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Australian rules football
Colemanflies.jpg
High marking, also known as a "Speccy" or "Screamer" is a key skill in Australian Rules Football
Highest governing body Australian Football League
Nickname(s) Australian rules football, Australian football, football, footy, Aussie rules, AFL
First played 1859, Melbourne, Australia
Registered players 693,052 (total) (2008)
130,000 (adult) (2007)
Clubs 2,659
Characteristics
Contact Contact
Team members 22
Mixed gender Single[citation needed]
Categorization Outdoor
Equipment Football
.Australian football,[1] also commonly referred to as[2] football, or Aussie rules, colloquially as footy, and historically as Australian football,[3] is a variant of football played between two teams of 18 players, plus four interchange players, outdoors on large oval-shaped grass fields (often modified cricket fields), with a ball in the shape of a prolate spheroid.^ Australian Rules Football (also "Aussie Rules" or "footy") is a physical contact sport.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Each team also has four interchange players.

^ This shows the toughness of Australian football players.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.The primary aim of the game is to score goals by kicking the ball between the middle two posts of the opposing goal.^ Scoring: If a ball is kicked between the goal posts, it is called a goal and six points are awarded.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ A goal is when a player kicks the ball through the two center posts.

^ When the ball is in the attackers possession and control, he may score a goal by kicking the ball.

.The winner is the team with the higher total score at the end of the fourth quarter.^ The team with the most points at the end of the fourth period is the winner.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Teams change ends after each quarter.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The winning team is the team who has the higher total score at the end of the fourth quarter.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[4] .Except for special circumstances,[5] if the score is tied, a draw is declared.^ If the score is tied then a draw is declared.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Yet no other goals were scored and the game was declared a draw.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.Players may use any part of their body to advance the ball.^ Players may not be tackled without the ball.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ Players may obstruct opposing players off the ball - called 'sheparding', but under no circumstances are allowed push or tackle a player who does not have possession of the ball.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Players may move around the field freely, however, when running with the ball it must touch the ground every 15 metres.
  • AUSTRALIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE, AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL, AFL, AUSTRALIAN SPORT 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.australianexplorer.com [Source type: News]

.The primary methods are kicking, handballing and running with the ball.^ Runs over the mark before or as the ball is kicked.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players may move the ball around the field, either by kicking, handballing (punching the ball off your hand), or running with the ball.
  • Aussie Rules Football, Australian Events in NYC - NY Magpies Footy Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: General]

^ The ball is advanced by running, hand-passing, or kicking the ball.
  • Australian Rules Football buying guide 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.shopwiki.com [Source type: General]

.There are rules on how the ball can be handled, for example players running with the ball must intermittently bounce or touch it on the ground.^ A player running with the ball must bounce the ball or touch it on the ground once every 15 metres.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ If the player runs with the ball, he must bounce it or touch it to the ground once every 10 meters (about 33 feet).
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How far can a player run with the ball before he has to pass it?
  • ESPN.com - Page2 - We come from a land Down Under 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC espn.go.com [Source type: General]

.Throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught holding the ball.^ Throwing the ball is not allowed.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Players may move around the field freely, however, when running with the ball it must touch the ground every 15 metres.
  • AUSTRALIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE, AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL, AFL, AUSTRALIAN SPORT 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.australianexplorer.com [Source type: News]

^ When passing players may only hold the ball with one hand, using the other fist to hit it.
  • AUSTRALIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE, AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL, AFL, AUSTRALIAN SPORT 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.australianexplorer.com [Source type: News]

.Unlike most similar sports, there is no offside rule, and players can roam the field freely.^ Also there are no offside rules so players can be anywhere on the field without being penalized.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Unlike most similar sports, there is no offside rule and players can roam the field freely.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Players may move around the field freely, however, when running with the ball it must touch the ground every 15 metres.
  • AUSTRALIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE, AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL, AFL, AUSTRALIAN SPORT 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.australianexplorer.com [Source type: News]

.Possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when a free kick is paid.^ Possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when a free kick is paid.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Spectacular players who take high/exciting marks, or who kick lots of goals or get a lot of possessions of the ball typify the most widely known players.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ In 1988, rules changed to make players awarded free kicks be obliged to kick ball, rather than handpass.

.A distinctive feature of the game is the mark, where players anywhere on the field who catch a ball from a kick (with specific conditions), are awarded a free kick.^ The player who marks the ball then gets to kick it to the pack.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ If a player manages to catch a ball that has been kicked, they are henceforth known as Mark and awarded a free kick .
  • Australian Football League - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ The player who marked the ball is then entitled to a free kick.

[6] .Australian rules is a contact sport, in which players can tackle using their hands or use their whole body to obstruct opponents.^ Australian Rules Football (also "Aussie Rules" or "footy") is a physical contact sport.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Australian Rules Football is a physical contact sport.
  • Cincinnati Dockers Australian Rules Football Club - About Footy 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC cincinnatidockers.com [Source type: General]

^ Sport - Football - Australian Rules < previous .

.Dangerous physical contact (such as a pushing an opponent in the back), interference when marking and deliberately slowing the play are discouraged with free kicks, distance penalties or suspension, depending on the seriousness of the infringement.^ Pushes an opponent in the back.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following a behind, the ball is kicked back into play from within the goal-square.
  • The University of North Carolina Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Tactics that are not allowed in the sport today such as “tripping and pushing in the back (were) allowed” (“The First Written”) back then.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.Frequent physical contests, aerial marking or "speckies", fast movement of both players and the ball and high scoring are the game's main attributes.^ A high mark is when the player catches the ball in the air above his head.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Their ramblings are rather more animated than the average sports reporter, with 'long bombs into the left pocket', and players scoring 'a screamer of a mark'.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Australian Rules football, or 'footy' as it is colloquially known, is a non-stop thrill - a fast, competitive, physical, and high scoring team game.
  • Minnesota Freeze | Australian Rules Football Club -- 2007 Division II & 2005 Division III National Champions 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mnfooty.com [Source type: General]
  • Minnesota Freeze | Australian Rules Football Club -- 2007 Division II & 2005 Division III National Champions 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mnfooty.com [Source type: General]

.Details of the game's origins in Australia are obscure and still the subject of much debate.^ There has been heated debate as to the significance of Tom Wills in the origins of the game.
  • Reading Victoria Blog » australian rules football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC slv.vic.gov.au [Source type: General]
  • Reading Victoria Blog » Blog Archive » The Origins of Australian Rules football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC slv.vic.gov.au [Source type: General]

^ The only State of Origin game played in 1994 was SA vs Victoria in Adelaide where South Australia won 11.9 75 to 10.13 73.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

.Australian football became organised in Melbourne in May 1859, when the first laws of the game were published by the Melbourne Football Club.^ Melbourne Essendon Football Club, 1994.
  • bspgallery: Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bspgallery.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Monbulk Football Club - Australian rules football club.

^ Norwood Football Club - Australian rules football.

[7]
.Australian football is a major participation and spectator sport in Australia.^ As Australia has changed from what it was in the 1850’s so has Australian football changed from what it was in the 1850’s.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian rules football outside Australia .
  • SportingPulse Homepage for Samoan Australian Rules Football Association 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.sportingpulse.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian football is a major part of life for the aborigines in most of Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[8][9] .The most prestigious and only national competition in Australia is the Australian Football League (AFL), which culminates in the annual AFL Grand Final, currently the fourth highest attended club championship event in the world.^ Have a look at this video from the Australia Football League.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AFL Cairns - Australian Rules Football league.

^ In Australia the code is growing due to growth of the Australian Football League.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.The AFL has governed the sport nationally since 1993 and internationally since 2005 through the AFL Commission and the AFL Laws of the Game Committee.^ Since then, the game of Australian football in Canada has expanded to include seventeen clubs (including a ten team league in Ontario), a junior development program, and a national team.
  • Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.australearn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reflecting expansion of game internationally, in 2009 AFL gained its first Canadian player in former rugby union World-wide Mike Pyke.

^ Similarly, players who played in the VFL before 1987 would have matches recorded as state league games, with the similar status as those who played in the WAFL and SANFL. Matches played in the AFL since 1987 would have national league status.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The game is also played at amateur level in several countries and in several variations.^ The USA Freedom Women's team have started a tour of Australia playing in games against several Aussie Wome's teams.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ We know, from several sources, that Tom played games with aboriginal children in the Mount William district.
  • Reading Victoria Blog » australian rules football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC slv.vic.gov.au [Source type: General]

^ Finally, rough play outside of the laws of the game is severely penalized.
  • The University of North Carolina Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: General]

Contents

Rules of the game

.
The playing field, which may be approximately 150 metres (or more) long goal to goal and 135 metres (or more) wide boundary line to boundary line wing to wing.
^ Consisting of 2 goal posts, set 6.4 metres apart on the boundary line.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The game is played on a 150 metres field with four posts on opposite ends.

^ The Australian football pitch is an oval, 135-185 meters (442-606 feet) long and 110-155 meters (360-508 feet) wide.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Approximately 3 to 5 metres of boundary line space from the boundary line to the fence is also required.^ Consisting of 2 goal posts, set 6.4 metres apart on the boundary line.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Two behind posts each set 6.4 metres either side of the goal posts on the boundary line.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

.The centre square is 50m x 50m.^ Markings include the boundary line, centre square and circle, goal squares, interchange area, with 50m radius line optional.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ The following areas are marked on the playing surface: a square, called the centre square, is located at the centre of the playing surface and is 50m long and 50m wide a centre circle 3m in diameter and an outer circle 10m in diameter are located in the middle of the centre square.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

.The curved fifty metre line is 50 m away from the centre of the goal.^ Other crowd pleasers involve players kicking long goals from more than 50 metres.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Centre circle at centre of oval, 3 metres in diameter, bisected by lateral line extending 2 metres either side of the diameter.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Consisting of 2 goal posts, set 6.4 metres apart on the boundary line.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

.For professional Australian Football the 50 metre lines should not intersect the front or back edge of the centre square (which is why 150m from goal to goal is considered about regulation size (some grounds are longer)).^ Information about Australian Rules Football .

^ Secondary Keywords : Scotch College, Melbourne Grammar, Anti-Football League, West Australian Football League, South Australian Football League 21st April 1979 -  Watching the bottom line.
  • Jeff's Site: Archives > Sport > Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.geoffhook.com [Source type: General]

^ Should I be worried about this vestigial tail growing out of my back?
  • Australian Rules Football Team Wants To Play By Really Different Rules - Australian rules football ku klux klan ad - Deadspin 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC deadspin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Adjacent goal and behind posts are 6.4 metres apart.^ Goal and Behind posts.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Consisting of 2 goal posts, set 6.4 metres apart on the boundary line.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The four posts each stand 6.4 metres apart.

The goal square is 9m long.
.Both the ball and the field of play are elliptical in shape.^ The ball is oval, or elliptical in shape.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ Played on large, oval-shaped fields, AFL dates back as far as 1858.
  • AUSTRALIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE, AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL, AFL, AUSTRALIAN SPORT 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.australianexplorer.com [Source type: News]

^ The game consists of 18 players on each team and is played on an oval-shaped field.
  • Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.australearn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.No more than 18 players of each team are permitted to be on the field at any time.^ The game is played with 2 teams of 22 players, 18 of which are on the field at a time.
  • Australian Rules Resources, Training and Drills 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: News]

^ Related topics: sport No more than 18 players of each team are permitted to be on the field at any time, with interchange players on the bench.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ Their ramblings are rather more animated than the average sports reporter, with 'long bombs into the left pocket', and players scoring 'a screamer of a mark'.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Up to four interchange (reserve) players may be swapped for those on the field at any time during the game.^ Each team also has four interchange players.

^ At any time, a substitute may be interchanged with one of the other participating players.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players may be interchanged at any time during the match.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

.In Australian rules terminology, these players wait for substitution "on the bench" - an area with a row of seats on the sideline.^ These rules imposed no limit on the number of players, though in the 1880s, 20 men per team became standard.
  • Australian rules football (sport) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ But in 1916 “the game lost many of its great players to wartime service” (“Australian rules”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian football’s rules reflect the identity of Australia as it shows the countries that the sport evolved from and this in turn shows that Australia evolved from these countries.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.In Round 8, 2008 a new rule was introduced for the remainder of the season.^ Sport - Football - Australian Rules BFL season 2010: round one .

^ BFL season 2010: round one Sport - Football - Australian Rules BFL: grand final rematch to kick off 2010 season .

