BMT Jamaica Line: Wikis

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BMT Jamaica Line
Legend
Unknown route-map component "uexHSTa"
168th Street (demolished)
Unknown route-map component "uexHST"
160th Street (demolished)
Unknown route-map component "uexHST"
Sutphin Boulevard (demolished)
Unknown route-map component "uexHST"
Queens Boulevard (demolished)
Unknown route-map component "uexHST" Unknown route-map component "uLUECKE"
Metropolitan Avenue (demolished)
Unknown route-map component "uxABZrg" Waterway turning to right
BMT Archer Avenue Line
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
121st Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
111th Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
104th Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Woodhaven Boulevard
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
85th Street – Forest Parkway
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
75th Street – Elderts Lane
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Cypress Hills
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Crescent Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Norwood Avenue
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Cleveland Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Van Siclen Avenue
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Alabama Avenue
Waterway turning from left Unknown route-map component "uABZrf" Unknown route-map component "uLUECKE"
Unknown route-map component "uKDSr" Unknown route-map component "uABZdr" Unknown route-map component "uKRZu" Urban transverse track Unknown route-map component "uKRZu" Urban track turning from right
East New York Yard
Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE" Unknown route-map component "uKRZu"
Unknown route-map component "uTBHFu" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uABZ3rg" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uKRZu" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uABZ3lf" Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE"
BMT Canarsie Line
Urban straight track
Unknown route-map component "uABZrg" + Hub
Waterway turning to right
Urban straight track + Hub
Urban straight track
Urban station on track + Hub
+ Hub
Urban station on track + Hub
Broadway Junction
Waterway turning to left Unknown route-map component "uABZlg" Unknown route-map component "uLUECKE"
IND Fulton Street Line
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Chauncey Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Halsey Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Gates Avenue
Waterway with unused branch to left Unknown route-map component "ueHLUECKE"
former connection to BMT Lexington Avenue Line
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Kosciuszko Street
Waterway turning from left Unknown route-map component "uABZlg"
BMT Myrtle Avenue Line
Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE" Unknown route-map component "uxABZ3rf" Unknown route-map component "uTBHFxu" Unknown route-map component "ueHLUECKE"
Myrtle Avenue (upper level abandoned)
Unknown route-map component "ueHST"
Park Avenue (demolished)
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Handicapped/disabled access Flushing Avenue
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Lorimer Street
Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE" Unknown route-map component "uKRZo" Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE"
IND Crosstown Line
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Hewes Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Handicapped/disabled access Marcy Avenue
Waterway turning from left Unknown route-map component "uxABZrf"
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "uexHST"
Driggs Avenue (demolished)
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "uexHSTe"
Broadway Ferry (demolished)
Unknown route-map component "uWBRÜCKE"
Williamsburg Bridge
Unknown route-map component "uLUECKE"
BMT Nassau Street Line

The Jamaica Line (earlier also Broadway Line or Broadway (Brooklyn) Line) is an elevated rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway, in Brooklyn and Queens, New York City, United States. It runs from the Williamsburg Bridge southeast over Broadway to East New York, Brooklyn, and then east over Fulton Street and Jamaica Avenue to Jamaica, Queens. In western Jamaica, the line goes into a tunnel, becoming the lower level of the Archer Avenue Line in central Jamaica. J and Z trains serve the entire length of the Jamaica Line, and the M serves the line west of Myrtle Avenue.

The Jamaica Line includes the oldest existing elevated line on the subway system - the original 1885 line of the Brooklyn Elevated Railroad - between Gates Avenue and Van Siclen Avenue, as well as the newest elevated structure - the 1988 ramp into the underground Archer Avenue Line.

When the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) operated the line, north was towards Manhattan (compass west). However, this resulted in services that ran through the BMT Nassau Street Line to Downtown Brooklyn having two south ends, and so by 1967, when the Chrystie Street Connection opened and services (QJ and RJ) began running in this manner, the directions were switched, and north was towards Jamaica.[1] However, the BMT Canarsie Line did not switch, and so the JJ trips that switched to the Canarsie Line at Broadway Junction had two south ends. In addition, the KK (later K) had two north ends, since it used the Chrystie Street Connection from the Jamaica Line to the IND Sixth Avenue Line.

