolina terminus of I-520 is at U.S. Route 1, but construction is currently underway to complete its connection to I-20 in South Carolina near Exit 5.

U.S. and state routes:

Augusta is served by city transit service Augusta Public Transit (APT), but the main mode of transportation within the city is by car. The city has 2 airports: Augusta Regional Airport featuring commercial air service by USAirways and Delta Air Lines, and a smaller airport for private and chartered planes, Daniel Field Airport. Augusta is also served by a number of Taxi companies. There was a proposal for a possible four mile long Trolley system that would run through the city's Downtown district.

Sister cities

See also


  1. ^ No Action on Tax Rate, Commission Seat; New Slogan; Ambulance Service Adopted (NBC Augusta)
  2. ^ a b Visitor Info - Augusta History
  3. ^ Visitor Info - Augusta Facts
  4. ^ Get your digits straight 040306 - The Augusta Chronicle
  5. ^ 762 on way to phone near you 050108 - The Augusta Chronicle
  6. ^
  7. ^ "State boards lack Augusta representation," Augusta Chronicle, [1]
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Officials consider relicensing Augusta Canal, Augusta Chronicle, June 28, 2003
  10. ^ "Average Weather for Augusta, GA - Temperature and Precipitation". Retrieved July 29, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  12. ^ "Richmond County Quick Facts from the U.S. Census Bureau". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 
  13. ^ "Richmond County Quick Facts from the U.S. Census Bureau". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 
  14. ^ HOME |
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^
  17. ^ Public clears debris, brush 061208 - The Augusta Chronicle
  18. ^ Augusta Richmond County Official Website-District Maps
  19. ^
  20. ^

External links

Coordinates: 33°28′12″N 81°58′30″W / 33.47°N 81.975°W / 33.47; -81.975

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

AUGUSTA, a city and the county-seat of Richmond county, Georgia, U.S.A., at the head of steamboat navigation on the Savannah river, 132 m. N.W. of Savannah by rail and 240 m. by river course. Pop. (5890) 33,300; (1900) 39,441, of whom 18,487 were negroes and only 995 were foreign-born; (1906, estimate) 43,125. Augusta is served by the Southern, the Augusta Southern (controlled by the Southern), the Atlantic Coast Line, the Charleston & Western Carolina (controlled by the Atlantic Coast Line), the Georgia and the Central of Georgia railways, by an electric line to Aiken, South Carolina, and by a line of steamers to Savannah. The city extends along the river bank for a distance of more than 3 m., and is connected by a bridge with Hamburg, and with North Augusta, South Carolina, two residential suburbs. Augusta is well known as a winter resort (mean winter temperature, 47° F.), and there are many fine winter homes here of wealthy Northerners. There are good roads, stretching from Augusta for miles in almost every direction. In North Augusta there is a large hotel, and there is another in Summerville (pop. in 1900, 3245), 22 m. N.W., an attractive residential suburb and winter resort, in which there are a country club and a large United States arsenal, established in 1831. Broad Street is the principal thoroughfare of Augusta, and Greene Street, with a park in the centre and flanking rows of oaks and elms, is the finest residential street. Of historical interest is St Paul's church (Protestant Episcopal); the present building was erected in 1819 and is the third St Paul's church on the same site. The first church was "built by the gentlemen of Augusta" in 1750. In the crypt of the church General Leonidas Polk is buried; and in the churchyard are the graves of George Steptoe Washington, a nephew of George Washington, and of William Longstreet, the inventor. Among the city's principal buildings are the Federal building, the Richmond county court house, the Augusta orphan asylum, the city hospital, the Lamar hospital for negroes, and the buildings of Richmond Academy (incorporated in 1783), of the Academy of the Sacred Heart (for girls), of Paine's Institute (for negroes), of Houghton Institute, endowed in 1852 to be "free to all the children of Augusta," and of the medical school of the university of Georgia, founded in 1829, and a part of the university since 1873. A granite obelisk 50 ft. high was erected in 1861 as a memorial to the signers for Georgia of the Declaration of Independence; beneath it are buried Lyman Hall (1726-1790) and George Walton (1740-1804). There are two Italian marble monuments in honour of Confederate soldiers, and monuments to the Southern poets, Paul Hamilton Hayne and Richard Henry Wilde (1789-1847).

In commerce and manufacturing, Augusta ranks second among the cities of Georgia. As a centre of trade for the "Cotton Belt," it has a large wholesale and retail business; and it is an important cotton market. The principal manufacture is cotton goods; among the other products are lumber, flour, cotton waste, cotton-seed oil and cake, ice, silk, boilers and engines, and general merchandise staples. Water-power for factories is secured by a system of "water-power canals" from a large dam across the Savannah, built in 1847 and enlarged in 1871; the principal canal, owned by the city, is so valuable as nearly to pay the interest on the municipal debt. In 1905 the value of the city's total factory product was $8,829,305, of which $3,832,009, or 43.4%, was the value of the cotton goods. The principal newspaper is the Augusta Chronicle, founded in 1785.