.The AFL club has to lodge a piece of paper with an attendant AFL official detailing the player to come off the ground and his replacement.^ Official site with details of players, the club, fixtures, merchandise, and supporter information.

^ Women came to the club complaining of being raped by players, and instead of advising them to go to the police, the club just made use of its ample supply of brown paper bags to once more buy them off.

^ The ball must not have touched another player, but if it strikes an official and is caught before it touches the ground, the mark is awarded.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is no offside rule nor are there set positions in the rules; unlike many other forms of football, players from both teams disperse across the whole field before the start of play.^ Most crucial, and in contrast to other football sports, there was no offside rule, which meant that players from each team were located behind and in front of the ball during play.
  • Australian rules football (sport) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Both teams hate each other.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ There is no "goalie" in Australian Football .
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, only four players from each team are allowed within the 50 m centre square before every centre bounce, which occurs at the commencement of each quarter, and to restart the game after a goal is scored.^ A goal has been scored, in which case the ball is bounced in the centre again, as at the start of a match.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The team that scores the most goals wins.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ The team with the most goals wins the game.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

.There are also other rules pertaining to allowed player positions during set plays (i.e., after a mark or free kick) and during kick-ins following the scoring of a behind.^ If a player scores a behind, the other team will kick the ball from the goal square and continue play.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ If a goal is not scored, the player who made the mark is allowed another kick.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a mark, the player is allowed an unobstructed kick from any point behind the spot where the mark was made.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A game consists of four quarters and a timekeeper officiates their duration.^ The game is divided into four quarters, with one quarter consisting of 20 minutes plus time-on.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ Time: The games are divided into four 20-minute quarters for Australian play, with additional time added after scores or because of injuries.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ Recreational Football games are shorter as they consist of two twenty minute halves, whereas a normal game does for four twenty minute quarters.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.In professional Australian Football, quarters are 20 minutes plus time on.^ Length of game is 4 quarters of 20 minutes playing time.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Four Quarters, each lasting 20 minutes, plus an allowance for stoppages.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ A game is divided into 4 quarters of 20 minutes playing time.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Time on refers to clock being stopped when the ball is out of play, meaning that an average quarter could last for 27 to 31 minutes.^ Length of game is 4 quarters of 20 minutes playing time.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ A game is divided into 4 quarters of 20 minutes playing time.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each quarter runs for 20 minutes of playing time -- when the ball is in play.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the end of each quarter, teams change their scoring end.^ Teams change ends after each quarter.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Teams change ends at the end of each quarter.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The teams change ends at the end of each quarter.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Games are officiated by umpires.^ Officials for a game comprise of a referee, two linesmen and 4 umpires.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

.Australian football begins after the first siren, the umpire bounces the ball on the ground (or throws it into the air if the condition of the ground is poor), and the two ruckmen (typically the tallest players from each team), battle for the ball in the air on its way back down.^ This shows the toughness of Australian football players.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ This rule has been changed now and Australian football begins with a bounce in the centre.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ The field umpire begins a quarter by bouncing the ball in the center circle.
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ball can be propelled in any direction by way of a foot, clenched fist (called a handball or handpass) or open-hand tap but it cannot be thrown under any circumstances.^ X. The Ball, while in play, may under no circumstances be thrown.
  • HickokSports.com - History - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where a ball is passed by punching it out of the hand with a clenched fist.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Players may obstruct opposing players off the ball - called 'sheparding', but under no circumstances are allowed push or tackle a player who does not have possession of the ball.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Throwing is defined in the rules quite broadly but is essentially any open hand disposal that causes the ball to move upward in the air.^ The object is to score goals from within a defined area by throwing a ball into a ring at one’s own end of the court.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ This rule is used because someone who kicks the ball off the ground has a good chance of kicking another player’s hands or face that is bending over to pick the ball up.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ From there, the quarterback can either throw the ball, hand it off, or run with it.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

.A player may run with the ball but it must be bounced or touched on the ground at least once every 15 metres.^ A player running with the ball must bounce the ball or touch it on the ground once every 15 metres.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ Players may not be tackled without the ball.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ If the player runs with the ball, he must bounce it or touch it to the ground once every 10 meters (about 33 feet).
  • HickokSports.com - Sports Rules - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Opposition players may bump or tackle the player to obtain the ball and, when tackled, the player must dispose of the ball cleanly or risk being penalised for holding the ball.^ The player must try to pass the ball while being tackled or else he will be penalized for "holding the ball".

^ A player with the ball may be tackled by any of the opposing players, unless he made a mark.

^ Players may obstruct opposing players off the ball - called 'sheparding', but under no circumstances are allowed push or tackle a player who does not have possession of the ball.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

.The ball carrier may only be tackled between the shoulders and knees.^ It is a contact sport so tackling is allowed but only between the knees and shoulders.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ (Tackling is permitted, but only between shoulders and knees.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players may not be tackled without the ball.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

.If the opposition player forcefully contacts a player in the back whilst performing a tackle, the opposition player will be penalised for a push in the back.^ Players may obstruct opposing players off the ball - called 'sheparding', but under no circumstances are allowed push or tackle a player who does not have possession of the ball.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Shepherding allows the opposition player to be pushed in the chest or side, or for the player to place his body between the opposition and the ball (when the player himself is not in posession of the ball.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ For example there were more umpires, there were better uniforms, and they were played on ovals, a push in the back rule existed where players were not allowed to be shoved from behind while in a marking contest, nor were players allowed to tackle players with the ball by pushing them in the back, tripping was not allowed and high tackles were illegal as well.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.If the opposition tackles the player with possession below the knees, it is ruled as a low tackle or a trip, and the team with possession of the football gets a free kick.^ The closest player from the opposing team takes the free kick.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players are only allowed to tackle above the knee, but below the foot, and not from behind.
  • Australian Football League - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ The attacking team is awarded a free kick.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If a player takes possession of the ball that has travelled more than 15 metres from another player's kick, by way of a catch, it is claimed as a mark and that player may then have a free kick (meaning that the game stops while he prepares to kick from the point at which he marked).^ The player who marks the ball then gets to kick it to the pack.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ If a player manages to catch a ball that has been kicked, they are henceforth known as Mark and awarded a free kick .
  • Australian Football League - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ The closest player from the opposing team takes the free kick.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Alternatively, he may choose to "play on:" forfeiting the set shot in the hope of pressing an advantage for his team (rather than allowing the opposition to reposition while he prepares for the free kick).^ The attacking team is awarded a free kick.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1988, rules changed to make players awarded free kicks be obliged to kick ball, rather than handpass.

^ Major responsibilities of the field umpires are to start play, award marks and free kicks, and generally enforce the rules of the game.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Once a player has chosen to play on, normal play resumes and the player who took the mark is again able to be tackled.^ Players may obstruct opposing players off the ball - called 'sheparding', but under no circumstances are allowed push or tackle a player who does not have possession of the ball.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Spectacular players who take high/exciting marks, or who kick lots of goals or get a lot of possessions of the ball typify the most widely known players.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Spectacular high marks, or "speccies", tackles and fast, fluid play are the game's main attributes as a spectator sport.
  • Australian Rules Football: Point Me To It!!! 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC pointme.to [Source type: News]

.There are different styles of kicking depending on how the ball is held in the hand.^ This is also a popular thing to attempt and can be seen in Mark of the Day or Kick-to-Kick, where if there is space the person kicking the ball moves as far as they can away from the people they are kicking it to and kicks it as hard as they can.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ This rule is used because someone who kicks the ball off the ground has a good chance of kicking another player’s hands or face that is bending over to pick the ball up.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Is there no end to the lengths that Lucy (Paddy made me do it) and Paddy (my hand is no where near the ball) will go to, to promote the Nearpost National - No!.
  • Nearpost Football Sign up: England or Australia? www.australia2018-2022.com.au 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nearpost.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.The most common style of kicking seen in today's game, principally because of its superior accuracy, is the drop punt (the ball is dropped from the hands down, almost to the ground, to be kicked so that the ball rotates in a reverse end over end motion as it travels through the air).^ Spectacular players who take high/exciting marks, or who kick lots of goals or get a lot of possessions of the ball typify the most widely known players.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The aboriginal sport consisted almost entirely of kicking, catching, and marking, judging by a description written in 1841: "The tallest men have the best chances in this game.
  • HickokSports.com - History - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is also a popular thing to attempt and can be seen in Mark of the Day or Kick-to-Kick, where if there is space the person kicking the ball moves as far as they can away from the people they are kicking it to and kicks it as hard as they can.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.Other commonly used kicks are the torpedo punt (also known as the spiral, barrel, or screw punt; the ball is held at an angle and kicked, which makes the ball spiral in the air, like a rugby throw, resulting in extra distance) and the checkside punt or "banana", kicked across the ball on the outside of the foot is used to curve the ball (towards the right if kicked off the right foot) towards targets that are on an angle.^ And ultimately, it can help us as Australians to engage with the world, and make it a place fit for peace, harmony and the return of the long range torpedo punt.
  • Up where Cazaly? The globalisation of football - Tim Harcourt - Austrade 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.austrade.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ Players make spectacular leaps vying to catch a kicked ball before it touches the ground, for which they earn a free kick.
  • Australian Rules Football | Melbourne Features | Fodor's Travel Guides 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fodors.com [Source type: News]

^ Spectacular players who take high/exciting marks, or who kick lots of goals or get a lot of possessions of the ball typify the most widely known players.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

.There is also the "snap," which is almost the same as a checkside punt, except that it is kicked off the inside of the foot and curves in the opposite direction.^ He then has a free kick; no player from the opposite side being allowed to come inside the spot marked.
  • HickokSports.com - History - Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.hickoksports.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is also possible to kick the ball so that it bounces along the ground.^ A player running with the ball must bounce the ball or touch it on the ground once every 15 metres.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ This rule is used because someone who kicks the ball off the ground has a good chance of kicking another player’s hands or face that is bending over to pick the ball up.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ After every four steps the ball must be either bounced or "solo-ed", an action of dropping the ball onto the foot and kicking it back into the hand.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

.This is known as a "grubber". Grubbers can bounce in a straight line, or curve to the left or right.^ Three players form each line and are usually designated as being in either the left, centre or right position in each line.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ The players in each line are usually designated as being in either the left, center or right position in each line, relative to the direction of attack: .
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Full Forward: L.Fwd.Pocket Full-Forward R.Fwd.Pocket Half Forward: L.Half.Fwd C.Half.Fwd R.Half.Fwd Centre Line : Left-Wing Centre Right-Wing Half Back : L.Half.Back C.Half.Back R.Half.Back Full Back : L.BackPocket Full-Back R.Back.Pocket 1.3.5 Purposes of player positions.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

.Apart from free kicks or when the ball is in the possession of an umpire for a ball up or throw in, the ball is always in dispute and any player from either side can take possession of the ball.^ The closest player from the opposing team takes the free kick.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when a free kick is paid.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Free kicks may be given against players either with or without the ball.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The two tall central posts are the goal posts, and the two shorter outer posts are the behind posts.
.A goal is scored when the football is propelled through the goal posts at any height (including above the height of the posts) by way of a kick from the attacking team.^ The team that scores the most goals wins.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ The attacking team is awarded a free kick.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Points for a conversion (kick through goal after a try has been scored) .
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

.It may fly through on the full or bounce through, but must not have been touched, on the way, by any player from either team.^ When running, a player must bounce the ball every 15 metres The objective of the game is to score points by kicking the ball between any of the four posts at the opponents end.
  • Australian Rules Resources, Training and Drills 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: News]

^ When a pack of players prevents either team gaining clear possession.The umpire bounces the ball where play came to a halt.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ At a center bounce, no player may enter the center circle or cross the center line into the opponent's side of the ground, and only four players from each team are permitted in the center square, until after the ball has been bounced.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A goal cannot be scored from the foot of an opposition (defending) player.^ A defending player may score an own goal with a hand pass.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ Substituting a number of veterans with first-year players, the Eagles stayed off a gigantic surge of Boston goal-scoring opportunities.
  • �2008 Baltimore Washington Eagles Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.baltimoredceagles.com [Source type: General]

^ A goal is scored when the ball is kicked through the two tallest white posts (goalposts) by a player on the team kicking to that end, without the ball being touched by anyone.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

.A behind is scored when the ball passes between a goal post and a behind post at any height, or if the ball hits a goal post, or if an attacking player sends the ball between the goal posts by touching it with any part of the body other than a foot.^ Scoring: If a ball is kicked between the goal posts, it is called a goal and six points are awarded.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ A goal is when a player kicks the ball through the two center posts.