Contents

Description

The Jamaica Line includes a variety of structures. From Marcy Avenue to a point just before Alabama Avenue the line operates on the structure of old elevated railways, but substantially rebuilt and upgraded to a three-track line around World War I under the Dual Contracts of 1913. From Alabama Avenue to just before the current Cypress Hills station, the Jamaica Line operates on the oldest elevated structure in New York City, a steel-reinforced cast iron line opened in 1893. Interestingly enough, west of Alabama Avenue, a third middle trackway exists and elevates over the other two tracks, ending just west of the Alabama Avenue station. This track was intended to be an express track, but engineering studies completed after the work started indicated that the vibration of trains passing over the stations would be too severe and would literally shake the stations apart.

At Cypress Hills, the line turns northeast onto Jamaica Avenue on what was known as the Jamaica Avenue Line, a Dual Contracts structure. This structure has provisions on its entire length for three tracks, but a center track was never built, with the exception of a layup track at 111th Street and another between 160th Street and 168th Street on the now-demolished original end of the line.

History

The Union Elevated Railroad, leased to the Brooklyn Elevated Railroad, opened an elevated line above Broadway from Gates Avenue northwest to Driggs Avenue in Williamsburg on June 25, 1888.[2] This was a branch of the existing Lexington Avenue Elevated, which then ended at Van Siclen Avenue; Broadway trains ran between Driggs and Van Siclen Avenues. A popular free transfer was available at Gates Avenue to Lexington Avenue trains towards Downtown Brooklyn.[3] The Broadway Elevated was extended to Broadway Ferry on July 14, 1888.[4]

An extension of the Broadway Elevated east to Cypress Hills, over Fulton Street and Crescent Street, opened on May 30, 1893,[5] and the company extended both Lexington Avenue and Broadway trains to the new terminal. This extension incorporated portions of the recently-demolished Park Avenue Elevated.[6]

Service patterns

The line has had two major service patterns - the 14 Broadway (Brooklyn) Line (earlier called the Canarsie Line, before that line was connected to the 14th Street Line) and the 15 Jamaica Line. Eventually the 14 became the K and the 15 the J; the K was eliminated in 1976. The Z was introduced in 1988 to provide skip-stop service, which had been done by the 14/K and 15/J at times.

The line name

From its accession by the BRT to and beyond city ownership in 1940, the portion of the line from its western terminus to Cypress Hills was known as the Broadway El or the Broadway-Brooklyn Line. Beyond that point it was known as the Jamaica Avenue El or the Jamaica Line. Subsequent to city takeover, the dividing line between the Broadway and Jamaica Avenue Lines was often considered to be the more westerly station at Eastern Parkway, now known as Broadway Junction.

Since the discontinuance of separate Broadway-Brooklyn services, the entire line is now known as the Jamaica Line.

Station listing

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
demolished section of original line
168th Street July 3, 1918[7] Closed September 10, 1977[8]
160th Street July 3, 1918[7] Closed September 10, 1977[8]
Sutphin Boulevard July 3, 1918[7] Closed September 10, 1977[8]
Queens Boulevard July 3, 1918[7] Closed April 13, 1985
Metropolitan Avenue July 3, 1918[7] Closed April 13, 1985
 
