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Route designation on BMT Triplex equipment

The West End Line, now a subway line in Brooklyn, New York City, is a branch line from the Broadway (Manhattan)-Fourth Avenue (Brooklyn) subway, serving the communities of Borough Park, New Utrecht, Bensonhurst, Bath Beach and Coney Island. It is served full time by the D, and rush hours by the M, which provides direct access to the financial district. Although there is a center express track and express stations along the entire line as well as supplemental rush hour service, there is no regular express service at this time.

The elevated line, originally mapped as the New Utrecht Avenue Line (though the common name prevailed after construction), replaced the surface West End Line.

Contents

History

Elevated line over 86th Street at Bay Parkway station

Under the Dual Contracts of 1913, an elevated line was built over New Utrecht Avenue, 86th Street and Stillwell Avenue, fully opening to Coney Island on July 21, 1917. The original surface right-of-way was retained for use by trolley cars to provide local service and protect the company's franchise. Over the years, the West End line has been featured in movies and television shows. The famous chase scene from "The French Connection" (1971) was filmed under the West End line in Brooklyn, and the opening scene of "Saturday Night Fever" (1977) features Tony Manero (John Travolta) walking down 86th Street, with the West End elevated line above. Additionally, the opening credits of the television show "Welcome Back, Kotter" (1975) also featured the West End line.

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Service patterns

BMT West End Line
Legend
Abbreviated in this map
South Brooklyn Railway
Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE" Unknown route-map component "mKRZo" Unknown route-map component "uABZ3rg" Urban transverse track Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE"
BMT Fourth Avenue Line
Go from heavy to urban rail Urban straight track
Waterway turning to left Unknown route-map component "uABZlg"
South Brooklyn Railway
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "ueLUECKE"
formerly to 5th Avenue El
Unknown route-map component "ueABZrg" Unused waterway turning right
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "uKDSa"
36th–38th Street Yard
Unknown route-map component "uABZrg" Waterway turning to right
Waterway with unused branch to left Unused waterway turning from right
Right side of urban cross-platform interchange Unknown route-map component "uexCPICr"
Ninth Avenue
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "ueLUECKE"
(lower level abandoned) formerly to BMT Culver Line
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
Fort Hamilton Parkway
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
50th Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
55th Street
Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE" Unknown route-map component "uTHSTo" Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE"
62nd Street BMT Sea Beach Line
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
71st Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
79th Street
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
18th Avenue
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
20th Avenue
Urban station on track
Bay Parkway
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
25th Avenue
Urban junction to left Urban track turning from right
Unknown route-map component "uHST" Urban straight track
Bay 50th Street
Unknown route-map component "uABZrg" Unknown route-map component "uABZ3lf" Unknown route-map component "uKDSl"
Coney Island Complex
Unknown route-map component "uABZrg" Unknown route-map component "uABZ3rg" Unknown route-map component "uKDSl"
Stillwell Avenue Yard
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "uABZrg" Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE"
BMT Sea Beach Line
Unknown route-map component "uABZld" Unknown route-map component "uABZrd"
Unknown route-map component "uCPICle" Left side of urban cross-platform interchange
Handicapped/disabled access Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue
Waterway turning to left Unknown route-map component "uHLUECKE"
BMT Brighton and IND Culver lines

The West End Line has had an express (on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line) service - labeled 3 in 1924 - since it opened in 1916, passing over the Manhattan Bridge and onto the BMT Broadway Line express tracks. In the late 1950s, midday trains were switched to the local Fourth Avenue tracks and through the Montague Street Tunnel, and late night and Sunday service became a shuttle between Coney Island and 36th Street. The express and local services were assigned the designations T and TT in the early 1960s. With the opening of the Chrystie Street Connection in late 1967, the B was extended to Coney Island, absorbing the T and TT (both express on Fourth Avenue). The TT late night and Sunday shuttle survived until 1968, when the B became full-time; it ran local on Fourth Avenue at late nights but express otherwise. Late night operation was cut back to the shuttle - now B - in the mid-1980s, and in 2001, during the reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge subway tracks, the portion of the B in Brooklyn became the W, running as a shuttle not only to 36th Street at nights but also to Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street on weekends. But in 2002 the West End Line became the only line to serve Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue during its reconstruction, and the W was extended full-time into Manhattan, using the local Fourth Avenue tracks and tunnel at late nights and on weekends. Finally, in 2004, the Manhattan Bridge reconstruction was completed, and the W was replaced with an extended D, running over the bridge at all hours and express on Fourth Avenue except late nights.

The other service pattern was the "West End Short Line", a rush-hour local (on Fourth Avenue) service between the BMT Nassau Street Line in Lower Manhattan and 62nd Street or Bay Parkway. It became part of the TT in the early 1960s and was discontinued in 1967. However, in 1987 the short line service was essentially recreated when the rush-hour M extension was moved from the BMT Brighton Line to the West End Line, and it has extended to Bay Parkway during rush hours since then. (At times, the M has extended to Ninth Avenue middays.)

Station listing

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Time period details
Neighborhood Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
splits from the BMT Fourth Avenue Line (D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m.)
Center Express track begins (No Regular Service)
connecting tracks to 36th-38th Street Yard from local tracks
Sunset Park Ninth Avenue all D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. June 24, 1916
Borough Park Fort Hamilton Parkway local D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. June 24, 1916
50th Street local D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. June 24, 1916
55th Street local D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. June 24, 1916
Bensonhurst 62nd Street all D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. September 15, 1916 BMT Sea Beach Line (N all times) at New Utrecht Avenue
71st Street local D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. September 15, 1916
79th Street local D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. September 15, 1916
18th Avenue local D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. September 15, 1916
20th Avenue local D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. September 15, 1916
Bay Parkway all D all times M rush hours until 7:30 p.m. December 29, 1916 south terminal for M rush hours until 7:30 p.m.
25th Avenue local D all times December 29, 1916
connecting track to Coney Island Yard
Gravesend Bay 50th Street local D all times December 21, 1917
connecting track to Coney Island Yard
Center Express track ends
Coney Island Handicapped/disabled access Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue all D all times December 23, 1918 BMT Brighton Line (Q all times)
IND Culver Line (F all times)
BMT Sea Beach Line (N all times)

See also

External links

References


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