Augusto Vargas Alzamora
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He joined the Society of Jesus in 1940. He studied at the Jesuit Philosophical Faculty in San Miguel, Argentina and Madrid. He continued his studies in Granada, Spain and the University of San Marcos, Lima where he received his doctorate in education. Pope Paul VI appointed him titular bishop of Cissi and apostolic vicar of Jaén, Peru on 8 June 1978. In 1982 he was elected secretary general of the Episcopal Conference of Peru, and was reelected twice more. He was to become its President from 1993 to 1999. He resigned the pastoral government of the vicariate in 1985. In 1989 Pope John Paul II appointed him Archbishop of Lima, where he stayed until he retired in 1999. Pope John Paul elevated him to the cardinalate in the consistory of November 26, 1994, making him Cardinal Priest of S. Roberto Bellarmino. After he retired as Archbishop he continued until his death ministering at a homeless shelter he founded in Lima.
As Archbishop of Lima, he frequently clashed with Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori, demanding that the President observe human rights and democratic forms, and, at a later stage, over the President's pushing of family planning programmes.
Juan Landázuri Ricketts
30 December 1989–9 January 1999
Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne