From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
major party leaders
|< 1975 1977 1980 >
Parliament: 22 years
Leader since: 1974
Parliament: 25 years
Leader since: 1967
Federal elections were held in Australia on 10
December 1977. All 124 seats in the House of
Representatives, and 34 of the 64 seats in the Senate,
were up for election.
The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia
led by Malcolm
Fraser with coalition partner the National Country Party led by Doug Anthony in
government since 1975 defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by Gough Whitlam.
Senate (STV) —
1977-80 — Turnout 95.08% (CV) — Informal
||Australian Labor Party
||Liberal/National (Joint Ticket)
||Liberal Party of
||Country Liberal Party
Independent: Brian Harradine
The government offering tax cuts to voters and ran
advertisements with the slogan "fistful of dollars". The tax cuts
were never delivered; instead a "temporary surcharge" was imposed
in 1978. The election coincided with the retirement of the
Governor-General, Sir John Kerr. Kerr had
appeared drunk at the Melbourne Cup in November and the public
outcry resulted in the cancellation of his appointment as
Ambassador to UNESCO.
The 1977 election was held a year earlier than required, partly
to bring elections for the House and Senate back into line. A
half-Senate election had to be held by the middle of 1978, since
the double dissolution election of 1975 had resulted in the terms
of senators being backdated to July 1975.
Liberal Don Chipp had
been dropped from the ministry after the 1975 election. He had
formed a new political party, the Australian Democrats, and had
announced his intention to run for the Senate. Liberal
Movement senator Steele Hall resigned and was replaced by Janine Haines but
lost her seat, however the party gained Chipp in Victoria and Colin Mason in New
South Wales, with Haines being re-elected at the next election as
The ALP made limited gains in the election. The Second Fraser
Government retained the second-largest parliamentary majority in
Australian history after the majority it won in the 1975 election. Gough
Whitlam resigned as the leader of the ALP in 1978.
Although there were a number of women candidates for the House
of Representatives, no women were elected. Women have been elected
at every general election from 1980 onwards.
- University of WA election results in Australia
- AEC 2PP vote
- Prior to 1984 the AEC did not undertake a full distribution of
preferences for statistical purposes. The stored ballot papers for
the 1983 election were put through this process prior to their
destruction. Therefore the figures from 1983 onwards show the
actual result based on full distribution of preferences.