Aurangabad, Maharashtra: Wikis

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Aurangabad
औरंगाबाद  ·  اورنگ آباد
City of Gates
Divisional Commissioner's Office. Headquarter of Aurangabad Division.
Aurangabad
Location of Aurangabad
in Maharashtra and India
Coordinates 19°47′N 75°17′E / 19.78°N 75.29°E / 19.78; 75.29
Country  India
Region Marathwada
State Maharashtra
District(s) Aurangabad
Divisional commissioner Dr. Purushottam Bhapkar
Mayor Vijaya Rahatkar
Population
Density
1,167,649 (2009)
6,051 /km2 (15,672 /sq mi)
Official languages Marathi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
200 km2 (77 sq mi)
513 m (1,683 ft)
Website www.AurangabadMahapalika.org

Aurangabad (Marathi: औरंगाबाद, Urdu: اورنگ‌آباد)(About this sound pronunciation ), meaning "Built by the Throne", named after Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb), is a city in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, India. The city is a tourist hub, surrounded with many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara. The administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division or Marathwada region, Aurangabad is said to be a 'City of Gates' and one cannot ignore the strong presence of these as one drives through the city. Aurangabad is also one of the fastest growing cities in the world.[1]

Contents

History

Bibi Ka Maqbara, also known as Taj of the Deccan

Aurangabad is a city of great historic value. It was founded in 1610 A.D. by Malik Ambar, the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah of Ahmadnagar, on the site of a village called Kharki. He made it his capital and the men of his army raised their dwellings around it. Within a decade, Kharki grew into a populous and imposing city. Malik Ambar cherished strong love and ability for architecture. Aurangabad was Ambar's architectural achievement and creation. However, in 1621, it was ravaged and burnt down by the imperial troops under Jahangir. Ambar the founder of the city was always referred to by harsh names by Emperor Jahangir. In his memoirs, he never mentions his name without prefixing epithets like wretch, cursed fellow, Habshi, Ambar Siyari, black Ambar, and Ambar Badakhtur. Malik Ambar died in 1626.[2] He was succeeded by his son Fateh Khan, who changed the name of Kharki to Fatehnagar. In the same year, the Moghal viceroy Khan Jahan Lodi, advanced on the city, but retired to Burhanpur on being bribed by the Nizam Shahi Commander, Hamid Khan. With the capture of Daulatabad by the imperial troops in 1633, the Nizam Shahi dominions, including Fatehnagar, came under the possession of the Moghals. In 1653 when Prince Aurangzeb was appointed the viceroy of the Deccan for the second time, he made Fatehnagar his capital and called it Aurangabad. Aurangabad is sometimes referred to as Khujista Bunyad by the Chroniclers of Aurangzeb's reign.

Zeb-un-Nisa's palace, Aurangabad 1880s
Panchakki, Baba Shah Mosafar Dargah 1880s

In March 1666, accompanied by a body of 1,000 select troops, Shivaji arrived at Aurangabad on his way to Agra. Safshikan Khan, the governor of Aurangabad, treated him with scant respect. For this act, he was severely reprimanded by Jai Singh and made to pay a courtesy call on Shivaji. In 1668, the city nearly became a scene of a conflict between the imperial troops under Diler Khan, and those commanded by Prince Muazzam, the viceroy. In 1681, after plundering Burhanpur, the Marathas assembled in the neighbourhood of the Satara hills in order to attack Aurangabad. The plan was, however, abandoned on hearing of the arrival of the viceroy, Khan Jahan Bahadur. In the same year, Khan Jahan Bahadur erected a wall around Aurangabad to protect it against surprise attacks of the Marathas. It was done at the order of the Emperor, and cost rupees three lakhs. Two years later, the Emperor himself arrived at Aurangabad.

Bibi Ka Maqbara is a monument built in 1660 by Aurangzeb's son, Azam Shah, as a loving tribute to his mother, Dilras Bano Begam. In 1692, he ordered a magnificent palace to be erected near the great reservoir to the north of the city - the ruins of which are now to be seen in the Killa Ark. A fortified wall was thrown round the suburb of Begampura in 1696 A. D. Shortly after the death of Aurangzeb, the city of Aurangabad slipped from the hands of the Moghals. In 1720, Nizam-ul-Mulk Asif Jah, a distinguished General of Aurangzeb with the intention of founding his own dynasty in the Deccan, arrived at Aurangabad. He paid a visit to Delhi in 1723, but returned in 1724, defying the orders of Emperor Muhammad Shah. Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II transferred his capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad in 1763.