^ The primary aim of the game is to score by kicking the ball between the posts.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

.A behind is also awarded to the attacking team if the ball touches any part of an opposition player, including his foot, before passing between the goal posts.^ Scoring: If a ball is kicked between the goal posts, it is called a goal and six points are awarded.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ If the ball hits the goal post, a behind is scored.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the ball passes between the behind posts by any other means, then it is a behind, and it scores 1 point.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When an opposition player deliberately scores a behind for the attacking team (generally as a last resort, because of the risk of their scoring a goal) this is termed a rushed behind.^ The team that scores the most goals wins.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ The conspiracy theories generally state that __________ team believe that because of their struggling status, the AFL is trying to make the team fold.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Kicking on goal was furious from there on by both teams with each missing and piling up behinds.
  • �2008 Baltimore Washington Eagles Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.baltimoredceagles.com [Source type: General]

.A goal is worth 6 points whereas a behind is worth 1 point.^ If the ball is touched by a body part other than the foot before it goes between any of the goal posts, it is called a 'rushed behind', but still only worth one point.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The goal umpire will signal behinds or rushed behinds by pointing with one hand and waving only one flag around.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The score is given in three numbers, goals, behinds and total points.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

.The goal umpire signals a goal with two hands raised at elbow height, a behind with one hand, and then confirms the signal with the other goal umpire by waving flags above his head.^ The goal umpire will signal behinds or rushed behinds by pointing with one hand and waving only one flag around.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Two flags are waved to indicate a goal, and one flag is used to indicate a behind.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The goal umpire also indicates to the field umpire what the score is by indicating with one finger for a behind and two fingers (one out-stretched on each hand) for a goal.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

.The team that has scored the most points at the end of play wins the game.^ A team game played with same.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ The team scoring the most points after two halves wins.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ The team that scores the most goals wins.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

.If the scores are level on points at the end of play, then the game is a draw; extra time applies only during finals matches in some competitions.^ Time-on is the extra time allocated when play stops.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ Total points are the combination of goals and points scored during a game.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ When running, a player must bounce the ball every 15 metres The objective of the game is to score points by kicking the ball between any of the four posts at the opponents end.
  • Australian Rules Resources, Training and Drills 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: News]

.As an example of a score report, consider a match between St Kilda Football Club and the Sydney Swans.^ There are separate trophies for matches between several clubs and former rivalries like Lake Trophy between St Kilda and Sydney Swans.

^ The news paper reports available (Sydney Morning Herald/Bell's life in Sydney) confirm Sydney Football Club (now defunct) which was founded on 30th May 1865 and formally constituted on 6th June 1865 to be the first Rugby football club in Sydney.

^ The Melbourne Football Club was formed on August 7, 1858 – the year of the code’s first recorded match between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar School which was abandoned after three afternoons of play.
  • Australian Football League - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.St Kilda's score of 15 goals and 11 behinds equates to 101 points.^ The score is given in three numbers, goals, behinds and total points.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ St Kilda 15.11 (101) def.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ When running, a player must bounce the ball every 15 metres The objective of the game is to score points by kicking the ball between any of the four posts at the opponents end.
  • Australian Rules Resources, Training and Drills 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: News]

.Sydney's score of eight goals and ten behinds equates to a 58 point tally.^ The score is given in three numbers, goals, behinds and total points.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ Behind post 1.5.2 If the ball passes between a goal post and a behind post then it is a behind, and it scores 1 point.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Scoring: If a ball is kicked between the goal posts, it is called a goal and six points are awarded.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

.St Kilda wins the match by a margin of 43 points.^ Largest Weekly Point Margin Pick one team per week that you think is going to win by the biggest point margin.
  • AFL Football Australia - Australian Rules Footy Site - Aussie Rules - Talking Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.talkingfootball.net [Source type: General]

^ It was the third time in five years that Port had won the Championship of Australia, and in their three championship matches against the VFL premiership clubs they had enjoyed an average winning margin of 52 points.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Such a result would be written as "St Kilda 15.11 (101) defeated Sydney Swans 8.10 (58)" and said "St Kilda fifteen eleven, one hundred and one defeated Sydney Swans eight ten, fifty-eight."
Players generally wear shorts and a sleeveless shirt called a "jumper" or "Guernsey".[10][11]

Structure and competitions

.The football season, proper, is from March to August (early autumn to late winter in Australia) with finals being held in September.^ March and late August or early September.

^ A pre-season tournament (the Ansett Australia Cup) with the majority of games being played at night, is played from late February to the last week before the regular season begins.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1857, Tom Wills, one of the founders of Australian Football, returned to Australia after being expelled from boarding school in England for keeping a raccoon in his robes.
  • Australian Football League - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: General]

[12] .In the tropics, the game is sometimes played in the wet season (October to March).^ Exhibition games are sometimes played overseas between seasons.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A pre-season tournament (the Ansett Australia Cup) with the majority of games being played at night, is played from late February to the last week before the regular season begins.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1973, he joined Norwood , where he remained and played 114 games over six seasons.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .Pre-season competitions in southern Australia usually begin in late February.^ A pre-season tournament (the Ansett Australia Cup) with the majority of games being played at night, is played from late February to the last week before the regular season begins.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ''Toyota AFL Premiership Season'', contested between 16 teams from around Australia, lasts for 22 rounds and begins in late March.

^ Pre-season Cup competition is currently a four round format with a round of 16, 1/4 finals, semi finals and final.

.The AFL is recognised by the Australian Sports Commission as being the National Sporting Organisation for Australian rules football.^ Australian Rules Football (also "Aussie Rules" or "footy") is a physical contact sport.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ AFL Cairns - Australian Rules Football league.

^ MLA Style: " Australian rules football ."
  • Australian rules football (sport) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

[14] There are also seven state/territory-based organisations in Australia, most of which are now either owned by or affiliated to the AFL.[15]
.Most of these hold annual semi-professional club competitions while the others oversee more than one league.^ Although Australian rules football is one of several football sports played today in Australia, the national professional Australian Football League (formerly known as the Victorian Football League), is the the country’s most popular sports competition in terms of attendance and television viewing.
  • Australian rules football (sport) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Travis had been one of our most dedicated members these past 2 years and he will be sorely missed.
  • Portland Power Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC portlandfooty.com [Source type: General]

^ Other crowd pleasers involve players kicking long goals from more than 50 metres.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.Local semi-professional or amateur organisations and competitions are often affiliated to their state organisations.^ Amateur, semi-professional .
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

.The AFL is the de facto world governing body for Australian rules football.^ AFL Cairns - Australian Rules Football league.

^ AFL World - Celebrating the history, heritage, and tradition of Australian Rules football.

^ Monbulk Football Club - Australian rules football club.

.There are also a number of affiliated organisations governing amateur clubs and competitions around the world.^ Softball There are two forms of softball played around the world ─ fast pitch and slow pitch softball.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ But it’s not just expatriates playing for fun; the AFL itself is organising matches around the world on a regular basis now.
  • Up where Cazaly? The globalisation of football - Tim Harcourt - Austrade 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.austrade.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ An indication of a competitions cultural significance to its community can be illustrated by the relative numbers of people from within that community who attended football matches there.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]
.For almost all Australian rules club competitions the aim is to win the Premiership.^ The SJU Footy Club will be in existence to offer the interesting and up-and-coming sport of Australian Rules Football to students at the University of Saint Johns.
  • Australian Rules Football Constitution — Student Activities and Leadership Development — CSB/SJU 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.csbsju.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Producing twenty-four state Under 16 representatives, seven AIS/AFL scholarship holders, nineteen state Under 18 representatives, five AFL Under 18 All Australian representatives, thirteen 'home grown' AFL draftees and winning four SANFL underage premierships were amongst the many notable achievements during his time at the club.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ The Saint Johns University Australian Rules Football Club considers hazing to be a degrading and destructive activity which is inconsistent with the standards of this student organization.
  • Australian Rules Football Constitution — Student Activities and Leadership Development — CSB/SJU 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.csbsju.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The premiership is always decided by a finals series.^ This is followed by a four-week finals series which culminates in two teams playing off for Premiership, in AFL Grand Final.

.The teams that occupy the highest positions on the ladder play off in a "semi-knockout" finals series.^ This is followed by a four-week finals series which culminates in two teams playing off for Premiership, in AFL Grand Final.

^ Where the player or a team-mate has possession and is in an advantageous position, the umpire calls 'play-on' and allows play to continue.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Playing positions also depend on the number of players in each team.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

.From the 1930s the finals series was usually contested by the top four teams (3rd versus 4th (First semifinal); 1st versus 2nd (Second semifinal); winner of First versus loser of Second (Preliminary final); the winner of Second versus winner of Preliminary playing in the Grand Final for the premiership).^ Premiership medallions are awarded to each of the team's players that were in the Grand Final.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ I attended the first half of the Western Border Football League grand final this afternoon at Vansittart Park.
  • Australian-football | Michael Gorey 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC gorey.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Meanwhile, the Tigers came out in full force, sporting a roster with many first and second year players, many of whom were playing their first match with key responsibilities.
  • �2008 Baltimore Washington Eagles Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.baltimoredceagles.com [Source type: General]

.Many leagues have adopted a final series involving 5, 6 or 8 teams with a variety of methods used to determine the winner.^ There were many new players in the Canadian team including 5 from the BC Footy competition and 3 from the recently formerd Ottawa Swans in the Ontario league.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ This is followed by a four-week finals series which culminates in two teams playing off for Premiership, in AFL Grand Final.

.The AFL finals system is contested by the top 8 teams.^ Sixteen teams compete over twenty-two rounds of competition for a place in the AFL Finals Series Playoffs; an elimination tournament contested by the top eight teams from the regular season and culminating in the Grand Final – the championship deciding match traditionally held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
  • AFL Football Betting at Canbet - AFL Premiership, Charles Brownlow, Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.cbet88.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The team has been finalized with former Collingwood AFL player Fatui Ataata, coaching the side and current New Zealand Senior player, Andrew Crighton as his assistant.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

^ AFL Grand Final between Brisbane and Collingwood was a close contest from start to finish, with Brisbane victorious on a sodden, overcast day.

.Unlike most soccer competitions there are usually no separate "league" and "cup" trophies.^ There were many new players in the Canadian team including 5 from the BC Footy competition and 3 from the recently formerd Ottawa Swans in the Ontario league.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ Most AFL fans support the World Cup, support other Aussie sports, but would not wish to see their code close for a season; and no-one is asking them to.
  • Nearpost Football Sign up: England or Australia? www.australia2018-2022.com.au 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nearpost.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ When the ball goes out at the sidelines, there is a scrum (no line-outs in League).
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

.The team finishing first on the ladder is often referred to as a 'minor premier', although this bears little or no significance.^ The McClelland Trophy is now awarded to the Minor Premier (ie the team finishing on top of the ladder after the Home and Away Season.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ McClelland Trophy is awarded to team that finishes home and away rounds in first position ( minor premiership).

^ The team that wins the Grand Final are referred to as the Premiers.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

In the AFL, this is the McClelland Trophy[17] and is considered a consolation prize. .The team that finishes at the bottom of the ladder at the end of the season receives 'the wooden spoon'[18] It is also rare for promotion and relegation to occur in Australian rules football competitions.^ Create and organize your own Australian Rules Football team!
  • San Francisco Australian Rules Football Teams, Australian Football Leagues, Footy Teams, Clubs, Footballers, Players, Games 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sf.sportsvite.com [Source type: News]
  • Denver Australian Rules Football Teams, Australian Football Leagues, Footy Teams, Clubs, Footballers, Players, Games 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC denver.sportsvite.com [Source type: News]
  • Australian Rules Football Teams, Australian Football Leagues, Footy Teams, Clubs, Footballers, Players, Games 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportsvite.com [Source type: General]

^ MLA Style: " Australian rules football ."
  • Australian rules football (sport) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Links to Australian Rules football sites .
  • Aussie Rules Football for Sunnybank Brisbane Queensland Australia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC uqconnect.net [Source type: News]

History

Origins

.
A statue next to the Melbourne Cricket Ground on the approximate site of the 1858 "foot-ball" match between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.
^ One source notes that, “The first recorded game of Australian rules took place in Melbourne on 7 August 1858 between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar” (Schmik).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Grand Final is traditionally played at Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne on last Saturday in September.

^ A then record crowd of 52,411 attended the 13th July match between New South Wales and New Zealand at the Sydney Cricket Ground.