begins as continuation of BMT Archer Avenue Line (J all times Z rush hours, peak direction)
121st Street all J all except rush hours, peak direction Z rush hours, peak direction July 3, 1918[7] Q10 bus to JFK Airport
111th Street all J all times May 28, 1917
104th Street all J all except rush hours, peak direction Z rush hours, peak direction May 28, 1917 Earlier 102nd Street
Woodhaven Boulevard all J all times Z rush hours, peak direction May 28, 1917
85th Street–Forest Parkway all J all times May 28, 1917
75th Street–Elderts Lane all J all except rush hours, peak direction Z rush hours, peak direction May 28, 1917 Earlier Elderts Lane
Cypress Hills all J all times May 30, 1893[5]
Crescent Street all J all times Z rush hours, peak direction May 30, 1893[5]
Norwood Avenue all J all except rush hours, peak direction Z rush hours, peak direction May 30, 1893[5]
Cleveland Street all J all times May 30, 1893[5] Earlier Cleveland Avenue
Van Siclen Avenue all J all except rush hours, peak direction Z rush hours, peak direction December 3, 1885[9]
Alabama Avenue all J all times September 5, 1885[10]
connecting tracks to East New York Yard
Center Express track begins (No Regular Service to Myrtle Ave)
merge to local tracks with connection from BMT Canarsie Line (no regular service)
Broadway Junction all J all times Z rush hours, peak direction June 14, 1885[11] A all times C all except late nights (IND Fulton Street Line)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Connection to LIRR at East New York
Earlier Manhattan Beach Crossing or Manhattan Junction or Eastern Parkway
connecting track to East New York Yard
Chauncey Street local J all except rush hours, peak direction Z rush hours, peak direction July 18, 1885[12]
Halsey Street local J all times August 19, 1885[13]
Gates Avenue local J all except rush hours, peak direction Z rush hours, peak direction May 13, 1885[14]
Kosciuszko Street local J all times June 25, 1888
merge with BMT Myrtle Avenue Line (M all times)
Myrtle Avenue all J all times M all times Z rush hours, peak direction June 25, 1888 moved from Stuyvesant Avenue for the Myrtle Avenue Elevated transfer in April 1889[15]
Park Avenue June 25, 1888 Closed and demolished
Handicapped/disabled access Flushing Avenue local J all except weekdays until 8:00 p.m., peak direction M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. June 25, 1888
Lorimer Street local J all except weekdays until 8:00 p.m., peak direction M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. June 25, 1888
Hewes Street local J all except weekdays until 8:00 p.m., peak direction M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. June 25, 1888
Crossovers to local tracks (J weekdays until 8:00 p.m., peak direction Z rush hours, peak direction)
Handicapped/disabled access Marcy Avenue local J all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Z rush hours, peak direction June 25, 1888
Center Express track ends as stub within Marcy Ave station
continues over Williamsburg Bridge and becomes the BMT Nassau Street Line (J all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Z rush hours, peak direction)
 
demolished section of original line
Driggs Avenue June 25, 1888[2] Closed 1916
Broadway Ferry July 14, 1888[4] Closed 1916

References

  1. ^ The service table on the 1967 New York City Rapid Transit Map and Station Guide refers to southbound a.m. skip-stop service on the JJ and QJ.
  2. ^ a b "The Broadway Line Opened". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 6. June 25, 1888. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1888/06/25&Page=6&skin=BE.  
  3. ^ "Pushing the Road Along". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. July 20, 1888. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1888/07/20&Page=4&skin=BE.  
  4. ^ a b "When the Union Road will be Finished". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 1. July 13, 1888. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1888/07/13&Page=1&skin=BE.  
  5. ^ a b c d e "Trains Running This Morning". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 10. May 30, 1893. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1893/05/30&Page=10&skin=BE.  
  6. ^ "Elevated Railroad Extensions". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 16. May 28, 1893. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1893/05/28&Page=16&skin=BE.  
  7. ^ a b c d e f New York Times, New Subway Line, July 7, 1918, page 30
  8. ^ a b c Lee Dembart, New York Times, A Sentimental Journey on the BMT, September 9, 1977, page 61
  9. ^ "Finished at Last". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. December 3, 1885. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1885/12/03&Page=4&skin=BE.  
  10. ^ "Still Extending Its Lines". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 6. September 5, 1885. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1885/09/05&Page=6&skin=BE.  
  11. ^ "East New York". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 6. June 13, 1885. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1885/06/13&Page=6&skin=BE.  
  12. ^ "A New Station Opened". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. July 18, 1885. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1885/07/18&Page=4&skin=BE.  
  13. ^ "Halsey Street Station Opened". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 4. August 19, 1885. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1885/08/19&Page=4&skin=BE.  
  14. ^ "Done at Last". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 1. May 13, 1885. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1885/05/13&Page=1&skin=BE.  
  15. ^ "It Reaches Broadway". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: p. 6. April 5, 1889. http://eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/Default/Scripting/ArchiveView.asp?BaseHref=BEG/1889/04/05&Page=6&skin=BE.  
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