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Azinphos-methyl
{Azinphos-methyl
IUPAC name
Other names Azinphos-methyl
AZM
Guthion
Identifiers
CAS number 86-50-0
RTECS number TE1925000
SMILES
ChemSpider ID 2182
Properties
Molecular formula C10H12N3O3PS2
Molar mass 317.32 g mol−1
Appearance Brown, waxy solid
Density 1.44 g/cm3, solid
Melting point

73 °C (346 K)

Boiling point

>200 °C (decomp.)

Solubility in water 28 mg/L
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
R-phrases R24 R28
S-phrases S28 S36 S37 S45
NFPA 704
NFPA 704.svg
2
3
1
 
Flash point 69 °C
Related compounds
Related organophosphates malathion
chlorpyrifos
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Azinphos-methyl (Guthion) is a broad spectrum organophosphate insecticide manufactured by Bayer CropScience, Gowan Co., and Makhteshim Agan.[1] Like other pesticides in this class, it owes its insecticidal properties (and human toxicity) to the fact that it is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor.

Contents

History and uses

Azinphos-methyl is a neurotoxin derived from nerve agents developed during World War II. In the US, it is registered for use on select nut trees, vegetable crops, and fruit trees. It is not registered for consumer or residential use. It has been linked to health problems of farmers who apply it, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considered a denial of reregistration, citing, “concern to farm workers, pesticide applicators, and aquatic ecosystems".[1] After settling a 2004 lawsuit brought by the United Farm Workers of America and other groups, the EPA accounced it would begin phasing out the remaining uses of the pesticide in 2007 with all uses ending in 2012. In January 2007, the suit was reopened, with the plaintiffs seeking a quicker phaseout.[2]

Azinphos-methyl has been banned in the European Union since 2006.[3]

The New Zealand Environmental Risk Management Authority made a decision to phase out azinphos-methyl over a five year period starting from 2009.[4]

See also

References

External links

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