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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Austria
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Das Team
Association Austrian Football Association
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Dietmar Constantini
Captain Emanuel Pogatetz
Most caps Andreas Herzog (103)
Top scorer Toni Polster (44)
Home stadium Ernst Happel Stadion
FIFA code AUT
FIFA ranking 61
Highest FIFA ranking 17 (May 1999)
Lowest FIFA ranking 105 (July 2008)
Elo ranking T 65
Highest Elo ranking 1 (May 1934)
Lowest Elo ranking 72 (Feb 2009)
Home colours
Away colours
First international
Austria Austria 5 - 0 Hungary 
(Vienna, Austria; October 12, 1902)
Biggest win
Austria Austria 9 - 0 Malta 
(Salzburg, Austria; April 30, 1977)
Biggest defeat
Austria Austria 1 - 11 England 
(Vienna, Austria; June 8, 1908)
World Cup
Appearances 7 (First in 1934)
Best result Third place, 1954
European Football Championship
Appearances 1 (First in 2008)
Best result Round 1, 2008
Olympic medal record
Men's Football
Silver 1936 Berlin Team

The Austria national football team is the association football team that represents the country of Austria in international competition and is controlled by the Austrian Football Association (German: Österreichischer Fußball Bund).

Austria has qualified for seven World Cups, most recently in 1998. The country played in the European Championship for the first time in 2008 when it co-hosted the event with Switzerland.

Contents

History

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Pre-war

The Austrian Football Association was founded on 18 March 1904 in the Empire of Austria-Hungary. The team enjoyed success in the 1930s under coach Hugo Meisl becoming a dominant side in Europe and earning the nickname "Wunderteam". On 16 May 1931, they were the first European side to defeat Scotland.

In the 1934 FIFA World Cup, they finished 4th after losing 0-1 to Italy in the semifinals, and 3-2 to Germany for Third place. They were runners-up in the Football at the Summer Olympics 1936, again losing to Italy, 2-1. (They had actually lost in the quarterfinals to Peru, but were re-instated after Peru withdrew after a re-match was ordered.)

Austria had qualified for the 1938 finals, but due to the Anschluss on 12 March of that year, Austria was annexed to Germany. Already on 28 March[1], FIFA was notified that the Austrian FA had been abolished, meaning also withdrawal from the World Cup, with the German team representing also Austria. Theoretically, a united team could have been an even stronger force than each of the separate ones, but German coach Sepp Herberger had little time and very few games to prepare and merge the very different styles of play and attitude. The former Austrian professionals outplayed the rather athletic yet amateur player of the "Old Empire" in a "reunification" derby that was supposed to finish as a draw, yet in the waning minutes, the Austrians scored twice, with Matthias Sindelar also demonstratively missing the German goal, and subsequently declining to be capped for Germany. In a later rematch, the Germans took revenge, winning 9:1. In early April, Herberger inquired whether two separate teams could enter anyway, but "Reichssportführer" Hans von Tschammer und Osten made clear that he expected to see a 5:6 or 6:5 mixture of players from the two hitherto teams.

As a result, five players from Rapid Wien, Vienna Wien and Austria Wien were part of the team that only managed a 1:1 draw in Round 1 against Switzerland, which required a rematch. With Rapid Wien's forward Pesser having been sent off, and not satisfied with two others, Herberger had to alter the line-up on six positions to fulfill the 6:5 quota again. The all-German team led the Swiss 2:0 after 15 minutes, but eventually lost 2:4 in Paris, in front of a rather anti-German French and Swiss crowd, as few German supporters were able to travel to France due to German restrictions on foreign currency exchange. This elimination in Round 1 remains Germany's worst World Cup result, with Nazi policy likely denying both teams a better result.

After World War II, Austria was again separated from Germany. Austria's best result came in 1954, when they lost the semifinal 1 – 6 to eventual champion Germany, but finished third after beating defending champion Uruguay 3-1. This remains their best result ever, and unfortunately the last time for decades that Austria reached the end round of a major tournament.

Over the years, a strong yet mainly lopsided rivalry with Germany developed.

1970s and 1980s

Anchored by legendary striker Hans Krankl and backed up by co-star Bruno Pezzey, Austria reached the World Cup in 1978 and 1982 and both times reached the Second Round, held in team group games that replaced the knock-out Quarter Finals. This Austria team is widely regarded as the best post-WWII Austrian football team ever.

