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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Austrian football champions are the winners of the highest league of football in Austria. The championship has been contested through the Austrian Football Bundesliga since the 1974-1975 season.

Contents

History

From 1911 until 1923 the Austrian football championship was organized by the football association of Niederösterreich (Lower Austria) which was made up only of clubs from the nation's capital of Vienna. The championship was then taken over by the newly formed football association of Vienna (WFV, Wiener Fußball-Verband), which organized the first professional league in continental Europe in 1924-25.

In 1938 Austria was united with Germany in the Anschluss and the country's football competition became part of the German league structure as the Gauliga Ostmark. For the first time clubs from outside of Vienna were included in top-flight Austrian competition.

Austrian clubs took part in the German championship during this period. An "Austrian champion" would emerge out of divisional play in the Gauliga Ostmark and then move on to the German national playoffs with other Gauliga winners. Austrian clubs enjoyed a considerable measure of success playing in Germany, making three national final appearances and two Tschammerspokal (predecessor of today's German Cup) appearances: Rapid Vienna won the national title in 1941, while First Vienna took the Tschammerspokal in 1943.

Austrian football was again independent after World War II and championship play was limited to Viennese clubs until 1948-49 when clubs from the rest of Austria were re-admitted. In 1965, Linzer ASK became the first team from outside the capital to claim the Austrian title, leading the way for clubs such as FC Wacker Innsbruck, VÖEST Linz, SV Austria Salzburg, Sturm Graz, and Grazer AK.

List of Austrian national football champions

Championships by club

Note: In bold active clubs.

By state

  • 76 Vienna (Rapid, Austria, Admira, First Vienna FC, Wiener Sportklub, WAC, WAF, Floridsdorfer AC, Hakoah and Wacker Vienna)
  • 10 Tirol (Wacker Innsbruck/FC Tirol)
  • 4 Salzburg (SV Austria/FC Red Bull Salzburg)
  • 3 Styria (Sturm Graz and GAK)
  • 2 Upper Austria (LASK and VÖEST Linz)

Name Changes

  • Austria Wien was known as Amateure until 1926.
  • SV Austria Salzburg was re-named FC Red Bull Salzburg after being purchased and re-made by energy drink maker Red Bull in June 2005. A new side using the original name SV Austria Salzburg was established by SV fans the same year and plays today in the lowest league of Salzburg.
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