Street View Aurangabad 1868

The Emperor ordered Mubariz Khan, the Subhedar of the Deccan to oppose the Nizam. A battle was fought near Sakharkherda, subsequently called Fatehkherda, in which Murbariz Khan was defeated and killed. Raghoji, a young scion of the house of the Jadhavs of Sindkhed who fought on the side of the Moghals was also killed. Incensed at the support lent by the Jadhavs to Mubariz Khan, the Nizam despatched a posse of troops to Deulgaon to capture the Jadhav family. But being informed of the design the family escaped to Satara and sought asylum with Chhatrapati Shahu. At the intervention of Shahu the Jagir was restored back to the Jadhavs.

In 1853, Aurangabad was the scene of a conflict between the contingent troops and a body of Arab mercenaries (Chaush) belonging to Mansing Rav, the Raja of Devalgaon. The Arabs placed the Raja under restraint, and threatened his life because their pay was in arrears. Brigadier Mayne, commanding the station, being apprised of the situation, marched out in the first week of October, with the 5th regiment cavalry, 6th regiment infantry, and a battery of artillery to Jasvantpura, just outside the Roshangate, where the Arabs had posted themselves. After a stiff resistance, the Arabs were defeated and dispersed and the Raja was released. In the action that was fought the Contingent lost 15 killed and 40 were wounded. Among those killed was Lieut. Boswell, and among those wounded Lieut. Vaughan, and Captain Parker. Both of them succumbed to their wounds later.

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1857 War of Independence

The Indian Mutiny: General Woodburn's Moveable Brigade Aurungabad 1857

The year 1857 was eventful in the history of Aurangabad with the rest of the country. The British moved the first cavalry from Mominabad (Ambejogai) to Aurangabad, in order to relieve 3rd cavalry which had marched to Malegaon, and was the first regiment to show signs of disaffection. The 2nd Infantry also came under suspicion. It was also feared that the people of the city might join hands with the troops. In order to prevent this, all the precautionary measures were taken and two companies of infantry were ordered to guard the bridge which spans the river Kham and separates the cantonment area from the spot where the cavalry was encamped. This precautionary measure on the part of the British alarmed the cavalry, and the men turning out without orders threw pickets in the direction of the cantonment. The authorities at Hyderabad were kept informed of the course of events by express. Upon this, a column of troops was ordered to march from Pune to Aurangabad. In the meanwhile, the artillery was also showing signs of rebellion, but the rumour of Bombay troops marching towards Aurangabad had a quieting effect. The men of the cavalry also returned to their posts.

The Pune force was under the command of General Woodburn, and consisted of three troops of, the 14th Hussars under Captain Gall, Captain Woodcombe's battery of European artillery, and the 24th Bombay infantry under Colonel Folliot. Upon his arrival, General Woodburn marched straight to the encampment of the 3rd Cavalry, and the disaffected regiment was ordered out to a dismounted parade. The rissaldar of the first troop was directed to call out the names of the revolutionaries, and commenced by giving the name of the senior jamadar, who ordered his men to load their carbines. By this time the General with his staff and the English officers were mixed up with the disaffected troops, and hence the guns could not be used to put down the latter. In the confusion that followed, some of the troopers broke away, ran to their horses and fled away. The guns were fired upon them and the Hussars were sent in pursuit; but several of them managed to escape. A dafadar of the cavalry, Mir Fida Ali by name, fired a shot at his commanding officer, Captain Abbott. For this act of his, he was tried by a drum-head, court-martial led and hanged. The court-martial continued its sittings, and 24 of these brave men were condemned, of whom 21 were, shot and 3 mercilessly blown away from guns. About two-thirds of the regiment which had remained quiet was marched to Edalabad and recruited to its full strength by men from the other three regiments of the cavalry. Subsequently the third cavalry served throughout the campaign under Sir Hugh Rose.[citation needed]

Historical Aurangabad

Photographs taken by Lala Deen Dayal & others in the 19th century, sourced from the British Library, Views of HH the Nizam's Dominions, Hyderabad, Deccan.