.Tom Wills is depicted umpiring behind two young players contesting the ball.^ Canoe Polo Canoe polo is a competitive ball game between two teams of five players each.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ If a player scores a behind, the other team will kick the ball from the goal square and continue play.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ With the exception of the two goal keepers, players may not handle the ball, but must propel the ball with their head or feet.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

The plaque reads: "Wills did more than any other person - as footballer and umpire, co-writer of the rules and promoter of the game - to develop Australian Football during its first decade."
.As early as 1841, there is documented evidence of "foot-ball" being played in metropolitan and country Victoria as well as mention of early matches in Adelaide and southern Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania).^ Similarly, Terry Daniher, from rural New South Wales , is classified under Victoria , having played all his league football there.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note: The above figures include matches played on mid-season tours (by Collingwood to South Australia in 1905, and by Norwood to Victoria in 1906).
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Waverley Park, with inaugural match being played between Geelong and Fitzroy, on 18 April 1970.

.While the exact rules being played in these matches are unknown they may have shared similarities and influences.^ The umpire in the third where the ball is currently being disputed is the umpire in charge at any one time, however either of the other field umpires may bring attention to infringements of the rules that occur 'behind the play'.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Metcalfe introduced Australian rules football in the late ‘60s and it is said that in 1869 they played Sydney University at Rugby rules which is considered to be the first rugby match played by a regular school side in Australia.

^ Waverley Park, with inaugural match being played between Geelong and Fitzroy, on 18 April 1970.

.In 1858 English public school football games began to be played in Melbourne and surrounding districts.^ The Melbourne Football Club was formed on August 7, 1858 – the year of the code’s first recorded match between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar School which was abandoned after three afternoons of play.
  • Australian Football League - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ So those new to the sport can play this version first to understand the rules of the normal game and have fun, or people concerned about injury can play it instead of normal football.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ The game can be seen played all the time during recess or lunch at a school on weekdays and on football ovals and parks during weekends.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.The earliest known such match was played on 15 June 1858 between St Kilda Grammar School (now defunct) and Melbourne Grammar School on the St Kilda foreshore.^ In all but two of fifteen seasons between 1941 and 1955 either Hawthorn or St Kilda Football Club finished last.

^ The first Test Match between Australia and NZ is played at the Sydney Cricket Ground on 15th August, won by NZ, 22-3.

^ Waverley Park, with inaugural match being played between Geelong and Fitzroy, on 18 April 1970.

[19][20]
.A letter by Tom Wills was published in Bell's Life in Victoria & Sporting Chronicle on 10 July 1858, called for a "foot-ball club," or some other "athletic game," with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter.^ If the ball is touched by a body part other than the foot before it goes between any of the goal posts, it is called a 'rushed behind', but still only worth one point.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Australian (Victorian) Rules On 10th July 1858, in an open letter to the editor of Bell’s Life in Victoria, Thomas Wentworth Wills, Rugby and Cambridge-educated, though Australian born, proposed Football, shooting or athletics to be the game played by cricketers during the winter to keep fit; within 3 weeks a game had been organized with the aim of laying down rules for the new game, this eventually became Australian Rules football.

^ The game emerged in the late 1800s as a sport for cricketers in Melbourne , Victoria to play during the long winters off season; it quickly grew into a sport played and watched by Australians in the country.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A812639 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

[21] .This letter is regarded by many historians as being a catalyst for the development of a new code of football in 1859 today known as Australian football.^ Australian Football is the main code of football in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory and has a strong following in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aussie Rules is the main code of football in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, the Northern Territory and has a strong following in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Australian football is played in many developed countries and countries in Asia and the pacific, teams that played in the AFL International cup in 2008 consisted of Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Japan, Nauru, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Samoa and a Palestinian/Israeli team (“Teams”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.On 31 July, a knock-a-bout match at Yarra Park was played between a "St Kilda scratch team" and "Melbourne scratch team". Trees were used for goal posts and there were no boundaries and the match lasted from 1pm until dark.^ Run-off between the playing field boundary and fence is 5m.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ Kicking on goal was furious from there on by both teams with each missing and piling up behinds.
  • �2008 Baltimore Washington Eagles Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.baltimoredceagles.com [Source type: General]

^ That year, first Western Derby was played between two Western Australian based teams, beginning a fierce local rivalry with West Coast dominating until Fremantle broke shackles in their 10th meeting in 1999.

.There were no rules and fights frequently broke out.^ There are no time-outs in Australian Rules.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ When the ball goes out at the sidelines, there is a scrum (no line-outs in League).
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ At time, there was no national league for Australian rules that incorporated interstate clubs.

.Melbourne being a relatively young city the majority of the early players were migrants and the media of the time noted that participants of each nationality played the game their own distinctive way: the English played in a fashion that resembled rugby football, the Scottish played recklessly, and the Irish preferred to kick the ball.^ The player must kick the ball out to restart play.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The player must *kick* the ball out to restart play.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Media has and is played/playing a major role in the spread of Australian football.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[22]
.Another significant milestone in the sport's development was a match between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College, which began on 7 August 1858 at Richmond Park, was umpired by Wills and Macadam, and also involved Scotch headmaster Thomas H. Smith.^ One source notes that, “The first recorded game of Australian rules took place in Melbourne on 7 August 1858 between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar” (Schmik).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ In 1863 a grammar school and theological college was opened in Newington in 1863.

^ The first Test Match between Australia and NZ is played at the Sydney Cricket Ground on 15th August, won by NZ, 22-3.

[23] .A second day of play took place on 21 August and a third, and final, day on 4 September.^ Grand Final is traditionally played at Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne on last Saturday in September.

^ Collingwood played in its third successive Grand Final in 1981, yet didn't win any of them.

^ One source notes that, “The first recorded game of Australian rules took place in Melbourne on 7 August 1858 between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar” (Schmik).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[24] While the full rules that were used is unknown, some details of the match survived. .It was played with a round ball, the distance between the goals was approximately half a mile (approximately four times longer than the modern Melbourne Cricket Ground playing surface), there were 40 players per side and one goal each side was scored with the game being declared a draw.^ Yet no other goals were scored and the game was declared a draw.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ After a goal is scored, play is restarted in the center of the ground in the manner described above.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No pace, no goals or maybe one per game.
  • Nearpost Football Sign up: England or Australia? www.australia2018-2022.com.au 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nearpost.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

The two schools have competed annually ever since for the Cordner-Eggleston Cup.[25]

First rules

.The Melbourne Football Club rules of 1859 are the oldest surviving set of laws for Australian football.^ Melbourne Essendon Football Club, 1994.
  • bspgallery: Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bspgallery.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Australian Rules football originated in Melbourne in 1858.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Australian Rules Football for beginners .
  • Australian Rules Football for beginners by Melbourne Sports Tours • Tours To Go 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.tourstogo.com.au [Source type: General]

.The ten simple rules were drawn up on 17 May in a meeting was chaired by Wills and in attendance were journalists W. J. Hammersley and J. B. Thompson.^ The oldest surviving set of Australian football laws were drawn up the next year on 17 May 1859 three days after the formation of the Melbourne Football Club.

^ The first rules for Australian football were written in 1859 by Tom Wills, W.J. Hammersley, J.B. Thompson, and H.C.A. Harrison”(“The Inventors”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[24] Accounts of the people directly involved differ. Some sources claim that Thomas H. Smith,[26] Alex Bruce[27] and or H. C. A. Harrison[28] were also present. .The meeting was held at the Parade Hotel, East Melbourne hosted by owner and Melbourne Cricket Club member Jerry Bryant.^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

.The publican was a friend of Tom Wills with a personal interest in introducing football to Melbourne's schools.^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

^ Australian rules football dates back to 1858 in sports, when Tom Wills began to record rules of code.

^ The first rules for Australian football were written in 1859 by Tom Wills, W.J. Hammersley, J.B. Thompson, and H.C.A. Harrison”(“The Inventors”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.Bryant had played a role in organising early football matches at the nearby Richmond Park and his son was one of the first players.^ Metcalfe introduced Australian rules football in the late ‘60s and it is said that in 1869 they played Sydney University at Rugby rules which is considered to be the first rugby match played by a regular school side in Australia.

^ Waverley Park, with inaugural match being played between Geelong and Fitzroy, on 18 April 1970.

^ St Kilda won its first 1966 VFL Grand Final by one point over Collingwood in 1966, and after many years in doldrums, Richmond won Grand Final in 1967, starting a revival which lasted until early 1980s.

[29] .The rules were signed by Tom Wills, William Hammersley, J. Sewell, J. B. Thompson, Alex Bruce, T. Butterworth and Thomas H. Smith.^ The first rules for Australian football were written in 1859 by Tom Wills, W.J. Hammersley, J.B. Thompson, and H.C.A. Harrison”(“The Inventors”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian rules football dates back to 1858 in sports, when Tom Wills began to record rules of code.

^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

Importantly, the rules were widely publicised and distributed.

Early competition in Victoria

A game at the Richmond Paddock in the 1860s. A pavilion at the MCG is on the left in the background. (A wood engraving made by Robert Bruce on 27 July 1866.)
.In 1859 several new football clubs formed including the Castlemaine Football Club, Geelong Football Club (which Wills directly helped to form) and the Melbourne University Football Club.^ The oldest surviving set of Australian football laws were drawn up the next year on 17 May 1859 three days after the formation of the Melbourne Football Club.

^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

^ The Hawthorn Australian Football Club will host the New Zealand Falcons during the 2008 International Cup campaign in August and September later this year.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

.While many one-off matches are recorded to have taken place between several early teams from Melbourne's suburbs and country Victoria (such as the Ballarat and Geelong competitions), in the early days many had not yet formed clubs for regular competition.^ Club competition,match practice .
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ I imagined how exciting a regular national competition would be, with the best of the best competing for the prize of being recognised as the best team in the country.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The match started off in a blaze of glory with the newly formed unit kicking the first two majors of the game.
  • Louisville Kings Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.louisvillekings.com [Source type: General]

.The first ever trophy for Australian Football, the 1861 Challenge Cup was won in 1862 under Melbourne's rules by University over Melbourne.^ Australian Rules football originated in Melbourne in 1858.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Australian rules football AFL .

^ Australian Rules Football is catching on in Europe.
  • USAFL | United States Australian Rules Football League 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC usfooty.com [Source type: General]

.The competition continued into the 1860s with the addition of other teams from Melbourne's suburbs.^ In addition to the team honor, Rohde was also inducted into the Magpies’ Hall of Fame.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ To make the game even more appealing to women additional rule changes have been put into place, although not all female competitions use them.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Thirty years later and we are nearly twenty years into a real national competition which came about when the VFL expanded with new teams based in Perth and Brisbane , a few years after the South Melbourne club had moved to a Sydney base.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two further competitions, the South Yarra Challenge Cup (which had evolved from the Caledonian Games) and "Second Twenties" were held in the 1860s and 1870s.^ Canoe Polo Canoe polo is a competitive ball game between two teams of five players each.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ Nor would the VFL clubs have agreed to compete in the Championship of Australia games until 1975, and in the National Football Leagues Wills Cup competition in 1976.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Recreational Football games are shorter as they consist of two twenty minute halves, whereas a normal game does for four twenty minute quarters.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.Some rival rules eventually gave way to an acceptance of the Melbourne Rules.^ Rivals.com College Football - Game-shortening rules may be on way out College Football: Rivals.com - College Football .
  • Rivals.com College Football - Game-shortening rules may be on way out 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC collegefootball.rivals.com [Source type: News]

.In 1860, the Melbourne Football Club redrafted its rules following the input of several other clubs.^ By 1866, several other clubs had also adopted an updated version of Melbourne's rules.

^ The oldest surviving set of Australian football laws were drawn up the next year on 17 May 1859 three days after the formation of the Melbourne Football Club.

^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

.The requirement to bounce the ball while running was introduced in a significant redraft of the Melbourne Rules in 1866 by H.C.A. Harrison and his rules committee to satisfy the Geelong Football Club's own set of very different rules.^ The oldest surviving set of Australian football laws were drawn up the next year on 17 May 1859 three days after the formation of the Melbourne Football Club.

^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

^ This rule is different to all other sports, so it is very likely that Wills got the idea from the Aborigines.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[30] .Behind posts were introduced at this time are also believed to have come directly from the Geelong rules.^ This is I believe the 1st time that I have written anything negative in regards to Australian Rules Football in the past 8 years.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

.The new rules became known as the Victorian Rules, which became more widely adopted.^ Australian Football League in 1990 to reflect new national perspective and is more commonly referred to by acronym AFL. Victorian Football Association took over Victorian Football League name in 1996.

