The Full Wiki

BL755: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

BL755
BL 755 DanielHP.jpg
Type Anti-armour cluster bomb
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Service history
Used by Royal Air Force, Royal Navy
Wars Falklands War, 1991 Gulf War, Bosnian War
Production history
Designer Hunting Engineering, Ltd.
Manufacturer Hunting Engineering, Ltd.
Variants BL755, IBL755, RBL755
Specifications
Weight 582 lb (264 kg)
Length 2,451 mm (96.5 in)
Diameter 419 mm (16.5 in)

BL755 is a cluster bomb. Its primary targets are armored vehicles and tanks with secondary soft target (anti personnel) capabilities.

Contents

Design

The BL755 looks like a standard 1,000 lb (450 kg) general purpose bomb but with a hard "saddle" on the spine for ejector release and crutching pad loads and a distinctive large turbine-like air arming vane on the nose. The four rear fins are squared off in appearance, but on closer inspection can be seen to be hollow and telescopic. A central extruded aluminum skeleton provides seven bays long by seven bays around, each containing 21 submunitions (147 total). The submunitions are ejected by means of a central cartridge and individual inflatable bladders for each bay, operating in a similar manner to a car airbag. Ejection on the original BL755 bomb is triggered by the rotation of the arming vane, driven by the airflow.

Each submunition is contained within its own SAFU (safety and arming unit) and is telescoped shut. Upon release, the submunition is expanded by a spring on release. A focal distance stand off and detonating device deploys at the front and a fan of stabilising fins at the rear. Each has a shaped charge HEAT warhead for armour penetration, the casing of which is constructed from wound tessellated square wire, which produces around 1,400 anti-personnel fragments. A single cluster bomb produces a total of more than two hundred thousand fragments.

The weapon was developed in the early 1970s by Hunting Engineering, Ltd. of Ampthill, Bedfordshire but manufactured elsewhere at their production facility.

Updates

The original BL755 has been updated twice. IBL755 is a bomblet update, increasing its reliability and armour penetration.[1]

RBL755 is the BL755 weapon fitted with a radar altimeter that acts as a proximity fuze, triggering bomblet ejection at the optimum altitude whilst allowing the bomb to be released from a safe height and distance.[1][2] This was in response to the dangers illustrated by low-level Panavia Tornado missions in the 1991 Gulf War;[2] the original vane-armed BL755 had to be released at a pre-determined low altitude, with the attacking aircraft exposed to ground fire and light surface-to-air missiles.

Deployment

The bomb is cleared for use by the Sea Harrier (of the Fleet Air Arm), Harrier, Jaguar, and Tornado aircraft in the British Royal Air Force.

Advertisements

United Kingdom

The BL755 was used in combat by the Royal Navy during the Falklands War, and the RAF during the Gulf War and Bosnian War.

Yugoslavia

On the night of 21 October 1991, a Yugoslavian MiG-21 dropped two BL-755 Mk.3 bombs on the outskirts of Barcs, a small city in southernmost part of Hungary, causing extensive material damage, but no casualties. The incident led to an emergency upgrade of the Hungarian Air Force, which obtained 28 new MiG-29B fighter jets in exchange for a write-off of ex-Soviet state debt. The Hungarian government also invited NATO's E-3 AWACS planes to patrol over the Lake Balaton area, keeping a constant radar eye on the Balkan civil war theatre.

Zimbabwe

The Air Force of Zimbabwe's BAE Hawks were armed with BL755s, which were used against the Rwandan, Ugandan and Congolese rebel forces during the early stages of the Second Congo War, in support of Congolese leader Laurent Kabila.

Iraq

The Iranian AirForce heavily used BL755 cluster bombs on Iraqi troop and armor concentrations during the Iran-Iraq war. They were carried by the F-4D and F-4E Phantoms.

Operators

Former operators

References

  1. ^ a b RAF - Cluster Bombs
  2. ^ a b British Secret Projects: Hypersonics, Ramjets & Missiles, Chris Gibson & Tony Butler, Midland Publishing, 2007, ISBN 978 1 85780 280 0
  3. ^ http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/Images/Special/Features/FPD07/
  4. ^ "Cluster Bombs - RAF website". http://www.raf.mod.uk/equipment/clusterbombs.cfm.  

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message