Geography and Climate

Aurangabad
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.8
 
29
12
 
 
2.1
 
32
14
 
 
3.3
 
36
19
 
 
3.5
 
38
22
 
 
24
 
38
25
 
 
114
 
34
24
 
 
116
 
30
22
 
 
120
 
29
21
 
 
122
 
30
21
 
 
61
 
32
19
 
 
11
 
30
15
 
 
6.5
 
28
12
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: MSN Weather

The co-ordinates for Aurangabad are N 19° 53' 47" - E 75° 23' 54". The city is surrounded by hills on all directions.

Temperature: Annual temperatures in Aurangabad range from 9 to 40°C, with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter - October to February. The highest maximum temperature ever recorded was 46°C (114°F) on 25 May 1905. The lowest recorded temperature was 2°C (36°F) on 2 February 1911. In the cold season, the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the minimum temperature may drop down to about 2°C to 4°C (35.6°F to 39.2°F).[3]

Rainfall: Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Rainfall varies from 9.0 to 693 mm/month. Average annual rainfall is 725 mm.

Economy

There is evidence to believe that Aurangabad was developed as a trading hub four centuries ago. It lies on a major trade route that used to connect north-west India's sea and land ports to the Deccan region.

Industry

Himroo Shawl

The city was a major silk and cotton textile production centre. A fine blend of silk with locally grown cotton was developed as Himroo textile. Much of the silk industry has vanished over time, but some manufacturers have managed to keep the tradition alive. Paithani silk saris are also made in Aurangabad. The name of this cloth is derived from Paithan town.

In 1889 a cotton-spinning and weaving mill was erected in Aurangabad city, which employed 700 people. With the opening of the Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways in the year 1900 several ginning factories were started. In the Jalna alone there were 9 cotton-ginning factories and 5 cotton-presses, besides two ginning factories at Aurangabad and Kannad, and one oil- press at Aurangabad. The total number of people employed in the cotton-presses and ginning factories in the year 1901 was 1,016.[5]

Until 1960, Aurangabad languished as a city, remaining an industrially backward. In 1960, the region of Marathwada was merged with Maharashtra. This was the time when the industrial development of the Marathwada region began, propelled through designated backward area benefits. And it was only when the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) began acquiring land and setting up industrial estates that it began to grow. Aurangabad is now classic example of efforts of state government towards balanced industrialisation of state. [6]


Many renowned Indian and MNCs have established themselves in the Industrial Estates of Aurangabad:

Taj Residency, Aurangabad

Some of the other well known names are: Garware, Ajanta Pharma, AMRI, Glenmark, Lupin, Wipro, Orchid pharma, Endurance systems, Rucha Eng, Indo German Tool Room, Ceekay Daikin Ltd, Cosmos Films, NRB bearings, Hindalco-Almex Aerospace, Can-pack India, Varroc, Dagerfrost, FrigoriFico Allana, Nath Seeds.

The Aurangabad - Jalna belt is also considered as the seed capital of India with presence of some of the largest seed companies in the country. Mahyco (R&D + Production), Nath Seeds (R&D + Production) Seminis seeds (R&D + Production) and Monsanto (R&D currently) are some of the big names in the industry.[7]

Many firms have their manufacturing bases in Aurangabad, in the sectors of automotive and auto components, pharmaceuticals and breweries, consumer durables, plastic processing, aluminium processing, agriculture and biotech. Among Pharmaceutical there is Recombinant Insulin Manufacturing plant of Wockhardt (Wockhardt Biotech Park) in Aurangabad, which is Largest Biopharmaceutical plant in India. Aurangabad also has 5 star hotels like ITC Welcomgroup's The Rama International, The Ajanta Ambassador, The Taj Residency, The Lemontree (formerly The President Park) and the Aurangabad Gymkhana.