In the 1978 FIFA World Cup in Argentina, they had lost two games and would almost surely finish last in their Second Round group of four teams, but they put in a special effort for their last game in Córdoba against West Germany, and eliminated the defending world champion, beating them 3-2 by goals of Krankl. The celebrating report of the radio commentator Edi Finger ("I werd narrisch!") became famous in Austria, while the Germans regard the game as a disgrace (de:Schmach von Córdoba).

During the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain, Austria and West Germany met again, in the last game of Round 1. Because the other two teams in the group had played their last game the previous day, both teams knew that a West German win by one goal would see both through, a larger win would eliminate Austria and an Austrian win would eliminate West Germany. After ten minutes of furious attack, Horst Hrubesch scored for West Germany, and the two teams proceeded to simply kick the ball around for eighty minutes with no attempt to attack. The game became known as the non-aggression pact of Gijon. Algeria had also won two games, including a shocking surprise over Germany in the opener, but was eliminated by the 0-1 result based on goal difference. The Algerian supporters were understandably furious, and even the Austrian and West German fans showed themselves to be extremely unhappy with the nature of their progression. As a result of this game, all future tournaments would see the last group games played simultaneously.

Austria was eliminated by losing to France in the Second round group stage of three teams.

1990s

Led by striker Toni Polster, Austria qualified for the 1990 World Cup, but were eliminated in the first round.

Much worse was the stunning 0:1 loss against the Faroe Islands in the qualifying campaign for the European Championship 1992, considered the worst embarrassment in any Austrian team sport ever, and one of the biggest upsets in footballing history. The game was played in Landskrona, Sweden because there were no grass fields on the Islands. It was a sign for things to come: Austria suffered another couple of years of botched qualifying campaigns.

In the World Cup 1998, Austria were drawn in Group B along with Italy, Cameroon and Chile. Their appearance was brief but eventful, as they managed the curious feat of only scoring in stoppage time in each of their matches. Against Cameroon, Pierre Njanka's superb goal was cancelled out by Toni Polster's late strike. In their second game, it was Ivica Vastic who curled a last minute equalizer, cancelling out Marcelo Salas's disputed opener. Austria weren't so fortunate in their crucial, final match at the Stade de France. Italy scored twice after half-time; a header from Christian Vieri and a tap-in from Roberto Baggio. Andreas Herzog's stoppage time penalty kept up Austria's unusual scoring pattern, but was not enough to prevent Austria finishing third in the group, behind the Italians and Chileans.

21st Century

In recent years, Austria's form has declined. They failed to qualify for the next World Cup and European Championships, and suffered extreme embarrassment (similar to the Faroe Islands loss) when they lost 9 - 0 to Spain and 5 - 0 to Israel in 1999. In 2006 Josef Hickersberger became coach of the Austrian national team, with a notable win against Switzerland in late 2006 bringing to an end a series of bad results.

Austria qualified automatically for the European Championships of 2008 as co-hosts. Their first major tournament in a decade, most commentators regarded them as rank outsiders and whipping-boys for Germany, Croatia and Poland in the group stage. Many of their home supporters were in agreement and 10,000 Austrians signed a petition demanding that Austria withdraw from the tournament to spare the nation's embarrassment [2] However, Austria performed better than expected. They managed a 1 - 1 draw with Poland, gave the Croatians a hard time before losing 1-0 to a Luka Modrić penalty and defended valiantly against the Germans but Michael Ballack's free kick sealed the game in a 1-0 defeat.

Shortly after Austria's first-round exit from the tournament, Josef Hickersberger resigned as the national team coach. Karel Brückner, who had resigned as head coach of the Czech Republic after that country's first-round exit from Euro 2008, was soon named as his replacement. After only eight months Karel Brückner was released in March 2009 and the position was subsequently taken by Didi Constantini. Even though Austria did not manage to secure automatic qualification or a play-off spot for the World Cup 2010, they still managed a memorable 3-1 win over France during qualifying, which was also France's only defeat in qualifying. Other memorable matches were Romania 1-1 Austria at away and Austria 2-1 Romania at home.

