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This article is about the heraldic tincture. For other meanings, see azure (disambiguation).
Azure tincture

In heraldry, azure is the tincture with the colour blue, and belongs to the class of tinctures called "colours". In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of horizontal lines or else marked with either az. or b. as an abbreviation.

The term azure derives from the Persian لاژورد lazhward, which was the name of a place known for its deposits of the deep blue stone now called lapis lazuli (stone of lazhward). The word was adopted into Old French by the twelfth century, from which the word passed into use in the blazon of coats of arms.

As an heraldic colour, the word azure simply means "blue". It is one of many concepts with both a French and German word in English, the former being used by the French-speaking nobles following the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 and the latter being used by the commoners of Anglo-Saxon stock. So while French-speaking heralds described banners as azure, commoners simply called them blue. Because it comes from a French word that simply means "blue", a wide range of colour values is used in the depiction of azure in armory and flags.

In addition to the standard blue tincture called azure, there is a lighter blue sometimes found that is called bleu celeste or "sky blue". Neither azure nor bleu celeste is precisely defined as a particular shade of blue, but azure is consistently depicted in a much darker shade.

Azure is said to represent the following:[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Elvin, Charles Norton (1889). A Dictionary of Heraldry.  
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

This box shows the color azure.
 
with its azure color]]

Azure is a shade of blue. It looks like the color of the sky on a bright, clear day. It is a pure chroma on the color wheel halfway between blue and cyan. The complementary color of azure is orange.

Contents

Meaning of azure

  • The flag of the United Nations is a shade of azure called "United Nations Azure" or "United Nations Blue" (shown below). It is also the color of the helmets worn by the United Nations peacekeeping forces.

Where the name comes from

The word azure comes from the Persian لاژورد lazhward. Lazhward was the name of a place. This place was famous for a kind of deep blue stone. Now we call this stone "lapis lazuli". This means "stone of Lazhward".

The word came to Old French by the twelfth century. The French used this word to talk about the colors of coats of arms. From the French it the word came to the English. The first recorded use of azure as a color name in English was in 1374. [1]

Heraldry

In heraldry, the word azure simply means "blue". Azure is said to represent Jupiter and sapphires.

It belongs to the class of tinctures called "colors". In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of horizontal lines or else marked with either az. or b. as an abbreviation.

In addition to the standard blue tincture called azure, there is a lighter blue sometimes found that is called bleu celeste or "sky blue". Neither azure nor bleu celeste is precisely defined as a particular shade of blue, but azure is consistently depicted in a much darker shade.

Tones of azure color comparison chart

  • Azure Mist (web color "Azure") (Hex: #F0FFFF) (RGB: 240, 255, 255)
  • Bubbles (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #E7FEFF) (RGB: 231, 254, 255)
  • Alice Blue (web color) (Hex: #F0F8FF) (RGB: 240, 248, 255)
  • Beau Blue (Hex: #BCD4E6) (RGB: 188, 212, 230)
  • Baby Blue (Hex: #89CFF0) (RGB: 137, 207, 240)
  • Light Cornflower Blue (Crayola Cornflower) (Hex: #93CCEA) (RGB: 147, 204, 234)
  • Columbia Blue (Hex: #9BDDFF) (RGB: 155, 221, 255)
  • Baby Blue Eyes (Hex: #A1CAF1) (RGB: 161, 202, 241)
  • Light Sky Blue (web color) (Hex: #87CEFA) (RGB: 135, 296, 250)
  • Sky Blue (web color) (Hex: #87CEEB) (RGB: 135, 206, 235)
  • Medium Sky Blue (Crayola Sky Blue) (Hex: #76D7EA) (RGB: 118, 215, 234)
  • Capri (web color "Deep Sky Blue") (Hex: #00BFFF) (RGB: 0, 191, 255)
  • Maya Blue (Hex: #73C2FB) (RGB: 115, 194, 215)
  • Ukrainian Azure (color of Ukrainian Flag) (Hex: #42ADDE) (RGB: 66, 173, 222)
  • United Nations Azure (United Nations Blue) (Hex: #5B92E5) (RGB: 91, 146, 229)
  • Bleu de France (Hex: #318CE7) (RGB: 49, 140, 231)
  • Cornflower Blue (web color) (Hex: #6495ED) (RGB: 100, 149, 237)
  • Dodger Blue (web color) (Hex: #1E90FF) (RGB: 30, 144, 255)
  • AZURE (color wheel Azure) (Hex: #007FFF) (RGB: 0, 127, 255)
  • Brandeis Blue (Hex: #0070FF) (RGB: 0, 112, 255)
  • Deep Azure (Crayola Blue) (Hex: #0066FF) (RGB: 0, 102, 255)
  • Royal Blue (web color) (Hex: #4169E1) (RGB: 65, 105, 225)
  • True Blue (Hex: #0073cf) (RGB: 0, 115, 207)
  • Medium Navy Blue (Crayola Navy Blue) (Hex: #0066CC) (RGB: 0, 102, 204)
  • Denim (Crayola) (Hex: #1560BD) (RGB: 21, 96, 189)
  • Air Force Blue (Hex: #5D8AA8) (RGB: 93, 138, 168)
  • Wild Blue Yonder (Crayola) (Hex: #A2ADD0) (RGB: 162, 173, 208)
  • Celestial Blue (Hex: #4997D0) (RGB: 73, 151, 208)
  • Steel Blue (web color) (Hex: #4682B4) (RGB: 70, 130, 180)
  • French Blue (Hex: #0072BB) (RGB: 0, 114, 187)
  • Lapis Lazuli (Hex: #26619c) (RGB: 38, 97, 156)
  • Swedish Azure (official color of Swedish flag) (Hex: #005B99) (RGB: 0, 91, 153)
  • Royal Azure (Pantone Blue #286) (Hex: #0038A8) (RGB: 0, 56, 186)
  • Royal Blue (traditional) (Hex: #002366) (RGB: 0, 35, 102)
  • ColorsList of colors
    Cyan Magenta Black Gray Silver White
    Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet
    Gold Olive Purple Navy Brown Pink

References

  1. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190

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