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Avizafone
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(2S)-2,6-diamino-N-{[(2-benzoyl-4-chloro-phenyl)-
methyl-carbamoyl]methyl}hexanamide
Identifiers
CAS number 65617-86-9
ATC code none
PubChem 71968
ChemSpider 64974
Chemical data
Formula C 22H27ClN4O3  
Mol. mass 430.928 g/mol
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism  ?
Half life  ?
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.  ?
Legal status
Routes Intramuscular injection

Avizafone (Pro-Diazepam) is a water-soluble prodrug of diazepam. It can be administered intramuscularly.

Avizafone is metabolised by enzymes in the blood to form the active drug diazepam. It is used mainly as an antidote to poisoning with organophosphate nerve agents.[1][2][3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Karlsson B, Lindgren B, Millquist E, Sandberg M, Sellstrom A. On the use of diazepam and pro-diazepam (2-benzoyl-4-chloro-N-methyl-N-lysylglycin anilide), as adjunct antidotes in the treatment of organophosphorus intoxication in the guinea-pig. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 1990 Apr;42(4):247-51.
  2. ^ Lallement G, Renault F, Baubichon D, Peoc'h M, Burckhart MF, Galonnier M, Clarencon D, Jourdil N. Compared efficacy of diazepam or avizafone to prevent soman-induced electroencephalographic disturbances and neuropathology in primates: relationship to plasmatic benzodiazepine pharmacokinetics. Archives of Toxicology. 2000 Oct;74(8):480-6.
  3. ^ Taysse L, Calvet JH, Buee J, Christin D, Delamanche S, Breton P. Comparative efficacy of diazepam and avizafone against sarin-induced neuropathology and respiratory failure in guinea pigs: influence of atropine dose. Toxicology. 2003 Jun 30;188(2-3):197-209.







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