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BMT Astoria Line: Wikis

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NYC Skyline is seen from Astoria Line Train

The Astoria Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT division of the New York City Subway, serving the neighborhood of Astoria, Queens.

Contents

Extent and service

BMT Astoria Line
Legend
Unknown route-map component "uHSTa"
Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard
Urban station on track
Astoria Boulevard
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
30th Avenue
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Broadway
Unknown route-map component "uHST" Unknown route-map component "uLUECKE"
36th Avenue
Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE" Unknown route-map component "uKRZo" Waterway turning to right
IND 63rd Street Line
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
39th Avenue
Urban straight track Waterway turning from left Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE"
IRT Flushing Line
Unknown route-map component "ueABZld" Unknown route-map component "ueABZrd"
Right side of urban cross-platform interchange Left side of urban cross-platform interchange
Queensboro Plaza
Urban straight track Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "uLUECKE"
IND Queens Boulevard Line
Urban straight track Waterway turning to left Unknown route-map component "uKRZu" Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE"
IRT Flushing Line
Unknown route-map component "uABZrg" Urban transverse track Waterway turning to right
60th Street Tunnel Connection
Unknown route-map component "uLUECKE"
BMT Broadway Line

The Astoria Line is served by two services, the N and W. The N runs all the time, and the W runs weekdays from morning rush hour through around midnight. No services use the center express track, but the W trains use this track to layup during the early AM Rush Hours before starting service at 07:00. In addition, during the AM rush hour, at around 8:45AM, one N train runs express on the Astoria Line from Queensboro Plaza to Astoria Boulevard-Hoyt Avenue, and terminates at Astoria Boulevard-Hoyt Avenue. During the middays, some N trains lay up as well.

The north end of the Astoria Line is a two-track terminal at Ditmars Boulevard–Astoria, with one island platform. South of the station, the center express track begins (with crossovers to allow trains relaying at Ditmars Boulevard–Astoria to reach the correct track). The next station, Astoria Boulevard, is the only express station on the three-track section.

North of Queensboro Plaza, the express track ends. Queensboro Plaza is set up with northbound trains on the upper level, southbound trains on the lower level, and cross-platform transfers to the IRT Flushing Line. Crossover tracks exist between the upper level tracks just north of the station, one of a few connections between the BMT/IND and IRT. After Queensboro Plaza, the line turns west and merges with the 60th Street Tunnel Connection to become the BMT Broadway Line via the 60th Street Tunnel.

History

The Astoria Line was originally part of the IRT, as a spur off the IRT Queensboro Line, now part of the IRT Flushing Line (which didn't open to the north until April 21, 1917). The whole Astoria Line north of Queensboro Plaza opened on February 1, 1917, and was used by trains between 42nd Street–Grand Central and Astoria.

On July 23, 1917, the Queensboro Bridge spur of the elevated IRT Second Avenue Line opened. At that time, all elevated trains to Queensboro Plaza used the Astoria Line, and all subway trains used the Corona Line (now the Flushing Line), though this was later changed with trains alternating between branches.

The 60th Street Tunnel opened on August 1, 1920, allowing BMT trains to reach Queensboro Plaza. However, the stations on the Astoria and Corona Lines were built to IRT specifications, which were too narrow for BMT rolling stock. Thus the BMT trains terminated at Queensboro Plaza.

On April 8, 1923, the BMT, using elevated cars, started running shuttles along the Astoria Line (numbered BMT 8 in 1924) and the Corona Line (BMT 9). On June 23, 1942, the IRT Second Avenue Line spur to Queensboro Plaza closed.

The IRT lines were numbered in 1948, with 7 being assigned to the Flushing Line (former Corona Line) and 8 to the Astoria Line. Only a year later, on October 17, 1949, the Flushing Line became IRT-only, and the platforms on the Astoria Line were shaved back to allow through BMT trains to operate on it, the first being the Brighton Local (BMT 1). Since then, the Astoria Line has hosted the "other end" of various services running from Brooklyn through Manhattan; see B, N, Q, R, T and W for details.

Station listing

turning on Astoria Line
Looking southward from the station platform
Queensboro Plaza station as seen from entering BMT Astoria line
Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard N all times W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. February 1, 1917 originally Ditmars Avenue
Center Express track begins (No Regular Service)
Astoria Boulevard all N all times W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. February 1, 1917 M60 bus to LaGuardia Airport
originally Hoyt Avenue
30th Avenue local N all times W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. February 1, 1917 originally Grand Avenue
Broadway local N all times W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. February 1, 1917
36th Avenue local N all times W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. February 1, 1917 originally Washington Avenue
39th Avenue local N all times W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. February 1, 1917 originally Beebe Avenue
Center Express track ends
connecting tracks to IRT Flushing Line (No regular service)
Queensboro Plaza all N all times W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. February 1, 1917 7 all times <7>weekdays until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
merges with the 60th Street Tunnel Connection (R all except late nights) and becomes the
BMT Broadway Line via the 60th Street Tunnel (N all times R all except late nights W weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)

External links

References

  • New Astoria Line Opened, New York Times February 2, 1917 page 14
  • Subway Link Over Queensboro Bridge, New York Times July 22, 1917 page 31
  • New Subway Link Opens, New York Times August 1, 1920 page 12
  • Additional Subway Service to Borough of Queens, New York Times April 8, 1923 page RE1
  • Direct Subway Runs to Flushing, Astoria, New York Times October 15, 1949 page 17


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