Audi assembly line at Škoda Auto, Aurangabad

The Shendra, Chikalthana and Waluj MIDC Industrial Areas are prominent industrial zones on the outskirts of the city, with various major multinational groups having set up manufacturing or processing plants in and around the city. There are five Special Economic Zones (SEZs) which have been approved by central governemnt for this city and these are, in automotive (Bajaj), in pharmaceuticals (Inspira Pharma SEZ and Wockhardt), one in aluminium (Hindalco Aluminium) and yet another is Inspira Biotech SEZ. Recently Aurangabad became the third city in Maharashtra (after Pune & Nashik ) to host an auto cluster namely Marathwada Auto Cluster(MAC).[8]. An electrical goods major Siemens will soon establish plant for manufacturing of metro train coaches.

Financial services

Modern banking in the district may be said to have begun when the Central Bank of India was established in Hyderabad State on 19 February 1932, at Jalna, and in next year i.e., on 20 December 1933, at Aurangabad.

Later on in 1945 the Bank of Hyderabad was established under the Hyderabad State Bank Act of 1350 Fasli. The State Bank of Hyderabad mainly transacted Government business such as accepting and holding of money belonging to the Government and making payments on its behalf and other routine business such as exchange, remittance, etc. The bank also worked as an agent of the Government in its function of issuing paper.[9]

In the first decade of the twenty-first century, Aurangabad has seen a spurt in financial activities, with almost all public sector and private banks have opened up branches including the State Bank of India, State Bank of Hyderabad, Bank of Maharashtra, Citibank, Deutsche Bank, ICICI Bank, Bank of India, HDFC Bank, etc. Also Regional Rural Bank viz. Aurangabad Jalna Gramin Bank was established in 1982. During 2008 as per Govt. of India directives, Aurangabad Jalna Gramin Bank and Thane Gramin Bank (both sponsored by Bank of Maharashtra) was amalgamated, and new RRB came into existence namely Maharashtra Godavari Gramin Bank. The head office of which is in Aurangabad city. The area of operation is of nine districts viz. Aurangabad, Jalna, Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar, Nasik, Ahmednagar, Thane and Raigad.

Administration and politics

The Aurangabad bench of The Bombay High Court

Local administration

Aurangabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) is the local civil body. It is divided into six zones. The Municipal Council was established in 1936, the Municipal Council area was about 54.5 km2. It was elevated to the status of Municipal Corporation from 8 December 1982, and simultaneously including eighteen peripheral villages, making total area under its jurisdiction to 138.5 km2 extended its limits.

The city is divided in 99 electoral wards called as Prabhag, and each ward is represented by a Corporator elected by the people from each ward. There are two Committees, General Body and Standing Committee headed by the Mayor and the Chairman respectively. AMC is responsible for providing basic amenities like drinking water, drainage facility, road,street lights, healthcare facilities, primary schools, etc. AMC collects its revenue from the urban taxes which are imposed on citizens. The administration is headed by the Municipal Commissioner; an I.A.S. Officer, assisted by the other officers of different departments.

State and central administration

Aurangabad contributes one seat to the Lok Sabha. The seat is currently held by Mr. Chandrakant Khaire, MP of the Shiv Sena party. It also holds the seat for the Assembly - Aurangabad West. Mr Rajendra Darda of (Indian National Congress) is the MLA from Aurangabad East constituency and holds the portfolio of Cabinet Minister for Industries, Government of Maharashtra.[10] In latest constituency arrangements made by Election Commission of India, Aurangabad will conrtibute one Loksabha seat, and three state assembly seats, i.e. Aurangabad East, Aurangabad West and Aurangabad Central. The latest MLAs being - Aurangabad (East) - Rajendra Darda of Congress(I), Aurangabad (Central) - Pradeep Jaiswal (Independent) and Aurangabad(West) Sanjay Shirsat of Shiv-Sena(Map of Aurangabad Loksabha and Assembly seats[11]

Judiciary

Police Commissionerate Aurangabad

Bombay High Court Aurangabad Bench: The Aurangabad bench of The Bombay High Court was established in 1982. Initially only a few districts of Maharashtra were under the Aurangabad bench. Subsequently in 1988, Ahmednagar and others districts were attached to the bench. The jurisdiction of the Aurangabad Bench is over Aurangabad, Ahmednagar, Dhule, Jalna, Jalgaon, Beed, Parbhani, Latur and Osmanabad. The bench also has a Bar council of Maharashtra and Goa office. The HC bench at Aurangabad is just approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) from the Aurangabad Airport and around 6 km from central bus stand. The Aurangabad bench has a strong Bar of more than 700 advocates. The Aurangabad bench has now 15 judges. The present building of bench is situated in a very huge premises. The first phase of centrally located magnificent High Court edifice-constructed at a cost of Rs, 350 Lacs, having 6,202.18 square metres built up area was opened in the month of June 1995.

