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Type Infantry fighting vehicle
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1990 - present
Production history
Manufacturer Volgograd Tractor Factory
Weight 12.9mt
Length 6m
Width 3.13m
Height 2.25m
Crew 3 (+4 passengers)

Armor turret - steel, hull - aluminum alloy
2A42 30mm autocannon with coaxial 7.62mm PK machine gun, 9K11 or 9M111 ATGMs from turret mounted launcher
bow-mounted AGS-17 Plamya 30-mm automatic grenade launcher and 5.45-mm RPK machine-gun
Engine 2V-06-2 water cooled diesel
Power/weight 34hp/ton
Suspension hydroneumatic with variable height control (130mm-530mm)
Speed 70 km/h off-road: 45 km/h water: 10 km/h

The BMD-3 "Bakhcha" (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta , Russian "Боевая Машина Десанта", literally "Combat Vehicle of the Airborne") is a light infantry fighting vehicle originating in the Soviet Union that is fully amphibious and air-droppable with crew inside. It is intended to be a fire-support platform for use by airborne and air assault units. It is not an upgraded BMD-1 but a completely redesigned vehicle with a hydropneumatic suspension, new hull, a more powerful 2V-06-2 diesel engine and fitted with the complete turret of the BMP-2.

The vehicle is manufactured at the Volgograd Tractor Factory, Volgograd, Russia under the industrial index Ob'yekt 950. Entered service in 1990.

The BMD-3 was introduced in the last year before the fall of the Soviet Union. About 1,000 BMD-3 and BMD-4 are in service with armed forces of the Russian Federation, and 500 BTR-MD and 57 2S25 have been ordered.


  • BMD-3 (Ob'yekt 950) - Basic type, as described.
    • BMD-4 (Ob'yekt 960) - Modified chassis with new turret "Bakhcha-U" comprising: 100mm main gun 2A70, 30mm autocannon 2A72, 7.62mm machine gun, and new fire control system "Ramka". The bow-mounted AGS-17 has been removed. The armament is similar to the one of the BMP-3. BMD-4's are new-build or upgraded BMD-3's. The prototype was known as BMD-3M. Photos
    • RKhM-5 (Ob'yekt 958) - Chemical reconnaissance vehicle, fitted with the same specialised equipment as the BTR-80 version RKhM-4. The turret has been removed; the RKhM-5 has a fixed superstructure with machine gun turret.
    • BTR-MD “Rakushka” (Ob'yekt 955) - Multi-role transport vehicle with bigger hull and no turret. This type can be used to transport troops, fuel, ammunition and wounded personnel. It also serves as the basis for a new range of specialised vehicles for the Russian airborne forces, including a mortar platform, an ambulance BMM-D, a command post vehicle and a recovery vehicle. Some of the variants will have a longer chassis with 7 road wheels and probably the same 510hp engine as the 2S25.
    • 2S25 "Sprut-SD (Ob'yekt 952) - Self-propelled anti-tank gun, armed with a 125mm gun 2A75 that has similar ballistics as the main gun of the 2A46 series and can also fire the ATGM 9M119 "Svir". The chassis has 7 instead of 5 road wheels on each side and the engine is now the 2V-06-2S of 510 hp. The 2S25 has a combat weight of 18 tonnes and a crew of 3. It entered service in 2007. Photos

See also




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