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Bü 131 "Jungmann"
Role Basic trainer
Manufacturer Bücker Flugzeugbau
Designed by Carl Bücker
First flight 27 April 1934
Introduced 1935 (Luftwaffe)
Retired 1968 (Spanish Air Force)
Primary users Luftwaffe
Spanish Air Force
Imperial Japanese Army Air Service
Variants Bü 133 Jungmeister

The German Bücker Bü 131 "Jungmann" (Young man) was a 1930s basic training aircraft which was used by the Luftwaffe during World War II.

Contents

Development

After serving in the Kaiserliche Marine in World War I, Carl Bücker moved to Sweden where he became managing director of Svenska Aero AB (SAAB). He later returned to Germany with Anders Anderson, a young designer from SAAB. Bücker Flugzeugbau GmbH was founded in Berlin-Johannistahl,[1] in 1932, with the first aircraft to see production being the Bü 131 Jungmann.

Bücker Flugzeugbau's first production type,[1] the Bü 131A was the last biplane built in Germany.[1] It had two open cockpits in tandem and fixed landing gear.[1] The fuselage was steel tube, covered in fabric and metal,[1] the wings wood and fabric.[1] It first flew on the 80 hp (60 kW) Hirth HM60R.[1]

In 1936, it was followed by the Bü 131B, with a 105 hp (78 kW) Hirth 504A-2.[1]

Most wartime production for the Luftwaffe was by Aero in Prague.[1]

Operational history

Sturdy and agile, the Bü 131A was first delivered to the Deutscher Luftsportverband (DLV).[1] The Bü 131B was selected as the primary basic trainer for the German Luftwaffe,[1] and it served with "virtually all" the Luftwaffe's primary flying schools during the war, as well as with night harassment units such as Nachtschlacht Gruppen (NSGr) 2, 11, and 12.[1] Yugoslavia was the main prewar export customer; "as many as 400 may have found their way" there.[1] She was joined by Bulgaria with 15 and Rumania with 40.[1]

Production licenses were granted to Switzerland (using 94, 88 built under licence to Dornier),[1] Spain (building about 530),[1] Hungary (which operated 315),[1] Czechoslovakia (10, as the Tatra T 131, before war began),[1] and Japan, the last of which built 1,037 for Army with Hatsukaze power as the Kokusai Ki-86[1] and 339 for the Navy Air Services as the Kyūshū K9W.[1] In Spain, production continued at CASA until the early 1960s. The Jungmann was retained as the Spanish Air Force's primary basic trainer until 1968.

About 200 Jungmanns survive to this day, many having been fitted with modern engines. In 1994, the Bü 131 was restored to production briefly using CASA jigs by Bücker Prado, with 21 aircraft constructed as the BP 131.[1]

Variants

  • Bü 131A : Two-seat primary trainer biplane. Initial production version.
  • Bü 131B : Improved version, powered by the more powerful Hirth HM 504A-2 piston engine.
  • Bü 131C : Experimental version, fitted with 67 kW (90 hp) Cirrus Minor piston engine. One built.
  • Ki-86A : Japanese production version for the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service.
  • K9W1 : Japanese production version for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
  • Tatra T-131  : Czechoslovakia, pre-war licence production in Tatra Koprivnice.
  • Aero C-4  : Mass-produced in Aero factory in occupied Czechoslovakia during wartime under original Bücker Bü 131B designation, used postwar with original Hirth engine.
  • Aero C-104  : Czechoslovakia, postwar development with a Walter Minor 4-III engine, 260 aircraft built.
  • CASA 1.131 : Spanish license-built versions
  • BP 131 : modern license-built version

Operators

A Swiss Air Force Bü 131 B.
Jungmann G-RETA of the Shuttleworth Trust enters a loop
 Czechoslovakia
Croatia Independent State of Croatia
 Finland
 Germany
 Hungary
 Japan
 Netherlands
 Romania
 South Africa
 Spain
 Switzerland

Specifications (Bü 131B)

a 1938 Bü 131
Bücker Bü 131B Jungmann
(Polish Aviation Museum)
Shuttleworth's Jungmann G-RETA at Old Warden

Data from Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two (student and instructor)
  • Length: 6.62 m (21 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.40 m (24 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 2.35 m (7 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 13.5 m² (145 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 380 kg (840 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 670 kg (1,500 lb)
  • Powerplant:Hirth HM 504 four-cylinder inverted inline engine, 70 kW (100 hp)

Performance

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Ketley, Barry, and Rolfe, Mark. Luftwaffe Fledglings 1935-1945: Luftwaffe Training Units and their Aircraft (Aldershot, GB: Hikoki Publications, 1996), p.12.
  2. ^ Bridgeman 1946, p. 158.
Bibliography
  • Bridgeman, Leonard. “The Bücker Bü 131B “Jungmann”.” Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. ISBN 1-85170-493-0.
  • Ketley, Barry, and Rolfe, Mark. Luftwaffe Fledglings 1935-1945: Luftwaffe Training Units and their Aircraft. Aldershot, GB: Hikoki Publications, 1996. ISBN 0-951-9899-2-8.
  • König, Erwin. Bücker Bü 131 "Jungmann"(Flugzeug Profile 27) (in German). D-86669 Stengelheim, Germany: Unitec Medienvertrieb e.K.,
  • König, Erwin. Die Bücker-Flugzeuge (The Bücker Aircraft) (bilingual German/English). Martinsried, Germany: Nara Verlag, 1987. ISBN 3-925671-00-5.
  • König, Erwin. Die Bückers, Die Geschichte der ehemaligen Bücker-Flugzeugbau-GmbH und ihrer Flugzeuge (in German). (1979)
  • Mondey, David. The Hamlyn Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. London: Chancellor Press Ltd, 2006. ISBN 1-85152-966-7.
  • Sarjeant, L.F. Bücker Bü 131 Jungmann (Aircraft in Profile 222). Windsor, Berkshire, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1971.
  • Smith, J.Richard and Antony L. Kay. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London: Putnam and Company Ltd., 3rd impression 1978, pp. 91–92. ISBN 0-370-00024-2.
  • Wietstruk, Siegfried. Bücker-Flugzeugbau, Die Geschichte eines Flugzeugwerkes (in German). D-82041 Oberhaching, Germany: Aviatik Verlag, 1999. ISBN 3-925505-28-8.
  • Wood, Tony and Bill Gunston. Hitler's Luftwaffe: A Pictorial History and Technical Encyclopedia of Hitler's Air Power in World War II. London: Salamander Books Ltd., 1977, p. 139. ISBN 0-86101-005-1.

External links

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