Media and communication

  • Newspapers: Lokmat is the leading newspaper of the region. Other daily newspapers published in the regional language are Aurangabad Times, Samana, Loksatta, Sakaal, Punyanagri and Sanjvarta and also there is a national news paper The Times Of India Pune Edition.Nav Bharat Mumbai Edition .
  • Radio: The city has four FM radio stations - All India Radio, Gyaanvani (dedicated to university learning and distance education) and Radio Mirchi 98.3fm, Red FM 93.5, Radio City 91.1 FM, with the private satellite radio station WorldSpace also available.
  • Internet: Internet facilities are provided by several suppliers, Now All City is Wi-Max (WI-FI), BSNL is leading internet facilities provider, Media:Broadband Infosystems provides Sify Broadband, METAMAX and Hathway [MCN] providing a broadband service.

Transport

The busy Jalna road

Road

Aurangabad is well connected by roads with various major cities of maharashtra and other states. National highway NH-211 (Dhule-Aurangabad-Solapur) passes through the city. Road connectivity is excellent and road connecting to Jalna, Pune, Ahmednagar, Nagpur, Beed, Mumbai are upgraded into four lane national highway. A New Nagpur-Aurangabad-Mumbai highway is being developed.

Inter-city
Flyover on Jalna road

The scheme of nationalization of passenger transport services was started as early as 1932 by the State of Hyderabad, which was one of the pioneers in the field of public road transport, first in collaboration with the railways and then as a separate Government Department. After the reorganization of States and with effect from 1 July 1961, the Marathwada State Transport was amalgamated with the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation.[12] The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state.

Intra-city

"Aurangabad Municipal Transport" (AMT) is an intra-city bus service which covers almost all parts of the city, and also connects to the more distant industrial suburbs. AMT (Aurangabad Municipal Transport) intra-city buses ply throughout the city including the outskirts, and connect different parts of the city and adjoining suburbs together. The AMT bus service is affordable, efficient and safe.[citation needed] The AMT buses are quite crowded during morning and evening rush hours. Metered auto rickshaws ply throughout the city. The fare is based on a meter and is computed by a tariff card available from the driver.

New Integrated Terminal Building, Aurangabad Airport

Air

Now Aurangabad has an International airport. Recently there were flights made available to all the people traveling to Hajj pilgrimage. Aurangabad Airport has connecting flights to Delhi, Udaipur, Mumbai, Jaipur as well as Hyderabad.

Rail service

History

The Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railway was establisted by the Nizam of Hyderabad and was part of the Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway owned and worked by a company under a guarantee from the Hyderabad State. The capital for Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railway was raised by the issue of redeemable mortgage debentures.

The Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways (metre gauge) ran for 391 miles north-west from Hyderabad city to Manmad on the north-eastern section of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and was built between 1899 and 1901.

Present

Aurangabad (station code: AWB) is a station located on the Kachiguda-Manmad section of Nanded division of South Central Railway (SCR). The Manmad-Kacheguda Broad gauge railway line which emanates from the Mumbai-Bhusawal-Howrah trunk route at Manmad is an important artery of traffic in Aurangabad district. The importance of this line lies in the fact that it has opened for traffic the fertile agricultural tract in Marathwada region. It also serves as a link between Mumbai and Secunderabad in Andhra Pradesh. This line was formerly the only route of traffic as there were no good roads in the Marathwada region. This railway route was opened for traffic in 1900.

After Divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad division, Aurangabad now comes under the newly created Nanded (NED) Division of SCR. Aurangabad has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, latur, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai, Bhopal, Gwalior and Kachiguda (KCG). But there are still demands of the people for direct rail connectivity to Indore, Lucknow, Jaipur and other major Indian cities. Ajanta Express between Kachiguda and Manmad and Sachkhand Express between Amritsar and Nanded are the most prestigious trains passing through this station which connects it to Bhopal Junction, Nagpur, Jhansi, Gwalior and New Delhi.