^ Playing Australian Rules Football, more commonly known as footy for those who participate, is somewhat natural for Rohde.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

.In 1869, a 100-minute time limit was introduced to the game for the first time.^ Length of game is 4 quarters of 20 minutes playing time.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The game is divided into four quarters, with one quarter consisting of 20 minutes plus time-on.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ VFL President of that time, Dr Allen Aylett, had been asked his thoughts about the game, and responded that it had been the first of a thousand steps toward a national competition.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Previous to this, winners were decided in a number of ways, but most commonly the first side to kick two goals.^ The first option is that most commonly used.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The match started off in a blaze of glory with the newly formed unit kicking the first two majors of the game.
  • Louisville Kings Australian Rules Football Club 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.louisvillekings.com [Source type: General]

^ Having scored the try, the team has the right to attempt to kick a goal worth a further two points if successful.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

.The relationship with cricket primarily came out of co-existence and many of football's founders were cricketers.^ With this intensity many kicks came out of packs and the Saints bigger players were in a position to take marks over the smaller Eagles.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

As a result, the sport shares some terminology (i.e. "umpires" and "boundary"). .However cricket authorities did not initially allow football to be played on their grounds and in the early years football was played primarily in parks.^ So it’s a very strange decision in this new football world of technical development across the early years.
  • Nearpost Football Sign up: England or Australia? www.australia2018-2022.com.au 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nearpost.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Grand Final is traditionally played at Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne on last Saturday in September.

^ The game can be seen played all the time during recess or lunch at a school on weekdays and on football ovals and parks during weekends.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.The first football match played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) was not until 1876. Cricket authorities soon saw the opportunity to capitalise on the rapid growth of Australian Football, however, and soon most grounds in Victoria were expanded to accommodate the dual purpose, a situation that continues to this day.^ Australian Football is the main code of football in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory and has a strong following in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

^ In 1959, VFL planned first purpose built mega-stadium, Waverley Park, to give it some independence from Melbourne Cricket Club which managed Melbourne Cricket Ground, Australian rules' spiritual home.

.Football matches between 1859 and 1899 were played in a 20-per-side format.^ Players: There are 18 players per side, although the number is sometimes reduced to 16 for American play.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ Waverley Park, with inaugural match being played between Geelong and Fitzroy, on 18 April 1970.

^ Football — Soccer Football, commonly known as soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of 11 players each.
  • Department of Sport and Recreation | Football — Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dsr.wa.gov.au [Source type: News]

Spread to other colonies

An engraving of the first intercolonial match between Victoria and South Australia in Melbourne in 1879. Victoria won 7 goals to 0
.Gradually the game – known at first as "Melbourne Rules" became "Victorian Rules" and then "Australian Rules" or "Australasian Rules" following its spread from Victoria into other Australasian colonies, beginning with South Australia (1860), Tasmania (1864), Queensland (1866), and New Zealand (1871).^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

^ Given that the population of the two states in 1901 was 1,209,900 for Victoria and 359,330 for South Australia, a per capita rate would dictate that the Hall of Fame recognise one South Australian for approximately every three Victorians in this era.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Australian Rules football had been the predominant winter sport in each of Victoria , South Australia , Western Australia and Tasmania since the latter part of the nineteenth century, with relatively similar per capita participation rates in each of those states.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1877, the sport's first governing bodies, the South Australian Football Association and the Victorian Football Association were formed on 30 April and 17 May respectively.^ Australian Football is the main code of football in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory and has a strong following in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aussie Rules is the main code of football in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, the Northern Territory and has a strong following in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The first one despite the fact that the sport originated in Victoria, was started in South Australia, called the South Australian Football Association; SAFA (currently known as the South Australian National Football League; SANFL)(“About the SANFL”), the second one was started in Victoria called the Victorian Football Association; VFA (currently called the Victorian Football League; VFL, and the Australian Football League; AFL)(“History of the VFL”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.The game began to be played in New South Wales in 1877, in Western Australia in 1881 and the Australian Capital Territory in 1911. By 1916, the game was first played in the Northern Territory, establishing a permanent presence in all Australian states and mainland territories.^ Australian Football is the main code of football in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory and has a strong following in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sport has always been popular in all states except for Queensland and New South Wales.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australia is divided into 6 states and 2 territories.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The precursors of the South Australian National Football League (SANFL) and the West Australian Football League (WAFL) were strong, separate competitions by the 1890s.^ It is a measure of the significance of the SANFL to South Australians.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Glenelg is part of the South Australian Football League.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

^ Australian Football is the main code of football in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory and has a strong following in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • New York Magpies - About The Game 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nyfooty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However late in the century the code began to decline in New South Wales and Queensland largely due to interstate rivalries and the lack of strong local governing bodies.^ Although played in the States of Queensland and New South Wales, it runs second string to Rubgy League in terms of popularity in those states.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ For this reason, it does not seek to compare the representation from New South Wales and Queensland , which are traditionally not major Australian Rules football states.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similarly, Terry Daniher, from rural New South Wales , is classified under Victoria , having played all his league football there.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the case of Sydney, denial of access to grounds and the loss of professional players to other football codes directly inhibited to the game's growth.^ Unlike other codes of football in other countries the players do not wear padding.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ There were also several attempts at variety programs featuring VFL players, who generally succeeded in demonstrating that their skills were limited to football ground.

^ In Australia the code is growing due to growth of the Australian Football League.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

The first intercolonial match had been played between Victoria and South Australia on 2 August 1879.
.The late 1890s saw the formation of the Victorian Football League (VFL), which commenced play in 1897 as an eight-team competition composed of the stronger clubs from the VFA competition.^ Melbourne Victorian Football League, 1972 or.
  • bspgallery: Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bspgallery.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Melbourne Victorian Football League, 1970 or.
  • bspgallery: Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bspgallery.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Melbourne Victorian Football League, 1974 or.
  • bspgallery: Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bspgallery.com.au [Source type: General]

.By 1925, the VFL consisted of 12 teams, and had become the most prominent league in the game.^ Best Team Man donated by Sterling Homes was deservedly Matt Lutze whilst the Most Consistent player donated by the Willaston Hotel is club man Lee Makris.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1990 the VFL changed its name to the Australian Football League because teams from interstate had joined the league.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ In matches between the league clubs, South Australian clubs had won more games than they had lost (12 wins, 10 losses and a draw) against VFL clubs in the first half of the 20th entury.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


.In 1914 and 1915 an amalgamation of Australian rules football and rugby league, the predominant code of football in New South Wales and Queensland was considered and trialled.^ For this reason, it does not seek to compare the representation from New South Wales and Queensland , which are traditionally not major Australian Rules football states.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Australia the code is growing due to growth of the Australian Football League.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian Rules Football Cards News feeds .

[31][32]

Effects of the two world wars

Australian soldiers, sailors, and airmen take part in an impromptu game of end-to-end Australian rules football in Central Australia in 1944.
A NSW player outmarks a West Australian opponent in the goal square at the 1933 Australian Football Carnival at the Sydney Cricket Ground.
.Both World War I and World War II had a devastating effect on the sport of Australian Rules.^ Australian Rules Football (also "Aussie Rules" or "footy") is a physical contact sport.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Aussie Rules is not a new sport to the world as there have been a many international exhibition matches of the sport, since 1916 when an exhibition match in England during World War 1 was held “Over 3,000 people watched a football match at Queen’s Club on Saturday between team from an Australian Division (division of the Army) and another representing Training Details (another division of the Army).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian football’s rules reflect the identity of Australia as it shows the countries that the sport evolved from and this in turn shows that Australia evolved from these countries.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.While scratch matches were played by Australian "diggers" in remote locations around the world, the game lost many of its great players to wartime service.^ But in 1916 “the game lost many of its great players to wartime service” (“Australian rules”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ The war could have had been a good thing though because “scratch matches were played by Australian “diggers” (soldiers) in remote locations around the world” (“Australian Rules”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Our great game is exploding around the World and this is the best site to find out lots of news.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

.Some competitions never fully recovered.^ After the war “some competitions and leagues never fully recovered.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.World War I saw the game in New Zealand go into recess for three quarters of a century.^ After WW1 popularity in the game in NZ declined and the game went into recess for three quarters of a century.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Ian is currently the Games Development Manager with New Zealand Tennis and highly involved with the successful Grasshopper Programme currently utilised to develop junior tennis within New Zealand.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

^ New Zealand has been provided with excellent pathways for those wishing to be associated with the game but awareness and marketing is the number one challenge.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

.In Queensland, the state league went into recess for the duration of the war.^ In Queensland, the state league went into recess for the duration of the war.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Although played in the States of Queensland and New South Wales, it runs second string to Rubgy League in terms of popularity in those states.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ VFL club University left the league and went into recess due to severe casualties.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.VFL club University left the league and went into recess due to severe casualties.^ VFL club University left the league and went into recess due to severe casualties.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ In Queensland, the state league went into recess for the duration of the war.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ It wasnt until 1897 that a group of breakaway clubs left the VFA to form the VFL, a body which was quickly to emerge as the most powerful organisation in the sport.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The WAFL lost two clubs and the SANFL was suspended for one year in 1916 due to heavy club losses.^ The WAFL lost two clubs and the SANFL was suspended for one year in 1916 due to heavy club losses” of players (“Australian Rules”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ SANFL and WAFL clubs could be considered to be competing at a similar level to VFL clubs.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And that would mean Melbourne a club that plans better than most in the A-League would be guaranteed two years in the ACL before the finals even start.
  • Nearpost Football Sign up: England or Australia? www.australia2018-2022.com.au 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC nearpost.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.The ANZAC Day clash is one example of how the war continues to be remembered in the football community.^ Recreational Football is a great example of how the AFL is adapting the sport to fit the needs of everyone.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ A student at Rugby College spontaneously picked up a football and ran with it one day in 1823 and gave birth to a great new sport.
  • Football.info |Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC football.info [Source type: General]

^ For example, each year Collingwood play Essendon in annual Anzac Day clash at MCG and game will typically sell-out regardless of positions of two teams on ladder due to their strong rivalry and huge followings.

Interstate football and the Australian National Football Council

.The Australian National Football Council's primary role was to govern the game at national level to facilitate interstate representative and club competition.^ Australian rules football is immensely popular in Australia, where the code was first born, but is also played, mainly on an amateur level, around the globe.
  • AFL Football Betting at Canbet - AFL Premiership, Charles Brownlow, Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.cbet88.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Australian Secondary Schools' National Football Council has been a leader in Inter-State competitions, and many innovative ideas have been adopted by the Council during the past 78 years.

^ Australian Football League in 1990 to reflect new national perspective and is more commonly referred to by acronym AFL. Victorian Football Association took over Victorian Football League name in 1996.

.The ANFC ran the Championship of Australia, the first national club competition, which first ran in 1888 and saw clubs from different states compete on an even playing field.^ Australian rules football is immensely popular in Australia, where the code was first born, but is also played, mainly on an amateur level, around the globe.
  • AFL Football Betting at Canbet - AFL Premiership, Charles Brownlow, Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.cbet88.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The 11 Victorian teams and the Sydney Swans have a 'Reserves' team in the VSFL. Players from West Coast, Adelaide, Brisbane and Fremantle, go back to play with their local clubs in their respective State competitions.
  • Australian Rules Football Frequently Asked Questions 1/4 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.footy.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Nor would the VFL clubs have agreed to compete in the Championship of Australia games until 1975, and in the National Football Leagues Wills Cup competition in 1976.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During this time, the Port Adelaide won a record four national club championships.^ Similarly, what of the great 1914 Port Adelaide team, who went undefeated throughout the season, culminating in a victory of Carlton in the Championship of Australia, and then followed it up with a victory against a combined team made up of the rest of the South Australian clubs.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Port Adelaide's unbeaten 1914 championship of Australia winning side.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the closest championship on record all four teams competed at a level that could have seen any one of the teams take 2009 honours.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

.Although clubs from other states were at times invited, the final was almost always between the premiers from the two strongest state competitions of the time, - South Australia and Victoria - and the majority of matches were played in Adelaide at the request of the SAFA/SAFL.^ State of Origin match was played.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ State matches won by Victoria : 8 State matches won by SA: 5 .
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Matches between the premiership clubs from both states .
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the 1960s, as VFL clubs increasingly recruited the best players from other states, they began to dominate the competition and the last match was played in 1976, with North Adelaide being the last non-Victorian winner in 1972. Between 1977 and 1987, the Australian Football Council (AFC) in conjunction with the VFL ran a night series, which invited clubs and representative sides from around the country to participate in the "National Football League" for the Wills Cup, however Victorian sides still dominated.^ Other official club matches (1971 Rothmans Cup, 1976 NFL Wills Cup, 1979-86 AFC championships) .
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This shows the toughness of Australian football players.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Today Australian football is still spreading throughout the country and the world.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.With the lack of international competition, representative matches between state teams were regarded with great importance.^ Aussie Rules is not a new sport to the world as there have been a many international exhibition matches of the sport, since 1916 when an exhibition match in England during World War 1 was held “Over 3,000 people watched a football match at Queen’s Club on Saturday between team from an Australian Division (division of the Army) and another representing Training Details (another division of the Army).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ "We have an opportunity to better engage other countries in our game and while eight teams representing the states and territories of Australia will continue to generate the majority of the talent for the AFL competition we do want to provide more compelling career pathways for international talent," Mr Matthews said.
  • USAFL | United States Australian Rules Football League 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC usfooty.com [Source type: General]

^ Teams that win move through to next round, losing teams are eliminated and play practice matches until competition finishes.

