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Coat of Arms of Aveyron
Location of Aveyron in France
Department number: 12
Region: Midi-Pyrénées
Prefecture: Rodez
Subprefectures: Millau
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 46
Communes: 304
President of the General Council: Jean-Claude Luche
Population Ranked 78th
 -1999 263,808
Population density: 30/km2
Land area¹: 8735 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Aveyron (Occitan: Avairon) is a department in southern France named after the Aveyron River.



Ruteni coin, 5th-1st century BCE.

Aveyron is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790.

The first known historical inhabitants of the region were the Rutenii tribe, but the area was inhabited previously to this, boasting many prehistoric ruins.


The department is part of the current Midi-Pyrénées region. It is surrounded by the départements of Tarn, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot, Hérault, Gard, Lozère, and Cantal. Three main plateau compose the department: Aubrac, Lévézou and Larzac.

The highest point in the department is the summit of Mailhebuau at 1469 m (Plateau of Aubrac).


The inhabitants of the department are called Aveyronnais, inhabitants of Rodez are called Ruthénois, based on the first Celtic settlers, the rutenii.


The President of the General Council is Jean-Claude Luche of the Union for a Popular Movement.

Party seats
Socialist Party 14
Union for a Popular Movement 13
Miscellaneous Right 11
Miscellaneous Left 3
Left Radical Party 2
Left Party 1
The Greens 1


Castle of Najac

Aveyron contains a part of the Cévennes National Park. Well-known tourist attractions are the castle of Najac, a medieval ruin perched high on a hill, and the many beautiful old castles and monasteries such as Conques Abbey, Sylvanès Abbey, Bonneval Abbey and Loc-Dieu Abbey, located near Martiel in a region with many dolmens. The small city of Millau is the site of the world's tallest bridge, the Millau viaduct, opened by President Chirac in December 2004.

Activities include horseriding, fishing, swimming in the Lacs du Lévézou and hiking/camping. The inhabitants are also very good craftsmen, and Aveyron is full of various craft objects, handmade, that can be found locally. Examples include the couteau de Laguiole, the world famous Roquefort cheese, from the village of the same name and other local produce. Markets take place every Saturday on market places around the region.

Saint-Sernin-sur-Rance is the commune where the feral child Victor of Aveyron was found in the late 18th century.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 44°15′N 02°42′E / 44.25°N 2.7°E / 44.25; 2.7


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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