The Aurangabad Jan Shatabdi Express is the fastest and most comfortable train option to and from Mumbai, with a total traveling time of 6½ hours. Three overnight trains and two daytime trains also travel between Mumbai and Aurangabad.

Aurangabad has more number of trains to HYB than to any other city. Ajanta Express, Secunderabad Bi-Weekly Express, Kakinada Express, Devagiri Express, Hyderabad Passenger, Manmad-Kachiguda Passenger, Okha-Rameswaram Express — all these trains connect AWB with HYBt.

Education

Aurangabad has transformed into a major education centre in the Deccan due to its proximity with Pune. Aurangabad has schools run by the Aurangabad Municipal Corporation and private schools owned and run by trusts and individuals.[13] Aurangabad has many schools and colleges for higher studies. It has five engineering colleges (including one government engineering college), one government medical college, one polytechnic college[citation needed]. A regional centre of DOEACC is also located here.

Aurangabad Cantonment

Aurangabad Cantonment is the greenest area of the Aurangabad city. It also has a nine hole golf courses, the only course in Marathwada region. Aurangabad Cantonment was formed in the year 1819 with European Officers to train the Nizam Army. In 1903, a treaty was signed between British and the Nizam, and it was decided to establish a proper Cantonment. Today the Cantonment is spread across 2584 acres with civil population of 19274 as per 2001 census.[14]

Culture and cuisine

Naan Qalia, Aurangabad

Culture

The culture of Aurangabad city is heavily influenced by Hyderabad. The old city still retains the cultural flavour and charms of Muslim culture of Hyderabad. Its influence is reflected in the language and cuisine of the locals. Although Marathi and Urdu are the principal languages of the city, they are spoken in DakhniHyderabadi Urdu dialect.[15]

Wali Dakhni also known as Wali Aurangabadi (1667–1731 or 1743) was a classical poet of Urdu from Aurangabad. He was the first established poet to have composed in Urdu language. Prominent poets like Shah Hatem, Shah Abro, Mir Taqi Mir, Zauq and Sauda were among his admirers.[16]

Cuisine

Aurangabad's food is much like Mughlai or Hyderabadi cuisine with its fragrant pulao and Biryani. Meat cooked in fresh spices and herbs is a speciality, as are the delectable sweets. The local cuisine is a blend of Mughlai and Hyderabadi cuisine, with an influence of the spices and herbs of the Marathwada region.[17]

Naan Qalia is a dish that is associated with Aurangabad in India. It is a concoction of mutton and a variety of spices. Naan is the bread made in tandoor (Hot furnace) while Qalia is a mixture of mutton and various spices.

The dish originated in the army camp of Muhammad bin Tughlaq when he shifted his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in the year 1327. Later the dish was used in the army camps of the Mughals who had their base in and around Daulatabad and Aurangabad in the deccan. Soldiers and camp followers settled in Aurangabad patronised the dish and the tradition continues to this day.

Tahri or Tahari is similar to pulaoBiryani and is very popular in Aurangabad and Marathwada. Tahri is prepared by adding the meat to the rice, as opposed to traditional Biryani where the rice is added to the meat.[18]

Aurangabad / Marathwada / Dakhni cuisine is a blend of the Puneri and the Hyderabadi cuisine (which beautifully blends the use of typical South Indian ingredients such as curry leaves, tamarind and coconut into their celebrated culinary practices).[19] Distinctively different from the Hyderabadi cuisine , the Deccani cuisine (Marathwada, North Karnataka and Telangana) is a simple yet sumptuously wholesome affair. The stress is on the powdered masalas and their right proportions while cooking, unlike the Mughlai items where emphasis is on opulent garnishing and seasoning. While Mughlai is mostly prepared by low-simmer in dum-style, Deccani food is not as time consuming and spicy as its royal counterpart.[20]