.Originating from the early intercolonial matches, these tests continued well after Federation of Australia in 1901 and the Australian Football Council co-ordinated regular interstate carnivals.^ As Australia has changed from what it was in the 1850’s so has Australian football changed from what it was in the 1850’s.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ The boss of the Australian Football Federation is Dutch as well.

^ The history of Australian football has been intertwined with Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.In 1908, a Jubilee Australasian Football Carnival was held to celebrate 50 years of Australian rules football.^ Australian rules football AFL .

^ Australian Rules Football is catching on in Europe.
  • USAFL | United States Australian Rules Football League 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC usfooty.com [Source type: General]

^ Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL. .

.The carnival included teams representing Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Western Australia and New Zealand.^ In October 2009, Andrew Demetriou spoke for first time about expanding league to 20 teams - one from Tasmania, and one from either Western Australia (therefore becoming third club from state), Darwin, or in North Queensland (also third club from Queensland).

^ See other pages about: Australian football AFL Grand Final Victorian Football Association Victoria Australia Sydney New South Wales Western Australia South Australia Queensland Acronym .

^ For this reason, it does not seek to compare the representation from New South Wales and Queensland , which are traditionally not major Australian Rules football states.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] .Again, due primarily to the VFL recruiting the best players, Victoria dominated interstate matches for three quarters of a century.^ It was during the third quarter of the century, between 1951 and 1975, that the VFL became so dominant that the very staging of interstate matches began to be questioned.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of course, in the years after the formation of the VFL, there was no national draft, and league clubs recruited players chiefly from within their local districts.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where did elite players choose to play the game in the first three quarters of the twentieth century?
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Representative football was kept alive longer than the national club competition with the introduction of State of origin rules in 1977. The new rules mean that rather than representing the state of their adopted club, players would return to play for the state they were first recruited.^ State of Origin match was played.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 17 May 1859, at Parade Hotel in East Melbourne, Wills, William Hammersley and J.B. Thompson wrote first set of written rules for Australian rules football.

^ The desire for a more even interstate competition led to the first State-of-Origin matches being played in 1977, at a time when more and more elite players from Adelaide and Perth were moving to VFL clubs to play, and the State-of-Origin concept had the desired effect of dramatically evening up the interstate contests.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This instantly broke Victoria's stranglehold over state titles and Western Australia and South Australia began to win many of their games against Victoria.^ From 1974 to 2001 all States and Territories have participated in the Championships except Tasmania who missed from 1991 to 1995 and since 1998, South Australia 1998 to 2007 and Western Australia 1998 to 2000.

^ There was no doubt that the VFL had established a superiority over the other states but, there had still been nearly 1 in every 3 games it had competed in against South Australia and Western Australia in the first half of the century where it had not claimed victory.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The USA Freedom Women's team have started a tour of Australia playing in games against several Aussie Wome's teams.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

Both New South Wales and Tasmania scored surprise victories at home against Victoria in 1990.

Towards a national club competition

.
An AFL Premiership season match at Carrara Stadium on the Gold Coast between Adelaide and Melbourne.
^ AFL Premiership season .

^ The West Coast Eagles will play in their twentieth season in the VFL-AFL this year.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After Footscray won its first premiership in 1954 by defeating Melbourne, Melbourne became a powerhouse, winning five premierships between 1955 and 1960, including three in a row between 1955 and 1957.

The AFL is the most attended national competition in Australia and the only fully professional league for Australian Rules in the world.
.In 1978, the term Barassi Line was used to describe the football dichotomy that had emerged in Australia over three quarters of a century and also the first suggestion of regular interstate club competition or national league.^ South Australia was first represented in 1991 when Adelaide Football Club joined league.

^ '''Australian Football League''' ('''AFL''') is major professional Australian national competition in sport of Australian football and is Australia's biggest sporting competition in terms of membership, corporate sponsorship and attendances (ranked 4th in world for average attendances).

^ Australian Football League in 1990 to reflect new national perspective and is more commonly referred to by acronym AFL. Victorian Football Association took over Victorian Football League name in 1996.

[34]
.By 1980, the way the game was played had changed dramatically, with the phasing out of many of the game's kicking styles, changing rules and the influence of the handballing game and television.^ In 1988, rules changed to make players awarded free kicks be obliged to kick ball, rather than handpass.

^ So those new to the sport can play this version first to understand the rules of the normal game and have fun, or people concerned about injury can play it instead of normal football.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ This rule changed the way the game was played quite a lot and created a lot of debate, because players could no longer use their hand to feel where their opponent was, nor use their hand on the players back to hold their position.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[35]
.In 1982, in a move that heralded big changes within the sport, one of the original VFL clubs, South Melbourne, relocated to the rugby league stronghold of Sydney and became known as the Sydney Swans.^ In 1982, South Melbourne relocated to Sydney to become Sydney Swans.

^ After the South Melbourne club relocated to Sydney in 1982, the VFL expanded with new teams based in Perth , Brisbane and then Adelaide.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Melbourne as 'South Melbourne Football Club,' but relocated to Sydney in 1982.

.In the late 1980s, strong interstate interest in the VFL led to a more national competition; two more non-Victorian clubs, the West Coast Eagles and the Brisbane Bears began playing in 1987. In their early years, the Sydney and Brisbane clubs continued to struggle both on and off-field before an eventual bailout by the league, which granted significant draft concessions and financial aid to keep them competitive.^ The West Coast Eagles will play in their twentieth season in the VFL-AFL this year.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ West Coast Eagles 13.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ West Australian Football League and AFL Queensland were awarded licences to join VFL and West Coast Eagles and Brisbane Bears were formed.

.The league changed its name to the Australian Football League (AFL) following the 1989 season.^ As Australia has changed from what it was in the 1850’s so has Australian football changed from what it was in the 1850’s.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian rules football AFL .

^ Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL. .

.In 1991, it gained its first South Australian team, Adelaide.^ Similarly, what of the great 1914 Port Adelaide team, who went undefeated throughout the season, culminating in a victory of Carlton in the Championship of Australia, and then followed it up with a victory against a combined team made up of the rest of the South Australian clubs.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Listen now, I'm talking Super Bowl XLIII including about Ben Graham on 5AA Adelaide South Australian radio!
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ In response, a team called Adelaide Crows was formed which was awarded licence and joined league in 1991.

.During the next five years, two more non-Victorian teams, Fremantle and Port Adelaide, joined the league.^ Australian Football League in 1990 to reflect new national perspective and is more commonly referred to by acronym AFL. Victorian Football Association took over Victorian Football League name in 1996.

^ That year, first Western Derby was played between two Western Australian based teams, beginning a fierce local rivalry with West Coast dominating until Fremantle broke shackles in their 10th meeting in 1999.

^ Andrew McLeod won his second Norm Smith Medal in two years, and Adelaide Crows became first team since Richmond in 1921 to turn their maiden Premiership into a double following season.

.The AFL, currently with 16 member clubs, is the sport's elite competition and the most powerful body and continues to seek further opportunities to expand into new markets.^ VFL name disappeared until it was adopted by AFL's state feeder competition which was very most recent incarnation of former VFA. .

^ The team has been finalized with former Collingwood AFL player Fatui Ataata, coaching the side and current New Zealand Senior player, Andrew Crighton as his assistant.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

^ AFL marks/goals highlights from all 16 current AFL teams of the great Australian game we call footy.

.Following the emergence of the Australian Football League, the SANFL, WAFL and other state leagues rapidly declined to a secondary status.^ It was the VFL which actively pursue d selling licenses to interstate interests, and then enjoyed the gate receipts as it capitalised on the enormous interest in the game in both South Australia and Western Australia that had been nurtured for a century by the SANFL and WAFL. It was the VFL which followed this path and re-branded itself as the Australian Football League.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Australian Football League in 1990 to reflect new national perspective and is more commonly referred to by acronym AFL. Victorian Football Association took over Victorian Football League name in 1996.

^ These things distinguish Australian football and Gaelic football from all other sports.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.Apart from these there are many semi-professional and amateur leagues around Australia, where they play a very important role in the community, and particularly so in rural areas.^ There were many new players in the Canadian team including 5 from the BC Footy competition and 3 from the recently formerd Ottawa Swans in the Ontario league.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ Ross then went and played great football for the South Gawler Lions and thus became great friends with many of my mates from this very successful club.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ Because the Aborigines have played a major part in Australia’s history it makes sense that they would have an involvement in the sport.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.The VFA, still in existence a century after the original schism, merged with the former VFL reserves competition in 1998. The new entity adopted the VFL name and remained a primarily state based competition.^ VFL name disappeared until it was adopted by AFL's state feeder competition which was very most recent incarnation of former VFA. .

State of origin games also declined in importance, especially after an increasing number of withdrawals by AFL players. .The AFL turned its focus for representation to an annual International Rules Series against Ireland in 1998 before abolishing State of Origin in 1999. The second-tier state and territorial leagues still contest interstate representative matches.^ Even the Dandenong Ranges Junior Football League secretary Judy Orren said the league would love to have the girls playing, but because it was against AFL Victoria rules, insurance would not cover them if they were injured(Drill).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Athletic career: Rohde has played with the Dallas Magpies, a club with the United States Australian Rules Football League, since 1995.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early 1900’s major leagues were formed in each state and in the two major territories.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.Although Tasmanian AFL Bid has been ongoing, rather than pursue a national competition, the AFL's focus has become gaining marketshare in lucrative and broadcasting rights in the more populous Australian states and has advanced plans to create football franchises on the Gold Coast, Queensland (Gold Coast Football Club) and in Greater Western Sydney (Western Sydney Football Club).^ Gold Coast Queensland's true grass-roots footy club.
  • BigFooty - Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bigfooty.com [Source type: General]
  • BigFooty - Australian Rules Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.bigfooty.com [Source type: General]

^ These are states that have always traditionally played Australian football, so all that the AFL had to do was take clubs that already existed in these states, and implement them into the AFL. Although it still has to compete mainly against the rugby codes, Australian football now has another enemy, “in both in Queensland & NSW, and the rest of Australia - the game is competing with soccer, which again due to ‘safety’ less injuries, and international potential is a growing code, that seeks to attract young players” (Durnan).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ In Queensland the introduction of the Australian football team of the Brisbane bears/lions was a lot easier than the introduction of the Swans in Sydney “as there were many ex-Victorians that had migrated to Queensland so the population were and are still footy friendly” (Durnan).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.The AFL regularly schedules pre-season exhibition matches in all Australian states and territories as part of the Regional Challenge.^ AFL marks/goals highlights from all 16 current AFL teams of the great Australian game we call footy.

^ Next weeks and all the 09 AFL season tips will be on Mates Club column.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ These teams are part of a new deal involving AFL and Northern Territory Government that will see Melbourne, Richmond and Western Bulldogs share 2 Regular season matches at Marrara Stadium for season 2010 and 2011.

Australian football internationally

Action from a 1999 Aussie Rules match in Nauru at the Linkbelt Oval
.Australian rules football is played at an amateur level in various countries around the world.^ Today Australian football is still spreading throughout the country and the world.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Countries that play Australian football are countries that have had close ties with Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian rules football is immensely popular in Australia, where the code was first born, but is also played, mainly on an amateur level, around the globe.
  • AFL Football Betting at Canbet - AFL Premiership, Charles Brownlow, Australian Rules 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.cbet88.com [Source type: Academic]

.Over 30 countries are home to clubs or leagues who play regularly, with around 20 that have either affiliation or working agreements with the AFL.[36] There have been several players in the VFL/AFL who were born outside Australia and since 1982, an increasing number of players have been recruited from outside Australia through initiatives such as the Irish experiment and more recently, international scholarship programs.^ So the sport is becoming more and more played outside of Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Friday, March 13, 2009 - Forget the Irish, Clubs turn to Kiwi's Recruiting staff from Hawthorn, Geelong, Sydney and North Melbourne are heading to Christchurch this weekend to watch an under-20 carnival, with the 2008 premier keen to recruit players via the establishment of an international scholarship program.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

^ With number of players recruited from country leagues increasing, wealthier clubs were gaining an advantage that metropolitan zoning (Australian rules football) and Coulter law restricting player payments had prevented in past.