Records at major tournaments

World Cup record

Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA
Uruguay 1930 Did not enter - - - - - - -
Italy 1934 Fourth place 4 4 2 0 2 7 7
France 1938 Qualified[3] - - - - - - -
Brazil 1950 Withdrew - - - - - - -
Switzerland 1954 Third place 3 5 4 0 1 17 12
Sweden 1958 Round 1 15 3 0 1 2 2 7
Chile 1962 Withdrew - - - - - - -
England 1966 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
Mexico 1970 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
West Germany 1974 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
Argentina 1978 Second group stage 7 6 3 0 3 7 10
Spain 1982 Second group stage 8 5 2 1 2 5 4
Mexico 1986 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
Italy 1990 Round 1 18 3 1 0 2 2 3
United States 1994 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
France 1998 Round 1 23 3 0 2 1 3 4
South KoreaJapan 2002 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
Germany 2006 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
South Africa 2010 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
Total 7/18 29 12 4 13 43 47
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

European Championship record

Year Result GP W D* L GS GA
France 1960 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Spain 1964 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Italy 1968 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Belgium 1972 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Yugoslavia 1976 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Italy 1980 Did not qualify - - - - - -
France 1984 Did not qualify - - - - - -
West Germany 1988 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Sweden 1992 Did not qualify - - - - - -
England 1996 Did not qualify - - - - - -
BelgiumNetherlands 2000 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Portugal 2004 Did not qualify - - - - - -
AustriaSwitzerland 2008 Round 1 3 0 1 2 1 3
Total 1/13 3 0 1 2 1 3

Current squad

The following is the squad for the qualification matches for the 2010 FIFA World Cup against Lithuania on 10 October and against France on 14 October 2009[4]. Caps and goals as of 9 September 2009.

No. Pos. Player DoB (Age) Caps Goals Club
- GK Christian Gratzei September 19, 1981 (1981-09-19) (age 28) 0 0 Austria Sturm Graz
1 GK Helge Payer August 9, 1979 (1979-08-09) (age 30) 18 0 Austria Rapid Wien
12 GK Andreas Schranz May 2, 1979 (1979-05-02) (age 30) 6 0 Austria Austria Kärnten
2 DF Aleksandar Dragović March 6, 1991 (1991-03-06) (age 18) 4 0 Austria Austria Wien
5 DF Christian Fuchs April 7, 1986 (1986-04-07) (age 23) 27 0 Germany Bochum
14 DF Ekrem Dağ December 5, 1980 (1980-12-05) (age 29) 0 0 Turkey Beşiktaş
18 DF Manuel Ortlechner March 4, 1980 (1980-03-04) (age 29) 5 0 Austria Austria Wien
4 DF Jürgen Patocka July 30, 1977 (1977-07-30) (age 32) 3 0 Austria Rapid Wien
3 DF Franz Schiemer March 21, 1986 (1986-03-21) (age 23) 10 1 Austria Red Bull Salzburg
- DF Andreas Ulmer October 30, 1985 (1985-10-30) (age 24) 1 0 Austria Red Bull Salzburg
16 MF Julian Baumgartlinger January 2, 1988 (1988-01-02) (age 22) 1 0 Austria Austria Wien
8 MF Daniel Beichler October 13, 1988 (1988-10-13) (age 21) 4 0 Austria Sturm Graz
- MF Christopher Drazan October 2, 1990 (1990-10-02) (age 19) 0 0 Austria Rapid Wien
13 MF Andreas Hölzl March 16, 1985 (1985-03-16) (age 24) 10 2 Austria Sturm Graz
10 MF Jakob Jantscher January 8, 1989 (1989-01-08) (age 21) 4 0 Austria Sturm Graz
6 MF Yasin Pehlivan January 5, 1989 (1989-01-05) (age 21) 5 0 Austria Rapid Wien
15 MF Thomas Prager September 13, 1985 (1985-09-13) (age 24) 13 1 Austria LASK Linz
- MF Paul Scharner March 11, 1980 (1980-03-11) (age 29) 26 0 England Wigan Athletic
9 FW Erwin Hoffer April 14, 1987 (1987-04-14) (age 22) 14 2 Italy Napoli
17 FW Marc Janko June 25, 1983 (1983-06-25) (age 26) 12 7 Austria Red Bull Salzburg
11 FW Stefan Maierhofer August 16, 1982 (1982-08-16) (age 27) 9 1 England Wolverhampton Wanderers
7 FW Roman Wallner February 4, 1982 (1982-02-04) (age 27) 25 5 Austria LASK Linz