The availability of staple, easily used ingredients and some derivatives such as the Vadis (dried rice/lentil nuggets), vegetables of the season – Vangi (brinjals) appear on most menus while the other lentils from the region make their presence felt in the Jhunkas and Pitlas (raw tomato curry made thick with besan). The use of groundnut with garlic, chillies and kopra are seen in the creation of the Chutney, thechas and pastes/gravies (with the onion as the main ingredient). The mutton and fowl are celebrated for their tenderness and taste (locally, the Gavran Chicken though fibrous as compared to the broiler is a hot favourite for its robust taste). The accompanying bread is of Jwarichi, or Bajrichi Bhakari, Chapatis and variations such as Dhapatya are well known, the Thalipeeth, which is made from a combination of various grains and partaken with butter.[19]

Local Arts

  • Paithani Textiles: The Paithani sarees from Paithan are considered to be priced possession by one and all. One can get an opportunity to witness this age old art of weaving Paithani sarees. The yarn used is of pure silk and the zari or gold threads drawn from pure gold.

Mashru and Himroo

Aurangabad is famous for Mashru and Himroo fabrics made of cotton and silk with the luster of satin. Himru is an age-old weaving craft, and was originally known as kum khuab.

  • Himroo: The fabric is said to have originated in Persia, though not conclusively proved, Himroo is associated with the times of Mohammad Tughlaq who ruled in the 14th century. When Mohammad Tughlaq shifted his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad many weavers came and settled here. During the exodus the weavers instead of returning to Delhi stayed back here. During the reign of Malik Ambar, the city's fame attracted many people from far and wide. During the Mughal rule under Aurangzeb's governorship, Auarangabad the capital and the weavers became more prosperous. The only industry in Aurangabad allured hundreds of craftsman. Members of the royal family and an elite few used the famous Aurangabad Himroo. Himroo weaving is very characteristic and distinctive. Fabrics and shawls from Aurangabad are much in demand for their unique style and design. [21]
  • Bidriware : A unique form of gold and silver inlays on copper is preserved here from ancient Persian traditions that have been sustained in the Deccan. This ancient art still finds expression in the modern items like cufflinks, nameplates and more. Typical bidri items include plates, bowls, vases, ashtrays, trinket boxes, huqqa bases and jewellery.
  • Kaghzipura : A place situated near Daulatabad made first handmade paper in India after the technology was brought here by Mongol invaders. Interestingly this paper has been used to print the Quran. [21]

See Also

Gallery

Geographical Location

References

  1. ^ 11 Indian cities among worlds fastest growing.
  2. ^ Qureshi Dulari, "Tourism Potential in Aurangabad," p.6
  3. ^ Maharashtra government web site
  4. ^ "Mahapopulation" (in Marathi) (PDF). Census of India. www.maharashtra.gov.in. http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/ecoSurvey/ataglanc.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  5. ^ "Hyderabad" by Mirza Mehdy Khan, Imperial Gazetteer of India, Government Printing Press, Calcutta, 1909.
  6. ^ TOI. "History revisited at Aurangabad". http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/features/the-sunday-et/consumer-life/History-revisited-at-Aurangabad-the-city-of-gates/articleshow/4390611.cms. Retrieved 20/01/2010. 
  7. ^ Inspira Infrastructure - Why Aurangabad.
  8. ^ Indian Expresses (Finally, Aurangabad gets its auto cluster).
  9. ^ Maharashtra government web site Banking and Finance Aurangabad
  10. ^ Ministers in Government of Maharashtra.
  11. ^ aurangabad.nic.in.
  12. ^ Maharashtra government web site Public transport Aurangabad
  13. ^ ""Educational Institutes, Colleges and Universtities in Inda"". Education 4 India. http://institutions.education4india.com/category/cities-in-india/maharashtra/aurangabad/. Retrieved 2009-07-22. 
  14. ^ Aurangabad Cantonment website
  15. ^ DAKHNI The Language in which the Composite Culture of India was Born by T. Vijayendra.
  16. ^ (Wali Dakhni) The Language in which the Composite Culture of India was Born by T. Vijayendra.
  17. ^ The cuisine of Auguranbad
  18. ^ Types of Biryani - Adibah.co.uk
  19. ^ a b Upper Crust
  20. ^ The Hindu - Plateau palate
  21. ^ a b Qureshi, Dulari (1999). Tourism Potential in Aurangabad. Delhi: Bhartiya Kala Prakashan. p. 65. ISBN 8186050442. 

External links


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