.In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the game spread with the Australian Diaspora to areas such as New Zealand and South Africa, however this growth went into rapid decline following World War I.^ Australian football is played in many developed countries and countries in Asia and the pacific, teams that played in the AFL International cup in 2008 consisted of Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Japan, Nauru, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Samoa and a Palestinian/Israeli team (“Teams”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Ian is currently the Games Development Manager with New Zealand Tennis and highly involved with the successful Grasshopper Programme currently utilised to develop junior tennis within New Zealand.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

^ New Zealand has been provided with excellent pathways for those wishing to be associated with the game but awareness and marketing is the number one challenge.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

.After World War II, the sport experienced a small amount of growth in the Pacific region, particularly in Nauru, Papua New Guinea and later New Zealand.^ Australian football is played in many developed countries and countries in Asia and the pacific, teams that played in the AFL International cup in 2008 consisted of Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Japan, Nauru, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Samoa and a Palestinian/Israeli team (“Teams”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ The Hawthorn Australian Football Club will host the New Zealand Falcons during the 2008 International Cup campaign in August and September later this year.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

^ In its inaugural season, the competition has already had a massive impact on the development of AFL within New Zealand with the likely sanctioning of the sport by New Zealand Secondary Schools Sports Council.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

.Most of the current amateur clubs and leagues in existence have developed since the 1980s, when leagues began to be established in North America, Europe and Asia.^ In 1989, league began encouraging some of fledgling Victorian clubs to merge or relocate interstate.

^ In 1877, amateur sport Victorian Football League was established.

^ Athletic career: Rohde has played with the Dallas Magpies, a club with the United States Australian Rules Football League, since 1995.
  • Dallas Magpies - Australian Rules Football Club - Est. 1998 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.dallasmagpies.com [Source type: General]

.As the size of the Australian diaspora has increased, so has the number of clubs outside Australia.^ Also as immigration to Australia increases immigrants can be accepted into Australian society by playing football.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.This expansion has been further aided by multiculturalism and assisted by exhibition matches as well as exposure generated through players who have converted to and from other football codes.^ Unlike other codes of football in other countries the players do not wear padding.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ There were also several attempts at variety programs featuring VFL players, who generally succeeded in demonstrating that their skills were limited to football ground.

^ General sites and other information about Australian Rules Football .

.In Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States there are many thousands of players.^ Australian football is played in many developed countries and countries in Asia and the pacific, teams that played in the AFL International cup in 2008 consisted of Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Japan, Nauru, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Samoa and a Palestinian/Israeli team (“Teams”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ For this reason, it does not seek to compare the representation from New South Wales and Queensland , which are traditionally not major Australian Rules football states.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The team has been finalized with former Collingwood AFL player Fatui Ataata, coaching the side and current New Zealand Senior player, Andrew Crighton as his assistant.
  • New Zealand Australian Football League > Home 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.nzafl.co.nz [Source type: News]

The AFL became the de facto governing body when it pushed for the closure of the International Australian Football Council in 2002.

International Rules Football

.Since 1967 there have been many matches between Australian rules football teams (mainly from Australia) and Gaelic football teams (mainly from Ireland), under various sets of hybrid, compromise rules known as International rules football.^ As Australia has changed from what it was in the 1850’s so has Australian football changed from what it was in the 1850’s.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian rules football AFL .

^ The history of Australian football has been intertwined with Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.In 1984, the first official representative matches of International Rules were played, and these were played annually each October between the AFL and the Gaelic Athletic Association between 1998 and 2006. These were part of the official International Rules Series, which attracted large crowds and media interest in Ireland and Australia.^ In 1984, a revival of World-wide Rules representative series against Ireland occurred.

^ AFL - The official site of the Australian Football League - AFL.com.au Australian rules football - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Australian Rules Football League Of Ireland Head injuries common in kids' Aussie Rules : study Aussie Rules Football Promo AFL- Australian Rules Football Highlights ...

^ So those new to the sport can play this version first to understand the rules of the normal game and have fun, or people concerned about injury can play it instead of normal football.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.In 2007 the international rules series was abandoned because of the aggression and the severity of the Australian team in the previous year, but in 2008, under new rules to protect the player with the ball, it resumed in Australia.^ Australian football is played in many developed countries and countries in Asia and the pacific, teams that played in the AFL International cup in 2008 consisted of Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Japan, Nauru, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Samoa and a Palestinian/Israeli team (“Teams”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Expect the Mosquitoes (Papua New Guinea’s Australian football team) to be boosted in the International Cup (the Australian football International Cup held in Melbourne in 2008) by the 21 players currently playing in Australia on scholarship” (“Papua”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ In 1988, rules changed to make players awarded free kicks be obliged to kick ball, rather than handpass.

Australian rules football culture

Before the start of each AFL match, players run through a banner constructed by supporters.
Australian rules football is popular amongst indigenous communities.
.Australian Rules is a sport rich in tradition and Australian cultural references, especially surrounding the rituals of gameday for players, officials and supporters.^ But in 1916 “the game lost many of its great players to wartime service” (“Australian rules”).
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian football’s rules reflect the identity of Australia as it shows the countries that the sport evolved from and this in turn shows that Australia evolved from these countries.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Sports MYKwebTV and TotalCFLwebTV shows including lots of Australian Rules Football are now on my YouTube.com Directors Channel!
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

.Australian rules football has attracted more overall interest among Australians (as measured by the Sweeney Sports report) than any other football code, and, when compared with all sports throughout the nation, has consistently ranked first in the winter reports, and most recently third behind cricket and swimming in summer.^ These things distinguish Australian football and Gaelic football from all other sports.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ General sites and other information about Australian Rules Football .

^ Australian rules football AFL .

[37]
.In 2006, a total of 615,549 registered participants played Australian football in Australia.^ As Australia has changed from what it was in the 1850’s so has Australian football changed from what it was in the 1850’s.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Countries that play Australian football are countries that have had close ties with Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ The history of Australian football has been intertwined with Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[38] Participation 7.84% between 2005-06.[38] The Australian Sports Commission statistics show a 42% increase in the total number of participants over the 4 year period between 2001-2005.[39]
.Australian rules football is played in more than 30 countries around the world.^ Today Australian football is still spreading throughout the country and the world.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Countries that play Australian football are countries that have had close ties with Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian rules football AFL .

[16] .In 2004, there were a total of over 25, 000 participants outside of Australia.^ It states that “at any one time there are about one million Australians living and working overseas.” The entire population of Australia is around 21,000,000 so that is a very large percentage of Australians outside of Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[40] .This has grown to about 35, 000 people in 32 countries playing in structured competitions outside of Australia[41] Australian rules is the national sport of Nauru.^ So the sport is becoming more and more played outside of Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Countries that play Australian football are countries that have had close ties with Australia.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Because they play and know the rules for Australian football this is the sport that they play with the other countries.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

[42]
.Many related games have emerged from football, mainly with variations of contact to encourage greater participation.^ It shows that Australian football is a true Australian game because Australia is a mixing bowl of many different cultures.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ This means that Australian football is related to Aboriginal games.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Australian football was invented because Australians wanted a game that they could call their own, but that was multicultural, and incorporated many different sports from many different cultures into one.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

.These include Kick-to-kick (and its variants such as 'End to End Footy' and 'Markers Up'), Auskick, Rec Footy, Women's Australian rules football, 9-a-side Footy, Masters Australian Football, handball and longest-kick competitions.^ Australian rules football AFL .

^ Australian Rules Football is catching on in Europe.
  • USAFL | United States Australian Rules Football League 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC usfooty.com [Source type: General]

^ Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL Australian rules football AFL. .

.Players outside of Australia sometimes engage in related games on the available fields, like Metro Footy (played on gridiron fields) and Samoa Rules (played on rugby fields).^ I enyoyed my Sunday afternoon watching the many Cool Canadian women and some Aussie's playing Aussie Rules Footy here in Calgary.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ So those new to the sport can play this version first to understand the rules of the normal game and have fun, or people concerned about injury can play it instead of normal football.
  • Australian Football | Sportales 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC sportales.com [Source type: News]

^ Based in Delta which is 1/2 hr drive South of Vancouver, BC Footy has I believe the largest Junior competition outside of Australia.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

Australian Football Hall of Fame

.For the centenary of the VFL/AFL in 1996, the Australian Football Hall of Fame was established.^ In 1996, VFL/AFL celebrated its centenary.

^ Australian rules football AFL .

^ Australian Football Hall of Fame representation 1901-1914 .
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In that year 136 identities were inducted, including 100 players, 10 coaches, 10 umpires, 10 administrators and six media representatives.^ This years Coaches Award donated by Luke McCracken is a famous South name and smooth player in Nicholas O’Reilly.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ I will be challenging our senior and junior players, coaches, administrators, volunteers and supporters to unite and create our own period of success.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

^ I have known the club captain Aaron Bayliss for many years and he is simply an outstanding person, the most honest player that I've had the privilege to coach and a genuine leader.
  • "AFL Football Weekly: AFL Pro Football's Video Picks and Amazing AFL Football Coverage from mykaussie." 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC mykaussie.com [Source type: General]

[43]
.The selections have caused some controversy, mainly because of the predominance of VFL players at the expense of those who played in other leagues in the years before there was a national competition.^ Similarly, players who played in the VFL before 1987 would have matches recorded as state league games, with the similar status as those who played in the WAFL and SANFL. Matches played in the AFL since 1987 would have national league status.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The West Coast Eagles will play in their twentieth season in the VFL-AFL this year.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were also several attempts at variety programs featuring VFL players, who generally succeeded in demonstrating that their skills were limited to football ground.

[citation needed]
.The elite Legend status was bestowed on 12 members of the Hall of Fame in 1996: Ron Barassi, Haydn Bunton Senior, Roy Cazaly, John Coleman, Jack Dyer, Polly Farmer, Leigh Matthews, John Nicholls, Bob Pratt, Dick Reynolds, Bob Skilton and Ted Whitten (see above list for further details).^ An asterisk next to the Hall of Fame members name denotes such a situation.
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Peter Hudson's famed attempt at breaking Bob Pratt's long held record of 150 goals in a season.

^ Haydn Bunton senior, from Albury, is classified under Victoria in the above table, for he played his first league football in that state, and played more league games in Victoria than in Western Australia .
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The following ten members have been promoted to the status of "Legend" since 1996: Ian Stewart (1997), Gordon Coventry (1998), Peter Hudson (1999), Kevin Bartlett (2000), Barrie Robran (2001), Bill Hutchison (2003), Jock McHale (2005), Darrel Baldock (2006), Norm Smith (2007) and Alex Jesaulenko (2008).^ Andrew McLeod won his second Norm Smith Medal in two years, and Adelaide Crows became first team since Richmond in 1921 to turn their maiden Premiership into a double following season.