Augusta was established in 1735-1736 by James Edward Oglethorpe, the founder of Georgia, and was named in honour of the princess of Wales. The Carolina colonists had a trading post in its vicinity before the settlement by Oglethorpe. The fort, built in 1736, was first named Fort Augusta, and in 1780, at the time of the British occupation, was enlarged and renamed Fort Cornwallis; its site is now marked by a Memorial Cross, erected by the Colonial Dames of Georgia in the churchyard of St Paul's. Tobacco was the principal agricultural product during the 18th century, and for its culture negro slaves were introduced from Carolina, before the restrictions of the Georgia Trustees on slavery were removed. During the colonial period several treaties with Indians were made at Augusta; by the most important, that of 1763, the Choctaws, Creeks, Chickasaws, Cherokees and Catawbas agreed (in a meeting with the governors of North and South Carolina, Virginia and Georgia) to the terms of the treaty of Paris. At the opening of the American War of Independence, the majority of the people of Augusta were Loyalists. The town was taken by the British under Lieut.-Col. Archibald Campbell (1739-1791) in January 1779, but was evacuated a month later; it was the seat of government of Georgia for almost the entire period from the capture of Savannah in December 1778 until May 1780, and was then abandoned by the Patriots and was occupied chiefly by Loyalists under Lieut.-Col.

Thomas Brown. In September 1780 a force of less than 500 patriots under Col. Elijah Clarke marched against the town in three divisions, and while one division, attacking a neighbouring Indian camp, drew off most of the garrison, the other two divisions entered the town; but British reinforcements arrived before Brown could be dislodged from a building in which he had taken refuge, and Clarke was forced to withdraw. A stronger American force, under Lieut.-Col. Henry Lee, renewed the siege in May 1781 and gained possession on the 5th of June. From 1783 until 1795 Augusta was again the seat of the state government. It was the meeting-place of the Land Court which confiscated the property of the Loyalists of Georgia, and of the convention which ratified for Georgia the Constitution of the United States. In 1798 it was incorporated as a town, and in 1817 it was chartered as a city. Augusta was the home of the inventor, William Longstreet (1759-1814), who as early as 1788 received a patent from the state of Georgia for a steamboat, but met with no practical success until 1808; as early as 1801 he had made experiments in the application of steam to cotton gins and saw-mills at Augusta. Near Augusta, on the site now occupied by the Eli Whitney Country Club, Eli Whitney is said to have first set up and operated his cotton gin; he is commemorated by a mural tablet in the court house. The establishment of a steamboat line to Savannah in 1817 aided Augusta's rapid commercial development. There was a disastrous fire in 1829, an epidemic of yellow fever in 1839, and a flood in 1840, but the growth of the city was not seriously checked; the cotton receipts of 1846 were 212,019 bales, and in 1847 a cotton factory was built. During the Civil War Augusta was the seat of extensive military factories, the tall chimney of the Confederate powder mills still standing as a memorial. The economic development has, since the Civil War, been steady and continuous. An exposition was held in Augusta in 1888, and another in 1893.

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Simple English

City of Augusta
Nickname(s): The Garden City (of the South), Masters City
Motto: We feel Good
Location of the areas of Augusta and Richmond County in the state of Georgia. The area marked in dark red show the original city limits pre-1995; the area in red shows the city limits of the consolidated city-county.
Coordinates: 33°28′12″N 81°58′30″W / 33.47°N 81.975°W / 33.47; -81.975
Country United States
State Georgia
County Richmond County
 - Mayor Deke Copenhaver
Elevation 420 ft (128 m)
Population (2005)
 - City 195,769
 Metro 520,332
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)

Augusta is an American city located in the state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 195,182. In 1996, the governments of the City of Augusta and Richmond County combined to form the Augusta-Richmond County. The consolidated city-county is today simply known as "Augusta, Georgia". The area that makes up the city of Augusta includes almost all of Richmond County, except for the towns of Hephzibah and Blythe. These towns have their own governments separate from that of Augusta.

Augusta is located on the Georgia/South Carolina border. It is about 150 miles east of Atlanta. It is the second largest city and second largest metropolitan area in the state. Augusta is the birthplace of the Southern Baptist denomination. It is also the location of Springfield Baptist Church, the oldest African-American Baptist church in the United States. The city is famous for its golf course, the Augusta National Golf Club which is home to the first major golf tournament of each year, The Masters.

The city was named for Augusta, Princess of Wales, daughter-in-law of King George II of Great Britain and mother of King George III of Great Britain. It was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795

Augusta's official nickname is The Garden City. It is also known as Masters City, because of the Masters golf tournament.

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