On call

No. Pos. Player DoB (Age) Caps Goals Club
- DF Markus Suttner April 16, 1987 (1987-04-16) (age 22) 0 0 Austria Austria Wien
- MF David Alaba June 24, 1992 (1992-06-24) (age 17) 0 0 Germany Bayern Munich II
- MF Veli Kavlak November 3, 1988 (1988-11-03) (age 21) 4 0 Austria Rapid Wien
- MF Florian Klein November 17, 1986 (1986-11-17) (age 23) 0 0 Austria Austria Wien

Recent call-ups

No. Pos. Player DoB (Age) Caps Goals Club
DF György Garics March 8, 1984 (1984-03-08) (age 25) 22 1 Italy Atalanta
- MF Christoph Leitgeb April 14, 1985 (1985-04-14) (age 24) 25 0 Austria Red Bull Salzburg
15 MF Christopher Trimmel February 24, 1987 (1987-02-24) (age 22) 2 0 Austria Rapid Wien
DF Ronald Gërçaliu February 12, 1986 (1986-02-12) (age 23) 14 0 Austria Magna Wiener Neustadt
MF Zlatko Junuzović September 26, 1987 (1987-09-26) (age 22) 4 0 Austria Austria Wien
MF Ümit Korkmaz September 17, 1985 (1985-09-17) (age 24) 6 0 Germany Eintracht Frankfurt
MF Stefan Lexa November 1, 1976 (1976-11-01) (age 33) 6 0 Austria Ried
FW Thomas Pichlmann April 24, 1981 (1981-04-24) (age 28) 2 0 Italy Grosseto

Staff

2010 FIFA World Cup qualification

Team
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Serbia 10 7 1 2 22 8 +14 22
 France 10 6 3 1 18 9 +9 21
 Austria 10 4 2 4 14 15 −1 14
 Lithuania 10 4 0 6 10 11 −1 12
 Romania 10 3 3 4 12 18 −6 12
 Faroe Islands 10 1 1 8 5 20 −15 4
  Austria Faroe Islands France Lithuania Romania Serbia
Austria  3 – 1 3 – 1 2 – 1 2 – 1 1 – 3
Faroe Islands  1 – 1 0 – 1 2 – 1 0 – 1 0 – 2
France  3 – 1 5 – 0 1 – 0 1 – 1 2 – 1
Lithuania  2 – 0 1 – 0 0 – 1 0 – 1 2 – 1
Romania  1 – 1 3 – 1 2 – 2 0 – 3 2 – 3
Serbia  1 – 0 2 – 0 1 – 1 3 – 0 5 – 0

Manager history

Name Nationality From To P W D L GF GA Win%[5] Notes
Hugo Meisl  Austria-Hungary 22 December 1912 3 October 1914 6 3 1 2 11 9 50.00
Heinrich Retschury  Austria-Hungary 4 October 1914 1 August 1919 22 8 3 11 45 47 36.36
Hugo Meisl  Austria 1 August 1919 17 February 1937 127 68 29 30 326 206 53.54 Created the Wunderteam.
4th place at the 1934 World Cup.
Winners of the 1932 Central European International Cup.
Runners-up of the 1930 and 1935 Central European International Cup.
Heinrich Retschury  Austria 22 May 1937 24 October 1937 5 2 1 2 10 10 40.00 Qualified for the 1938 World Cup.
From 1938 to 1945 there was no national team due to Anschluss.
Karl Zankl  Austria 19 August 1945 3 October 1945 2 0 0 2 2 7 0.00 Died while in the position of national coach.
Edi Bauer  Austria 3 October 1945 4 March 1948 11 4 0 7 26 28 36.36
Eduard Frühwirth  Austria 4 March 1948 1 September 1948 5 3 0 2 9 9 60.00
Walter Nausch  Austria 1 September 1948 15 November 1954 47 21 10 16 119 87 44.68 3rd place at the 1954 World Cup.
Hans Kaulich  Austria 15 November 1954 28 March 1955 1 0 0 1 2 3 0.00
Josef Molzer  Austria 29 March 1955 3 September 1955 3 1 1 1 6 8 33.33
Karl Geyer  Austria 3 September 1955 21 April 1956 5 2 0 3 8 14 40.00
Josef Argauer
Josef Molzer
 Austria
 Austria
21 April 1956 9 August 1958 18 7 6 5 37 27 38.89 Qualified for the 1958 World Cup.
Alfred Frey
Franz Putzendopler
Egon Selzer
Josef Molzer