^ Similarly, Peter Hudson, Ian Stewart, Royce Hart, and Darryl Baldock played much of their senior football in Victoria , but they began their senior careers in Tasmania .
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similarly, Peter Hudson, Ian Stewart, Royce Hart, Darryl Baldock and Laurie Nash played much of their senior football in Victoria , but they began their senior careers in Tasmania , and are regarded as some of the greatest players from that state, and are accordingly classified to Tasmania .
  • The AFL And The History Of Australian Football 10 February 2010 11:45 UTC www.fullpointsfooty.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44]

See also

References

  1. ^ "AFL History - AFL.com.au". Australian Football League. http://www.afl.com.au/history/tabid/10296/default.aspx. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  2. ^ "History website". Footy.com.au. http://www.footy.com.au/dags/FAQ1v1-5.html. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  3. ^ "Australian Football (Official title of the code)". Afl.com.au. http://www.afl.com.au/About/tabid/13532/default.aspx#title. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  4. ^ (pg 10)
  5. ^ In some special situations such as the 1977 VFL Grand Final or other such knock out situations, if the score is tied, either extra time or a rematch the following week is required to get a result
  6. ^ (pg 51)
  7. ^ History Official Website of the Australian Football League
  8. ^ "4174.0 - Sports Attendance, Australia, Apr 1999". Abs.gov.au. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/ProductsbyReleaseDate/E298CEE24565C911CA256DEF007248FF?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  9. ^ "4174.0 - Sports Attendance, Australia, 2005-06". Abs.gov.au. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/4174.02005-06?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  10. ^ "Guernsey". Meanings and Origins of Australian Words and Idioms. Australian National Dictionary Centre. http://www.anu.edu.au/andc/res/aus_words/aewords/aewords_cg.php#g. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  11. ^ "AFL heritage critics slammed by Worsfold". Smh.com.au. 2007-05-16. http://www.smh.com.au/news/Sport/AFL-heritage-critics-slammed-by-Worsfold/2007/05/16/1178995227441.html. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  12. ^ http://mm.afl.com.au/afl_archive/cp2/c2/webi/article/304261bn.pdf
  13. ^ (pg 7)
  14. ^ "Australian Institute of Sport - Australian football". Ais.org.au. http://www.ais.org.au/austrules/index.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  15. ^ (pg 3)
  16. ^ a b "International - Official Website of the Australian Football League". Afl.com.au. http://www.afl.com.au/Development/International/tabid/10238/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  17. ^ "The McClelland Trophy". Fullpointsfooty.net. http://www.fullpointsfooty.net/the_mcclelland_trophy.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  18. ^ "AFL Explained - Official Website of the Australian Football League". Afl.com.au. http://afl.com.au/Development/AFLExplained/tabid/10294/Default.aspx#wooden. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  19. ^ "St Kilda Historical Society Aug-Sep 2008." (PDF). http://www.skhs.org.au/~SKHSnewsletter1/newsletters/Insert%20%20Footy%20150,%20Aug-Sept%202008.pdf. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  20. ^ The Melbourne Book - A History of Now. Published 2003. Hardie Grant Books. South Yarra. ISBN 1 74066 049 8. pg. 182
  21. ^ "Letter from Tom Wills". MCG website. http://www.mcg.org.au/default.asp?pg=footballdisplay&articleid=37. Retrieved 2006-07-14. 
  22. ^ http://www.skhs.org.au/~SKHSnewsletter1/newsletters/Insert%20%20Footy%20150,%20Aug-Sept%202008.pdf
  23. ^ pg 36. Melbourne FC Since 1858 - An Illustrated History
  24. ^ a b Ken Piesse (1995). The Complete Guide to Australian Football. Pan Macmillan Australia. ISBN 0-330-35712-3.  p303.
  25. ^ "Scotch College - Cordner-Eggleston Cup". Scotch.vic.edu.au. 2000-08-17. http://www.scotch.vic.edu.au/Sport/Arules/coregg/cordegg.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  26. ^ Thomas Smith himself made this claim in response to an article about the history of Melbourne FC in The Australasian published 26 February 1876 (from Melbourne FC Since 1858 - An Illustrated History pg 36). Smith's personal account mentions Thompson arriving after the decision to form the club
  27. ^ ibid
  28. ^ Harrison's involvement in the early stages is believed by many to be due to him being perceived as the "father of the game" in later decades and subsequent erroneous reporting
  29. ^ pg 20-10. Melbourne FC Since 1858 - An Illustrated History. Goeff Slattery Publishing
  30. ^ G.M. Hibbins Sport and Racing in Colonial Melbourne: The Cousin and Me - Colden Harrison, Tom Wills and William Hammersley Lynedoch 2007 chs 8, 9
  31. ^ "Football in australia". Evening Post, Volume LXXXVIII, Issue 122, (New Zealand): p. 8. 1914-11-19. http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=EP19141119.2.81.6. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  32. ^ "Football amalgamation". Evening Post, Volume LXXXIX, Issue 27 (New Zealand): p. 8. 1915-02-02. http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=EP19150202.2.110. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  33. ^ "A False Dawn". Fullpointsfooty.net. 1908-08-20. http://www.fullpointsfooty.net/a_false_dawn.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  34. ^ Referenced in Hutchinson, Garrie (1983). The Great Australian Book of Football Stories. Melbourne: Currey O'Neil. 
  35. ^ WICKS, B. M. Whatever Happened to Australian Rules ? Hobart, Tasmania, Libra Books. 1980, First Edition. (ISBN 0909619069)
  36. ^ AFL International Development
  37. ^ Media Release, Sweeney Sport report for 2006-07
    "If you can kick it, Australia will watch it". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2003-05-22. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/05/22/1053196670542.html. 
  38. ^ a b "More chase Sherrin than before". Realfooty.com.au. http://www.realfooty.com.au/news/news/we-love-aussie-rules/2007/06/19/1182019117471.html. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  39. ^ Participation in Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey 2005 Annual Report
  40. ^ Brett. "World Footy Census". Worldfootynews.com. http://www.worldfootynews.com/article.php?story=20050301074107992. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  41. ^ Curtis, R. (2008) "Pacific nations bemoan AFL neglect", The Sunday Age, 11 May 2008
  42. ^ "Team Profile: Nauru Chiefs". Afl.com.au. 2008-07-30. http://afl.com.au/tabid/208/default.aspx?newsid=64399. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  43. ^ 2005,15,8. "AFL Hall of Fame and Sensation". Getaway.ninemsn.com.au. http://getaway.ninemsn.com.au/article.aspx?id=50720. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  44. ^ "Legends - Official Website of the Australian Football League". Afl.com.au. http://www.afl.com.au/Season2007/Awards/HallofFame/Legends/tabid/855/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Noun

  1. A variety of football, or soccer, devised in Australia.

Synonyms

  • Aussie Rules

See also

Translations

  • Czech: Australský fotbal
  • Danish: Australsk fodbold
  • Esperanto: Aŭstralia piedpilko
  • German: Australian Football
  • Japanese: オージーフットボール

Simple English

's Richard Bradley takes a high mark over an Indian opponent in the 2008 International Cup, getting a massive 30 centimeters off the ground]]Australian rules football is a sport created in Australia. It is the national sport and is the most popular sport in Australia.[1][2][3][4] The main league of Australian rules football is the Australian Football League.

Contents

History

Before to Europeans came to Australia, native Australians played a form of the game where two groups of men would kick a possum skin "ball" around. The Aborigines would drop the ball onto their foot to kick it, and if a person caught the ball before it touched the ground he would get a free kick. Some players jumped as high as five foot to take catches, in the same way as players today jump to catch the ball for a mark.

of Tom Wills umpiring the first Australian Rules Football game in 1858]]

In 1858, Tom Wills, a former student of the Rugby school and Cambridge College, created a set of football rules that were like a cross between rugby, soccer and Gaelic football. He made up the game for cricketers to keep in shape during the off-season (winter). Wills had help in making up the game from other people like his cousin H.C.A. Harrison , and W.J. Hammersly and J.B. Thompson.[5]

Wills grew up with Indigenous Australians. He spoke the language of the people who lived near him and played with the children. It has been suggested that Australian Rules Football is based in part on Marn Grook, an Aboriginal game with some similar rules to Australian Rules Football. Because the indigenous people Wills played with as a child would have played Marn Grook, Wills would have been influenced by this game when creating the rules for Australian Rules Football.[6]

The Melbourne Football Club was founded on 14 May 1859; the Melbourne Football Club is one of the oldest surviving football clubs in the world. A game of football was played between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar School. It was played over three days on an oval next to the present day Melbourne Cricket Ground, and the two schools have played an annual game ever since. This game became known as Melbourne Rules Football, one of many local varieties of football that existed at that time, another notable one being Sheffield Rules Football. Then following its decision to not join either the association rules (1863) or rugby rules (1871), it became known as Victorian Rules, although it still resembled closely to the former two rule sets. Than in the 1880s as rugby and association rules began to diverge in a much greater way, Victorian Rules which resembled the 1850s type of football that both rugby and the association had based their rules on remained much the same except for moving to oval fields from rectangular fields and eventually introducing more posts. After the sport became popular in other states, people started calling it "Australian Rules".

The Victorian Football League ( VFL ) was created in 1896. The next year, the first official games were played. The first clubs were Carlton, Collingwood, Essendon, Fitzroy, Geelong, Melbourne, St Kilda, and South Melbourne. In 1908, Richmond and University joined. University left after the 1914 season. In 1925, Footscray, Hawthorn and North Melbourne joined the VFL.

Years later other teams joined in:

  • West Coast Eagles (joined in 1987)
  • Brisbane Bears (1987)
  • Adelaide Crows (1991)
  • Fremantle Dockers (1995)
  • Port Adelaide (1997)
  • Brisbane Lions (1997, when the Brisbane Bears and Fitzroy Lions merged).

In 1990 the Victorian Football League was changed to the Australian Football League (AFL). Footscray changed its name to the Western Bulldogs in 1997. North Melbourne changed its name to the Kangaroos in 1999, but changed back in 2008.

About

Football is the most popular sport in Australia, with crowd attendances of 50-80,000 people common to normal home and away matches and capacity crowds of 100,000 people at the home of football the MCG during the finals and special matches. The record crowd still remains at 121,696, who watched that most history-making of all Grand Finals in 1970, between Carlton and Collingwood, where Carlton came from a 44 point deficit at half-time to win the game by implementing an entirely new system of play, handballing out of the backline, which changed the game forever, and marked the beginnings of the transition of the game from one of a 'territorial' base to 'possession football'.

There are 16 teams in the AFL . Each team has 22 players during game day with team lists of 40-45 players.During the game, each team has 18 players on the field, consisting of 6 forwards, 3 centres, 6 backmen, and 3 followers. The 4 remaining players are reserves the can interchange with any other player in the team as often as the coach wants.

Every game consists of 4 quarters, being 20 minutes and overtime (stoppage time, time-keepers acting upon central umpire signals to determine how long). After every quarter the teams swap direction. The quarter is started when the umpire blows his whistle and bounces the ball in the middle of the field (similar to a basketball "tip")and opposing players try to tap or punch the ball to their team-mates.

The idea of the game is to kick more goals than the other team. At each end of the field are 4 poles. Players score points by kicking the ball between the poles. A goal is a kick between the centermost posts. It is worth 6 points. A Behind (worth 1 point) is a kick that goes between the outer posts. Players can bounce the ball and hit it with their hand (handball it) to other players . If a player catches a ball after the ball has been kicked in the air by another player, then this is a "mark" and the player cannot be tackled until he plays on.

It is the only "football" code where the major score can ONLY be scored with the foot.

Present Teams

Present teams

ClubCity, StateHome Ground
Adelaide CrowsAdelaide , South AustraliaAAMI Stadium
Brisbane LionsBrisbane , QueenslandBrisbane Cricket Ground (The 'Gabbaâ' )
Carlton BluesCarlton , VictoriaEtihad Stadium/ Melbourne Cricket Ground ( MCG )
Collingwood MagpiesCollingwood , VictoriaMelbourne Cricket Ground ( MCG )
Essendon BombersEssendon , VictoriaEtihad Stadium
Fremantle DockersFremantle , Western AustraliaSubiaco Oval
Geelong CatsGeelong , VictoriaSkilled Stadium
Hawthorn HawksHawthorn , VictoriaMelbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)/ Aurora Stadium
KangaroosNorth Melbourne , VictoriaEtihad Stadium
Melbourne DemonsMelbourne , VictoriaMelbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)
Port Adelaide PowerPort Adelaide , South AustraliaAAMI Stadium
Richmond TigersRichmond , VictoriaMelbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)
St Kilda SaintsSt Kilda , VictoriaEtihad Stadium
Sydney SwansSydney , New South WalesSydney Cricket Ground (SCG)/ ANZ Stadium
West Coast EaglesPerth , Western AustraliaSubiaco Oval
Western BulldogsFootscray , VictoriaEtihad Stadium

Future teams

The AFL is looking at starting new teams based on the Gold Coast and in Western Sydney. The Gold Coast team is planned to join the competition by 2011.[7]

Individual major awards

  • Brownlow Medal (best and fairest )
  • Coleman Medal (most goals )
  • AFL Rising Star (best young player)
  • Leigh Matthews Trophy (most valuable player voted by the players )
  • Norm Smith Medal (best player in Grand Final)
  • Michael Tuck (best player in pre -season Grand Final)
  • AFL Mark of the Year (award for best mark in season)
  • AFL Goal of the Year (award for best goal in season)
  • All Australian Team (team made up of the best players from all clubs )
  • Club Best and Fairest Awards (best player in a club)
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References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Australian rules football, which are similar to those in the above article.








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