The Full Wiki

More info on Avrohom Mordechai Alter

Avrohom Mordechai Alter: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to Avraham Mordechai Alter article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Avraham Mordechai Alter
Gerrer Rebbe
Gerer Rebbe at Hurva.jpg
The Gerrer Rebbe at a prayer gathering in the Hurva Synagogue, November 1942
Term 1905 – 3 June 1948
Full name Avraham Mordechai Alter
Main work Imrei Emes
Born 25 December 1866
Gora Kalwaria
Died 3 June 1948
Jerusalem, Israel
Buried Sfas Emes Yeshiva, Jerusalem
Dynasty Ger
Predecessor Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter
Successor Yisrael Alter
Father Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter
Mother Yocheved Rivka Kaminer
Wife1 Chaya Ruda Czarna
Issue1 Meir Alter
Yitzchak Alter
Feyge Alter
Esther Alter
Yisrael Alter
Simcha Bunim Alter
Wife 2 Feyge Mintshe Biderman
Issue 2 Pinchas Menachem Alter
Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter in Europe

Avraham Mordechai Alter (25 December 1866 – 3 June 1948), also known as the Imrei Emes after the works he authored, was the third Rebbe of the Hasidic dynasty of Ger, a position he held from 1905 until his death in 1948. He was one of the founders of the Agudas Israel in Poland and was influential in establishing a network of Jewish schools there. It is claimed that at one stage he led over 200,000 Hasidim.

Contents

Personal life

He had eight children by his first wife, Chaya Ruda Czarna, daughter of Noach Czarny, a prominent Gerrer Hasid in Biala. His eldest son, Rabbi Meir Alter, who was a Torah scholar and businessman, perished in Treblinka during the Holocaust with his children and grandchildren. His second son, Rabbi Yitzchak Alter, died in 5695 (1934) in Poland.

In 1922, his wife Chaya Ruda died. Some time later he married his niece, Feyge Mintshe Biderman, who bore him his youngest child, Pinchas Menachem Alter, in 1926.

In 1924, Rabbi Avraham Mordechai visited Palestine together with his brother in-law, Rabbi Hirsh Heynekh Lewin, his son-in-law Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter and the Sokolover Rebbe, Rabbi Yitzchak Zelig Morgensztern. Over a six-week period, they visited Jerusalem, Safed, Hebron, Tiberias and Tel Aviv.[1]

World War II

During World War II, Rabbi Avraham Mordechai was a prime target of the Nazi authorities in Poland.

He managed to escape to Palestine in 1940 with several of his sons and began to slowly rebuild his Hasidic dynasty.

Death and legacy

The graves of Grand Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter (right) and his son, Grand Rabbi Pinchas Menachem Alter (left) in an ohel adjacent to the Sfas Emes Yeshiva in downtown Jerusalem.

With the outbreak of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War he was trapped in Jerusalem. He died during the holiday of Shavuot of natural causes during the siege of the city by the Jordanian Arab Legion. As bodies could not be removed to the Mount of Olives during wartime, he was buried in the courtyard of the Sfas Emes Yeshiva, located near the Mahane Yehuda Market in downtown Jerusalem.

After his death, the dynasty continued with his three remaining sons, who became the consecutive next three heads of the Gerrer Hasidim worldwide: Rabbi Yisrael Alter (fourth rebbe of Ger); Rabbi Simchah Bunim Alter (fifth rebbe of Ger); and Rabbi Pinchas Menachem Alter (sixth rebbe of Ger).

Rebbes of Ger

  1. Yitzchak Meir Alter (1798–1866)
  2. Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter (1847–1905)
  3. Avraham Mordechai Alter (1866–1948)
  4. Yisrael Alter (1895–1977)
  5. Simcha Bunim Alter (1898–1992)
  6. Pinchas Menachem Alter (1926–1996)
  7. Yaakov Aryeh Alter (b. 1939)

References

  1. ^ Yitschak Alfasi, בית גור The House of Ger, vol 2, p 55
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message