 Austria
9 August 1958 15 October 1958 2 0 0 2 4 6 0.00
Karl Decker  Austria 16 October 1958 28 February 1964 36 16 3 17 60 67 44.44
Josef Walter
Béla Guttmann

 Austria
7 March 1964 11 October 1964 5 3 1 1 6 5 60.00
Eduard Frühwirth  Austria 20 November 1964 13 January 1967 15 4 3 8 12 23 26.67
Erwin Alge
Hans Pesser

 Austria
13 January 1967 24 June 1968 10 3 2 5 18 19 30.00
Leopold Šťastný  Czechoslovakia 1 July 1968 30 September 1975 49 15 16 18 58 62 30.61
Branko Elsner
(caretaker)
 Yugoslavia 6 October 1975 19 November 1975 2 1 0 1 6 3 50.00
Helmut Senekowitsch  Austria 1 March 1976 30 June 1978 26 14 4 8 40 26 53.85 Qualified for the 1978 World Cup.
Karl Stotz  Austria 1 August 1978 14 December 1981 24 13 6 5 43 25 30.61 Qualified for the 1982 World Cup.
Georg Schmidt
Felix Latzke
 Austria
 Austria
5 February 1982 2 July 1982 8 5 1 2 11 7 30.61
Erich Hof  Austria 7 September 1982 21 November 1984 15 6 3 6 22 20 30.61
Branko Elsner  Yugoslavia 15 January 1985 18 November 1987 18 5 5 8 20 28 27.78
Josef Hickersberger  Austria 1 January 1988 14 September 1990 29 10 7 12 36 39 34.48 Qualified for the 1990 World Cup.
Alfred Riedl  Austria 15 September 1990 10 October 1991 8 1 3 4 6 16 12.5
Dietmar Constantini
(caretaker)
 Austria 10 October 1991 13 November 1991 2 0 0 2 1 4 0.00
Ernst Happel  Austria 1 Januar 1992 14 November 1992 9 2 3 4 18 17 30.61
Dietmar Constantini (caretaker)  Austria 15 November 1992 18 November 1992 1 0 1 0 0 0 30.61
Herbert Prohaska  Austria 8 January 1993 29 March 1999 51 25 9 17 96 73 49.02 Qualified for the 1998 World Cup.
Otto Barić  Austria 13 April 1999 21 November 2001 22 7 6 9 31 35 31.82
Hans Krankl  Austria 21 January 2002 28 September 2005 31 10 10 11 47 46 32.26
Willibald Ruttensteiner
Andreas Herzog
Slavko Kovacic
(caretakers)
 Austria
 Austria
 Austria
30–September–2005 December 2005 2 1 0 1 2 1 50.00
Josef Hickersberger  Austria 1 January 2006 23 June 2008 24 5 8 11 29 40 20.83
Karel Brückner  Czech Republic 25 July 2008 2 March 2009 6 1 2 3 9 13 16.67
Dietmar Constantini  Austria 4 March 2009 Present 6 3 1 2 9 8 50
As of 05 June 2009.

Legacy

Austria Bundesadler.svg
Classic

Austria used to play in similar colours to those of the German team; white jerseys, black shorts, black socks (the Germans wear white ones). In order to distinguish themselves, in 2004 coach Hans Krankl switched to their former away shirts, which have the same colour scheme as Austria's flag, red-white-red. To further distinguish themselves from Germany, the Austrians now use an all-black away kit.

References

  1. ^ Nazis in der Abseitsfalle - einestages Spiegel Online [1]
  2. ^ "Austria must pull out of Euro 2008, say 10,000 fans petition". theindependent.co.uk. 16/08/2007. http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/european/austria-must-pull-out-of-euro-2008-say-10000-fans-petition-400517.html. Retrieved 2008-06-16.  
  3. ^ Qualified but withdrew after Anschluss with Germany, to play in a united German team
  4. ^ Constantini verzichtet weiter auf Ivanschitz
  5. ^ Win% is rounded to two decimal places

External links


Simple English

Austria
Association Austrian Football Association
Confederation UEFA
Most caps Andreas Herzog (103)
Top scorer Toni Polster (44)
World Cup
Appearances 7
First Apps 1934
Best result 3rd (1954)

Austria national football team is the national football team of Austria.


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