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Auguste Vaillant

Auguste Vaillant
Born 1861
Charleville-Mézières, Ardennes, France
Died February 3, 1894
Paris, France

Auguste Vaillant (1861, Charleville-Mézières, Ardennes - February 3, 1894) was a French anarchist, most famous for his bomb attack on the French Chamber of Deputies on December 9, 1893.[1] The government's reaction to this attack was the passing of the infamous repressive Lois scélérates.

He threw the home-made device from the public gallery and was immediately arrested. The weakness of the device meant that the explosion only caused slight injuries to twenty deputies.[2] At his trial in Paris he was defended by Fernand Labori. Valliant claimed that his aim was not to kill but to wound as many deputies as possible in revenge for the execution of Ravachol. Despite this, Vaillant was sentenced to death and execution followed on 3 February 1894. His execution in turn inspired the attacks of Émile Henry and Sante Geronimo Caserio. His last words were "Death to the Bourgeoisie! Long live Anarchy!"


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