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Augustus Peabody Gardner


Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 6th district
In office
November 4, 1902 – May 15, 1917
Preceded by William H. Moody
Succeeded by Wilfred W. Lufkin

Massachusetts Senate
Third Essex District
In office
January 1900 – 1901

Born November 5, 1865(1865-11-05)
Boston, Massachusetts
Died January 14, 1918 (aged 52)
Camp Wheeler, Macon, Georgia
Nationality American
Spouse(s) Constance Lodge (m. June 15, 1892)
Children Constance Gardner
Alma mater Harvard, A.B., 1886
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1898
1917-1918
Rank Captain and assistant Adjutant General
Colonel, Major
Unit Adjutant General’s Department
Thirty-first Division
One Hundred and Thirty-first Regiment, United States Infantry
Battles/wars Spanish-American War
Battle of Coamo
World War I
Awards Distinguished Service Medal

Augustus Peabody Gardner (November 5, 1865 – January 14, 1918) was a Representative from Massachusetts. Gardner was the son-in-law of Henry Cabot Lodge.

Gardner was born in Boston, Massachusetts and graduated from Harvard University in 1886. He studied law at Harvard Law School, but never practised, instead devoting himself to the management of his estate.

Contents

Youth and Marriage

Gardner was the third and youngest son of Joseph Peabody Gardner and Harriet Sears Amory.[1] He was the descendant of Thomas Gardner (planter) and nephew of John Lowell "Jack" whose wife was Isabella Stewart Gardner. Jack and Isabella 'adopted' Augustus and his two brothers (Joseph and William) after the death of their father in 1875. The mother had died in 1865. [2]

On June 14, 1892, Gardner married Constance Lodge, daughter of Henry Cabot Lodge, at Saint Anne's Church, Nahant, Massachusetts.

Military Service during the Spanish-American War

Gardner was a captain and assistant adjutant general on the staff of General James Wilson during the Spanish-American War

Political office

He was elected a member of the Massachusetts Senate in 1899 and served from 1900 to 1901. Gardner was elected, as a Republican, to the Fifty-seventh Congress by special election, after the resignation of United States Representative William H. Moody. Gardner was reelected to the eight succeeding Congresses (November 4, 1902 – May 15, 1917). Gardner was the chairman of the Committee on Industrial Arts and Expositions during the Fifty-ninth and Sixtieth Congresses.

Rescue of the Lodges from France

At the beginning of World War I, Gardner's Sister in law, Mrs. George Cabot Lodge and her children Henry, John and Helene were stranded in France. In August 1914 Gardner traveled to France to extract the Lodges from France, and who brought them to safety in London.[3]

Military service during World War I

Gardner resigned from Congress to enter the army. During the First World War, he served at Governors Island. He was colonel in the Adjutant General’s Department, and later was transferred at his own request to the One Hundred and Thirty-first Regiment, United States Infantry, with the rank of major.

References

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Bibliography

  • Gardner, Constance Lodge.: Augustus Peabody Gardner, Major, United States National Guard, 1865-1918 (1919).
  • Who's who in State Politics, 1912 Practical Politics p. 18 (1912).
  • New York Times, Gardiner-Lodge Page 4, (June 15, 1892).
  • New York Times, MAJ. GARDNER DIES AT CAMP WHEELER; Author of the Famous 'Wake Up, America!' Speech a Victim of Pneumonia at 52. 15 YEARS IN CONGRESS Ex-Massachusetts Representative Was the First Member to Leave for Military Service. A Graduate of Harvard. A Champion of Labor. His Tribute to France. page 13, (January 15, 1918).

Footnotes

  1. ^ Gardner, Constance Lodge (1919), Augustus Peabody Gardner, Major, United States National Guard, 1865-1918, Cambridge, MA: Constance Gardner, printed at the Riverside press, p. 1.  
  2. ^ Gardner, Frank A MD [1933] Gardner memorial : a biographical and genealogical record of the descendants of Thomas Gardner, planter, Cape Ann, 1624, Salem ISBN 0740425900, 9780740425905
  3. ^ Boston Evening Transcript (August 7, 1914), Lodge and Gardner Safe: Families of Both now in London-Gardner Praises American Officials at Havre, Boston, MA: The Boston Evening Transcript, p. 3  
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
William H. Moody
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 6th congressional district

November 4, 1902 – May 15, 1917
Succeeded by
Wilfred W. Lufkin

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